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#Exhibit of the Month

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The exhibit represents a unique trinocle type vessel. It is dated to the Eneolithic period, the 5th-4th millennia BC, being related to the Cucuteni-Tripolia civilization (Cucuteni A-B - Tripoli B stage).

The artefact was discovered in 1986 in the settlement of Florești V, 2.5 km west of the town of Florești, currently the estate of the village of Mărculești, on the slope of a promontory, on the surface of which the traces of about 40 prehistoric dwellings were observed.

The original fragments discovered allowed a faithful restoration of the archaeological piece, offering us, in this context, an exceptional heritage object.

The piece conventionally called "vessel" represents a device in the form of a trinocle consisting of three monocles - ceramic tubes joined at the ends by means of bridges. The monocles have cylindrical bodies hollow inside, being oval in the middle, with the lip and base flared in the shape of funnels, the edges at the extremities being flat.

The red-brick colored vessel is modeled from a fine paste of clay, burned oxidizingly and decorated with painted ornament, for which natural dyes of black-cherry shade were used. Monocles identical in shape and size are painted in the same decorative manner. On the outside, both the upper and lower funnels, along with the middle of the piece and the decks, a decoration with geometric motifs is painted. The stylized ornament on the vessel is unfolded in two and three vertical levels and divided into four registers. The most important ornamented area on the trinocle is the space between the funnels in the middle area. The decoration is composed of a group of eight horizontal lines executed on the middle of the monocles and three groups of 3-4 lines arranged vertically between registers separated by relatively thick parallel bands. On the outside, the funnels are ornamented with circles inside of which are intersected by a group of three lines and a large painted dot, and around them are several foliate representations. A few spiral lines are also observed between other thick bands arranged in triangles with a concave side. Inside the funnels, the surface is rudimentarily smoothed, forming several uneven grooves, which represent the pressed traces of the tool with which the interior was shaped, and upon closer analysis, the existence of traces of the potter's fingers can also be admitted. The decor presents images of mythological creatures and symbols of religious ideas and beliefs of the prehistoric Cucutenian communities, from which the functionality of these pieces, which could be used in magical-ritual practices, is assumed.

The dimensions of the vessel are as follows: height - 228 mm; the diameters of the extremities vary from 135 to 142 mm; maximum diameter on the line of two binoculars / bowl width - 285-291 mm.

The trident vessel from Florești belongs to the classic period of the Cucuteni culture, when the so-called "binocular" vessels were very widely known. Viewed in this context, the trinocle from Florești presents itself as a unique piece not only in the Pruto-Nistrian space, but also in the entire area of spread of the Cucuteni-Tripolye civilization, from the Carpathians to the Dnieper.

Virtual Tour




Poienești-Lucașeuca settlement and necropolis from Borosești (Iași county)

Poienești-Lucașeuca settlement and necropolis from Borosești (Iași county)

Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXXII, Chişinău, 2020

Durch die Menge und den besonderen Wert der wissenschaftlichen Informationen, erweist sich der archäologische Fundplatz von Borosești (Landkreis Iași, Gemeinde Scânteia) als äußerst bedeutsam, um wichtige Probleme in Bezug auf die kulturhistorischen Zusammenhänge ab dem Ende des 1. Jhds. v. Chr. im ostkarpatischen Raum zu erkennen und aufzuklären.

In den Jahren 1968-1978 (mit kleinen Unterbrechungen) wurden die Siedlung und die Nekropole von Borosești von M. Babeș erforscht. Während drei Ausgrabungskampagnen (1968, 1970 und 1972) in der Siedlung, wurden vier Schnitte und sechs Kassetten erstellt. Dabei wurden die Überreste von drei (?) oberflächigen Bebauungen, sieben Gruben, sowie umfangreiches archäologisches Material freigelegt, die der Poienești-Lucașeuca-Kultur zugeschrieben werden.

Der Nekropole wurde mehr Aufmerksamkeit als der Siedlung zu Teil und in mehreren Ausgrabungen umfangreich erforscht. Während sechs archäologischer Kampagnen (1972-1974, 1976-1978) wurde eine Fläche von 2550 Quadratmetern untersucht und dabei die gesamte Nekropole (150 Gräber) freigelegt. In Boroseşti können zwei Arten von Gräbern unterschieden werden: Von den insgesamt 150 entdeckten Bestattungen sind 136 (90,66%) Urnengräber und 14 (9,34%) Grubengräber.

Die relative Chronologie von Borosești basiert hauptsächlich auf der Analyse der Entdeckungen auf dem Gräberfeld. In Anbetracht der Kombinationen von Inventarstücken wurden zwei Hauptgruppen von Gräbern unterschieden, die unserer Meinung nach zwei Bestattungsphasen entsprechen. Diese Etappen können mit den Phasen C2-D1 der Latène-Kultur in Mitteleuropa oder mit der ersten und zweiten Phase der jüngeren vorrömischen Eisenzeit nach R. Hachmann synchronisiert werden, die in absoluter Chronologie dem zweiten Viertel des 2. bis zur ersten Hälfte des 1. Jhd. v. Chr. entspricht.

In Bezug auf den Ursprung der Funde aus Borosești ist zu erwähnen, dass für die meisten von ihnen Analogien in Mitteleuropa zu finden sind. Das lässt vermuten, dass ab der zweiten Hälfte des 3. Jhd. v. Chr. die Bevölkerungsgruppen aus verschiedenen Regionen des Jastorf-Raums, insbesondere aus dem Elbe-Oder Gebiet, in mindestens drei archäologisch nachvollziehbaren Migrationsphasen nach Südosten gezogen sind und sich in der Karpaten-Dnjestrischen Waldsteppe niedergelassen haben. Die angestammte Bevölkerung, die in diesem Raum unterschiedliche Namen trugen, verloren im Zuge der Migration ihre alte Stammesidentität. Sie gruppierten sich in die neuen Gemeinschaften ein und wurden der griechischen und römischen Welt unter dem Gattungsnamen Bastarnen bekannt.

INHALTVERZEICHNIS

EINLEITUNG

I. DIE SIEDLUNG BEIM BOROSEȘTI
I.1. Umfang der Grabung
I.2. Stratigraphie
I.3. Beschreibung den Befunden der P-L-Kultur
I.4. Hütten und andere Befunde

II. DIE NEKROPOLE BEIM BOROSEȘTI
II.1. Fundkatalog
II.1.1. Gräber
II.1.2. Ritualische Gruben
II.1.3.Funde entdeckte passim
II.2. Bestattungssitten
II.3. Bestattungsrituale
II.4. Untersuchung der Ausstattungkombinationen

III FUNDMATERIAL
III.1. Keramik
III.1.1. Handgemachte Keramik
III.1.2. Drehscheibenkeramik
III.2. Eisen- und Holzbehälter
III.3. Werkzeuge und Geräte
III.3.1. Tongegenstände
III.3.2. Steingeräte
III.3.3. Gegenstände aus Metall
III.4. Kultgegenstände
III.5. Trachtgegenstände
III.6. Toilettengegenstände
III.7. Schmuckgegenstände
III.8. Waffen und Ausrüstungsgegenstände

IV CHRONOLOGIE
IV.1. Chronologie der Siedlung und der Nekropole
IV.2. Chronologische Beziehungen zur Chronologie der P-L-Kultur
IV.3. Chronologische Beziehungen zur Latène-Kultur
IV.4. Chronologische Beziehungen zu den „germanischen" Kulturen
IV.5. Die absolute Chronologie der Siedlung und der Nekropole

SCHLUSSFOLGERUNGEN

LITERATUR

Liste der Abbildungen und Tafeln

 




 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

The exhibit represents a unique trinocle type vessel. It is dated to the Eneolithic period, the 5th-4th millennia BC, being related to the Cucuteni-Tripolia civilization (Cucuteni A-B - Tripoli B stage).The artefact was discovered in 1986 in the settlement of Florești V, 2.5 km west of the town of Florești, currently the estate of the village of Mărculești, on the slope of a promontory, on the surface of which the traces of about 40 prehistoric dwellings were observed...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC