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National Museum of History of Moldova
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#Exhibit of the Month

Pottery, especially fired clay vessels, is the most common archaeological material found at the sites of the Thracian-Getae-Dacian civilization.

Specific to the Getae ceramics is the hand-shaping of vessels, without a potter's wheel, unknown, by the way, to our most distant ancestors in the 6th-3rd centuries BC.

Getae potters used a porous clay body made of clay mixed with various ingredients like crushed shards and shells, crushed limestone, coarse sand, and so on to make their wares. When fired in special kiln, wares acquired different colors and shades: from black to gray or yellowish-red. The richest collection of Getae vessels on the territory of the Republic of Moldova comes from the Getae fortress of Butuceni, where for the first time in 1946 the Russian archaeologist G. Smirnov discovered the remains of the fortress with the remains of stone walls and earthen ramparts, which he called a Scythian fortress (sic!). The subsequent excavations for 20 years, with more or less lasting interruptions, revealed traces of intense habitation that lasted more than three centuries at a promontory near the village of Butuceni (The Old Orhei Cultural and Natural Reserve), of the largest Getae fortress on the territory of the Republic of Moldova.

Among the vessels discovered by archaeologists, there are some gigantic (analogues of these samples of Getae ceramic ware are currently not known). They are considered vessels for storing supplies, especially grain (it is known that the Getae, the sedentary people of these lands, were engaged in agriculture, cattle breeding and various crafts). Among the cereals grown by the Geto-Dacians, there were wheat, millet, barley, oats, and rye; such products, necessary for the local cuisine, had to be stored for a longer period under special conditions. For these purposes, large vessels (chiups) were used, placed in special places, usually in the cellars.

The chiup vessel from Butuceni is one of the oldest Getae ceramics in the present territory of the Republic of Moldova, discovered during the excavations of G. Smirnov in 1947. The vessel has an ovoid body with a long neck expanding towards the top and a large lip bent outward; it is equipped with four knobs located on the line of the maximum diameter of the body. The chiup is decorated with relief ornaments, different in shape and size, located in different parts of its body: "commas" (schematic rhytons (?)) and wavy lines in the shape of a horseshoe or omega. The color of the vessel varies from dark gray to yellowish; the surface is carefully polished.

Dimensions of the vessel: H - 680 mm; D max - 430 mm; D of the lip - 340x360 mm; H of the neck - 170 mm; D of the bottom - 170 mm.


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Events Archive



Round Table “Entry into force of the Law on the protection of archaeological heritage”

9 March 2011

On March 9, from 11:00, at the Blue Room of the museum there took place the press conference and the round table on "Entry into force of the Law on the protection of archaeological heritage" organized by the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Moldova, the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, and the National Association of Young Historians of Moldova.


The press conference was aimed to disseminate to journalists and representatives of academic institutions, universities, and museums detailed information on the importance of the law for the protection of national cultural heritage.

The round table devoted to organizational problems of the law implementation has highlighted the objectives to be achieved in the future to prevent the destruction of archaeological sites and cultivate respectful attitude of citizens to the historical past.

Within the round table discussion there were presented the following publications: 
1. Archaeology between science, politics, and market economy. Collection of  articles (Editors: S. Musteata, A. Popa, J.-P.  Abraham), Chisinau,  2010
2. Tyragetia, vol. IV (XIX), no.1: Archaeology and Ancient History, 2010
                     

Presentation of the Institute of Social History „Pro Memoria"

15 February 2011

The Blue Room of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova hosted the presentation of the Institute of Social History “Pro Memoria”. The objectives of the new institution are the following: application of new research and teaching methodologies in the field of historical sciences; elaboration, implementation / execution, evaluation and monitoring of various projects at local / national level in order to develop scientific and didactic potential in the field; organizing and participation in seminars, symposia, conferences; dissemination of historical knowledge through local and foreign mass media.

The event was attended by researchers from academic, university, and museum institutions, representatives of diplomatic corps accredited in Moldova.


Municipal Seminar on History „Development of Museum Heritage to Improve the Learning Process for the Subject of History"

25 January 2011

The National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova has held a methodical seminar on “Development of Museum Heritage to Improve the Learning Process for the Subject of History” attended by teachers of history from schools of the municipality of Chisinau. The event was organized in collaboration with the General Directorate for Education, Youth, and Sports of the Municipality of Chisinau.

The purpose of the seminar is to correlate the curriculum for the course of history with the exhibition themes of the museum, the integration of museum practical workshops into a wider educational framework, where the activities proposed at the museum will be a continuation of school activities.

In this event the teachers participated as beneficiaries of the four educational workshops of the museum.

 

Presentation of a series of postage stamps „Exhibits from the Treasury of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova. The Cucuteni-Tripolye Culture”

25 January 2011

 
Tuesday, January 25, in one of the rooms of the permanent exhibition “History and Civilization” the presentation of a new issue of postage stamps „Exhibits from the Treasury of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova. The Cucuteni-Tripolye Culture” had place. The postage stamps were produced by the „Posta Moldovei” State Enterprise on the basis of a cooperation agreement signed with the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova on January 12, 2011 for familiarization of philatelists around the world with unique items from the museum’s collections.

 
The new series consists of three postage stamps (nominal value of 0.85, 1.20, and 8.50 MDL) and a miniature sheet with the representations of artifacts of the Cucuteni-Tripolye culture, one of the most important archaeological culture in the Northern Pontic Area and one of the oldest civilizations in the Europe of the 5th – 4th millennia B.C.. On the postage stamps there are the representations of an anthropomorphic amphora with a lid (5th millennium B.C.) discovered in the Radulenii Vechi hoard (Floresti District), a biconical vessel with zoomorphic representations (4th millennium B.C.) from the Varvareuca hoard (Floresti District), and a biconical vessel with anthropomorphic representations (4th millennium B.C.) from the Sofia hoard (Drochia District).

The miniature sheet contains 4 postage stamps. Stamps from the miniature sheet are identical to those in large sheets. Additional printing on the sheet reproduces the image of the monument “Roman She-Wolf with Romulus and Remus” against the background of the building of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova.

The event was attended by representatives of the „Posta Moldovei” State Enterprise and the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, the most inveterate philatelists, and the mass-media. On this occasion, they took possession of the first exemplars of envelops with the postage stamps in question with the special stamp “first day of issue”.



Symposium “Bessarabian Nobility in the Russian Empire during the Reform Period”

1 December 2010

On November 30 – December 1, 2010 the Modern History Department of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova held the National Symposium Bessarabian Nobility in the Russian Empire during the Reform Perioddedicated to the 105th anniversary of the Alexandru Matei Cotruta’s death (1827-1905).

The program of the event included:

I. Scientific Symposium (Meeting Room of NMAHM, November 30, 2010 at 10:00)
II. Round Table In Alexandru Cotruta’s Homeland (village of Minceni (Rezina District), December 1, 2010)

The program can be found here.



Round Table “Human Rights, Democracy, and Constitutional State”

13 November 2010

Within the framework of the 12th International Symposium “Romanians from Abroad” on November 13, 2010 at 11:30 in the Blue Room of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova there was hosted the Round Table “Human Rights, Democracy, and Constitutional State” held by ASTRA.  Greetings to the participants were addressed by Elena Postica, Ph.D., Deputy Director of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova; Ion Negrei, Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Moldova; Areta Mosu, President of the Iasi ASTRA Department “Mihail Kogalniceanu”; Victor Grecu, Vice  President of ASTRA, Sibiu. In the discussion there were also participated Teodor Carnat, the President of the Helsinki Committee for Human Rights in the Republic of Moldova; Victor Axenti; Claudia Partole, Maria Danilov, PhD; Viorel Hodis, PhD (Cluj-Napoca), Gheorghe Iutis, PhD (Iasi); Gheorghe Marzenco, Press Office of the President of the Republic of Moldova; and others.

The Round Table ended with the presentation of the following publications:
•    V.Graur “De te voi uita, Basarabie…” Bucharest, 2010
•    “Pro Bucovina”. Iasi, 2009
•    “Revista romana”, no. 4 (62), 2010
•    “Chronos. Revista de istorie”, no. 2 (15), 2010
•    “Constelatii iesene”, no. 2-3 (18-19), 2010 

 

The Closing Ceremony of the Project “Provision of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova with Modern Equipment for Restoration of Exhibits, Exhibition and Educational Activities” Financed by the Government of Japan

27 October 2010

The Government of Japan has provided financial assistance amounting to U.S. $ 81,562 for the project to provide the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova with modern equipment for restoration of exhibits, exhibition and educational activities. The project was implemented within one year (October 2009 – October 2010). This is the first project performed in the Republic of Moldova within the framework of the Small Grants Program in the Field of Culture.

In accordance with the grant agreement, for the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova there were purchased showcases for two exhibition rooms, LCD TVs, DVD players, computer, projector, acoustic system, equipment for the laboratories for restoration of wooden and metal items. All these aimed at optimizing the exhibition activity, boosting of interactive public relations, creation of favorable conditions for the restoration of museum items.

At the conclusion of the Project there were presented activities performed within the Project, the final results, and the Project certificate of the Japanese Embassy in the Republic of Moldova.

The event, held on Wednesday, October 27, between 9:00 and 10:00, was attended by His Excellency Tadashi IZAWA, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Japan to the Republic of Moldova.



Annual Scientific Session

15 October 2010

On October 14 – 15, 2010 the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova organizes the 20th Annual Scientific Session.

PROGRAM

Thursday, October 14, 2010

10.00 – 10.30:
Opening of the Scientific Session (ground floor, 1st room) Brief speeches Eugen Sava, General Director of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova Mariana Slapac, Vice President of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova Gheorghe Postica, Deputy Minister of Culture of the Republic of Moldova Gheorghe Cojocaru, Director of the Institute of History, State and Law of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova Mihai Ursu, General Director of the National Museum of Ethnography and Natural History
10.30 – 11.20: Presentation of the Tyragetia journal, no.2, 2010 (ground floor, 1st room)
11.20 – 12.00: Opening of the exhibition “Early Cattle-breeders’ Communities in the Prut-Dniester Area (Aeneolithic – Iron Age)” (ground floor, 3rd room)
13.00 – 17.00: Presentation of scientific communications in four sections: Archaeology, Medieval History and Numismatics, Modern History, Contemporary History / Museology

Friday, October 15, 2010

9.00 – 13.00:
Presentation of scientific communications in four sections: Archaeology, Medieval History and Numismatics, Modern History, Contemporary History / Museology
14.00: Final meeting

International Festival of Choral Music

14 October 2010

The National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova hosted the National Music Part of the 3rd International Festival of Choral Music held by the Music and Choral Association of the Republic of Moldova. In the Blue Room of the museum there sang choral groups from Georgia, Latvia, Romania, Russia, and the Republic of Moldova.

Discussion on the topic: “Migration and Multi-ethnicity in the Past and at Present”

12 October 2010

The event was organized by the Moldova-Institut Leipzig, Friedrich-Ebert Foundation, Moldavian-German Forum, National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, and the Institute for Development and Social Initiatives “Viitorul”. It was attended by cultural workers and scientists from the Republic of Moldova and Germany, among which there are Dr. Klaus Bochmann, the Chairman of the Moldova-Institut Leipzig; Igor Corman, the Chairman of the Moldavian-German Forum and the Commission for Foreign Policy and European Integration of the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova; Dr. Vasile Dumbrava, Moldova-Institut Leipzig; Dr. Igor Sharov, State University of Moldova; Dr. Ute Schmidt, Freie Universitat (Berlin); and others.

 

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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

Pottery, especially fired clay vessels, is the most common archaeological material found at the sites of the Thracian-Getae-Dacian civilization. Specific to the Getae ceramics is the hand-shaping of vessels, without a potter's wheel, unknown, by the way, to our most distant ancestors in the 6th-3rd centuries BC.Getae potters used a porous clay body made of clay mixed with various ingredients like crushed shards and shells, crushed limestone, coarse sand, and so on to make their wares. When fired in special kiln, wares acquired different colors and shades: from black to gray or yellowish-red. The richest collection of Getae vessels on the territory of the Republic of Moldova comes from the Getae fortress of Butuceni, where for the first time in 1946 the Russian archaeologist G. Smirnov discovered the remains of the fortress with the remains of stone walls and earthen ramparts, which he called a Scythian fortress (sic!)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2021 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2021 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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