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#Exhibit of the Month

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The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC).

The vessel, with an obviously asymmetrical configuration, is hand-moulded from quality clay paste, having a smooth brown surface with gray spots. The body of the vessel is provided with a pronounced protrusion and a truncated neck with a wider opening towards the mouth. The vessel has a stem and is ornamented with three pairs of symmetrically placed relief appliqués. The height of the bowl is 15.5 cm, the diameter of the mouth is 11.4 cm, the diameter of the body is 15 cm and the diameter of the base is 7.5 cm. Such vessels in the archaeological literature are known as "askos" vessels, the respective term being of ancient Greek origin, denoting one of the primitive containers of the period - the bellows made of animal skin.

In prehistoric times, among some peoples, the bellows was transposed into ceramics, in these cases the basic features of the archaic leather vessel were preserved, acquiring a prominent convex shape with a stem and a flat bottom. From the original appearance of the bellows, the asymmetric mouth corresponding to the animal's neck has been preserved, and sometimes three or four legs, corresponding to the appendages of the flayed skin from the animal's legs. These vessels have lost their original zoomorphic character, entering as a new form in the inventory of Neo-Eneolithic ceramics. The first vessels of this type are attested in Greece, in the early Neolithic (ca. 5000-4500 BC) having the shape of cups or cups. In the Neo-Eneolithic Carpatho-Balkan cultures, the type of Aegean askos of short or tall form, with or without legs and with a handle, is found. Less often, they are provided with two mouths (one for filling and one for emptying) or they are off-center and provided with strangely shaped mouths. In the space between the Carpathians and the Dnieper, only tall forms of simple askos, without zoomorphic elements, are known. Askos-type vessels are present in various prehistoric cultures, especially in Southeast Europe and Anatolia.

Being often discovered in association with cult inventory, askos vessels could be an important indicator of use in religious ritual practices. Along with the zoomorphic, anthropomorphic and rhyton-type vessels (roughly conical container from which, in some ceremonies, liquids were drunk or poured), the askos were included in the category of vessels intended for worship, being related to libations (ritual act that consisted of tasting and then pouring a cup of wine, milk, etc. as homage to the deity).

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Поселение с «зольниками» у села Одая-Мичурин, Республика Молдова: (археологические и естественнонаучные исследования) / Die Siedlung mit „Aschehügeln” beim Dorf Odaia-Miciurin, Republik Moldova. Archäologische und naturwissenschaftliche Untersuchungen

Поселение с «зольниками» у села Одая-Мичурин, Республика Молдова: (археологические и естественнонаучные исследования) / Die Siedlung mit „Aschehügeln” beim Dorf Odaia-Miciurin, Republik Moldova. Archäologische und naturwissenschaftliche Untersuchungen

Series “Bibilioteca „Tyragetia” XIX, Chișinău, 2011, 532 p.

The Settlement with „Ash Pits” near the Village of Odaia-Miciurin, the Republic of Moldova


This study presents the results of an interdisciplinary scientific research conducted at the Late Bronze Age site near the village of Odaia-Miciurin in the Drochia District of the Republic of Moldova.

The book was published in two languages (Russian and German) and contains 532 pages with the text, 105 figures, 55 color photographs, 19 diagrams, and 29 tables.

Table of Contents:

Preface

I. Introduction

II. History of research

II.1. The main stages and results of research of the settlement

II.2. The settlements of the Eneolithic and the Bronze Age in the micro-region of the Bălți Steppe according to aerial photographs and surveys (Vyacheslav Bikbaev)

III. Excavations

III.1. Hillock №1

III.2. Hillock №17 

III.3. Hillock №16

III.4. Hillock №21

IV. Materials of the Noua Culture

IV.1. Pottery

IV.2. Bronze artifacts

IV.3. Bone and horn artifacts (Peggy Morgenstern)

IV.4. Stone and flint artifacts

IV.5. Artifacts of fired clay

V. Materials from other periods

V.1. Findings of the Eneolithic (Vyacheslav Bikbaev)

V.2. Finds from the Late Antiquity and the Late Middle Ages (Valeriu Bubulici)

VI. Natural scientific investigations

VI.1. Paleozoological investigations  (Michael Hochmuth)

VI.2. Anthropological data (Bärbel Heußner)

VI.3. Paleobotanical  investigations

VI.4. Soil investigations (Michael Facklam)

VI.5. The absolute dating of 14C Data

VI.6. Analysis of soil samples and ceramics (Malgorzata Daszkiewicz, Gerwulf Schneider)

VII. Conclusions

VII.1. Results of the interdisciplinary investigations

VII.2 Model of the emergence of "ash pits"

VII.3 The internal structure of the settlement

VII.4. The Odaia-Miciurin settlement in the settlement system of the Noua-Sabatinovka type

Abstract

Bibliography

List of Abbreviations

Annex 1 to Chapter IV.3. Bone artifacts (Peggy Morgenstern)

Annex 2 to Chapter VI.5. Documentation of the 14C analyses performed in the Leibniz-Labor of the Christian-Albrechts University of Kiel (Pieter Grootes)

Annex 3 to Chapter VII. On the origin of "ash pits" on the Late Bronze Age settlements by the results of soil-chemical and mineralogical analyses (Vitalii Demkin)



 

 

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#Exhibit of the Month

The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC