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#Exhibit of the Month

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In the culture of many peoples from ancient times (and to the present day), mirrors have been given a special role in ritual practice, especially funerary ones. For many communities, mirrors, like metal objects in general, served to protect against evil spirits. Mirrors had a dual purpose - a utilitarian one, as a toilet item, and ritual, as an attribute of a magical rite. The latter is explained by the fact that in the ideas of many peoples the soul of a person is connected to his reflection in a mirror or water. Being external to man, the "soul-reflection" is subject to various dangers.

Obviously, belief in the magical possibilities of mirrors is one of the reasons why the owners kept them closed in wooden, cloth, felt or leather cases and pouches. An expensive mirror was placed in the grave along with the deceased for fear that the soul of a living person reflected in it could be carried away by the spirit of the person passed away. On the other hand, to this day, many nations have a tradition of hanging all the mirrors if there is a dead person in the house, so as not to multiply death.

Metal mirrors are quite rare at the dawn of Scythian history, but over time, they were widely distributed in the Classical time or "Herodotus' Scythia" of the 5th-4th centuries BC. Then the mirror became one of the most important toilet items in Scythian burials. In the west of the Pontic steppes, at least 40 mirrors are known, made in Scythian or Greek workshops, 12 of them are stored in the collection of the National Museum of the History of Moldova.

One of the metal mirrors of Greek work was found on the left bank of the Dniester, near the Nikolskoe village, in the burial mound 14. It was found in a burial near a skull, and in addition to a mirror, 114 arrowheads and six golden fish-shaped plaques. The mirror was cast in bronze along with the handle. The mirror diameter is 16.5 cm, handle length with a round extension is 11.5 cm.

Although burial 1 of kurgan 14 was identified as male, 18-20 years old, mirrors are a marker of exclusively female burials. Such bronze mirrors with side handles appear in the middle of the 5th century BC but were most massively distributed during the last quarter of the 5th - the first half of the 4th century BC.

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Museum structure

Management


General Director of NMHM

Eugen Sava, Doctor Habilitat of Historical Sciences

Education:
• Department of History, SUM (1983);
• Institute of History of Material Culture of AS of USSR (1985-1988) – doctorate;

Thesis „Kultura mnogovalikovoj keramiki Dnestrovsko-Prutskogo mejdurečja (kul'turno-istoričeskaja charakteristika, chronologija i periodizacija)". 1989, Leningrad, URSS.

• State University of Moldova (2003) – doctor habilitat.

Thesis "Cultural-chronological interferences in the Late Bronze Age in the Carpathian-Dniester area (Noua-Sabatinovka cultural complex)". 2003. State University, Chisinau.

Field of research: Prehistoric archaeology in the Carpathian-Dniester area
• Corresponding member of the German Institute of Archeology (Deutsches Arhaeologisches Institut), Berlin (2009)
• Honorary member of the Institute of Archeology of the Romanian Academy, Iasi (2010) 

Tel.: +373 (22) 24 43 25
Email: office@nationalmuseum.md

 

Deputy Director for Collections

Elena Postica, Doctor of Historical Sciences

Education:
• Department of History, SUM (1976);
• Institute of History of ASM (1998) – doctorate.

Thesis for the degree of Ph.D.: “Anti-Soviet Resistance in the Moldavian SSR (1944-1950)”.

Tel.: +373 (22) 24 15 61
Email: elena.postica@nationalmuseum.md; epostica@yahoo.com  

 

Deputy Director for Public Relations

Livia Sîrbu

• Education:Faculty of History and Ethnopedagogy of the State Pedagogical University „Ion Creanga” (2008-2010) - bachelor's / master's degree (2003-2010);

Tel.: +373 69 570 373
Email: livia.sirbu@nationalmuseum.md

 

Project Director

Lilia Zabolotnaia, Doctor habilitate of Historical Sciences

Education:
• USM Faculty of History (1984);
• Institute of History of the ASM (1998) - PhD.

Doctoral thesis: "Formation and establishment of the urban market in Moldova at the end of the 16th century -  the beginning of the 18th century"
Post-Doctoral thesis entitled "The status of women in medieval society in Moldova and the countries of Central and Eastern Europe (XIV-XVII centuries). Comparative study"

Tel.: +373 (22) 24 43 25
Email: lilizab61@gmail.com

 

Chief Accountant

Angela Marchitan

Education: International Management Institute, Chisinau (2006)

Tel.: +373 (22) 23 82 69
Email: angela.marchitan@gmail.com

 

Departments

Curatorial Department

Head: Irina Goncharova

Education: State Pedagogical Institute named after Ion Creanga (1978)

Tel.: +373 (22) 23 82 82 

 

Restoration Department

Head: Ecaterina Bondarenco

Education: Department of History, SUM (1980)

Tel.: +373 (22) 23 82 84 

 

Department of Public Relations and Museum Education

Head: Natalia Popovici

Education: State Pedagogical University named after Ion Creanga (1992)

Tel.: +373 (22) 24 04 26
Email: natalia.popovici@nationalmuseum.md 

 

Exhibition Department

Head: Victor Toi

Education: Department of History, SUM (1983)

Tel.: +373 (22) 24 13 48
Email: victsoi@rambler.ru

 

Informatics Department

Head: Lilia Calughin

Education: Department of Library Science and Bibliography, SUM  (1992)

Tel.: +373 (22) 24 36 71
Email: lilia.calughin@nationalmuseum.md  

 

Publications and editorial marketing Center

Head: Aurel Zanoci, Doctor of Historical Sciences

Education:
• Department of History, SUM (1991);
• State University of Moldova (1993-1996) – doctorate.

Thesis for the degree of Ph.D.:  “The Getae-Dacian Fortifications in the Area outside the Carpathians in 6th – 3rd centuries B.C.”

Tel.: +373 (22) 23 82 79
Email: aurel.zanoci@nationalmuseum.md

 

Library and scientific archive

Head: Mariana Balan

Education:
• Department of Letters, SUM (1995);
• Department of Post-University Studies, SUM (1997)

Tel.: +373 (22) 24 36 69
Email: marilibr@mail.ru  

 
Research Departments

Archaeology

Head: Gheorghe Postică, Dr. habil. in history, university lecturer

• Moldova State University, Faculty of History (1976), licentiate studies.
• M. V. Lomonosov State University in Moscow (1988), doctoral studies.

Ph.D. thesis: "Pottery of Central Moldova of the late 1st - early 2nd millennia AD as a historical source".

• Moldova State University (2006), postdoctoral studies.

Habilitation thesis: "Early medieval civilization of the Prut-Dniester region (5th-13th centuries)".

Tel.: +373 68 896 767
Email: gpostica@gmail.com   

 

History and Museology

Head: Anuta Boldureanu, Doctor of Historical Sciences

Education:
• Department of History, SUM (1994);
• Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of ASM (2003) – doctorate.
Thesis for the degree of Ph.D.: “Ottoman Coin in Moldova (1512-1603)”

Tel.: +373 (22) 23 82 85
Email: anuta.boldureanu@nationalmuseum.md

 



 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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Winter schedule: daily
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Entrance fees:  adults - 10 MDL, pensioners, adults with moderate disabilities / disability of the 3rd degree, students - 5 MDL, school students - 2 MDL. Free access: enlisted men (...)

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#Exhibit of the Month

In the culture of many peoples from ancient times (and to the present day), mirrors have been given a special role in ritual practice, especially funerary ones. For many communities, mirrors, like metal objects in general, served to protect against evil spirits. Mirrors had a dual purpose - a utilitarian one, as a toilet item, and ritual, as an attribute of a magical rite. The latter is explained by the fact that in the ideas of many peoples the soul of a person is connected to his reflection in a mirror or water. Being external to man, the "soul-reflection" is subject to various dangers.Obviously, belief in the magical possibilities of mirrors is one of the reasons why the owners kept them closed in wooden, cloth, felt or leather cases and pouches. An expensive mirror was placed in the grave along with the deceased for fear that the soul of a living person reflected in it could be carried away by the spirit of the person passed away. On the other hand, to this day, many nations have a tradition of hanging all the mirrors if there is a dead person in the house, so as not to multiply death....

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2023 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2023 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2023 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC