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National Museum of History of Moldova
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

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National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications

Library „Tyragetia"




Medieval Churches and Monasteries in Bessarabia
Vlad D. Ghimpu
Medieval Churches and Monasteries in Bessarabia
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” I, Chisinau, 2000, 220 p.
Medieval Moldavian Documents from the Military Archives of Sweden
Nicolae Răileanu
Medieval Moldavian Documents from the Military Archives of Sweden
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” II, Chisinau, 2001, 308 p.
Necropolis of Scythian Aristocracy in Dubasari (5th – 4th centuries B.C.)
Nicolae Chetraru, Natalia Serova
Necropolis of Scythian Aristocracy in Dubasari (5th – 4th centuries B.C.)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” III, Chisinau, 2001, 74 p.
Ion Casian Surucean in Bessarabian Archaeology and Museology
Nicolae Chetraru, Nicolae Răileanu
Ion Casian Surucean in Bessarabian Archaeology and Museology
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” IV, Chisinau, 2001, 256 p.
Parcalab Gangur’s Treasures
Nicolae Chetraru, Isac Rafalovic
Parcalab Gangur’s Treasures
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” V, Chisinau, 2002, 118 p.
Romanian Books in the Collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova
M. Danilov, A. Grițco, L. Malahov
Romanian Books in the Collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova
Catalogue, series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” VI, Chisinau, 2002, 223 p.
Rara avis
Nicolae Răileanu
Rara avis
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” VII, Chisinau, 2003, 258 p.
Life and Work of Paul Gore
Life and Work of Paul Gore
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” VIII, Chisinau, 2003, 248 p.
Nicolae Morosan: the Tragedy of a Scientist
Nicolae Chetraru, Anton Moraru, Nicolae Răileanu
Nicolae Morosan: the Tragedy of a Scientist
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” IX, Chisinau, 2003, 224 p
Studies on Museology and Museography, vol. I
Studies on Museology and Museography, vol. I
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” X, Chisinau, 2004, 526 p.
Baron Alexander Stuart
Nicolae Chetraru, Nicolae Răileanu
Baron Alexander Stuart
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XI, Chisinau, 2006, 111 p.
Halt in the Time
Ana Grițco
Halt in the Time
Catalogue of picture postcards, series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XII, Chisinau, 2006, 268 p.
Synodal Censorship and Religious Book in Bessarabia, 1812-1918 (Between the Tradition and Tsarist Policy)
Maria Danilov
Synodal Censorship and Religious Book in Bessarabia, 1812-1918 (Between the Tradition and Tsarist Policy)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XIII, Chisinau, 2007, 264 p.
Greek Amphorae in Barbaric World of North-Western Coast of Pontus Euxinus in 6th – Early 2nd Centuries B.C.
Natalia Mateevici
Greek Amphorae in Barbaric World of North-Western Coast of Pontus Euxinus in 6th – Early 2nd Centuries B.C.
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XIV, Chisinau, 2007, 284 p.
Cultural and Chronological Interferences in North-Western Coast of Pontus Euxinus in Late 2nd – Early 1st Millennia B.C.
Andrei Nicic
Cultural and Chronological Interferences in North-Western Coast of Pontus Euxinus in Late 2nd – Early 1st Millennia B.C.
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XV, Chisinau, 2008, 282 p.
Studies on Museology (I)
Studies on Museology (I)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XVI, Chisinau, 2008,194 p.
Museographic Concepts of Historical Profile: Retrospect and Prospect
Elena Ploșnița
Museographic Concepts of Historical Profile: Retrospect and Prospect
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XVII, Chisinau, 2008, 248 p.
Habitat in the First Millennium B.C. in the Middle Dniester Region (Sites from Saharna Area)
Ion Niculiță, Aurel Zanoci, Tudor Arnăut
Habitat in the First Millennium B.C. in the Middle Dniester Region (Sites from Saharna Area)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XVIII, Chisinau, 2008, 408 p.
The Settlement with „Ash Pits” near the Village of Odaia-Miciurin, the Republic of Moldova
Eugen Sava, Elke Kaiser
The Settlement with „Ash Pits” near the Village of Odaia-Miciurin, the Republic of Moldova
Series “Bibilioteca „Tyragetia” XIX, Chișinău, 2011, 532 p.
Encyclopedia of Museology of the Republic of Moldova
Elena Ploșnița, Mihai Ursu
Encyclopedia of Museology of the Republic of Moldova
Series “Bibilioteca „Tyragetia” XX, Chișinău, 2011, 308 p.
Contributions to the History and Archaeology of the Prut-Dniester Area: The Sites of Durlești and Molești
Ion Tentiuc
Contributions to the History and Archaeology of the Prut-Dniester Area: The Sites of Durlești and Molești
Series Bibilioteca „Tyragetia” XXI, Chișinău, 2012, 288 p.
Military traditions (past, present, future)
Simion CARP, Ghenadie CHIRIŢA, Terentie CARP, Ecaterina GÎRBU
Military traditions (past, present, future)
Series Bibilioteca „Tyragetia” XXII, Chișinău, 2013, 375 p
Studies on Museology (II)
Studies on Museology (II)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XXIII, Chisinau, 2013. 228 p.
Ottoman Coins in Moldova from 1512 to 1603
Ana Boldureanu
Ottoman Coins in Moldova from 1512 to 1603
Series Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XXIV, Chișinău, 2013. 191 p.
The Early Iron Age settlement and cemetery of Saharna-Ţiglău
Ion Niculiță, Andrei Nicic
The Early Iron Age settlement and cemetery of Saharna-Ţiglău
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XXV, Chisinau, 2014. 420 p.
Settlements from the Late Bronze Age in the space between rivers Prut and Dniester (Noua-Sabatinovka)
Eugen Sava
Settlements from the Late Bronze Age in the space between rivers Prut and Dniester (Noua-Sabatinovka)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XXVI, Chisinau, 2014. 592 p.
Evolution of the habitat in the Saharna micro-zone in the Iron Age
Ion Niculiță, Aurel Zanoci, Mihail Băț
Evolution of the habitat in the Saharna micro-zone in the Iron Age
Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XXVII, Chișinău, 2016, 464 p.
The population of Central Moldova in the 10th-13th centuries
Ion Tentiuc
The population of Central Moldova in the 10th-13th centuries
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXVIII, Chişinău, 2017, 323 p.
Historic site “Camp of king Charles XII of Sweden at Varniţa”. Recovery of the memory
Historic site “Camp of king Charles XII of Sweden at Varniţa”. Recovery of the memory
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXIX, Chişinău, 2017, 164 p.
Research of the mounds from the Bugeac steppe (1980-1985)
E. Sava, S. Agulnicov, I. Manzura
Research of the mounds from the Bugeac steppe (1980-1985)
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXX, Chişinău, 2019, 368 p.
Anthropomorphic figurines from Cucuteni A stage from the Prut-Dniester interfluve (the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova)
Stanislav Ţerna, Mariana Vasilache
Anthropomorphic figurines from Cucuteni A stage from the Prut-Dniester interfluve (the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova)
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXXI, Chişinău, 2019, 263 p.

 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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