EN RO
National Museum of History of Moldova
Read Mode















#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

Click here for a Virtual Tour of the Museum

 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Exhibitions

“Black Pentecost. Deportation in Bărăgan”

May 29 - June 30, 2019

Wednesday, 29 May 2019, at 14.00, the National Museum of History of Moldova invites you to the photo and documentary exhibition "Black Pentecost. Deportation in Bărăgan" organized by the International Center for Studies into Communism of the Memorial of the Victims of Communism and of the Resistance, Sighet, Romania.

The exhibition brings together photographic images and documents reflecting the drama of the over 12,780 families deported in Bărăgan in June 1951 by the communist regime in Romania.


The deportations from Banat and Mehedinţi, from the summer of 1951, are one (and the cruelest) among the many social purification projects initiated by the communist regime of the Gheorghiu-Dej period, in full Soviet domination. Following a plan prepared for three months with a diabolical accuracy, on the night of 18th to 19th June, over 44000 persons were taken out of their homes without any prior notice, starting with women and men capable of work and continuing with their families, composed of elders up to 85 years old and children of all ages (one of them, born only two days before). After a two-week-long difficult road closed up in wagons meant for the transportation of animals, the deportees were laid in several railway stations in Bărăgan, from where trucks took them in 18 different points of the steppe desert. Abandoned under the open sky of a hot summer, they had to build their huts under the ground, as in the primitive commune. In the following years, they built better houses and started cultivating virgin lands. This is how they managed to assure food for them and for the animals in the yard, overcoming poverty and isolation, surviving as Robinson Crusoe of the 20th century.

The question raised by the exhibition "Black Pentecost: Deportation in Bărăgan" is: what was the purpose of uprooting of such a large number of people? Was the Communist regime worrying about diligence, earnestness, anti-communism, hope for the Americans to free them, penetrating the country through Tito's Yugoslavia? Otherwise, the huge forces employed into this project cannot be explained: over 10,000 armed soldiers (securitists, militians, military school students, border guards and firemen) coordinated and supervised by 2500 party activists.

Five years later, in 1956, the deportees returned to their homes, but many found them occupied by the regime's profiteers, and they were forced to take their lives for a second time. 1600 of them (of which 175 children) had died in detention and soon their bones were shown with the tractor, along with the villages made one with the ground.

Some villages, however, have been turned into "binding residence" centers for the thousands of political prisoners released from prison at the expiration of the sentence, but considered recalcitrants and "irreducibles". Between 1955 and 1964, at Rubla, Lăteşti, Măzăreni, Dropia, Zagna, Fundulea have lived many personalities of political and cultural life, including Corneliu Coposu, Ion C. Brătianu, Dan M. Brătianu, Constantin C. Giurescu, Ion Diaconescu, Camil Demetrescu, Hans Bergel, students Paul Goma, Dan Mugur Rusiecki, Ion Varlam. Penalty supplements, ranging from 12 to 60 months, long-term cohabitation in a small perimeter allowed them to become friends, transform their new existence into a school of solidarity. The most inhuman detention in this period was that of seven children - aged between 1 and 12 - deported to Lăteşti together with their mother after their father, a reformed priest, had been sentenced to 22 years. Another Orthodox priest was sentenced to hard labor for life because he dared leave briefly the binding residence, where he was brought after nine years of detention. In summary, however, the disintegration of the civic spirit did not succeed either with the deportees nor with the binding residents, and the Communists had to postpone the total atomization of society until the ‘70s - ‘80s, when the new generations gave in to the prophylactic terror triggered by the new communist regime.

The "Black Pentecost: Deportation in Bărăgan" exhibition is made up of 28 panels which show in a chronological and thematic order the international situation of the 1950s (the breaking of Tito by the Stalinist Kominform), elaboration of the "dislocation" plan, drafting of "black lists" and implementation of the deportation, life in Bărăgan, house building, earning water and food, school, work, funerals, and finally "Binding Residence". Explanatory texts are complemented by hundreds of photos, maps and objects, all of which come from the database of the International Center for Studies into Communism. Personal testimonials are transcripts of records made by CISAC collaborators.

The exhibition was made first in 2011 at the 60th anniversary since the deportations of June 1951 and was part of the project "Memory of Deportations in Romania", supported by the program "Europe for Citizens. Active European remembrance" of the European Commission.

Exhibition team: Romulus Rusan with Ioana Boca, Virginia Ion, Andreea Cârstea, Angela Bilcea. Graphic design: arch. Octavian Carabela, MB Studio.



 




Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
Come to Museum! Discover the History!
  
Visit museum
Visit museum
Summer schedule: daily
10am – 6pm.

Winter schedule: daily
10am – 5pm.
Closed on Fridays.
Entrance fees:  adults - 10 MDL, pensioners, adults with moderate disabilities / disability of the 3rd degree, students - 5 MDL, school students - 2 MDL. Free access: enlisted men (...)

WiFi Free Wi-Fi Zone in the museum: In the courtyard of the National History Museum of Moldova there is Wi-Fi Internet access for visitors.








Ask us a question now!






#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

Read More >>

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2020 National Museum of History of Moldova
31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu