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#Exhibit of the Month

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Radio represents one of the outstanding technological achievements of human thought, which led to the emergence and development of the most powerful and popular means of mass communication. From its beginnings, radio broadcasting had immediate effects on the social, economic, military, but also on the cultural level.

Radio is the work of time, to which many scientists have contributed. Among the most important names we mention: the Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell, who predicted, in 1860, the existence of radio waves; the German physicist Heinrich Rudolph Hertz, who demonstrated that rapid variations in electric current could be projected into space as radio waves; the American inventor of Croatian origin Nicola Tesla, who, in 1891, built the theoretical model of the device that produced electromagnetic cycles.

Those who are primarily credited with this discovery - the Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi and the Russian physicist Alexander Popov - did nothing more than synthesize or weave together floating ideas, so no one has intellectual authorship, which does not exclude their rights conferred by patents and glory.

For more than 120 years, radio has been telling stories, saving lives, delivering news, educating generations, providing a means of recreation, shaping a society's experience of diversity. As a sign of appreciation for this powerful vector of information and culture, UNESCO instituted, in 2012, a special holiday, World Radio Day, which is celebrated worldwide on February 13.

The advent of sound broadcasting propelled the development of radio technology. Gradually, starting in 1920, the need for collective auditions determined the manufacture of the first loudspeakers based on the principle of electromagnetic induction, which had a diaphragm or a diffuser cone. Moved by a metal paddle, they actuated a large mass of air, thus producing loud sounds. Overcoming the evolutionary framework, with all the inherent difficulties, the radio was continuously perfected, with predilection after the invention of radio lamps and transistors, arriving at the construction of increasingly complex devices.

The National Museum of History of Moldova conserves and uses about 120 radio receivers with historical, technical and memorial value, manufactured between 1934 and the beginning of the 21st century in various countries. The radio sets in the museum heritage are of interest for the history of science and technology, some of them standing out as reference pieces for the evolution of means of communication.

From the point of view of the principle of operation, the radios owned by the museum are direct-amplified, reactive and superheterodyne. From a categorical point of view, the museum's radio technical fund is made up of: 36 radio equipment, 17 radio receivers with electronic tubes and 68 transistorized radio receivers. This month, as part of the "Exhibit of the Month" series, we bring to the public's attention two stationary radio receivers with electronic tubes, Telefunken and Philips, of great historical and technical value, they laid the foundations for the constitution of the museum's collection of radio devices.

Telefunken radio receiver, model Koncert Trial, was manufactured at the Radiotechna enterprise in Prague-Prelouc, Czechoslovakia, between 1934 and 1935. It is a superheterodyne device, in a Bakelite case. Technical characteristics: 4 electronic tubes - REN904, REN904, RENS1374S and RGN564; the wave ranges - UL (long waves), UM (medium waves) and US (short waves); dimensions - 290x355x175 mm; power supply - 110/240 V; speaker - permanently dynamic.

Philips radio receiver, model 36U, was manufactured in 1943 at the Philips workshop in Hungary (which operated from 1931 to 1949). It is a superheterodyne device, in a bakelite case. Technical characteristics: 4 electronic tubes - UCH21, UCH21, UBL21 and UY21; wave ranges: UL (long waves) and US (short waves); dimensions: 250x170x130 mm; power supply: 110/150/220 V, weight: 2.5 kg; speaker - permanently dynamic.

Virtual Tour




Events Archive



Inauguration of the "Architecture of Independence in Central Europe" exhibition

1 February 2023

On February 1, 2023, in the premises of the National Museum of History of Moldova took place the opening of the "Architecture of Independence in Central Europe" exhibition.

The event was opened by Eugen Sava, the General Director of the National Museum of History of Moldova, who stated that this exhibition is a continuation of the collaboration between NMHM, the Polish Institute in Bucharest and the Embassy of the Republic of Poland in Chisinau. Mr. Sava highlighted the importance of this beneficial relationship, which has as a results, numerous projects and exhibitions realized during the last years.


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International Holocaust Remembrance Day

27 January 2023

In 1944, Anne Frank wrote in her diary: "What is done cannot be undone, but at least one you can prevent it happening again".

Every year, on January 27, we mark the International Holocaust Remembrance Day, a tragic event in history that resulted in the loss of life of millions of Jews, as well as other marginalized groups.


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Book launch: "Romanian lands seen by artists from the West (15th-19th centuries)", edited by Robert Denndorf, album coordinator: Silvia Corlăteanu-Granciuc

26 January 2023

On 26th of January, The National Musuem of History of Moldova, in collaboration with the Institute of History of the MSU, organized the launch of the work "Romanian lands seen by artists from the West (15th-19th centuries). Album", edited by Robert Denndorf (Germany). The album was coordinated by university professor Dr. Silvia Corlăteanu-Granciuc, the scientific secretary of the Institute of History of the MSU.

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Azerbaijan-Moldova youth forum "Karabakh is Azerbaijan"

19 January 2023

On January 19, in the premises of the National Museum of History of Moldova, took place the Azerbaijan-Moldova youth forum "Karabakh is Azerbaijan" on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the birth of the Leader of the Nation of the Azerbaijani people, Heydar Aliyev.

Representatives of state institutions and various organizations from Moldova and Azerbaijan participated in the forum.


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National Day of Culture at NMHM

15 January 2023

In the context of the National Day of Culture, which was celebrated on January 15, the National Museum of History of Moldova carried out a series of activities and events dedicated to it.

On January 12, took place the inauguration of the exhibition: "Chisinau: an unknown history". The event was enjoyed by a huge audience, who, guided by our colleagues from NMHM, studied with interest the pieces exhibited in the showcases..


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Inauguration of the exhibition "Chisinau: an unknown history"

12 January 2023

On January 12, 2022, at the National Museum of History of Moldova, was inaugurated the exhibition dedicated to the National Day of Culture, entitled "Chisinau: an unknown history".

The exhibition was carried out by the Archeology Sector of NMHM and brings together an important number of documentary materials illustrating the historical past of Chisinau.


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The retrospective of the 2022

31 December 2022

Being in the middle of the years, it is time for each of us to make some conclusions and remember once again what the year 2022 was remembered for.

Following the removal of the restrictions imposed by the epidemiological situation in 2021, the National Museum of History of Moldova reopened its doors to the visiting public.


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Festive gathering of the collective of the National History Museum of Moldova

27 December 2022

On December 27, one of the last days of 2022, the entire team of the National Museum of History of Moldova gathered in the Blue Hall for a festive event.

The General Director of NMHM, dr. hab. Eugen Sava, told about the main challenges and achievements that our Museum had during the last year, which was not an easy one. Also, the contribution of all the people of the NMHM collective was highlighted, thanks to which, remarkable successes were recorded in the promotion of national history and culture, the organization of cultural events, the development of science through the creation of publications under the auspices of NMHM and the fact that our Museum enjoys a constant interest from the visiting public.


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"Christmas is more beautiful with sunshine!"

18 December 2022

On December 18, the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted a beautiful event dedicated to the winter holidays. Organized in collaboration with A.O. "Sunshine" and Ivan Goncearuc, the celebration "Christmas is more beautiful with sunshine!" brought together children with Down syndrome and normotipical children who, together with their parents, took part in a special program, supported by the ethno-folk ensemble "Crenguța de Iederă", Georgeta Voinovan & Crescendo, the children's groups "Boom Kids" and "Speranța", Bubble Party Show etc..

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Launch of the Museums of the Future program

7 December 2022

On December 7, 2022, in the premises of Artcor, was launched the Museums of the Future program. The program is carried out by the Ministry of Culture in partnership with the Technologies of the Future Project, financed by USAID Moldova, the Swedish Embassy in Chisinau and the Association of Creative Companies COR (Artcor). The initiative is part of the Creative Moldova National Program.

Digital artists will create mixed teams with the museums of the Republic of Moldova to launch innovative content exhibition projects through digital and new-media art methods, such as immersive experiences, projection mapping, virtual/augmented reality, holograms/real-time streaming , sensors (motion, sound, touch trackers)..


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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
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#Exhibit of the Month

Radio represents one of the outstanding technological achievements of human thought, which led to the emergence and development of the most powerful and popular means of mass communication. From its beginnings, radio broadcasting had immediate effects on the social, economic, military, but also on the cultural level....

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2023 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2023 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2023 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC