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#Exhibit of the Month

The hoard was found in 1957 during the agricultural works near the village. At first, the hoard was in the collection of the National Museum of Ethnography and Natural History and later was transferred to the National Museum of History (Accession: FB: 12 576 - 12650; N: 12 658 - 12 732). It consists of 75 silver coins from the thaler category issued by the Kingdom of Poland, the United Provinces and the Holy Roman Empire in 1612-1648.

THE KINGDOM OF POLAND
Sigismund II Vasa (1586-1632)
Crown, thaler: 1628 (1).
Gdańsk, orts: 1612 (1), 1613 (1*), 1614 (1), 1615 (7), 1616 (8), 1617 (16), 1618 (4), 1619 (2), 161 (1), 1620 (2), 1621 (8).

THE UNITED PROVINCES OF THE NETHERLANDS
Lion thalers (leeuwendaalder)
Gelderland: 1641 (1), 1647 (2), 1649 (1).
West Frisia: 1648 (1).
Utrecht: 1643 (1), 1646 (1), 1647 (2), 1648 (1).

THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE
Kampen: halve leeuwendaalder 1646 (1), 1647 (1); leeuwendaalder 1647 (3), 1649 (1).
Zwolle: leeuwendaalder 1633 (1), 1637 (3), 1644 (1), 1646 (2), 1648 (1).

This hoard by its composition confirms the presence of silver coins from the thaler category in the Principality of Moldavia monetary circulation.

Thalers were first minted in 1486 in Sankt-Joachimsthal, today the Czech Republic, "thaler" being an abbreviation of "Joachimsthaler", meaning coin issued in Sankt-Joachimsthal. In the 16th and 17th centuries, thalers were issued in very large quantities, especially by state entities that were part of the Holy Roman Empire and the Habsburg Empire. Thus, thalers can be considered a quintessentially popular coin; there are thalers of several types, such as Austrian thalers, Polish thalers, Russian thalers, Turkish thalers, Venetian thalers, also called scuzi, "reichsthalers", also called imperials, löwenthalers or lion thalers, and Spanish thalers, also called piastre. In the Romanian principalities, thalers spread widely towards the end of the 16th century, and in the following centuries their circulation became very abundant, the thaler being in circulation until the second half of the 19th century. This money was a huge success, so it is also called: daalder / daler in the Netherlands, talar in Poland, dahlar in Scandinavia, tallaro / tallero in Italy, talari in Ethiopia, dollar in America. A special category is the Dutch thaler, leeuwendaalder, löwenthaler, which means "lion thaler", also called "lion" due to the coat of arms on the reverse, which is a shield with a crown, with a lion inside; it is a silver coin minted in Netherlands, where in 1575 it was decided to mint a new coin based on the scuzi. In the Romanian principalities the lion thaler appears in the last quarter of the 16th century. These lion thaler gave the name to the currency of Romania, the Republic of Moldova (leu), and Bulgaria (leva).

Orts are also silver coins from the thaler category, equal to 1/4 thaler. A quarter thaler was originally called "ortstaler", a name that was later reduced to the form "ort" (in Old German "ort" means "a quarter"). The coin circulated in Europe in the Middle Ages, including the Romanian principalities, being met in the 18th century as Polish, Turkish and German orts. The term "ort" is preserved in the Romanian expression "to give an ort to a priest" (which means "to die"), which dates back to the ancient pagan custom of placing a coin on the little finger of the deceased's right hand so that he could pay for the passage to the afterlife; With the same coin, the priest was paid for the funeral service: the family of the deceased "gave an ort to the priest" to observe church traditions.

 
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Events Archive



“Skillful Small Hands” Workshop

30 December 2020

There is no gift more precious than a handmade one. This week, the festive atmosphere was especially vivid in the Museum, and the gifts were wonderful.

Our guide, Alina Parabina, together with children from some schools of the municipality, held several workshops of "Skillful Small Hands". Children made Christmas trees and mushrooms out of cotton wool. The result is impressive!

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Interactive event on the theme “It's your life, take care of it!”

16 December 2020

On December 16, the Department of Public Relations and Museum Education organized an interactive event on the theme "It's your life, take care of it!" with the 5th grade students of the Gh. Asachi Theoretical High School from Chisinau. The action is part of the National Health Promotion Program 2016-2020 and is held at the museum for the fourth year in a row.

This meeting is held for informational and educational purposes, to discuss and prevent the use of tobacco, alcohol and drugs among adolescents.

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Opening of the Exhibition "Official and unofficial symbols of the Republic of Moldova"

3 November 2020

Opening of the Exhibition "Official and unofficial symbols of the Republic of Moldova" took place on November 3, 2020, the day that marks the 30th anniversary of the adoption of the State Coat of Arms of the Republic of Moldova.

The event began with a greeting speech by the Director General of the National Museum of History of Moldova, Eugen Sava, who noted the importance of organizing the exhibition in order to educate patriotism, dignity and appreciation of national values. Mr. Corneliu Popovici, Presidential Adviser, President of the National Heraldry Commission, in his speech praised the efforts to commemorate important events in the Republic of Moldova, including by organizing this exhibition.


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XXXth Annual Scientific Conference with International Participation “History. Archeology. Museology” held online

30 October 2020

 
The annual scientific conference held by the National Museum of History of Moldova over the years has turned into a prestigious forum that brings together famous historians, archaeologists and museographers from the country and abroad. This year's conference communications featured thematic diversity, new methodological approaches, and interdisciplinary research. A significant part of the communications was based on the results of new archaeological investigations, the study of original archival sources, offering new interpretations of known sources.

The conference brought together over 90 participants from 10 countries: Moldova, Romania, Ukraine, Poland, Germany, France, Tajikistan, Lithuania, Georgia, and the Russian Federation.

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„Movie at the Museum”

26 September 2020

In order to promote our historical and cultural values reflected in cinematographic works, from August 1 to September 26, every Saturday evening, starting at 20:50, an open-air cinema was held in the courtyard of the National Museum of History of Moldova. The viewers were given the opportunity to watch the classic Moldavian films of the Moldova-Film studio. For some, it was an opportunity to remember their beautiful youth, for others to learn that not everything old comes back.

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Ethno Jazz Festival 2020

26 September 2020

Between September 25 and 26, the courtyard of the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted the 19th Ethno Jazz Festival.

Two evenings in succession, guests such as Vali Boghean, Mark Oselski, Ana Carla Maza Trio, Grégory Privat and others delighted the audience. The songs performed are included in the 9th album of the Trigon, created during the pandemic.

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The International Conference "Hybrid War: Mechanisms and Consequences"

21 February 2020

Several historians, political analysts, international experts, writers and journalists met on February 21, 2020, at the National Museum of History of Moldova to discuss a very actual topic: hybrid warfare and its consequences in politics, mass media, history, identity, etc. but also to seek solutions to combat this phenomenon and fake news.

The purpose of this conference was to examine the essence of hybrid warfare, the strategies that are developed and the tactics that are applied, especially in the former Soviet space.

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Activities dedicated to winter holidays

28 December 2019

On December 26 and 28, the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted two events dedicated to the beautiful winter holidays.

The musical-literary show „Christmas Caravan”, organized in collaboration with the members of the City Station of Young Tourists from Chișinău (coordinator: Tamara Pânzari), flooded the museum with carols, songs, plays and a lot of good vibes. Several New Year themed works, created by the participants themselves, brought a surplus of color to this event.

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Interactive activity with the theme "Be aware, not addicted!"

11 December 2019

On December 11, the Section Public Relations, Museum Education in collaboration with the students of the 7th grade of the "Socrates" High School of Modern Languages in Chișinău, held an interactive activity with the theme "Be aware, not addicted!". The action was organized in the framework of the National Health Promotion Program for 2016-2020.

The objective of this meeting was to inform, educate, communicate and prevent the consumption of tobacco, alcohol and drugs among adolescents.

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Event dedicated to the great Azerbaijani poet Imadeddin Nasimi

4 December 2019

On December 4, the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted a unique event "Nasimi - 650 years from birth", which was dedicated to the great Azerbaijani poet Imadeddin Nasimi.

The event was moderated by Arcadie Suceveanu, the president of the Writers' Union of Moldova. The event had as guests of honor H. E. Gudsi Osmanov, Ambassador of the Republic of Azerbaijan to Moldova, and Vugar Novruzov, President of the Azeri Congress of the Republic of Moldova.

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Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
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#Exhibit of the Month

The hoard was found in 1957 during the agricultural works near the village. At first, the hoard was in the collection of the National Museum of Ethnography and Natural History and later was transferred to the National Museum of History (Accession: FB: 12 576 - 12650; N: 12 658 - 12 732). It consists of 75 silver coins from the thaler category issued by the Kingdom of Poland, the United Provinces and the Holy Roman Empire in 1612-1648...

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