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National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Chronological Axis


Palaeolithic Age

(500,000 years ago – 7,000 years ago)

The Palaeolithic Age is divided into three large periods: Lower Palaeolithic (500,000 – 100,000 years ago); Middle Palaeolithic (100,000 – 35,000 years ago); Upper Palaeolithic (35,000 – 10,000 years ago). At present relics of the Lower Palaeolithic are presented in the Museum by the collection of items found at about 20 sites, of which the grottoes of Duruitoarea Veche, Ofatinti, and Butesti are the most representative.

The Middle Palaeolithic, or the Mousterian period, is presented by about 60 sites situated in the grottoes and caves from Butesti, Buzdugeni, Trinca, etc., the material from which takes an important place in the collection and exhibition of the Museum [3].

Today there are known about 350 sites dated from the Upper Palaeolithic where tools made of flint, bone, and horn were discovered [5, 6]. It is necessary to mention ones from Brinzeni, Bobulesti, Ciuntu, Scoc, Gordinesti, Ciutulesti, and Rascov. At the site of Climauti dwellings constructed with the use of mammoth ivory were discovered. In the Upper Palaeolithic there were first created objects of art:  pendants [2], anthropomorphic and zoomorphic statuettes [1, 4]. The Stone Age ends with the Mesolithic period (10,000 – 7,000 years ago). 

 

1.Spearheads made of mammoth ivory
 
1.Spearheads made of mammoth ivory - Palaeolithic Age
 
2.Pendant made of mammoth ivory
 
2.Pendant made of mammoth ivory - Palaeolithic Age
 
3.Hand axes and flint spearhead
 
3.Hand axes and flint spearhead - Palaeolithic Age
 
4.Adornments: ivory bracelet, necklace; and ritual objects: protoma of a bison, ornamented disk, and female figurine – made of ivory and stone
 
4.Adornments: ivory bracelet, necklace; and ritual objects: protoma of a bison, ornamented disk, and female figurine – made of ivory and stone  - Palaeolithic Age
 
5.Needles made of bone
 
5.Needles made of bone - Palaeolithic Age
 
6.Flint objects
 
6.Flint objects - Palaeolithic Age
 








Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

 



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