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#Exhibit of the Month

Among the Greek mythological figures, there is a satyr (Ancient Greek: Σάτυρος), also called Silenus, a male spirit of nature and forest, known to be the companion of the gods Pan and Dionysus. Satyrs were imagined as dancing in the fields, drinking wine with Dionysus and chasing maenads and nymphs. According to the descriptions in myths, they had human-like upper part of the body and the horse-like or goat-like legs, and also a long and bushy tail.

Gradually, animalistic features in the image of a satyr recede, their lower limbs become human (legs, not hooves). The satyr Marsyas (Μάρσιας) plays a special role in Greek legends. Sometimes the god Pan is depicted in the guise of a satyr.

The historian Hesiod tells us about their origins, mentioning that satyrs are wine lovers, and legends also claim that it was the satyrs who saved Ariadne (Aριαδνη), the daughter of King Minos from Crete, who was abandoned by her lover Theseus (Θησεύς) on the island of Naxos (Νάξος).

It is believed that satyrs have tremendous strength and endurance, and also love music, and one of their main attributes is the flute. Also among the attributes of satyrs there are the thyrsus, vessels for wine, and wineskins.

The figurine of a satyr from the NMHM collection is unique. It is made of bronze and has a height of 17 cm. The figurine is made in a stylized manner, the character is presented in a standing position, as if he is holding something in his right hand, and his left hand is damaged. The left leg is also not completely preserved. Some researchers consider it to be the handle of a vessel (possibly of a cup). Certainly, the object had a symbolic character.

We assume that this artifact belongs to the period of Classical Greece and dates back to the 4th century BC.

 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications

Library „Tyragetia"




Medieval Churches and Monasteries in Bessarabia
Vlad D. Ghimpu
Medieval Churches and Monasteries in Bessarabia
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” I, Chisinau, 2000, 220 p.
Medieval Moldavian Documents from the Military Archives of Sweden
Nicolae Răileanu
Medieval Moldavian Documents from the Military Archives of Sweden
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” II, Chisinau, 2001, 308 p.
Necropolis of Scythian Aristocracy in Dubasari (5th – 4th centuries B.C.)
Nicolae Chetraru, Natalia Serova
Necropolis of Scythian Aristocracy in Dubasari (5th – 4th centuries B.C.)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” III, Chisinau, 2001, 74 p.
Ion Casian Surucean in Bessarabian Archaeology and Museology
Nicolae Chetraru, Nicolae Răileanu
Ion Casian Surucean in Bessarabian Archaeology and Museology
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” IV, Chisinau, 2001, 256 p.
Parcalab Gangur’s Treasures
Nicolae Chetraru, Isac Rafalovic
Parcalab Gangur’s Treasures
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” V, Chisinau, 2002, 118 p.
Romanian Books in the Collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova
M. Danilov, A. Grițco, L. Malahov
Romanian Books in the Collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova
Catalogue, series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” VI, Chisinau, 2002, 223 p.
Rara avis
Nicolae Răileanu
Rara avis
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” VII, Chisinau, 2003, 258 p.
Life and Work of Paul Gore
Life and Work of Paul Gore
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” VIII, Chisinau, 2003, 248 p.
Nicolae Morosan: the Tragedy of a Scientist
Nicolae Chetraru, Anton Moraru, Nicolae Răileanu
Nicolae Morosan: the Tragedy of a Scientist
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” IX, Chisinau, 2003, 224 p
Studies on Museology and Museography, vol. I
Studies on Museology and Museography, vol. I
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” X, Chisinau, 2004, 526 p.
Baron Alexander Stuart
Nicolae Chetraru, Nicolae Răileanu
Baron Alexander Stuart
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XI, Chisinau, 2006, 111 p.
Halt in the Time
Ana Grițco
Halt in the Time
Catalogue of picture postcards, series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XII, Chisinau, 2006, 268 p.
Synodal Censorship and Religious Book in Bessarabia, 1812-1918 (Between the Tradition and Tsarist Policy)
Maria Danilov
Synodal Censorship and Religious Book in Bessarabia, 1812-1918 (Between the Tradition and Tsarist Policy)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XIII, Chisinau, 2007, 264 p.
Greek Amphorae in Barbaric World of North-Western Coast of Pontus Euxinus in 6th – Early 2nd Centuries B.C.
Natalia Mateevici
Greek Amphorae in Barbaric World of North-Western Coast of Pontus Euxinus in 6th – Early 2nd Centuries B.C.
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XIV, Chisinau, 2007, 284 p.
Cultural and Chronological Interferences in North-Western Coast of Pontus Euxinus in Late 2nd – Early 1st Millennia B.C.
Andrei Nicic
Cultural and Chronological Interferences in North-Western Coast of Pontus Euxinus in Late 2nd – Early 1st Millennia B.C.
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XV, Chisinau, 2008, 282 p.
Studies on Museology (I)
Studies on Museology (I)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XVI, Chisinau, 2008,194 p.
Museographic Concepts of Historical Profile: Retrospect and Prospect
Elena Ploșnița
Museographic Concepts of Historical Profile: Retrospect and Prospect
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XVII, Chisinau, 2008, 248 p.
Habitat in the First Millennium B.C. in the Middle Dniester Region (Sites from Saharna Area)
Ion Niculiță, Aurel Zanoci, Tudor Arnăut
Habitat in the First Millennium B.C. in the Middle Dniester Region (Sites from Saharna Area)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XVIII, Chisinau, 2008, 408 p.
The Settlement with „Ash Pits” near the Village of Odaia-Miciurin, the Republic of Moldova
Eugen Sava, Elke Kaiser
The Settlement with „Ash Pits” near the Village of Odaia-Miciurin, the Republic of Moldova
Series “Bibilioteca „Tyragetia” XIX, Chișinău, 2011, 532 p.
Encyclopedia of Museology of the Republic of Moldova
Elena Ploșnița, Mihai Ursu
Encyclopedia of Museology of the Republic of Moldova
Series “Bibilioteca „Tyragetia” XX, Chișinău, 2011, 308 p.
Contributions to the History and Archaeology of the Prut-Dniester Area: The Sites of Durlești and Molești
Ion Tentiuc
Contributions to the History and Archaeology of the Prut-Dniester Area: The Sites of Durlești and Molești
Series Bibilioteca „Tyragetia” XXI, Chișinău, 2012, 288 p.
Military traditions (past, present, future)
Simion CARP, Ghenadie CHIRIŢA, Terentie CARP, Ecaterina GÎRBU
Military traditions (past, present, future)
Series Bibilioteca „Tyragetia” XXII, Chișinău, 2013, 375 p
Studies on Museology (II)
Studies on Museology (II)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XXIII, Chisinau, 2013. 228 p.
Ottoman Coins in Moldova from 1512 to 1603
Ana Boldureanu
Ottoman Coins in Moldova from 1512 to 1603
Series Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XXIV, Chișinău, 2013. 191 p.
The Early Iron Age settlement and cemetery of Saharna-Ţiglău
Ion Niculiță, Andrei Nicic
The Early Iron Age settlement and cemetery of Saharna-Ţiglău
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XXV, Chisinau, 2014. 420 p.
Settlements from the Late Bronze Age in the space between rivers Prut and Dniester (Noua-Sabatinovka)
Eugen Sava
Settlements from the Late Bronze Age in the space between rivers Prut and Dniester (Noua-Sabatinovka)
Series “Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XXVI, Chisinau, 2014. 592 p.
Evolution of the habitat in the Saharna micro-zone in the Iron Age
Ion Niculiță, Aurel Zanoci, Mihail Băț
Evolution of the habitat in the Saharna micro-zone in the Iron Age
Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XXVII, Chișinău, 2016, 464 p.
The population of Central Moldova in the 10th-13th centuries
Ion Tentiuc
The population of Central Moldova in the 10th-13th centuries
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXVIII, Chişinău, 2017, 323 p.
Historic site “Camp of king Charles XII of Sweden at Varniţa”. Recovery of the memory
Historic site “Camp of king Charles XII of Sweden at Varniţa”. Recovery of the memory
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXIX, Chişinău, 2017, 164 p.
Research of the mounds from the Bugeac steppe (1980-1985)
E. Sava, S. Agulnicov, I. Manzura
Research of the mounds from the Bugeac steppe (1980-1985)
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXX, Chişinău, 2019, 368 p.
Anthropomorphic figurines from Cucuteni A stage from the Prut-Dniester interfluve (the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova)
Stanislav Ţerna, Mariana Vasilache
Anthropomorphic figurines from Cucuteni A stage from the Prut-Dniester interfluve (the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova)
Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXXI, Chişinău, 2019, 263 p.

 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

Among the Greek mythological figures, there is a satyr (Ancient Greek: Σάτυρος), also called Silenus, a male spirit of nature and forest, known to be the companion of the gods Pan and Dionysus. Satyrs were imagined as dancing in the fields, drinking wine with Dionysus and chasing maenads and nymphs. According to the descriptions in myths, they had human-like upper part of the body and the horse-like or goat-like legs, and also a long and bushy tail. Gradually, animalistic features in the image of a satyr recede, their lower limbs become human (legs, not hooves). The satyr Marsyas (Μάρσιας) plays a special role in Greek legends. Sometimes the god Pan is depicted in the guise of a satyr...

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