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The word pafta is of Turkish origin and is used in almost identical forms in Romanian, Greek, Bulgarian, and Serbian languages and some Aromanian dialects, denoting clothing accessories of a functional and decorative use, which secure or catch one's girdle, sash or belt.
Such buckles are accessories of ceremonial and everyday costumes, they were worn by both prince's courtiers and commoners in the Romanian principalities during the reign of the Phanariots, when the influence of Greek culture increased.

Throughout the Balkan Peninsula, silversmiths' workshops produced buckles very different in size, alloys, technique, style, and decoration. Turkish buckles were usually lace-like, often gilded, with many stones, emphasizing opulence. At the Bulgarians and Aromanians, they are simpler, but have a specific model and symbolism. Greek buckles are mostly silver, elegantly shaped, decorated with corals and small coins. The difference between the West and the East in this regard lies in the ability of the Turks to combine other materials with precious stones. Another feature is the predominance of floral motifs over the representations of animals and birds. The peoples under Ottoman rule assimilated these features and integrated them into their own cultures.

The buckles exhibited testify to the presence of a jewelry workshop in the town of Orhei in Bessarabia in the second half of the 19th century, and the quality of workmanship, the fine processing of the details, the complex composition denote the mastery and skill of the craftsmen.

Similar in style, these three buckles are two-piece, germinating seed-shaped, with strongly pronounced tips. The border is decorated with a garland motif, which circumscribes floral decorative elements. Hook and loop fastening is covered with a decorative button. On the reverse side, both sides are equipped with two plus two vertical straps with which the belt was attached.

The buckles are made of silver, as evidenced by the metal fineness hallmark stamp "84", applied according to the regulations on both parts of the buckle, and the hallmark stamp of the jewelry workshop in Orhei - the symbol of oak in a stylized shield. The quality of the metal and workmanship is also certified by the stamp of the assayer, moreover, one of the buckles was expertized by Dmitry Tiunov and has a "ДТ" (DT) stamp on it. On both parts of the buckle, the year of manufacture 1858 and the stamp of the assayer "ПН" (PN) are stamped. The stamp on the second buckle, the initials "МИ" (MI), indicates only the craftsman who made the product. The third buckle, made in the Orhei workshop, does not have the hallmark stamps required by law on the back side, but retains the same hallmarks stamped on the side of the products: the symbol of oak, the metal fineness hallmark stamp "84", the year of manufacture - 1871, and the initials of the assayer "КС" (KS), identified as Klim Sergeev, who worked from 1868 to 1871.

Between the 1840s and 1870s, wearing buckles became obsolete, and women's fashion completely adopted Western cuts and colors. These accessories came back into fashion around 1870 thanks to Princess Elisabeth, the future Queen of Romania. She introduced at court the fashion for the Romanian national costume, decorated with buckles. Her example was followed by the female elite of that time until the eve of the First World War. And her successor, Queen Maria, with her usual elegance and refinement, continued this fashionable tradition with in the interwar period.

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Events Archive



National Symposium „Integration of nobility of Bessarabia in socio-political, economic and cultural life of the Russian Empire"

5 October 2012

 
On October 5, 2012 the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova in collaboration with Vyacheslav Cebotari's Academy of Arts Foundation SVERCHKARTINA from St. Petersburg organized the 2nd National Symposium (with international participation) „Integration of nobility of Bessarabia in socio-political, economic and cultural life of the Russian Empire" dedicated to the memory of Alexandru Matei Cotruta (1827-1905).

The idea of ​​organizing such a symposium belongs to the artist Vyacheslav Cebotari (born 1959 in the village of Mincenii de Jos, Rezina District - the motherland of Alexandru Cotruta), author of a series works of monumental sculpture highly appreciated in the Russian Federation (St. Petersburg). He is also the author of a portrait and commemorative medal in honor of the 180th anniversary of the birth of a nobleman Alexandru Cotruta.

In the discussions there took part university professors, researchers, museum specialists, men of culture concerned with history, sociology, museology, etc. The event was attended by Prof. Dr. Vyacheslav Afanasev, born in the village of Mincenii de Jos, Rezina District, who, speaking about his countryman Alexandru Matei Cotruta, highlighted the efforts of the researches from National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, who in recent investigations found the place of the church and the Cotruta family tomb destroyed by the Soviet authorities in 1960s.

The reports, mostly unpublished, include the results of studies in archives, museums, and libraries on two areas of research:

· Bessarabian nobility in the context of sociopolitical and cultural life of the Russian Empire (1812-1918)
· Alexandru Cotruta - outstanding sociopolitical and cultural figure of Bessarabia (the 2nd half of 19th - early 20th centuries).

Papers presented at the Symposium will be published in the collection of articles dedicated to the memory of Alexandru Cotruta.

THE 13TH NUMISMATIC SYMPOSIUM

7 September 2012

Between 5 to 9 September 2012 at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova it was held the 13th Numismatic Symposium organized in collaboration with the "Vasile Pârvan" Institute of Archaeology of the Romanian Academy from Bucharest and the Numismatic Society of the Republic of Moldova. It was attended by numismatists and collectors from the Republic of Moldova, Romania, and Ukraine. There were presented over 30 scientific papers on the general issues of numismatics, as well as related to the study of numismatic material discovered in the Republic of Moldova and in the countries of origin of participants.


More information about the Symposium can be found in the press release of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova. The full list of participants, program, and abstracts of communications presented at the Symposium can be found here.

The main sponsor of the Symposium was the Commercial Bank Victoriabank S.A.

Scientific Symposium "Works of Architect Valentin Voitsekhovsky"

10 August 2012

The Scientific Symposium "Works of Architect Valentin Voitsekhovsky" held on August 10, 2012 at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, along with the opening of the exhibition with the same name, was organized to commemorate 35 years from the death of architect V. Voitsekhovsky, who has greatly contributed to the reconstruction of postwar Chisinau and the urban construction in the country.

The symposium was attended by about 30 people from different state institutions: Academy of Sciences of Moldova, "Urban Proiect", City Museum, National Library of RM, National Archives of RM, etc.

The symposium was conducted by Ms. Ludmila Nastase, Head of the A. V. Shchusev's House Museum, and Ms. Tamara Nesterov, architect, Doctor of Arts. The program included the following reports:

            „In memoriam" (Grigory Bosenko)
            „Works of Architect Valentin Voitsekhovsky" (Tamara Nesterov)
            „Some aspects of the work of architect V. Voitsekhovsky" (Veaceslav Regep)
            „Architect V. Voitsekhovsky and his students" (Mariana Şlapac)
            „Remembering V. Voitsekhovsky" (Aurel Marinciuc)
            „Pieces of biography of my father" (Nina Grosul-Voitsekhovsky)

Materials presented in the reports aroused great interest, in particular because of the fact that in the architecture of the Soviet period there are still many „white spots" about the work of architects who have contributed to Chisinau postwar reconstruction. As to the works of architect V. Voitsekhovsky, there are still many unidentified projects related to the construction of many churches in Bessarabia and buildings in a number of cities in Romania - Bucharest, Pitesti, Brasov.

Materials of the symposium will be published in a separate booklet.

Symposium „National Press – Promoter of the Cultural Revival of Bessarabia”

26 April 2012

The State University of Moldova, the Romanian Association for the History of Media in cooperation with the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova organized on April 26, 2012 the Symposium of Students of the Faculty of Journalism and Communication Sciences, SUM, 13th Edition, entitled "National Press - Promoter of the Cultural Revival of Bessarabia". The event took place under the aegis of the International Congress of History of the Press, 5th Edition, entitled "Mass-Media between the Document and Interpretation" (Chisinau, 26-28 April 2012). The Symposium was attended by professors, students of FJCS, high school students, museum specialists.

Scientific Session ”Preliminary results of archaeological research in 2011 in the Republic of Moldova”

18 April 2012

On the occasion of the International Day for Monuments and Sites, the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, in collaboration with National Archaeological Commission,  organized on April 18th, 2012 the Scientific Session "Preliminary results of archaeological research in 2011 in the Republic of Moldova"In its framework there participated researchers, students and others persons interested in studying of archaeological heritage and ancient history. The complete program of the session can be found here.

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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

The word pafta is of Turkish origin and is used in almost identical forms in Romanian, Greek, Bulgarian, and Serbian languages and some Aromanian dialects, denoting clothing accessories of a functional and decorative use, which secure or catch one's girdle, sash or belt...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC