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#Exhibit of the Month

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The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC).

The vessel, with an obviously asymmetrical configuration, is hand-moulded from quality clay paste, having a smooth brown surface with gray spots. The body of the vessel is provided with a pronounced protrusion and a truncated neck with a wider opening towards the mouth. The vessel has a stem and is ornamented with three pairs of symmetrically placed relief appliqués. The height of the bowl is 15.5 cm, the diameter of the mouth is 11.4 cm, the diameter of the body is 15 cm and the diameter of the base is 7.5 cm. Such vessels in the archaeological literature are known as "askos" vessels, the respective term being of ancient Greek origin, denoting one of the primitive containers of the period - the bellows made of animal skin.

In prehistoric times, among some peoples, the bellows was transposed into ceramics, in these cases the basic features of the archaic leather vessel were preserved, acquiring a prominent convex shape with a stem and a flat bottom. From the original appearance of the bellows, the asymmetric mouth corresponding to the animal's neck has been preserved, and sometimes three or four legs, corresponding to the appendages of the flayed skin from the animal's legs. These vessels have lost their original zoomorphic character, entering as a new form in the inventory of Neo-Eneolithic ceramics. The first vessels of this type are attested in Greece, in the early Neolithic (ca. 5000-4500 BC) having the shape of cups or cups. In the Neo-Eneolithic Carpatho-Balkan cultures, the type of Aegean askos of short or tall form, with or without legs and with a handle, is found. Less often, they are provided with two mouths (one for filling and one for emptying) or they are off-center and provided with strangely shaped mouths. In the space between the Carpathians and the Dnieper, only tall forms of simple askos, without zoomorphic elements, are known. Askos-type vessels are present in various prehistoric cultures, especially in Southeast Europe and Anatolia.

Being often discovered in association with cult inventory, askos vessels could be an important indicator of use in religious ritual practices. Along with the zoomorphic, anthropomorphic and rhyton-type vessels (roughly conical container from which, in some ceremonies, liquids were drunk or poured), the askos were included in the category of vessels intended for worship, being related to libations (ritual act that consisted of tasting and then pouring a cup of wine, milk, etc. as homage to the deity).

Virtual Tour


Exhibitions

"Chisinau: an unknown history"

An exhibition dedicated to the National Day of Culture

January 12, 2023 – January 31, 2024

The exhibition "Chisinau: an unknown history", conceived and organized by the National Museum of History of Moldova, brings together an important number of documentary materials that illustrate the historical past of Chisinau. The absolute majority of these materials are part of the collections of the NMHM and constitute a true historical-cultural treasure that allows the objective reconstruction of the city's past. Brought to light as a result of archaeological research in the last decades, they highlight unknown aspects of the history, culture, demography, social, economic and political relations of Chisinau from all times, starting with prehistoric times, passing through the ancient and medieval periods and reaching the premodern period.

Even if the oldest written documentary mention, which has been preserved, about Chisinau is from the 15th century (year 1436), the research carried out in several archaeological sites in various areas of the city (Valea Morilor, Măzărache Church, Armenian Church, Piața Veche and others) have conclusively demonstrated that the locality has a much older and richer history than previously thought. Thus, according to the latest archaeological research, the oldest known human settlements in the borders of Chisinau are considered to be those in the Valea Morilor area, where settlements dated to the Paleolithic era (about 20 thousand years BC) were discovered, in the Eneolithic era - the Cucuteni-Tripoli culture (4,000-2,600 BC), in the Bronze Age (2nd millennium BC) and the Early Iron Age (1st millennium BC). Also, traces of human habitation from the late Roman period (3rd-4th centuries) and from the early Middle Ages (8th-12th centuries) were attested within the boundaries of Chisinau municipality (Bâc river meadow, Malina Mică, Valea Morilor s.a.). At the same time, according to some data, there would have been a settlement on the site of the current Chisinau from the period of Tatar-Mongol domination within the Golden Horde (13th-14th centuries), i.e. from the period immediately preceding the first known written documentary mention of the settlement.

The exhibition approach is completed with documentary attestations about Chisinau, which can be found in princely books, gramotes, urics or christoaves that present the locality as a fair or property of some monasteries, with the mention of the owners and builders of churches who contributed to the growth of the city on Bâc river. Visitors can follow the economic development, the evolution of the city's internal and external trade, admiring monetary hoards and coins discovered in isolation, but also work tools, beautifully decorated ceramic vessels. They display the tastes and aspirations for beauty of Chisinau residents, demonstrate the wide range of craft and artistic occupations of the local population over the centuries.

The exhibition displays a beautiful and rich collection of ceramic and earthenware vessels, as well as unusual glass containers with a varied range of shapes and sizes, discovered in the immediate vicinity of the Armenian Church. The peculiarities of the material from which the vessels were made demonstrate the craftsmanship of the local craftsmen, whose works are in no way inferior to similar pieces from other centers of the period.

The purpose of the exhibition is to bring to the public's knowledge the archaeological materials and written sources that reflect new aspects of the history of Chisinau from ancient times to the beginning of the 19th century. The objects presented in the exhibition are authentic, original pieces, some of them being restored in the NMHM laboratory. The originality of the exhibition lies in the fact that most of the presented pieces are exhibited for the first time, only some of them being included in the scientific circuit through publication.


 




Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC