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#Exhibit of the Month

Deer antlers, as well as bones, teeth and shells of mollusks, belong to the category of hard materials of animal origin, which for a long time served as raw materials for prehistoric and protohistoric communities to make tools, weapons, containers, handles, as well as objects of prestige (sceptres) or adornments (necklaces, pendants, clothing accessories), certainly bearing a symbolic load.

The National Museum of History of Moldova has a valuable collection of products made of deer antler, the chronological framework of which covers a very wide period of time, from the Paleolithic era to the late Middle Ages. Based on this, and also taking into account the significance of the beginning of May (May 1 – International Labor Day), we present to our visitors a revolutionary type of tool, very useful, which is directly related to the development of agriculture and prehistoric societies. Antler pickaxes are the tools that contributed to what we call the Neolithic revolution, when there was a transition from hunter-gatherer hominids to sedentary people, agriculturists and cattle breeders, depending on the specifics of the region. Cucuteni agricultural human communities have a long tradition of exploiting Cervus elaphus (deer) resources, especially antlers.

The object comes from the Brânzeni III – Țiganca settlement (Edineț district), a site discovered in 1968 by the archaeologist Nicolae Chetraru, attributed to stage CII of the Tripolye culture. An unaffected part of the site was completely explored in 1970-1972 by Vsevolod Markevich; during the research 37 surface dwellings with platforms were found, revealing a new cultural aspect within the Cucuteni culture – Brânzeni, a cultural and chronological phenomenon that marks the beginning of the final stage of the Eneolithic era, the end of the 4th millennium BC.

The pickaxe hammer, dual-functional product made of the basal part of the main axis of the antler, cleaned and polished, without traces of the basal part, without rosettes and other secondary horn beams. The surface with traces of cuts is polished, in some places with strong luster. The object has a round transverse hole, slightly oblique, with a cylindrical section, located in the middle, and has a pronounced bluntness, chips and a longitudinal crack from antiquity. The active parts – the head and slightly oblique tip, completely kept – are relatively well preserved, with traces of wear and cracks in places due to intensive use.

These traces give us a history of this object, which was originally, most likely, an axe hammer, intended to split, cut, and strike, but with the wear of its blade turned into a pickaxe hammer, used both for percussion activities and for loosening the earth. The object was used as a working tool, but most likely also as a weapon.

Dimensions: L.: 113 mm; W.: 56 mm; thickness: 44 mm: Hole diameter: 20x22 mm.

Virtual Tour




Поселение с «зольниками» у села Одая-Мичурин, Республика Молдова: (археологические и естественнонаучные исследования) / Die Siedlung mit „Aschehügeln” beim Dorf Odaia-Miciurin, Republik Moldova. Archäologische und naturwissenschaftliche Untersuchungen

Поселение с «зольниками» у села Одая-Мичурин, Республика Молдова: (археологические и естественнонаучные исследования) / Die Siedlung mit „Aschehügeln” beim Dorf Odaia-Miciurin, Republik Moldova. Archäologische und naturwissenschaftliche Untersuchungen

Series “Bibilioteca „Tyragetia” XIX, Chișinău, 2011, 532 p.

The Settlement with „Ash Pits” near the Village of Odaia-Miciurin, the Republic of Moldova


This study presents the results of an interdisciplinary scientific research conducted at the Late Bronze Age site near the village of Odaia-Miciurin in the Drochia District of the Republic of Moldova.

The book was published in two languages (Russian and German) and contains 532 pages with the text, 105 figures, 55 color photographs, 19 diagrams, and 29 tables.

Table of Contents:

Preface

I. Introduction

II. History of research

II.1. The main stages and results of research of the settlement

II.2. The settlements of the Eneolithic and the Bronze Age in the micro-region of the Bălți Steppe according to aerial photographs and surveys (Vyacheslav Bikbaev)

III. Excavations

III.1. Hillock №1

III.2. Hillock №17 

III.3. Hillock №16

III.4. Hillock №21

IV. Materials of the Noua Culture

IV.1. Pottery

IV.2. Bronze artifacts

IV.3. Bone and horn artifacts (Peggy Morgenstern)

IV.4. Stone and flint artifacts

IV.5. Artifacts of fired clay

V. Materials from other periods

V.1. Findings of the Eneolithic (Vyacheslav Bikbaev)

V.2. Finds from the Late Antiquity and the Late Middle Ages (Valeriu Bubulici)

VI. Natural scientific investigations

VI.1. Paleozoological investigations  (Michael Hochmuth)

VI.2. Anthropological data (Bärbel Heußner)

VI.3. Paleobotanical  investigations

VI.4. Soil investigations (Michael Facklam)

VI.5. The absolute dating of 14C Data

VI.6. Analysis of soil samples and ceramics (Malgorzata Daszkiewicz, Gerwulf Schneider)

VII. Conclusions

VII.1. Results of the interdisciplinary investigations

VII.2 Model of the emergence of "ash pits"

VII.3 The internal structure of the settlement

VII.4. The Odaia-Miciurin settlement in the settlement system of the Noua-Sabatinovka type

Abstract

Bibliography

List of Abbreviations

Annex 1 to Chapter IV.3. Bone artifacts (Peggy Morgenstern)

Annex 2 to Chapter VI.5. Documentation of the 14C analyses performed in the Leibniz-Labor of the Christian-Albrechts University of Kiel (Pieter Grootes)

Annex 3 to Chapter VII. On the origin of "ash pits" on the Late Bronze Age settlements by the results of soil-chemical and mineralogical analyses (Vitalii Demkin)


 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

Deer antlers, as well as bones, teeth and shells of mollusks, belong to the category of hard materials of animal origin, which for a long time served as raw materials for prehistoric and protohistoric communities to make tools, weapons, containers, handles, as well as objects of prestige (sceptres) or adornments (necklaces, pendants, clothing accessories), certainly bearing a symbolic load...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC