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#Exhibit of the Month

Among the Greek mythological figures, there is a satyr (Ancient Greek: Σάτυρος), also called Silenus, a male spirit of nature and forest, known to be the companion of the gods Pan and Dionysus. Satyrs were imagined as dancing in the fields, drinking wine with Dionysus and chasing maenads and nymphs. According to the descriptions in myths, they had human-like upper part of the body and the horse-like or goat-like legs, and also a long and bushy tail.

Gradually, animalistic features in the image of a satyr recede, their lower limbs become human (legs, not hooves). The satyr Marsyas (Μάρσιας) plays a special role in Greek legends. Sometimes the god Pan is depicted in the guise of a satyr.

The historian Hesiod tells us about their origins, mentioning that satyrs are wine lovers, and legends also claim that it was the satyrs who saved Ariadne (Aριαδνη), the daughter of King Minos from Crete, who was abandoned by her lover Theseus (Θησεύς) on the island of Naxos (Νάξος).

It is believed that satyrs have tremendous strength and endurance, and also love music, and one of their main attributes is the flute. Also among the attributes of satyrs there are the thyrsus, vessels for wine, and wineskins.

The figurine of a satyr from the NMHM collection is unique. It is made of bronze and has a height of 17 cm. The figurine is made in a stylized manner, the character is presented in a standing position, as if he is holding something in his right hand, and his left hand is damaged. The left leg is also not completely preserved. Some researchers consider it to be the handle of a vessel (possibly of a cup). Certainly, the object had a symbolic character.

We assume that this artifact belongs to the period of Classical Greece and dates back to the 4th century BC.

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Events Archive

The presentation of the book: „История жизни Марии Кантемир в письмах и документах”

On Monday, February 26, 2018, at 15.00, the National Museum of History of Moldova will host the presentation of the book: „История жизни Марии Кантемир в письмах и документах" („The history of Maria Cantemir's life in letters and documents"). The series History of women, Publishing House: Lexon-Prim, Chişinău, 2018, 271 p., author: Lilia Zabolotnaia.

 
The volume is dedicated to the life and activity of a famous woman - Maria Cantemir (1700-1757), the older daughter of Dimitrie Cantemir and Cassandra Cantacuzino. The study is based on research conducted in the archives of St. Petersburg and Moscow, which led to the discovery of unpublished documents related to Maria Cantemir's private life and relations between Cantemir family members.

The book is structured in several compartments. The first chapter contains 26 legal documents related to finances and family properties. The second chapter contains 38 letters written by Maria Cantemir to her younger brother, Antioh Cantemir, which have been published only partially until now.

The author discovered that Maria Cantemir's image was largely mystified by writers and historians. She was a woman of strong, energetic and courageous character, decisive and determined, deeply religious and of high moral qualities. The unpublished documents and Maria Cantemir's letters, published in this volume, denote her particular erudition and intelligence and give us details of her character, way of life, behavior and worldviews.

The volume is addressed to historians, writers, journalists, students, diplomats, politicians, young students and to all who are interested and passionate about the history of personalities.

More than 70 persons are invited to attend the book presentation event representing different institutions: the Ministry of Education, Culture and Research, Moldova State University, Pedagogical State University "Ion Creanga", the Cultural Heritage Institute, the History Institute, the National Museum of History of Moldova, representatives of Russian, Polish and Ukrainian embassies, lawyers, writers, students, and others.

The event is organized with the support of the National Commission of the Republic of Moldova for UNESCO and the Community of Ukrainian Women in Moldova.

The museum is pleased to welcome all interested visitors to the event!


 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

Among the Greek mythological figures, there is a satyr (Ancient Greek: Σάτυρος), also called Silenus, a male spirit of nature and forest, known to be the companion of the gods Pan and Dionysus. Satyrs were imagined as dancing in the fields, drinking wine with Dionysus and chasing maenads and nymphs. According to the descriptions in myths, they had human-like upper part of the body and the horse-like or goat-like legs, and also a long and bushy tail. Gradually, animalistic features in the image of a satyr recede, their lower limbs become human (legs, not hooves). The satyr Marsyas (Μάρσιας) plays a special role in Greek legends. Sometimes the god Pan is depicted in the guise of a satyr...

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