EN RO















#Exhibit of the Month

Deer antlers, as well as bones, teeth and shells of mollusks, belong to the category of hard materials of animal origin, which for a long time served as raw materials for prehistoric and protohistoric communities to make tools, weapons, containers, handles, as well as objects of prestige (sceptres) or adornments (necklaces, pendants, clothing accessories), certainly bearing a symbolic load.

The National Museum of History of Moldova has a valuable collection of products made of deer antler, the chronological framework of which covers a very wide period of time, from the Paleolithic era to the late Middle Ages. Based on this, and also taking into account the significance of the beginning of May (May 1 – International Labor Day), we present to our visitors a revolutionary type of tool, very useful, which is directly related to the development of agriculture and prehistoric societies. Antler pickaxes are the tools that contributed to what we call the Neolithic revolution, when there was a transition from hunter-gatherer hominids to sedentary people, agriculturists and cattle breeders, depending on the specifics of the region. Cucuteni agricultural human communities have a long tradition of exploiting Cervus elaphus (deer) resources, especially antlers.

The object comes from the Brânzeni III – Țiganca settlement (Edineț district), a site discovered in 1968 by the archaeologist Nicolae Chetraru, attributed to stage CII of the Tripolye culture. An unaffected part of the site was completely explored in 1970-1972 by Vsevolod Markevich; during the research 37 surface dwellings with platforms were found, revealing a new cultural aspect within the Cucuteni culture – Brânzeni, a cultural and chronological phenomenon that marks the beginning of the final stage of the Eneolithic era, the end of the 4th millennium BC.

The pickaxe hammer, dual-functional product made of the basal part of the main axis of the antler, cleaned and polished, without traces of the basal part, without rosettes and other secondary horn beams. The surface with traces of cuts is polished, in some places with strong luster. The object has a round transverse hole, slightly oblique, with a cylindrical section, located in the middle, and has a pronounced bluntness, chips and a longitudinal crack from antiquity. The active parts – the head and slightly oblique tip, completely kept – are relatively well preserved, with traces of wear and cracks in places due to intensive use.

These traces give us a history of this object, which was originally, most likely, an axe hammer, intended to split, cut, and strike, but with the wear of its blade turned into a pickaxe hammer, used both for percussion activities and for loosening the earth. The object was used as a working tool, but most likely also as a weapon.

Dimensions: L.: 113 mm; W.: 56 mm; thickness: 44 mm: Hole diameter: 20x22 mm.

Virtual Tour




Evolution of the habitat in the Saharna micro-zone in the Iron Age

Evolution of the habitat in the Saharna micro-zone in the Iron Age

Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XXVII, Chișinău, 2016, 464 p.

The monograph presents the results of the archaeological investigations carried out in 2008-2016 in the Saharna micro-zone, Rezina District, Republic of Moldova. There are published exhaustively the objects from the sites of Saharna Mare / “Dealul Mănăstirii”, Saharna Mică and Saharna “La Şanț” researched by the means of systematic archaeological excavations, as well as the results of the archaeological surveys carried out at the sites of Saharna “La Şanț” I, Saharna “La Şanț” II, Saharna “Dealul Grimidon”, Saharna “La Vile”, Saharna-ŢiglăuCetate”, Stohnaia III and Buciușca.

It also presents the diachronic evolution and significance of sites in the Saharna micro-zone during the Iron Age.

The work contains 464 pages of text, five tables, and 278 color and black and white figures.

 

CONTENTS 

INTRODUCTION  

SAHARNA MICRO-ZONE. GEOGRAPHICAL CHARACTERIZATION (Marcel Revenco, Tudor Castraveț, Ionuț Cristi Nicu)

Chapter I. OPEN SETTLEMENTS AND FORTIFIED SITES ON THE  SAHARNA MARE PROMONTORY    

1. Archaeological research

2. Non-invasive investigations  (Andrei Asăndulesei)     

2.1. Topographic survey and 3-dimensional terrestrial laser scanning (TLS)  

2.2. Analysis of orthorectified images 

2.3. Magnetometric measurements       

3. The Saharna Mare / “Dealul Mănăstirii” settlement in the 12th-11th c. BC      

4. The Saharna Mare / “Dealul Mănăstirii” site in the 10th-9th c. BC       

4.1. The fortress            

4.1.1. The defensive system          

4.1.2. Dwelling, household, and worship complexes       

4.1.3. Archaeological findings      

4.2. The open settlement          

4.2.1. Household and worship complexes           

4.2.2. Archaeological findings      

5. The Saharna Mare / “Dealul Mănăstirii” settlement in the 8th-7th c. BC.         

6. The Saharna Mare fortress in the 6th-3rd c. BC 

6.1. The defensive system        

6.2. Dwelling and household complexes         

6.3. Archaeological findings    

7. Stratigraphy and chronology    

Chapter II. OPEN SETTLEMENTS AND FORTIFIED SITES ON THE  SAHARNA MICĂ PROMONTORY (Ion Niculiță, Tudor Arnăut , Andrei Nicic, Andrei Corobcean)        

1. Archaeological research

2. The site at the end of the 12th c. and in the 11th c. BC

2.1. Complexes 

2.2. Archaeological findings    

3. The fortress from the 7th c. to the end of the 3rd c. BC           

3.1. The defensive system        

3.2. Complexes 

3.3. Archaeological findings    

4. Stratigraphy and chronology    

Chapter III. SAHARNA “LA ŞANŢ” SITE      

1. Archaeological and magnetometric research   

2. Early Hallstattian settlement    

3. Thraco-Getic fortress    

3.1. The defensive system        

3.2. Complexes 

3.3. Archaeological findings    

4. Stratigraphy and chronology    

Chapter IV. THE IRON AGE SITES  IN THE SAHARNA MICRO-ZONE           

Chapter V. DIACHRONIC EVOLUTION AND SIGNIFICANCE OF SITES OF THE SAHARNA MICRO-ZONE        

CONCLUSIONS     

Catalog of inventory items 

Bibliography

List of Abbreviations          

Abstract        

List of Illustrations


 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
May 18, 2022 – December 31, 2022
 
Over 2500 pieces made of precious metals with historic, artistic and symbolic value
  
Come to Museum! Discover the History!
  
Visit museum
Visit museum
Summer schedule: daily
10am – 6pm.

Winter schedule: daily
10am – 5pm.
Closed on Fridays.
Entrance fees:  adults - 10 MDL, pensioners, adults with moderate disabilities / disability of the 3rd degree, students - 5 MDL, school students - 2 MDL. Free access: enlisted men (...)

WiFi Free Wi-Fi Zone in the museum: In the courtyard of the National History Museum of Moldova there is Wi-Fi Internet access for visitors.






#Exhibit of the Month

Deer antlers, as well as bones, teeth and shells of mollusks, belong to the category of hard materials of animal origin, which for a long time served as raw materials for prehistoric and protohistoric communities to make tools, weapons, containers, handles, as well as objects of prestige (sceptres) or adornments (necklaces, pendants, clothing accessories), certainly bearing a symbolic load...

Read More >>
































The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC