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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

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Publications Library „Tyragetia"

The population of Central Moldova in the 10th-13th centuries

The population of Central Moldova in the 10th-13th centuries

Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXVIII, Chişinău, 2017, 323 p.

The monograph represents an important synthesis of the historical, social-economic, political, demographic and cultural processes from the development of the first regional and state-level formations of the Romanian population in the Carpathian-Nistrian area in the 10th-13th centuries. The book is based on a thorough research of archaeological and written documentary sources (Byzantine, Scandinavian, Arabic and Old Russian), of the critical approach of historical-archaeological concepts regarding the population that lived in the forest steppe East-Carpathian area. Besides the topo-planigraphic research of settlements, fortified structures and of housing and burial complexes, the book approaches systematically and integratively the basic occupations - agriculture, animal husbandry and crafts, of which, by magnitude, dynamism and economic importance, iron metallurgy is distinguished. The phenomena related to the development of transit trade and monetary circulation are analyzed in full. The presence of tool and weapon deposits, silverware hoardings with Islamic and Byzantine coins and ornaments, the increase in the number and diversity of types of iron weapons, are related to the penetration and stationing in the region of Scandinavians, as well as craftsmen, soldiers and merchants, which transit the space from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea on old river trade routes, attracted by the fast and wealth of the great economic, political and cultural centers of the time - Byzantine Constantinople and Baghdad of the Muslim caliphate.

CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

Chapter I. HISTORIOGRAPHY

1.1. Soviet historiography

1.2. Romanian historiography

Chapter II. SETTLEMENTS, DWELLINGS AND HOUSEHOLD ANNEXES

2.1. Topography, planography and stratigraphy of settlements

2.2. Characteristics of dwellings

2.3. Household annexes (hearths, ovens, auxiliary pits)

Chapter III. MAIN OCCUPATIONS

3.1. Agriculture and animal husbandry

3.1.1. Agriculture

3.1.2. Animal husbandry

3.2. Crafts and auxiliary occupations

3.2.1. Metallurgy

3.2.1.1. Acquiring iron ore

3.2.1.2. Installations and remnants of metallurgical activity

3.2.2. Ironwork

3.2.2.1. Ironwork tools

3.2.2.2. Iron products

3.2.3. Processing of copper and bronze

3.2.3.1. Molds and metal casting vessels

3.2.3.2. Pieces of colored metal

3.2.4. Pottery

3.2.4.1. Ceramic manufacturing technology

3.2.4.2. Ceramic burning installations

3.2.4.3. Ceramic forms

3.2.5. Other crafts (working wood, stone, leather, bone, fibers)

3.2.6. Auxiliary activities (hunting, fishing, harvesting)

3.3. Trade and coin circulation

3.3.1. Imported ceramics

3.3.2. Glass and glass paste articles

3.3.3. Coins and coin circulation

3.3.3.1. Islamic coin

3.3.3.2. Byzantine coin

3.3.3.3. European coin

IV. SPIRITUAL LIFE, FUNERAL PRACTICES

4.1. Spiritual life

4.1.1. Alphabetiform signs

4.1.2. Testimonies of Christian spirituality

4.1.3. Christian churches

4.2. Funeral practices

4.2.1. Funerary rite

4.2.2. Funeral ritual

4.2.3. Destroyed tombs. Pagan practices

4.2.4. Findings from the funeral complexes

V. FORMS OF SOCIAL AND POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS AND RELATIONS OF THE AUTOCHTHONES WITH THE BYZANTINE, SLAVIC AND TURANIC WORLD

5.1. Forms of social and political organization

5.2. East-Carpathian Romanity and the Byzantium

5.3. Romanians from the East of the Carpathians and their contacts with the late Slavs

5.4. Relations between the autochthones and the Turanics

CONCLUSIONS

Bibliography

Abstract

List of illustrations

Appendix (Tables, Diagrams, Maps)



 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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