Read Mode
National Museum of History of Moldova
EN RO
add to favorites
print
mail to
Muzeul Naţional de Istorie a Moldovei

 

 






#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.




Exhibitions
Collections

Archaeological Collection
The collection consists of 23693 objects (the core fund), which came from archaeological excavations, random finds, acquisitions, donations, and transfers and date back to the Palaeolithic, Neolithic, Bronze, and Iron Ages, Roman Era, pre-feudal period, and the Middle Ages...

Collection of Historical Exhibits


It contains the objects of historical and memorial significance, dated from the 19th - 20th centuries, which are destined to recompose the ambience of bygone centuries, to reconstruct in exhibitions the atmosphere in which Moldavian cultural, historical, and political figures of the past lived and worked....
Collection of Historical Exhibits

Collection of Arms and Armour
The Museum owns authentic weapons of the 16th – 20th centuries, of western, eastern, and Russian (for the most part) origin. The collection consists of all the types of cold steel and fire-arms: offensive, defensive, missile, and hunting weapons....

Numismatic Collection


The collection consists of: Coins of diverse times and countries of issue. There are ancient coins of Greek, Getae-Dacian, and Roman origin, medieval coins of local and foreign issues (the Ottoman Empire, the Holy Roman Empire, the United Provinces, Hungary, Poland, etc.); series of modern coins...
Numismatic Collection
See more
Exhibition Rooms
 
Red Room Bronze Room Blue Room
Red Room Bronze Room Blue Room

The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation. The permanent exhibition of the museum is conceived and realized by a group of specialists who have chosen the way of presentation based on strict scientific subjects in accordance with chronology and supported by expressive force of exhibits, these original evidences representing the historical and archaeological heritage preserved in the museum. The exhibition space covers an area of 1,700 sq. m. and is used optimally, observing all the conservation and safety requirements.   The exhibition illustrates the history of Moldova from the oldest times to the present, in its ensemble and succession, by means of authentic and revealing exhibits, which impartially show economic, cultural, political, and social development of the human society in this geographic area in different historical times. By means of historical documentary and artistic objects the exhibition presents the originality and peculiarities of formation of the Moldavian people. Museum visitors become introduced in the atmosphere of different times by means of some explanatory exhibits and specific museum reconstructions of different social, economic, and cultural environments characteristic of different strata and stages of the development of society.



Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
Come to Museum! Discover the History!
  
Visit museum
Visit museum
Summer schedule: daily
10am – 6pm.

Winter schedule: daily
10am – 5pm.
Closed on Fridays.
Entrance fees:  adults - 10 MDL, pensioners, adults with moderate disabilities / disability of the 3rd degree, students - 5 MDL, school students - 2 MDL. Free access: enlisted men (...)

WiFi Free Wi-Fi Zone in the museum: In the courtyard of the National History Museum of Moldova there is Wi-Fi Internet access for visitors.








Ask us a question now!






#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

Read More >>

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2020 National Museum of History of Moldova
31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu