Read Mode

National Museum of History of Moldova

Chronological Axis

Early Middle Ages. Forming of Romanic Communities. Emergence of First Pre-state Formations

(6th – 9th centuries A.D.)

This is a period of forming of Romanic communities (6th – 8th centuries), emergence of the first pre-state (9th – 12th centuries) and early state formations (13th – 14th centuries), when rich and various material and spiritual culture was created. In terms of archaeological research this period is represented by the material discovered at settlements, fortresses, towns, necropolises, and in different hoards.

Settlements and necropolises attributed to different periods of the Middle Ages has been investigated at Branesti, Hansca, Danceni, Durlesti, Lucaseuca, Molesti, Petruha, Seliste, Scoc, etc. Material discovered at the archaeological sites testifies to the fact that the inhabitants were mainly engaged in agriculture and cattle-breeding. As a rule such a material includes different forms of pottery, iron ploughshares, hand-mills, spindles, various adornments, and weapons including guns. There were also discovered items imported from the East, Byzantium, and Western Europe, among which there are amphorae, coins, pectoral crosses made of bronze and silver.

Medieval fortified settlements and fortresses are known near the villages of Alcedar, Calfa, Echimauti, Rudi, etc.
The first urban centres in our region – Cetatea Alba, Orheiul Vechi, and Costesti – appear in the late 13th century, in the Golden Horde time. These towns, which minted their own coins, became important politic, administrative, and handicraft centres located along international trade routs linking the East and the West.

Significant archaeological discoveries concerning different aspects of religious life were made during investigations in the territories of the monasteries from Capriana, Orheiul Vechi, Tapova, Hancu, and Curchi.

Various medieval jewellery and coins have been discovered in buried treasures found in many localities from the Republic of Moldova. The most significant ones are the hoard of Byzantine coins from Fauresti; the hoard of silver jewellery from Echimauti; the hoard of silver bars that was recently discovered at Orheiul Vechi; the hoard consisting of about 800 coins, earrings, bracelets and other adornments of the time of Alexander the Kind’s reign, found at Cuhuresti; hoards from Baltata, Saharna Veche, etc.

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age


The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2020 National Museum of History of Moldova
31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC