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#Exhibit of the Month

Among the Greek mythological figures, there is a satyr (Ancient Greek: Σάτυρος), also called Silenus, a male spirit of nature and forest, known to be the companion of the gods Pan and Dionysus. Satyrs were imagined as dancing in the fields, drinking wine with Dionysus and chasing maenads and nymphs. According to the descriptions in myths, they had human-like upper part of the body and the horse-like or goat-like legs, and also a long and bushy tail.

Gradually, animalistic features in the image of a satyr recede, their lower limbs become human (legs, not hooves). The satyr Marsyas (Μάρσιας) plays a special role in Greek legends. Sometimes the god Pan is depicted in the guise of a satyr.

The historian Hesiod tells us about their origins, mentioning that satyrs are wine lovers, and legends also claim that it was the satyrs who saved Ariadne (Aριαδνη), the daughter of King Minos from Crete, who was abandoned by her lover Theseus (Θησεύς) on the island of Naxos (Νάξος).

It is believed that satyrs have tremendous strength and endurance, and also love music, and one of their main attributes is the flute. Also among the attributes of satyrs there are the thyrsus, vessels for wine, and wineskins.

The figurine of a satyr from the NMHM collection is unique. It is made of bronze and has a height of 17 cm. The figurine is made in a stylized manner, the character is presented in a standing position, as if he is holding something in his right hand, and his left hand is damaged. The left leg is also not completely preserved. Some researchers consider it to be the handle of a vessel (possibly of a cup). Certainly, the object had a symbolic character.

We assume that this artifact belongs to the period of Classical Greece and dates back to the 4th century BC.

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Events Archive

Museum heritage in stamp collections

"Poşta Moldovei" will present the series of postage stamps „Antique radio receivers" on the occasion of World Radio Day on February 13, 2019.

The series consists of two postage stamps depicting radio receivers from the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova. The first postage stamp, with a nominal value of 1.75 lei, is the „Telefunken" radio, Koncert Trial model, manufactured between 1934 and 1935 at the Prague-Prelouc radiotelephone company in Czechoslovakia.

The second stamp, with a nominal value of 5.75 lei, is a „Philips" 36U radio receiver, manufactured in 1943 at the Philips workshop in Hungary.

The two radios are also represented on postcards with stamp included, issued on this occasion by „Poşta Moldovei".

The design of the new stamps and postcards was done by Alexandr Kornienko.

The radio is one of the great technological achievements of humanity. For more than a century, the radio allows us to transmit intelligible sounds at the speed of light. As a token of appreciation for this powerful vector of information and culture, UNESCO established in 2012 a special celebration, Radio Day, which is celebrated around the world on 13 February.

The emergence of radio broadcasting propelled the development of radio systems. Gradually, the need for collective hearings has led to the manufacture of the first electromagnetic induction loudspeakers with a diaphragm or diffuser cone. Moved by a metal palette, they operated an important mass of air, producing powerful sounds. Exceeding the evolutionary frame with all the inherent hardships, the radio has been continually improving, especially after the invention of radio lamps, and the construction of increasingly complex devices.

The National Museum of History of Moldova has in its collections over 100 radio-receivers of historical and technical interest, manufactured between 1934 and the end of the 20th century in various countries. The weight in this collection is made up of radio equipment built in the USSR. But regardless of the geographic space in which they were made, they all belong to the history of Bessarabia by their connection with people and moments from the past of this land, by the ability to capture a particular moment of civic society in the last century.



 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

Among the Greek mythological figures, there is a satyr (Ancient Greek: Σάτυρος), also called Silenus, a male spirit of nature and forest, known to be the companion of the gods Pan and Dionysus. Satyrs were imagined as dancing in the fields, drinking wine with Dionysus and chasing maenads and nymphs. According to the descriptions in myths, they had human-like upper part of the body and the horse-like or goat-like legs, and also a long and bushy tail. Gradually, animalistic features in the image of a satyr recede, their lower limbs become human (legs, not hooves). The satyr Marsyas (Μάρσιας) plays a special role in Greek legends. Sometimes the god Pan is depicted in the guise of a satyr...

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