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#Exhibit of the Month

Deer antlers, as well as bones, teeth and shells of mollusks, belong to the category of hard materials of animal origin, which for a long time served as raw materials for prehistoric and protohistoric communities to make tools, weapons, containers, handles, as well as objects of prestige (sceptres) or adornments (necklaces, pendants, clothing accessories), certainly bearing a symbolic load.

The National Museum of History of Moldova has a valuable collection of products made of deer antler, the chronological framework of which covers a very wide period of time, from the Paleolithic era to the late Middle Ages. Based on this, and also taking into account the significance of the beginning of May (May 1 – International Labor Day), we present to our visitors a revolutionary type of tool, very useful, which is directly related to the development of agriculture and prehistoric societies. Antler pickaxes are the tools that contributed to what we call the Neolithic revolution, when there was a transition from hunter-gatherer hominids to sedentary people, agriculturists and cattle breeders, depending on the specifics of the region. Cucuteni agricultural human communities have a long tradition of exploiting Cervus elaphus (deer) resources, especially antlers.

The object comes from the Brânzeni III – Țiganca settlement (Edineț district), a site discovered in 1968 by the archaeologist Nicolae Chetraru, attributed to stage CII of the Tripolye culture. An unaffected part of the site was completely explored in 1970-1972 by Vsevolod Markevich; during the research 37 surface dwellings with platforms were found, revealing a new cultural aspect within the Cucuteni culture – Brânzeni, a cultural and chronological phenomenon that marks the beginning of the final stage of the Eneolithic era, the end of the 4th millennium BC.

The pickaxe hammer, dual-functional product made of the basal part of the main axis of the antler, cleaned and polished, without traces of the basal part, without rosettes and other secondary horn beams. The surface with traces of cuts is polished, in some places with strong luster. The object has a round transverse hole, slightly oblique, with a cylindrical section, located in the middle, and has a pronounced bluntness, chips and a longitudinal crack from antiquity. The active parts – the head and slightly oblique tip, completely kept – are relatively well preserved, with traces of wear and cracks in places due to intensive use.

These traces give us a history of this object, which was originally, most likely, an axe hammer, intended to split, cut, and strike, but with the wear of its blade turned into a pickaxe hammer, used both for percussion activities and for loosening the earth. The object was used as a working tool, but most likely also as a weapon.

Dimensions: L.: 113 mm; W.: 56 mm; thickness: 44 mm: Hole diameter: 20x22 mm.

Virtual Tour




Events Archive



International Day of Families 2022

22 May 2022

On Sunday, May 22, the International Day of Families was celebrated at the National Museum of History of Moldova.

On the occasion of this holiday, the museum held a number of wonderful activities under the title "Children's and Parents' Sunday".

In partnership with the bookstore Cărturești at the Museum, the results of a photo contest dedicated to the International Day of Families were announced.

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The opening of the temporary exhibition "Magic of Lights of Other Times"

18 May 2022

On May 18, 2022, in Room 2 on the ground floor of the National Museum of History of Moldova, the opening of the temporary exhibition "Magic of Lights of Other Times" took place.

The temporary exhibition "Magic of Lights of Other Times" is the result of research and scientific development of the collection of lighting fixtures from the National Museum of History of Moldova. It presents a variety of forms and types of devices that reflect the evolution and role of artificial lighting in everyday and spiritual life.

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International Museum Day 2022

18 May 2022

On Saturday, May 18, 2022, at the National Museum of History of Moldova took place one of the most important events in the life of the world museum community, the International Museum Day, which this year was held under the motto "The Power of Museums".

The International Council of Museums (ICOM) established International Museum Day in 1977 to raise public awareness of the role of museums in the development of society.

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The European Night of Museums 2022

14 May 2022

On Saturday, May 14, 2022, from 18:00 to 23:00, at the National Museum of History of Moldova, one of the most important events in the life of the world museum community took place - the European Night of Museums, which this year was held under the motto "The light gives splendor to the night...". This is the 18th edition of the event initiated by the French Ministry of Culture, which is currently under the patronage of UNESCO, the Council of Europe and the International Council of Museums (ICOM).

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The 16th Heraldry Symposium

27 April 2022

On April 27, 2022, when the Republic of Moldova celebrates the Day of its State Flag and the State Emblem, the 16th Heraldry Symposium was held at the National Museum of History of Moldova, in which about 30 people took part on-site and online. This time, the symposium, traditionally organized by the Paul Gore Genealogical, Heraldry and Archival Society in partnership with the National Heraldry Commission under the President of the Republic of Moldova and the National Museum of History of Moldova, was dedicated to the 30th anniversary of the creation of the national system of state insignia of the Republic of Moldova.

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“King’s Day” celebrated at the National Museum of History of Moldova

26 April 2022

On Tuesday, April 26, 2022, the National Museum of History of Moldova was pleased to host a reception organized by the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands on the occasion of King's Day, the national holiday of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The event was attended by friends and partners of the "country of tulips", who celebrated the most important national holiday of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. This action is part of the NMHM's long and beautiful collaboration with the embassy in recent years. The National Museum of History of Moldova joins the congratulations on this occasion! Long live the King!

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Totalization meeting for the project "For Ukraine"

21 April 2022

On Wednesday, April 20, 2022, a meeting was held at the Embassy of Ukraine in Chișinău to sum up and announce the results of the "For Ukraine" project. The event was attended by representatives of the organizing institutions and partners involved in the project.

Details>>

The National Session of Archaeological Reports (campaign 2021)

20 April 2022

On April 20, 2022, under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture and the National Archaeological Commission, the National Session of Reports "Archaeological Research in the Republic of Moldova, Campaign 2021" took place. The scientific meeting was organized in partnership by the National Archaeological Agency and the National Museum of History of Moldova on the occasion of the International Day for Monuments and Sites celebrated annually on April 18.

Details>>

Charity event at the art exhibition

6 April 2022

On Wednesday, April 6, 2022, at the National Museum of History of Moldova, the Hospices of Hope Moldova and the Embassy of Ukraine in Chisinau organized a charity reception entitled "For Ukraine - Charity Reception", which was attended by officials, ambassadors, businessmen, artists of Ukrainian origin , refugees in the Republic of Moldova. The event benefited from an artistic program offered by Igor Znatakov, the chief conductor of the V. Vasilko Ukrainian Music and Drama Theater in Odessa, together with his family. Olesea Shevchenko, wife of the Ambassador of Ukraine in Chisinau, president of the non-profit organization International Women's Club of Moldova, gave an extraordinary recital of Ukrainian songs.

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Distinguished Gentleman’s Drive

26 September 2021

The Distinguished Gentleman’s Drive was a celebration of classic style. 2021 was the inaugural event, that took place on Sunday, September 26th. It is an on-road motoring event, uniting pre-80’s classic cars, designed to encourage enthusiasts and vintage car owners around the world to dress dapper and drive for men’s health. All funds raised by our Distinguished Gentlefolk support our charity partner, Movember.

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Independent Moldova
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Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
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Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
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#Exhibit of the Month

Deer antlers, as well as bones, teeth and shells of mollusks, belong to the category of hard materials of animal origin, which for a long time served as raw materials for prehistoric and protohistoric communities to make tools, weapons, containers, handles, as well as objects of prestige (sceptres) or adornments (necklaces, pendants, clothing accessories), certainly bearing a symbolic load...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC