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#Exhibit of the Month

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In the culture of many peoples from ancient times (and to the present day), mirrors have been given a special role in ritual practice, especially funerary ones. For many communities, mirrors, like metal objects in general, served to protect against evil spirits. Mirrors had a dual purpose - a utilitarian one, as a toilet item, and ritual, as an attribute of a magical rite. The latter is explained by the fact that in the ideas of many peoples the soul of a person is connected to his reflection in a mirror or water. Being external to man, the "soul-reflection" is subject to various dangers.

Obviously, belief in the magical possibilities of mirrors is one of the reasons why the owners kept them closed in wooden, cloth, felt or leather cases and pouches. An expensive mirror was placed in the grave along with the deceased for fear that the soul of a living person reflected in it could be carried away by the spirit of the person passed away. On the other hand, to this day, many nations have a tradition of hanging all the mirrors if there is a dead person in the house, so as not to multiply death.

Metal mirrors are quite rare at the dawn of Scythian history, but over time, they were widely distributed in the Classical time or "Herodotus' Scythia" of the 5th-4th centuries BC. Then the mirror became one of the most important toilet items in Scythian burials. In the west of the Pontic steppes, at least 40 mirrors are known, made in Scythian or Greek workshops, 12 of them are stored in the collection of the National Museum of the History of Moldova.

One of the metal mirrors of Greek work was found on the left bank of the Dniester, near the Nikolskoe village, in the burial mound 14. It was found in a burial near a skull, and in addition to a mirror, 114 arrowheads and six golden fish-shaped plaques. The mirror was cast in bronze along with the handle. The mirror diameter is 16.5 cm, handle length with a round extension is 11.5 cm.

Although burial 1 of kurgan 14 was identified as male, 18-20 years old, mirrors are a marker of exclusively female burials. Such bronze mirrors with side handles appear in the middle of the 5th century BC but were most massively distributed during the last quarter of the 5th - the first half of the 4th century BC.

Virtual Tour


Publications

Library „Tyragetia"




Medieval Churches and Monasteries in Bessarabia
Vlad D. Ghimpu
Medieval Churches and Monasteries in Bessarabia
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” I, Chisinau, 2000, 220 p.
Medieval Moldavian Documents from the Military Archives of Sweden
Nicolae Răileanu
Medieval Moldavian Documents from the Military Archives of Sweden
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” II, Chisinau, 2001, 308 p.
Necropolis of Scythian Aristocracy in Dubasari (5th – 4th centuries B.C.)
Nicolae Chetraru, Natalia Serova
Necropolis of Scythian Aristocracy in Dubasari (5th – 4th centuries B.C.)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” III, Chisinau, 2001, 74 p.
Ion Casian Surucean in Bessarabian Archaeology and Museology
Nicolae Chetraru, Nicolae Răileanu
Ion Casian Surucean in Bessarabian Archaeology and Museology
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” IV, Chisinau, 2001, 256 p.
Parcalab Gangur’s Treasures
Nicolae Chetraru, Isac Rafalovic
Parcalab Gangur’s Treasures
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” V, Chisinau, 2002, 118 p.
Romanian Books in the Collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova
M. Danilov, A. Grițco, L. Malahov
Romanian Books in the Collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova
Catalogue, series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” VI, Chisinau, 2002, 223 p.
Rara avis
Nicolae Răileanu
Rara avis
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” VII, Chisinau, 2003, 258 p.
Life and Work of Paul Gore
Life and Work of Paul Gore
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” VIII, Chisinau, 2003, 248 p.
Nicolae Morosan: the Tragedy of a Scientist
Nicolae Chetraru, Anton Moraru, Nicolae Răileanu
Nicolae Morosan: the Tragedy of a Scientist
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” IX, Chisinau, 2003, 224 p
Studies on Museology and Museography, vol. I
Studies on Museology and Museography, vol. I
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” X, Chisinau, 2004, 526 p.
Baron Alexander Stuart
Nicolae Chetraru, Nicolae Răileanu
Baron Alexander Stuart
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XI, Chisinau, 2006, 111 p.
Halt in the Time
Ana Grițco
Halt in the Time
Catalogue of picture postcards, series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XII, Chisinau, 2006, 268 p.
Synodal Censorship and Religious Book in Bessarabia, 1812-1918 (Between the Tradition and Tsarist Policy)
Maria Danilov
Synodal Censorship and Religious Book in Bessarabia, 1812-1918 (Between the Tradition and Tsarist Policy)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XIII, Chisinau, 2007, 264 p.
Greek Amphorae in Barbaric World of North-Western Coast of Pontus Euxinus in 6th – Early 2nd Centuries B.C.
Natalia Mateevici
Greek Amphorae in Barbaric World of North-Western Coast of Pontus Euxinus in 6th – Early 2nd Centuries B.C.
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XIV, Chisinau, 2007, 284 p.
Cultural and Chronological Interferences in North-Western Coast of Pontus Euxinus in Late 2nd – Early 1st Millennia B.C.
Andrei Nicic
Cultural and Chronological Interferences in North-Western Coast of Pontus Euxinus in Late 2nd – Early 1st Millennia B.C.
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XV, Chisinau, 2008, 282 p.
Studies on Museology (I)
Studies on Museology (I)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XVI, Chisinau, 2008,194 p.
Museographic Concepts of Historical Profile: Retrospect and Prospect
Elena Ploșnița
Museographic Concepts of Historical Profile: Retrospect and Prospect
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XVII, Chisinau, 2008, 248 p.
Habitat in the First Millennium B.C. in the Middle Dniester Region (Sites from Saharna Area)
Ion Niculiță, Aurel Zanoci, Tudor Arnăut
Habitat in the First Millennium B.C. in the Middle Dniester Region (Sites from Saharna Area)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XVIII, Chisinau, 2008, 408 p.
Поселение с «зольниками» у села Одая-Мичурин, Республика Молдова: (археологические и естественнонаучные исследования) / Die Siedlung mit „Aschehügeln” beim Dorf Odaia-Miciurin, Republik Moldova. Archäologische und naturwissenschaftliche Untersuchungen
Eugen Sava, Elke Kaiser
Поселение с «зольниками» у села Одая-Мичурин, Республика Молдова: (археологические и естественнонаучные исследования) / Die Siedlung mit „Aschehügeln” beim Dorf Odaia-Miciurin, Republik Moldova. Archäologische und naturwissenschaftliche Untersuchungen
Series “Bibilioteca „Tyragetia” XIX, Chișinău, 2011, 532 p.
Encyclopedia of Museology of the Republic of Moldova
Elena Ploșnița, Mihai Ursu
Encyclopedia of Museology of the Republic of Moldova
Series “Bibilioteca „Tyragetia” XX, Chișinău, 2011, 308 p.
Contributions to the History and Archaeology of the Prut-Dniester Area: The Sites of Durlești and Molești
Ion Tentiuc
Contributions to the History and Archaeology of the Prut-Dniester Area: The Sites of Durlești and Molești
Series Bibilioteca „Tyragetia” XXI, Chișinău, 2012, 288 p.
Military traditions (past, present, future)
Simion CARP, Ghenadie CHIRIŢA, Terentie CARP, Ecaterina GÎRBU
Military traditions (past, present, future)
Series Bibilioteca „Tyragetia” XXII, Chișinău, 2013, 375 p
Studies on Museology (II)
Studies on Museology (II)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XXIII, Chisinau, 2013. 228 p.
Ottoman Coins in Moldova from 1512 to 1603
Ana Boldureanu
Ottoman Coins in Moldova from 1512 to 1603
Series Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XXIV, Chișinău, 2013. 191 p.
The Early Iron Age settlement and cemetery of Saharna-Ţiglău
Ion Niculiță, Andrei Nicic
The Early Iron Age settlement and cemetery of Saharna-Ţiglău
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XXV, Chisinau, 2014. 420 p.
Settlements from the Late Bronze Age in the space between rivers Prut and Dniester (Noua-Sabatinovka)
Eugen Sava
Settlements from the Late Bronze Age in the space between rivers Prut and Dniester (Noua-Sabatinovka)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XXVI, Chisinau, 2014. 592 p.
Evolution of the habitat in the Saharna micro-zone in the Iron Age
Ion Niculiță, Aurel Zanoci, Mihail Băț
Evolution of the habitat in the Saharna micro-zone in the Iron Age
Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XXVII, Chișinău, 2016, 464 p.
The population of Central Moldova in the 10th-13th centuries
Ion Tentiuc
The population of Central Moldova in the 10th-13th centuries
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXVIII, Chişinău, 2017, 323 p.
Historic site “Camp of king Charles XII of Sweden at Varniţa”. Recovery of the memory
Historic site “Camp of king Charles XII of Sweden at Varniţa”. Recovery of the memory
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXIX, Chişinău, 2017, 164 p.
Research of the mounds from the Bugeac steppe (1980-1985)
E. Sava, S. Agulnicov, I. Manzura
Research of the mounds from the Bugeac steppe (1980-1985)
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXX, Chişinău, 2019, 368 p.
Anthropomorphic figurines from Cucuteni A stage from the Prut-Dniester interfluve (the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova)
Stanislav Ţerna, Mariana Vasilache
Anthropomorphic figurines from Cucuteni A stage from the Prut-Dniester interfluve (the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova)
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXXI, Chişinău, 2019, 263 p.
Poienești-Lucașeuca settlement and necropolis from Borosești (Iași county)
Mircea Babeș, Vasile Iarmulschi
Poienești-Lucașeuca settlement and necropolis from Borosești (Iași county)
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXXII, Chişinău, 2020
Maria (Lupu) Radziwiłł’s private life in documents, letters, and images
Lilia Zabolotnaia
Maria (Lupu) Radziwiłł’s private life in documents, letters, and images
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXXIII, Chişinău, 2020
Museum. Museumification of the immovable cultural heritage
Elena Ploșnița
Museum. Museumification of the immovable cultural heritage
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXXIV, Chișinău, 2021
Akinakes in the west of Scythian world
Denis Topal
Akinakes in the west of Scythian world
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXXV, Chișinău, 2021
Coins and money circulation in the Principality of Moldavia (1711-1859)
Elena Arcuș-Jantovan
Coins and money circulation in the Principality of Moldavia (1711-1859)
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXXVI, Chișinău, 2022
Museum. Traditionalism and modernity
Elena Ploșnița
Museum. Traditionalism and modernity
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXXVII, Chișinău, 2022



 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
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#Exhibit of the Month

In the culture of many peoples from ancient times (and to the present day), mirrors have been given a special role in ritual practice, especially funerary ones. For many communities, mirrors, like metal objects in general, served to protect against evil spirits. Mirrors had a dual purpose - a utilitarian one, as a toilet item, and ritual, as an attribute of a magical rite. The latter is explained by the fact that in the ideas of many peoples the soul of a person is connected to his reflection in a mirror or water. Being external to man, the "soul-reflection" is subject to various dangers.Obviously, belief in the magical possibilities of mirrors is one of the reasons why the owners kept them closed in wooden, cloth, felt or leather cases and pouches. An expensive mirror was placed in the grave along with the deceased for fear that the soul of a living person reflected in it could be carried away by the spirit of the person passed away. On the other hand, to this day, many nations have a tradition of hanging all the mirrors if there is a dead person in the house, so as not to multiply death....

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2023 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2023 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2023 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC