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#Exhibit of the Month

It is said that the icons, by the divine grace they have, choose their own places from where they can manifest their powers of blessing and consolation. It so happened that one icon of the Mother of God has remained on our lands from the end of the 18th century, when the battles of the Russo-Turkish war of 1787-1791 took place here. The circumstances of the appearance of this icon in Bessarabia are confirmed by several historical references, from which it follows that the Russian officer N.A. Albaduev, a participant in the military campaign, brought this icon here with him, and after his death his relatives – the colonel’s wife or his mother – gave this icon to the monastery, where he suddenly died when he came there on Christmas to receive communion. The icon of the Mother of God was initially placed in the old wooden church, where the officer’s grave was located, and then was placed in the new Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin, built and consecrated in 1816.

Soon the icon became very popular, and its fame increased enormously thanks to the healings that occurred thanks to the intercession of the Mother of God; the names of the healed people, their place of residence and sufferings were described in periodicals. Archimandrite Seraphim, hegumen of the monastery in from 1805 to 1827, mentioned the special veneration of the icon of the Mother of God from the Hârbovăţ Monastery by Orthodox people who are always looking for help and intercession from this icon of the Empress of The World. Believers called it a wonder-making icon even before the Holy Synod issued Decree No. 526 of January 26, 1859, signed by Emperor Alexander II, proclaiming the icon of the Our Lady of Hârbovăţ as the Wonder-Making. Recognizing the miraculous properties of this icon, the Holy Synod also organized religious processions with the delivery of the icon to Chişinău on October 1 and its subsequent return to the monastery on April 23.

The icon of the Mother of God of Hârbovăţ is one of the earliest and most popular types of the Theotokos icons, that of Hodegetria. In this iconographic depiction, the Mother of God and the Child are presented in a frontal position, looking at the one who is praying. The Mother of God holds the Child on Her left hand, and with Her right hand points to Him, the Child blesses with His right hand, holding in His left hand a sacred scroll – a symbol of the Gospel. Regarding the images, it should be said that the icons of the Herbovets Mother of God differ from the traditional icons of the Hodegetria type in a special relationship between the characters, their mutual affection is expressed in poses, in the tilt of the heads, in the gentle expression of the Child’s face. We can say that in the iconography of the Mother of God of Hârbovăţ, features of two different types of Theotokos are harmoniously combined: the Mother of God Hodegetria, or Our Lady of the Way, and the Mother of God Eleusa, or the Virgin of Tenderness.

Exact copies of this icon are still kept in the summer church of the Noul Neamţ Monastery in the village of Chiţcani (Căuşeni), in the Intercession of the Blessed Virgin Church in the village of Sîrcova (Rezina), in the All Saints Church in Chişinău (early 20th century), in the Transfiguration Cathedral in Bolgrad, in the Transfiguration Monastery in Tatarbunary, in the Saint Paraskeva Church in the village of Furatovka (Odessa Oblast), in the Saint Archangel Michael Monastery in Odessa, in the Ascension Monastery in Teplodar (Ukraine), in the Holy Trinity Monastery in the village of Mramor, near Topolovgrad (Bulgaria), in the Holy Great Martyr Theodore Tyron Cathedral in Chişinău, in the Saint Prince Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Ungheni, and other churches.

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Events Archive

DAY AND NIGHT OF MUSEUMS 2013

18 May 2013

On 18 May there are celebrated International Museum Day and Night of Museums, two of the most important events in the life of worldwide community of museums.

The National Museum of History of Moldova organized a marathon of events dedicated to the Day and Night of Museums, which lasted 15 hours.

The International Museum Day celebrations were held from 11:00 to 18:00, and the program dedicated to The European Night of Museums started at 18:00 and ended at 02:00.

Program of the International Museum Day included:

In the rooms of the museum
  • POSTER DAY OF MUSEUMS at the National Museum of History of Moldova
    Workshops for children: Experimental Archaeology, Paper Folding Techniques, History and Art of Writing (11:00-16:00)
  • Screening of documentary films (11:00-17:00)
  • Round Table Conference „Museum as an Area of Discovery and Knowledge within a School Curriculum". The event was attended by school teachers from Chisinau. The debate focused on improving the teaching of history in schools using a museum as important resource for teaching and learning (11:00-12:00).
  • Opening of the exhibition "Weapons and Military Equipment - an Evolution Throughout Centuries" (13:00)
  • Musical improvisations with Elena Bogachenko's disciples, the Republican Boarding School of Music named after Sergei Rachmaninoff (12:30)
Workshops for children: History and Art of Writing  Workshops for children: Paper Folding TechniquesWorkshops for children: Experimental Archaeology
Musical improvisations with Elena Bogachenko's disciples, the Republican Boarding School of Music named after Sergei Rachmaninoff
Musical improvisations with Elena Bogachenko's disciples, the Republican Boarding School of Music named after Sergei Rachmaninoff

In the museum yard
  • Exhibition and master-class of hand-made toys (11:00-18:00)
  • Trampoline, swing (11:00-18:00)
  • Contest „Know the Heritage and Win!" (12:00-13:00)
  • Archery (13:00-18:00)
  • Children's entertainment program "Children's Games of the Past" (13:00-16:00)
  • Military historical show with costumes and medieval weaponry supported by students of the Academy "Stefan cel Mare" of Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Moldova (14:00)
  • "In the rhythm of dance" with the Modern Dance Ensemble „Atlantica" (15:00)
Contest „Know the Heritage and Win! Exhibition and master-class of hand-made toys (11:00-18:00) Trampoline, swing (11:00-18:00) Archery (13:00-18:00)

Program of the Night of Museums:


POSTER NIGHT OF MUSEUMS at the National Museum of History of Moldova
This year the event was held under the title „Games and Entertainment of the Old Days".

The public could visit the permanent exhibitions "History and Civilization" and the Diorama of the Iasi-Chisinau Operation, as well as the temporary exhibition opened on this occasion "Weapons and Military Equipment - an Evolution of Human Society throughout History".

The museum exhibition rooms as well as the yard became an arena of games and entertainment in which our ancestors used to spent their leisure time and which helped them to relax and get closer to each other. On this night people were able to learn more about the ability of their ancestors to enjoy life.

In the rooms of the museum there unfolded the Roman festival „Floralia", medieval Feast of Fools, games (dice, chess, backgammon, card games), farces, there were showed a silent movie, modern and old dances.

The public could visit „News Tearoom" (where the visitors could look through the century-old newspapers), photographic workshop „Retro-Museum", „Military Wardrobe" (who wished was able to try on uniforms from the museum's collection).

In the downstairs hall there was shown a film about the lost cultural heritage and was organized hand-made jewelry workshops.

In the museum yard there took place:
  • The Museum Night exhibit: tractor „Universal" (1948), Lapidarium (18:00-02:00)
  • Exhibition and master-class of hand-made toys (18:00-24:00)
  • Archery (18:00-21:00)
  • Tent of the military history and art enthusiasts (18:00-24:00)
  • Contest "Know the Heritage and Win!"
  • Melodies of yesterday and today performed by the Orchestra-Model of Ministry of Internal Affairs, military conductor Oleg Cazacu (19:00)
  • Festival of Military Traditions. Students of the Academy „Stefan cel Mare" of Ministry of Internal Affairs presented methods of combat and weapons handling skills (20:00)
  • Dance Show with Just Friends Ballet, choreographer Igor Munteanu (21:00)
  • Procession of torchbearers. Fighting in armor (21:50)
  • uNick at Night. Live music concert (22:30)

DAY AND NIGHT OF MUSEUMS at the National Museum of History of Moldova

The Roman festival „FloraliaMedieval Feast of Fools
Hand-made jewelry workshops
Hand-made jewelry workshops
Games (dice, chess, backgammon, card games)
Modern and old dancesGames (dice, chess, backgammon, card games)„Military WardrobeMelodies of yesterday and today performed by the Orchestra-Model of Ministry of Internal Affairs, military conductor Oleg CazacuDance Show with Just Friends Ballet, choreographer Igor Munteanu

Partners: KissFM, TV7, Academy „Stefan cel Mare" of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Chess Academy of Moldova, Historical Club Ensifer, Republican Center for Children and Youth ARTICO, National College of Choreography, Municipal Department for Child Protection, Archery Federation, uNick Band, Just Friends Ballet, Republican Boarding School of Music "Sergei Rachmaninoff", Ministry of Internal Affairs, Cooperative Commercial University of Moldova, Moldova State University


 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is said that the icons, by the divine grace they have, choose their own places from where they can manifest their powers of blessing and consolation. It so happened that one icon of the Mother of God has remained on our lands from the end of the 18th century, when the battles of the Russo-Turkish war of 1787-1791 took place here. The circumstances of the appearance of this icon in Bessarabia are confirmed by several historical references, from which it follows that the Russian officer N.A. Albaduev, a participant in the military campaign, brought this icon here with him, and after his death his relatives – the colonel’s wife or his mother – gave this icon to the monastery, where he suddenly died when he came there on Christmas to receive communion. The icon of the Mother of God was initially placed in the old wooden church, where the officer’s grave was located, and then was placed in the new Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin, built and consecrated in 1816..

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