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#Exhibit of the Month

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The exhibit represents a unique trinocle type vessel. It is dated to the Eneolithic period, the 5th-4th millennia BC, being related to the Cucuteni-Tripolia civilization (Cucuteni A-B - Tripoli B stage).

The artefact was discovered in 1986 in the settlement of Florești V, 2.5 km west of the town of Florești, currently the estate of the village of Mărculești, on the slope of a promontory, on the surface of which the traces of about 40 prehistoric dwellings were observed.

The original fragments discovered allowed a faithful restoration of the archaeological piece, offering us, in this context, an exceptional heritage object.

The piece conventionally called "vessel" represents a device in the form of a trinocle consisting of three monocles - ceramic tubes joined at the ends by means of bridges. The monocles have cylindrical bodies hollow inside, being oval in the middle, with the lip and base flared in the shape of funnels, the edges at the extremities being flat.

The red-brick colored vessel is modeled from a fine paste of clay, burned oxidizingly and decorated with painted ornament, for which natural dyes of black-cherry shade were used. Monocles identical in shape and size are painted in the same decorative manner. On the outside, both the upper and lower funnels, along with the middle of the piece and the decks, a decoration with geometric motifs is painted. The stylized ornament on the vessel is unfolded in two and three vertical levels and divided into four registers. The most important ornamented area on the trinocle is the space between the funnels in the middle area. The decoration is composed of a group of eight horizontal lines executed on the middle of the monocles and three groups of 3-4 lines arranged vertically between registers separated by relatively thick parallel bands. On the outside, the funnels are ornamented with circles inside of which are intersected by a group of three lines and a large painted dot, and around them are several foliate representations. A few spiral lines are also observed between other thick bands arranged in triangles with a concave side. Inside the funnels, the surface is rudimentarily smoothed, forming several uneven grooves, which represent the pressed traces of the tool with which the interior was shaped, and upon closer analysis, the existence of traces of the potter's fingers can also be admitted. The decor presents images of mythological creatures and symbols of religious ideas and beliefs of the prehistoric Cucutenian communities, from which the functionality of these pieces, which could be used in magical-ritual practices, is assumed.

The dimensions of the vessel are as follows: height - 228 mm; the diameters of the extremities vary from 135 to 142 mm; maximum diameter on the line of two binoculars / bowl width - 285-291 mm.

The trident vessel from Florești belongs to the classic period of the Cucuteni culture, when the so-called "binocular" vessels were very widely known. Viewed in this context, the trinocle from Florești presents itself as a unique piece not only in the Pruto-Nistrian space, but also in the entire area of spread of the Cucuteni-Tripolye civilization, from the Carpathians to the Dnieper.

Virtual Tour




Evolution of the habitat in the Saharna micro-zone in the Iron Age

Evolution of the habitat in the Saharna micro-zone in the Iron Age

Biblioteca “Tyragetia” XXVII, Chișinău, 2016, 464 p.

The monograph presents the results of the archaeological investigations carried out in 2008-2016 in the Saharna micro-zone, Rezina District, Republic of Moldova. There are published exhaustively the objects from the sites of Saharna Mare / “Dealul Mănăstirii”, Saharna Mică and Saharna “La Şanț” researched by the means of systematic archaeological excavations, as well as the results of the archaeological surveys carried out at the sites of Saharna “La Şanț” I, Saharna “La Şanț” II, Saharna “Dealul Grimidon”, Saharna “La Vile”, Saharna-ŢiglăuCetate”, Stohnaia III and Buciușca.

It also presents the diachronic evolution and significance of sites in the Saharna micro-zone during the Iron Age.

The work contains 464 pages of text, five tables, and 278 color and black and white figures.

 

CONTENTS 

INTRODUCTION  

SAHARNA MICRO-ZONE. GEOGRAPHICAL CHARACTERIZATION (Marcel Revenco, Tudor Castraveț, Ionuț Cristi Nicu)

Chapter I. OPEN SETTLEMENTS AND FORTIFIED SITES ON THE  SAHARNA MARE PROMONTORY    

1. Archaeological research

2. Non-invasive investigations  (Andrei Asăndulesei)     

2.1. Topographic survey and 3-dimensional terrestrial laser scanning (TLS)  

2.2. Analysis of orthorectified images 

2.3. Magnetometric measurements       

3. The Saharna Mare / “Dealul Mănăstirii” settlement in the 12th-11th c. BC      

4. The Saharna Mare / “Dealul Mănăstirii” site in the 10th-9th c. BC       

4.1. The fortress            

4.1.1. The defensive system          

4.1.2. Dwelling, household, and worship complexes       

4.1.3. Archaeological findings      

4.2. The open settlement          

4.2.1. Household and worship complexes           

4.2.2. Archaeological findings      

5. The Saharna Mare / “Dealul Mănăstirii” settlement in the 8th-7th c. BC.         

6. The Saharna Mare fortress in the 6th-3rd c. BC 

6.1. The defensive system        

6.2. Dwelling and household complexes         

6.3. Archaeological findings    

7. Stratigraphy and chronology    

Chapter II. OPEN SETTLEMENTS AND FORTIFIED SITES ON THE  SAHARNA MICĂ PROMONTORY (Ion Niculiță, Tudor Arnăut , Andrei Nicic, Andrei Corobcean)        

1. Archaeological research

2. The site at the end of the 12th c. and in the 11th c. BC

2.1. Complexes 

2.2. Archaeological findings    

3. The fortress from the 7th c. to the end of the 3rd c. BC           

3.1. The defensive system        

3.2. Complexes 

3.3. Archaeological findings    

4. Stratigraphy and chronology    

Chapter III. SAHARNA “LA ŞANŢ” SITE      

1. Archaeological and magnetometric research   

2. Early Hallstattian settlement    

3. Thraco-Getic fortress    

3.1. The defensive system        

3.2. Complexes 

3.3. Archaeological findings    

4. Stratigraphy and chronology    

Chapter IV. THE IRON AGE SITES  IN THE SAHARNA MICRO-ZONE           

Chapter V. DIACHRONIC EVOLUTION AND SIGNIFICANCE OF SITES OF THE SAHARNA MICRO-ZONE        

CONCLUSIONS     

Catalog of inventory items 

Bibliography

List of Abbreviations          

Abstract        

List of Illustrations



 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

The exhibit represents a unique trinocle type vessel. It is dated to the Eneolithic period, the 5th-4th millennia BC, being related to the Cucuteni-Tripolia civilization (Cucuteni A-B - Tripoli B stage).The artefact was discovered in 1986 in the settlement of Florești V, 2.5 km west of the town of Florești, currently the estate of the village of Mărculești, on the slope of a promontory, on the surface of which the traces of about 40 prehistoric dwellings were observed...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC