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National Museum of History of Moldova
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

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National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Museum structure

Management


General Director of NMHM
Eugen Sava, Doctor Habilitat of Historical Sciences

Education:
• Department of History, SUM (1983);
• Institute of History of Material Culture of AS of USSR (1985-1988) – doctorate;
• Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of ASM (2003);
• State University of Moldova (2003) – doctor habilitat.
Field of research: Prehistoric archaeology in the Carpathian-Dniester area

Tel.: +373 (22) 24 43 25
Email: office@nationalmuseum.md

Deputy Director for Collections
Elena Postica, Doctor of Historical Sciences

Education:
• Department of History, SUM (1976);
• Institute of History of ASM (1998) – doctorate.
Thesis for the degree of Ph.D.: “Anti-Soviet Resistance in the Moldavian SSR (1944-1950)”.

Tel.: +373 (22) 24 15 61
Email: elena.postica@nationalmuseum.md 

Deputy Director for Public Relations
Mariana Vasilache, drd.

Education: Department of History and Philosophy, SUM (2010)

Tel.: +373 (22) 23 83 13
Email: mariana.vasilache@nationalmuseum.md

Scientific Secretary
Elena Plosnita, Doctor habilitate of Historical Sciences

Education:
• Department of History, SUM (1977);
• “Lucian Blaga” University, Sibiu, Romania (1977) - doctorate.
Thesis for the degree of Ph.D.: “Anthropological and Historical Analysis of Museums in Moldova”.

Tel.: +373 (22) 22 14 89
Email: rackayskaine@yahoo.com

Chief Accountant
Angela Marchitan

Education: International Management Institute, Chisinau (2006)

Tel.: +373 (22) 23 82 69
Email: angela.marchitan@gmail.com


Departments

Curatorial Department
Head: Irina Goncharova

Education: State Pedagogical Institute named after Ion Creanga (1978)

Tel.: +373 (22) 23 82 82 

Restoration Department
Head: Ecaterina Bondarenco

Education: Department of History, SUM (1980)

Tel.: +373 (22) 23 82 84 

Department of Public Relations and Museum Education
Head: Natalia Popovici

Education: State Pedagogical University named after Ion Creanga (1992)

Tel.: +373 (22) 24 04 26
Email: natalia.popovici@nationalmuseum.md 

Exhibition Department
Head: Victor Toi

Education: Department of History, SUM (1983)

Tel.: +373 (22) 24 13 48
Email: victsoi@rambler.ru

Informatics Department
Head: Lilia Calughin

Education: Department of Library Science and Bibliography, SUM  (1992)

Tel.: +373 (22) 24 36 71
Email: lilia.calughin@nationalmuseum.md  

Publishing Center
Head: Aurel Zanoci, Doctor of Historical Sciences

Education:
• Department of History, SUM (1991);
• State University of Moldova (1993-1996) – doctorate.
Thesis for the degree of Ph.D.:  “The Getae-Dacian Fortifications in the Area outside the Carpathians in 6th – 3rd centuries B.C.”

Tel.: +373 (22) 23 82 79
Email: aurel.zanoci@nationalmuseum.md

Library
Head: Mariana Balan

Education:
• Department of Letters, SUM (1995);
• Department of Post-University Studies, SUM (1997)

Tel.: +373 (22) 24 36 69
Email: marilibr@mail.ru  


Research Departments

Prehistoric and Ancient Archaeology
Head: Ion Tentiuc, Doctor of Historical Sciences

Education:
• Department of History, SUM (1983);
• “Al. I. Cuza” University, Iasi, Romania – doctorate.
Thesis for the degree of Ph.D.: “Population of Central Moldova in 11th – 13th centuries”

Tel.: +373 (22) 24 36 88
Email: ion.tentiuc@nationalmuseum.md  

Medieval History and Numismatics
Head: Anuta Boldureanu, Doctor of Historical Sciences

Education:
• Department of History, SUM (1994);
• Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of ASM (2003) – doctorate.
Thesis for the degree of Ph.D.: “Ottoman Coin in Moldova (1512-1603)”

Tel.: +373 (22) 23 82 85
Email: anuta.boldureanu@nationalmuseum.md

Modern and Contemporary History
Head: Ana Griţco

Education: Department of History, SUM

Tel.: +373 (22) 24 13 21
Email: ana.gritco@nationalmuseum.md 


 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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Winter schedule: daily
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Closed on Fridays.
Entrance fees:  adults - 10 MDL, pensioners, adults with moderate disabilities / disability of the 3rd degree, students - 5 MDL, school students - 2 MDL. Free access: enlisted men (...)

WiFi Free Wi-Fi Zone in the museum: In the courtyard of the National History Museum of Moldova there is Wi-Fi Internet access for visitors.








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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2020 National Museum of History of Moldova
31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
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Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
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