Side by side with the development of material culture, trade, handicrafts, and towns, during these two centuries also the spiritual culture is developing.
The first Moldavian chronicles appears (by Grigore Ureche, Miron Costin, and Ion Neculce), the Romanian language is brought into divine service, the first printing-house opens (1642), where the first book in the language of the indigenous population – Cazania by Varlaam – was published (1643).
In 1646 there was released Pravila by Vasile Lupu – the monumental book on law in Moldova. An outstanding figure of that time was Nicolae Milescu-Spataru, who has written about 30 scientific works. The most significant work in the Romanian culture of the time belongs to Dimitrie Cantemir (1710-1711), who made Moldova famous in the world.
In the middle of the 18th century the great social, economic, and administrative reforms of Constantin Mavrocordat (1733-1735; 1741-1743; 1748-1749; 18 June - 4 December, 1769) were realized.
Entrance fees:adults - 10 MDL, pensioners, adults with moderate disabilities / disability of the 3rd degree, students - 5 MDL, school students - 2 MDL
Free access: Preschool children (under 7 years), children from residential institutions, children (under 18 years) with disabilities and their accompanying, adults with severe and obvious disabilities (disability of the 1st and 2nd degree), military conscripts, official and cultural delegations (within the opening hours of the museum), employees of the national museum network, Ministry of Culture, and national institutions in the field of cultural heritage, ICOM and ICOMOS card holders.