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National Museum of History of Moldova
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#Exhibit of the Month

The item is the lower part of a leg of a festive table made of white and gray marble. In the upper part, it has a protrusion, similar to a Doric capital, on the horizontal platform of which a square recess is engraved, designed to fix the second part of the leg (upper). The lower part of the leg is made in an anthropomorphic style, and, in our opinion, there are two variants of identifying the depicted character. The first involves the image of the head of the young Heracles (Heracles - Ἡρακλῆς) (beardless), the most favorite hero of antiquity, wearing on his head the skin of the Nemean lion - Λέων της Νεμέας, a vicious monster from Greek mythology who lived in Nemea and was eventually killed by Heracles. The first labor of Heracles, of the twelve set by King Eurystheus (his cousin), was to kill the Nemean lion and bring his skin to the king. It is also known from Greek mythology that the lion of Nemea took the form of a beautiful woman in order to seduce the inhabitants of neighboring villages, who wanted to save the girl from danger. Upon entering the cave, a man saw the woman, who usually pretended to be wounded, and rushed to help her. When he approached her, the woman turned into a lion and killed him. Then the lion devoured the man, giving his bones to Hades - ᾍδης, the god of Hell, who lived in the kingdom of shadows. The second version of the anthropomorphic image interpretation suggests Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia in the second half of the 4th century BC, one of the most famous heroes of the Greek world, who sometimes is depicted as Hercules - wearing a lion's skin. Some researchers consider the custom of wearing the skin of a slain lion a sign of royal power. The word βασιλεύς itself, translated from ancient Greek, means "walking the path of the lion", that is, the king. This title was held by the Greek kings from the Homeric period, and later, starting from the 7th century AD - by the Byzantine emperors.

The item can be dated to the 5th-6th centuries AD, and, possibly, it originates from Asia Minor.

It is kept in the collection of the museum for about 10 years. The gray granite stand does not belong to the original item.

Metric characteristics: height 330 mm; width: 112 mm.


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National Museum of History of Moldova
 

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Library „Tyragetia"




Medieval Churches and Monasteries in Bessarabia
Vlad D. Ghimpu
Medieval Churches and Monasteries in Bessarabia
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” I, Chisinau, 2000, 220 p.
Medieval Moldavian Documents from the Military Archives of Sweden
Nicolae Răileanu
Medieval Moldavian Documents from the Military Archives of Sweden
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” II, Chisinau, 2001, 308 p.
Necropolis of Scythian Aristocracy in Dubasari (5th – 4th centuries B.C.)
Nicolae Chetraru, Natalia Serova
Necropolis of Scythian Aristocracy in Dubasari (5th – 4th centuries B.C.)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” III, Chisinau, 2001, 74 p.
Ion Casian Surucean in Bessarabian Archaeology and Museology
Nicolae Chetraru, Nicolae Răileanu
Ion Casian Surucean in Bessarabian Archaeology and Museology
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” IV, Chisinau, 2001, 256 p.
Parcalab Gangur’s Treasures
Nicolae Chetraru, Isac Rafalovic
Parcalab Gangur’s Treasures
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” V, Chisinau, 2002, 118 p.
Romanian Books in the Collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova
M. Danilov, A. Grițco, L. Malahov
Romanian Books in the Collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova
Catalogue, series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” VI, Chisinau, 2002, 223 p.
Rara avis
Nicolae Răileanu
Rara avis
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” VII, Chisinau, 2003, 258 p.
Life and Work of Paul Gore
Life and Work of Paul Gore
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” VIII, Chisinau, 2003, 248 p.
Nicolae Morosan: the Tragedy of a Scientist
Nicolae Chetraru, Anton Moraru, Nicolae Răileanu
Nicolae Morosan: the Tragedy of a Scientist
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” IX, Chisinau, 2003, 224 p
Studies on Museology and Museography, vol. I
Studies on Museology and Museography, vol. I
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” X, Chisinau, 2004, 526 p.
Baron Alexander Stuart
Nicolae Chetraru, Nicolae Răileanu
Baron Alexander Stuart
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XI, Chisinau, 2006, 111 p.
Halt in the Time
Ana Grițco
Halt in the Time
Catalogue of picture postcards, series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XII, Chisinau, 2006, 268 p.
Synodal Censorship and Religious Book in Bessarabia, 1812-1918 (Between the Tradition and Tsarist Policy)
Maria Danilov
Synodal Censorship and Religious Book in Bessarabia, 1812-1918 (Between the Tradition and Tsarist Policy)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XIII, Chisinau, 2007, 264 p.
Greek Amphorae in Barbaric World of North-Western Coast of Pontus Euxinus in 6th – Early 2nd Centuries B.C.
Natalia Mateevici
Greek Amphorae in Barbaric World of North-Western Coast of Pontus Euxinus in 6th – Early 2nd Centuries B.C.
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XIV, Chisinau, 2007, 284 p.
Cultural and Chronological Interferences in North-Western Coast of Pontus Euxinus in Late 2nd – Early 1st Millennia B.C.
Andrei Nicic
Cultural and Chronological Interferences in North-Western Coast of Pontus Euxinus in Late 2nd – Early 1st Millennia B.C.
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XV, Chisinau, 2008, 282 p.
Studies on Museology (I)
Studies on Museology (I)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XVI, Chisinau, 2008,194 p.
Museographic Concepts of Historical Profile: Retrospect and Prospect
Elena Ploșnița
Museographic Concepts of Historical Profile: Retrospect and Prospect
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XVII, Chisinau, 2008, 248 p.
Habitat in the First Millennium B.C. in the Middle Dniester Region (Sites from Saharna Area)
Ion Niculiță, Aurel Zanoci, Tudor Arnăut
Habitat in the First Millennium B.C. in the Middle Dniester Region (Sites from Saharna Area)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XVIII, Chisinau, 2008, 408 p.
The Settlement with „Ash Pits” near the Village of Odaia-Miciurin, the Republic of Moldova
Eugen Sava, Elke Kaiser
The Settlement with „Ash Pits” near the Village of Odaia-Miciurin, the Republic of Moldova
Series “Bibilioteca „Tyragetia” XIX, Chișinău, 2011, 532 p.
Encyclopedia of Museology of the Republic of Moldova
Elena Ploșnița, Mihai Ursu
Encyclopedia of Museology of the Republic of Moldova
Series “Bibilioteca „Tyragetia” XX, Chișinău, 2011, 308 p.
Contributions to the History and Archaeology of the Prut-Dniester Area: The Sites of Durlești and Molești
Ion Tentiuc
Contributions to the History and Archaeology of the Prut-Dniester Area: The Sites of Durlești and Molești
Series Bibilioteca „Tyragetia” XXI, Chișinău, 2012, 288 p.
Military traditions (past, present, future)
Simion CARP, Ghenadie CHIRIŢA, Terentie CARP, Ecaterina GÎRBU
Military traditions (past, present, future)
Series Bibilioteca „Tyragetia” XXII, Chișinău, 2013, 375 p
Studies on Museology (II)
Studies on Museology (II)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XXIII, Chisinau, 2013. 228 p.
Ottoman Coins in Moldova from 1512 to 1603
Ana Boldureanu
Ottoman Coins in Moldova from 1512 to 1603
Series Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XXIV, Chișinău, 2013. 191 p.
The Early Iron Age settlement and cemetery of Saharna-Ţiglău
Ion Niculiță, Andrei Nicic
The Early Iron Age settlement and cemetery of Saharna-Ţiglău
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XXV, Chisinau, 2014. 420 p.
Settlements from the Late Bronze Age in the space between rivers Prut and Dniester (Noua-Sabatinovka)
Eugen Sava
Settlements from the Late Bronze Age in the space between rivers Prut and Dniester (Noua-Sabatinovka)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XXVI, Chisinau, 2014. 592 p.
Evolution of the habitat in the Saharna micro-zone in the Iron Age
Ion Niculiță, Aurel Zanoci, Mihail Băț
Evolution of the habitat in the Saharna micro-zone in the Iron Age
Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XXVII, Chișinău, 2016, 464 p.
The population of Central Moldova in the 10th-13th centuries
Ion Tentiuc
The population of Central Moldova in the 10th-13th centuries
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXVIII, Chişinău, 2017, 323 p.
Historic site “Camp of king Charles XII of Sweden at Varniţa”. Recovery of the memory
Historic site “Camp of king Charles XII of Sweden at Varniţa”. Recovery of the memory
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXIX, Chişinău, 2017, 164 p.
Research of the mounds from the Bugeac steppe (1980-1985)
E. Sava, S. Agulnicov, I. Manzura
Research of the mounds from the Bugeac steppe (1980-1985)
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXX, Chişinău, 2019, 368 p.
Anthropomorphic figurines from Cucuteni A stage from the Prut-Dniester interfluve (the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova)
Stanislav Ţerna, Mariana Vasilache
Anthropomorphic figurines from Cucuteni A stage from the Prut-Dniester interfluve (the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova)
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXXI, Chişinău, 2019, 263 p.
Poienești-Lucașeuca settlement and necropolis from Borosești (Iași county)
Mircea Babeș, Vasile Iarmulschi
Poienești-Lucașeuca settlement and necropolis from Borosești (Iași county)
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXXII, Chişinău, 2020
Maria (Lupu) Radziwiłł’s private life in documents, letters, and images
Lilia Zabolotnaia
Maria (Lupu) Radziwiłł’s private life in documents, letters, and images
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXXIII, Chişinău, 2020
Museum. Museumification of the immovable cultural heritage
Elena Ploșnița
Museum. Museumification of the immovable cultural heritage
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXXIV, Chișinău, 2021

 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

The item is the lower part of a leg of a festive table made of white and gray marble. In the upper part, it has a protrusion, similar to a Doric capital, on the horizontal platform of which a square recess is engraved, designed to fix the second part of the leg (upper). The lower part of the leg is made in an anthropomorphic style, and, in our opinion, there are two variants of identifying the depicted character...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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