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National Museum of History of Moldova
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#Exhibit of the Month

The item is the lower part of a leg of a festive table made of white and gray marble. In the upper part, it has a protrusion, similar to a Doric capital, on the horizontal platform of which a square recess is engraved, designed to fix the second part of the leg (upper). The lower part of the leg is made in an anthropomorphic style, and, in our opinion, there are two variants of identifying the depicted character. The first involves the image of the head of the young Heracles (Heracles - Ἡρακλῆς) (beardless), the most favorite hero of antiquity, wearing on his head the skin of the Nemean lion - Λέων της Νεμέας, a vicious monster from Greek mythology who lived in Nemea and was eventually killed by Heracles. The first labor of Heracles, of the twelve set by King Eurystheus (his cousin), was to kill the Nemean lion and bring his skin to the king. It is also known from Greek mythology that the lion of Nemea took the form of a beautiful woman in order to seduce the inhabitants of neighboring villages, who wanted to save the girl from danger. Upon entering the cave, a man saw the woman, who usually pretended to be wounded, and rushed to help her. When he approached her, the woman turned into a lion and killed him. Then the lion devoured the man, giving his bones to Hades - ᾍδης, the god of Hell, who lived in the kingdom of shadows. The second version of the anthropomorphic image interpretation suggests Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia in the second half of the 4th century BC, one of the most famous heroes of the Greek world, who sometimes is depicted as Hercules - wearing a lion's skin. Some researchers consider the custom of wearing the skin of a slain lion a sign of royal power. The word βασιλεύς itself, translated from ancient Greek, means "walking the path of the lion", that is, the king. This title was held by the Greek kings from the Homeric period, and later, starting from the 7th century AD - by the Byzantine emperors.

The item can be dated to the 5th-6th centuries AD, and, possibly, it originates from Asia Minor.

It is kept in the collection of the museum for about 10 years. The gray granite stand does not belong to the original item.

Metric characteristics: height 330 mm; width: 112 mm.


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National Museum of History of Moldova
 

International relations

In the spirit of development and expansion of cooperation in scientific research and promotion of cultural heritage, between the National Museum of History of Moldova and similar institutions in other countries there were concluded the following agreements: 

  • Agreement of scientific cooperation between the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova (Chisinau, Republic of Moldova) and Eurasien Abteilung des Deutschen Archeologichen Institutes (Berlin, Germany), March 23, 2007
  • Agreement of cooperation between the Institute of Archaeology, Iași, from the structure of the Romanian Academy, and the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, from the structure of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, April 11, 2007
  • Agreement of cooperation between the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova and the Odessa Museum of Archaeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, April 12, 2007
  • Agreement of partnership between the District Museum of Mures (Romania), the Department of History, and the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, May 4, 2007
  • Agreement of partnership between the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova and the Museum of History of Transylvania (Cluj-Napoca, Romania) the District Museum Complex of Neamt (Piatra-Neamt, Romania), the National Museum of the Eastern Carpathians (Sfantu Gheorghe, Romania), May 14, 2007
  • Agreement of museum and scientific collaboration between the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova (Chisinau, Republic of Moldova) and the National Museum Complex “Moldova” (Iasi, Romania), February 4, 2008
  • Agreement of collaboration between the National Museum of History of Ukraine and the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, October 17, 2008
  • Agreement of collaboration between the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova and the National Museum of History of Romania, October 20, 2008
  • Record of collaboration between the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova (Chisinau, Republic of Moldova) and the Commercial and Cultural Centre GEOPAN (Burgas, Bulgaria), November 7, 2008
  • Agreement of museum and scientific collaboration between the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova (Chisinau, Republic of Moldova) and the Museum “Vasile Parvan” (Barlad, Romania), December 1, 2008
  • Agreement of collaboration between the Institute of Archaeology “Vasile Parvan” from the structure of the Romanian Academy and the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova from the structure of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, December 10, 2008
  • Agreement of collaboration between the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova and the Institute of Material Culture of the Academy of Sciences of Russia, December 1, 2008
  • Agreement of collaboration between the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova and Museum Europischer Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany, January 10, 2009Collaboration agreement between the Institute of Archaeology „Vasile Pârvan" from the structure of the Romanian Academy and the National Museum of History of Moldova, signed on November 12th, 2012. The agreement provides for the organization of research programmers with topics of common interest
  • Collaboration agreement signed between the National Museum of History of Moldova and the County Museum „Ştefan cel Mare", Vaslui (Romania), on December 4th, 2012. The object of the agreement is inter-museum cooperation with the aim to make more effective the activities of research and promotion of cultural heritage
  • Collaboration agreement signed between the National Museum of History of Moldova and the Museum of National History and Archaeology from Constanța (Romania), on October 7th, 2013. The agreement provides for the organization of some common activities, mutually beneficial, in fields of scientific research and museology
  • Collaboration agreement between the German Institute of Archaeology (Berlin) and the National Museum of History of Moldova regarding the common publication of archaeological research results, signed on November 4th, 2013
  • Collaboration agreement signed between the National Museum of History of Moldova and the Cultural-Historic and Natural Reserve „Kiev-Pechersk", Ukraine, regarding research and valorization of cultural heritage, January 15, 2014
  • Collaboration agreement between the National Museum of History of Moldova and the Museum of Archaeology from Odessa, Ukraine, regarding archaeological research and participation at scientific events, June 27, 2014
  • Collaboration agreement between the National Museum of History from Moldova and the Museum of Ethnography from Saint Petersburg, Russia, regarding research of ethnographic heritage collections and publication of volume „Bulgarians", 2015
  • Collaboration agreement between the National Museum of History of Moldova and the Museum of Archaeology from Batumi, Georgia, February 26, 2015. The agreement provides for participation in common research and scientific events
  • Collaboration agreement with the Institute of Archaeology „Vasile Pârvan" from the Romanian Academy, regarding scientific research, organization of common scientific events and exchange of publications, March 31, 2015
  • Loan contract signed between the National Museum of History of Moldova and the National Museum Complex „Moldova" from Iași, Romania, regarding the organization of temporary exhibition „Heritage values from the collections of the Museum of Science and Technique Ștefan Procopiu", July 25, 2015
  • Collaboration agreement between the National Museum of History of Moldova and the Czech Center from Bucharest regarding the organization of the temporary exhibition „Portrait of Václav Havel" in Chișinău, December 7, 2015
  • Contract for submission signed between the National Museum of History of Moldova and Herendi Porcelánmanufaktúra Zrt., Hungary, regarding the organization of exhibition „Herend Glow", April 29, 2016
  • Partnership contract between the National Museum of History of Moldova and the Polish Institute from Bucharest regarding the organization of exhibition „War in Polish poster. Krzysztof Dydo Collection", May 20, 2016
  • Collaboration Agreement between the National Museum of History of Moldova and the Academy of Science of Republic of Tatarstan regarding archaeological research and exchange of publications, June 2, 2016
  • Collaboration agreement with Sachsen-Anhalt Land and Prehistoric Museum from Halle, Germany, regarding participation in common archaeological research projects, June 6, 2016
  • Agreement of cooperation between the National Museum of History of Moldova and "Stefan cel Mare" University of Suceava, Romania, 08.04.2019
  • Agreement of cooperation between the National Museum of History of Moldova and the Bucharest Museum, 13.03.2019

October 15th, 2021

New ICOM Red List to focus on objects from Southeast Europe

Focusing on 10 countries in Southeast Europe, ICOM worked with experts and coordinators from across the region to create a Red List which features 119 objects from 45 museums from Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia.On 14 October 2021, ICOM officially launched its 18th Red List. While the global pandemic has dampened any expectations for a large-scale unveiling of the Red List for Southeast European Cultural Objects at Risk, it did not stop ICOM's team of dedicated experts who continued to work remotely across Europe to bring this important heritage protection tool to completion...

June 16, 2021

ARHICUP

Press Release

 ...

July 30, 2020

ARHICUP

Press release

 ...

July 17, 2020

ARHICUP

Press release

...

2016

From March 2 to April 10, 2016 the National Museum of History of Moldova organized an event celebrating an emblematic personality of the Czech Republic - Václav Havel. The temporary exhibition „Portrait of Václav Havel" was brought to Chișinău by the Czech Center from Bucharest...

2015

Dr. hab. Elena Ploșnița, scientific secretary of the museum, participated between 22 and 27 February, 2015 at training on museum documentation in Warsaw and Gdańsk, Poland, organized and funded by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Poland...

2014

In the period of November 17-21, 2014, Lilia Calughin, head of section Informatics, participated in training on digitalization of cultural heritage organized by the Polish Institute from Bucharest in Warsaw, Poland...

2013

The museum participated with two objects - a porcelain cup and a mirror fragment, China, 13th-14th centuries at the international exhibition China's Treasuries, which was organized by the National Museum of History of Romania in collaboration with the Center of Heritage Exchange from the People's Republic of China in the period of April 29th - September 30th 2013 in Bucharest (Romania)...

2008-2010

In collaboration with Deutsches Forschung Gemeinschaft (Bonn) and Institut Praehistorische Archaeologie, Frei Universitat (Berlin) in the period of July 1 – August 31, 2008 there were conducted archaeological field excavations in the Late Bronze Age settlement from Odaia (Drochia district, Republic of Moldova).  Interdisciplinary studies: accumulation of soil samples to perform chemical, palaeobotanical, and palaeozoological analysis to determine the palaeoeconomy of the Late Bronze Age...


 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

The item is the lower part of a leg of a festive table made of white and gray marble. In the upper part, it has a protrusion, similar to a Doric capital, on the horizontal platform of which a square recess is engraved, designed to fix the second part of the leg (upper). The lower part of the leg is made in an anthropomorphic style, and, in our opinion, there are two variants of identifying the depicted character...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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