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#Exhibit of the Month

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The word pafta is of Turkish origin and is used in almost identical forms in Romanian, Greek, Bulgarian, and Serbian languages and some Aromanian dialects, denoting clothing accessories of a functional and decorative use, which secure or catch one's girdle, sash or belt.
Such buckles are accessories of ceremonial and everyday costumes, they were worn by both prince's courtiers and commoners in the Romanian principalities during the reign of the Phanariots, when the influence of Greek culture increased.

Throughout the Balkan Peninsula, silversmiths' workshops produced buckles very different in size, alloys, technique, style, and decoration. Turkish buckles were usually lace-like, often gilded, with many stones, emphasizing opulence. At the Bulgarians and Aromanians, they are simpler, but have a specific model and symbolism. Greek buckles are mostly silver, elegantly shaped, decorated with corals and small coins. The difference between the West and the East in this regard lies in the ability of the Turks to combine other materials with precious stones. Another feature is the predominance of floral motifs over the representations of animals and birds. The peoples under Ottoman rule assimilated these features and integrated them into their own cultures.

The buckles exhibited testify to the presence of a jewelry workshop in the town of Orhei in Bessarabia in the second half of the 19th century, and the quality of workmanship, the fine processing of the details, the complex composition denote the mastery and skill of the craftsmen.

Similar in style, these three buckles are two-piece, germinating seed-shaped, with strongly pronounced tips. The border is decorated with a garland motif, which circumscribes floral decorative elements. Hook and loop fastening is covered with a decorative button. On the reverse side, both sides are equipped with two plus two vertical straps with which the belt was attached.

The buckles are made of silver, as evidenced by the metal fineness hallmark stamp "84", applied according to the regulations on both parts of the buckle, and the hallmark stamp of the jewelry workshop in Orhei - the symbol of oak in a stylized shield. The quality of the metal and workmanship is also certified by the stamp of the assayer, moreover, one of the buckles was expertized by Dmitry Tiunov and has a "ДТ" (DT) stamp on it. On both parts of the buckle, the year of manufacture 1858 and the stamp of the assayer "ПН" (PN) are stamped. The stamp on the second buckle, the initials "МИ" (MI), indicates only the craftsman who made the product. The third buckle, made in the Orhei workshop, does not have the hallmark stamps required by law on the back side, but retains the same hallmarks stamped on the side of the products: the symbol of oak, the metal fineness hallmark stamp "84", the year of manufacture - 1871, and the initials of the assayer "КС" (KS), identified as Klim Sergeev, who worked from 1868 to 1871.

Between the 1840s and 1870s, wearing buckles became obsolete, and women's fashion completely adopted Western cuts and colors. These accessories came back into fashion around 1870 thanks to Princess Elisabeth, the future Queen of Romania. She introduced at court the fashion for the Romanian national costume, decorated with buckles. Her example was followed by the female elite of that time until the eve of the First World War. And her successor, Queen Maria, with her usual elegance and refinement, continued this fashionable tradition with in the interwar period.

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Events Archive



Re-opening of the Memorial House „Alexei Şciusev” after renovation

24 September 2014

Re-opening of the Memorial House „Alexei Şciusev” after renovation
The Memorial House „A. Şciusev" was re-opened for the visiting public after about one year and a half of rehabilitation works. The renovation envisaged inner and outer spaces of the building in which the famous architect was born back in 1873.

More information can be found here.

Festive meeting dedicated to Historian's Day 2014

18 June 2014

Festive meeting dedicated to Historian's Day 2014

Association of Historians of Moldova, Institute of History of ASM, Department of History and Philosophy of MSU, "Ion Creanga" State University, Department of History and International Relations of FIUM, Chisinau Municipality, Center for Military History and Culture, Romanian Cultural Institute "Mihai Eminescu", Chisinau, National Museum of History organized on June 18, 2014 a festive meeting dedicated to Historian's Day.

More information here.


Scientific symposium “Bibliophile values from the national heritage”

30 April 2014

 
On the occasion of the bicentenary from the opening of the first printing house (May 30th, 1814) at the Eparchy of Chișinău and Hotin, the National Museum of History of Moldova, the Modern and Contemporary History Sector, organized on 30th April 2014 the scientific symposium "Bibliophile values from the national heritage".

The Symposium aimed at stimulating historic thinking on bibliophile values from the national heritage of the Republic of Moldova and interdisciplinary debates about the personality of Metropolitan Gavriil Bănulescu-Bodoni (1745-1821) and the period he dominated.

More information can be found here.

Roundtable „Hansca - archaeological site and excavation site-school. 50 years from the beginning of research"

17 April 2014

Roundtable „Hansca - archaeological site and excavation site-school. 50 years from the beginning of research
On the occasion of the International Day for Monuments and Sites the National Museum of History of Moldova organized a roundtable with the generic „Hansca - archaeological site and excavation site-school. 50 years from the beginning of research", moderated by conf. dr. Ion TENTIUC, head of Archaeology and Old History Sector of the National Museum of History of Moldova.

More information can be found here.



Event for the commemoration of writer Dumitru Matcovschi

10 April 2014

The Year of Dumitru Matcovschi was marked  at the National Museum of History of Moldova on April 10, 2014, in cultural-educational event entitled "The poet who taught us flying high, longing and crying".

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Symposium commemorating a centenary from the birth of architect David Palatnic

10 February 2014

Architect David Palatnic was commemorated within the framework of a symposium organized on February, 10th at the National Museum of History of Moldova. The event celebrated 100 years from the birth of the distinct architect, author of multiple building projects from Chișinău and other towns from the republic - public buildings, buildings of social and cultural vocation, residential buildings.

At the symposium participated architects, researchers, university professors, museographers and men of culture from Chișinău.

The following presentations were on the agenda:
Dr. Tamara Nesterov (Institute of Cultural Heritage of ASM) - „A retrospective on the activity of David Palatnic"
Veaceslav Regep (chief-architect at INCP „Urbanproiect") - „Some unpublished historic data regarding the postwar reconstruction of Tiraspol in the creation of architect D. Palatnic"
Irina Şîhov (Jewish Cultural Center „КЕDЕМ") - „The Jewish cemetery from Chișinău"
Dumitru Kulikov (architect at INCP „Urbanproiect") - „In memoriam"
Nina Garvard (architect) - „Remembering David Palatnic"
Eugenia Novac (architect) - „About Palatnic family".

Symposium commemorating a centenary from the birth of architect David PalatnicSymposium commemorating a centenary from the birth of architect David PalatnicSymposium commemorating a centenary from the birth of architect David Palatnic

A jubilee calendar has been launched at the event.

Roundtable „Policies of conservation and restoration of museum heritage in Republic of Moldova”

20 December 2013

Roundtable  „Policies of conservation and restoration of museum heritage in Republic of Moldova”
On December 20th, 2013 as part of the events consecrated to the 30th anniversary from the foundation of the National Museum of History of Moldova, there was organized with the support of Ministry of Culture the round table "Policies of conservation and restoration of museum heritage in Republic of Moldova". The participants at the meeting - museographers, researchers, restaurateurs, didactic staff from Chisinau and the republic - held discussions about actual condition of mobile cultural heritage, harmonization of national legislation to European standards of conservation and restoration of heritage, education and training of restaurateurs, achievements and difficulties faced by museums from the republic. The specialists welcomed the intention of central authorities to create the Center for continuous formation of museum specialists and also proposed the creation of a national center for restoration of mobile cultural heritage.

Roundtable  „Policies of conservation and restoration of museum heritage in Republic of Moldova” Roundtable  „Policies of conservation and restoration of museum heritage in Republic of Moldova” Roundtable  „Policies of conservation and restoration of museum heritage in Republic of Moldova” Roundtable  „Policies of conservation and restoration of museum heritage in Republic of Moldova” Roundtable  „Policies of conservation and restoration of museum heritage in Republic of Moldova”

At the roundtable there was also discussed the issue of repatriation of national cultural assets located abroad in foreign collections and the need of active involvement of central authorities in the solution of this problem.

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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

The word pafta is of Turkish origin and is used in almost identical forms in Romanian, Greek, Bulgarian, and Serbian languages and some Aromanian dialects, denoting clothing accessories of a functional and decorative use, which secure or catch one's girdle, sash or belt...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC