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#Exhibit of the Month

From the early days of Christianity, the cross meant not only an instrument of torture, but also a symbol of victory over death, a symbol of salvation. The object is made of silver, having the shape of a Byzantine cross with trapezoidal edges of the arms. The side arms and the one at the bottom seem to be turned inside a vessel (chalice (?)) with the trapezoidal "foot". The arms of the cross and of the "chalice" were ended with a decorative element in the shape of a sphere (drop). The cross has a decoration in relief, executed in the technique of filigree and granulation, consisting of drops, double and triple cords, circles with a drop in the center, and trefoils (?). In the center of the cross, at the intersection of the arms, there is a round mount with a cord-like edge, in which the pomegranate fruit is located. However, the main decorative element is the images of four peacocks turned to the right, with a snake in the beak, arranged on all the arms of the cross. The image of the peacocks is rendered in an artistic way, and their tails are stylized in the shape of a palmette.
The peacock, originated from India, due to its luxurious fan-shaped tail, was considered a symbol of the Sun. In ancient Greece, they were considered the sacred birds of the goddess Hera, and in ancient Rome they were considered the sacred birds of the goddess Juno. In Kievan Rus', the peacock (the Firebird) also symbolized the Sun. In the West, the peacock was considered a snake killer, and the iridescent colors of its tail were attributed to its ability to turn snake venom into solar substance. Since snakes in Iranian symbolism were considered enemies of the sun, it was believed that the peacock killed snakes, in order to create "eyes" from their saliva, iridescent with a bronze-green and gold-blue color on the feathers of its tail. Due to the bright splendor of the male peacock's tail, it has been compared with immortal gods and, therefore, with immortality. Peacocks are known as an emblem of greatness, royal authority, spiritual superiority, ideal creation.

In the early period of Christianity, the peacock was a symbol of love, resurrection, immortality, beauty, eternity of the soul, the all-seeing eye of the Church, and the peacock feather was the emblem of Saint Barbara. The image of peacocks with snakes in their beaks on the cross is not at all accidental; it symbolizes the victory of Christ over evil.

On the back side of the cross, traces of fixing are preserved, probably of a pin (missing), so the object served as a brooch (fibula), which was probably attached to the fabric. The piece is presumably dated back to the 9th-12th centuries.

The object has the following dimensions: height - 125 mm; width - 86 mm; weight - 47 g.


 
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Events Archive



“Skillful Small Hands” Workshop

30 December 2020

There is no gift more precious than a handmade one. This week, the festive atmosphere was especially vivid in the Museum, and the gifts were wonderful.

Our guide, Alina Parabina, together with children from some schools of the municipality, held several workshops of "Skillful Small Hands". Children made Christmas trees and mushrooms out of cotton wool. The result is impressive!

Details>>

Interactive event on the theme “It's your life, take care of it!”

16 December 2020

On December 16, the Department of Public Relations and Museum Education organized an interactive event on the theme "It's your life, take care of it!" with the 5th grade students of the Gh. Asachi Theoretical High School from Chisinau. The action is part of the National Health Promotion Program 2016-2020 and is held at the museum for the fourth year in a row.

This meeting is held for informational and educational purposes, to discuss and prevent the use of tobacco, alcohol and drugs among adolescents.

Details>>

Opening of the Exhibition "Official and unofficial symbols of the Republic of Moldova"

3 November 2020

Opening of the Exhibition "Official and unofficial symbols of the Republic of Moldova" took place on November 3, 2020, the day that marks the 30th anniversary of the adoption of the State Coat of Arms of the Republic of Moldova.

The event began with a greeting speech by the Director General of the National Museum of History of Moldova, Eugen Sava, who noted the importance of organizing the exhibition in order to educate patriotism, dignity and appreciation of national values. Mr. Corneliu Popovici, Presidential Adviser, President of the National Heraldry Commission, in his speech praised the efforts to commemorate important events in the Republic of Moldova, including by organizing this exhibition.


Details>>

XXXth Annual Scientific Conference with International Participation “History. Archeology. Museology” held online

30 October 2020

 
The annual scientific conference held by the National Museum of History of Moldova over the years has turned into a prestigious forum that brings together famous historians, archaeologists and museographers from the country and abroad. This year's conference communications featured thematic diversity, new methodological approaches, and interdisciplinary research. A significant part of the communications was based on the results of new archaeological investigations, the study of original archival sources, offering new interpretations of known sources.

The conference brought together over 90 participants from 10 countries: Moldova, Romania, Ukraine, Poland, Germany, France, Tajikistan, Lithuania, Georgia, and the Russian Federation.

Details>>

„Movie at the Museum”

26 September 2020

In order to promote our historical and cultural values reflected in cinematographic works, from August 1 to September 26, every Saturday evening, starting at 20:50, an open-air cinema was held in the courtyard of the National Museum of History of Moldova. The viewers were given the opportunity to watch the classic Moldavian films of the Moldova-Film studio. For some, it was an opportunity to remember their beautiful youth, for others to learn that not everything old comes back.

Details>>


Ethno Jazz Festival 2020

26 September 2020

Between September 25 and 26, the courtyard of the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted the 19th Ethno Jazz Festival.

Two evenings in succession, guests such as Vali Boghean, Mark Oselski, Ana Carla Maza Trio, Grégory Privat and others delighted the audience. The songs performed are included in the 9th album of the Trigon, created during the pandemic.

Details>>

The International Conference "Hybrid War: Mechanisms and Consequences"

21 February 2020

Several historians, political analysts, international experts, writers and journalists met on February 21, 2020, at the National Museum of History of Moldova to discuss a very actual topic: hybrid warfare and its consequences in politics, mass media, history, identity, etc. but also to seek solutions to combat this phenomenon and fake news.

The purpose of this conference was to examine the essence of hybrid warfare, the strategies that are developed and the tactics that are applied, especially in the former Soviet space.

Details>>



Activities dedicated to winter holidays

28 December 2019

On December 26 and 28, the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted two events dedicated to the beautiful winter holidays.

The musical-literary show „Christmas Caravan”, organized in collaboration with the members of the City Station of Young Tourists from Chișinău (coordinator: Tamara Pânzari), flooded the museum with carols, songs, plays and a lot of good vibes. Several New Year themed works, created by the participants themselves, brought a surplus of color to this event.

Details>>

Interactive activity with the theme "Be aware, not addicted!"

11 December 2019

On December 11, the Section Public Relations, Museum Education in collaboration with the students of the 7th grade of the "Socrates" High School of Modern Languages in Chișinău, held an interactive activity with the theme "Be aware, not addicted!". The action was organized in the framework of the National Health Promotion Program for 2016-2020.

The objective of this meeting was to inform, educate, communicate and prevent the consumption of tobacco, alcohol and drugs among adolescents.

Details>>

Event dedicated to the great Azerbaijani poet Imadeddin Nasimi

4 December 2019

On December 4, the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted a unique event "Nasimi - 650 years from birth", which was dedicated to the great Azerbaijani poet Imadeddin Nasimi.

The event was moderated by Arcadie Suceveanu, the president of the Writers' Union of Moldova. The event had as guests of honor H. E. Gudsi Osmanov, Ambassador of the Republic of Azerbaijan to Moldova, and Vugar Novruzov, President of the Azeri Congress of the Republic of Moldova.

Details>>

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#Exhibit of the Month

From the early days of Christianity, the cross meant not only an instrument of torture, but also a symbol of victory over death, a symbol of salvation. The object is made of silver, having the shape of a Byzantine cross with trapezoidal edges of the arms. The side arms and the one at the bottom seem to be turned inside a vessel (chalice (?)) with the trapezoidal "foot". The arms of the cross and of the "chalice" were ended with a decorative element in the shape of a sphere (drop). The cross has a decoration in relief, executed in the technique of filigree and granulation, consisting of drops, double and triple cords, circles with a drop in the center, and trefoils (?). In the center of the cross, at the intersection of the arms, there is a round mount with a cord-like edge, in which the pomegranate fruit is located...

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