EN RO















#Exhibit of the Month

Deer antlers, as well as bones, teeth and shells of mollusks, belong to the category of hard materials of animal origin, which for a long time served as raw materials for prehistoric and protohistoric communities to make tools, weapons, containers, handles, as well as objects of prestige (sceptres) or adornments (necklaces, pendants, clothing accessories), certainly bearing a symbolic load.

The National Museum of History of Moldova has a valuable collection of products made of deer antler, the chronological framework of which covers a very wide period of time, from the Paleolithic era to the late Middle Ages. Based on this, and also taking into account the significance of the beginning of May (May 1 – International Labor Day), we present to our visitors a revolutionary type of tool, very useful, which is directly related to the development of agriculture and prehistoric societies. Antler pickaxes are the tools that contributed to what we call the Neolithic revolution, when there was a transition from hunter-gatherer hominids to sedentary people, agriculturists and cattle breeders, depending on the specifics of the region. Cucuteni agricultural human communities have a long tradition of exploiting Cervus elaphus (deer) resources, especially antlers.

The object comes from the Brânzeni III – Țiganca settlement (Edineț district), a site discovered in 1968 by the archaeologist Nicolae Chetraru, attributed to stage CII of the Tripolye culture. An unaffected part of the site was completely explored in 1970-1972 by Vsevolod Markevich; during the research 37 surface dwellings with platforms were found, revealing a new cultural aspect within the Cucuteni culture – Brânzeni, a cultural and chronological phenomenon that marks the beginning of the final stage of the Eneolithic era, the end of the 4th millennium BC.

The pickaxe hammer, dual-functional product made of the basal part of the main axis of the antler, cleaned and polished, without traces of the basal part, without rosettes and other secondary horn beams. The surface with traces of cuts is polished, in some places with strong luster. The object has a round transverse hole, slightly oblique, with a cylindrical section, located in the middle, and has a pronounced bluntness, chips and a longitudinal crack from antiquity. The active parts – the head and slightly oblique tip, completely kept – are relatively well preserved, with traces of wear and cracks in places due to intensive use.

These traces give us a history of this object, which was originally, most likely, an axe hammer, intended to split, cut, and strike, but with the wear of its blade turned into a pickaxe hammer, used both for percussion activities and for loosening the earth. The object was used as a working tool, but most likely also as a weapon.

Dimensions: L.: 113 mm; W.: 56 mm; thickness: 44 mm: Hole diameter: 20x22 mm.

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Museum. Museumification of the immovable cultural heritage

Museum. Museumification of the immovable cultural heritage

Biblioteca „Tyragetia” XXXIV, Chișinău, 2021

A museum is one of the oldest cultural institutions. Over time, the concept of a museum has undergone many changes, the institution being approached from different points of view. Today, the concept of a museum is the subject of extensive debate in the world of museum professionals. New approaches and interpretations related to the mission and vision of a museum are proposed, new models of museum institutions appear. A museum is becoming an indispensable cultural institution for a modern society that preserves and develops the heritage. The development is a universal way of preserving cultural heritage, contributing to tolerance and cohesion in society. The level of development of the heritage also determines the level of development of the society. Effective development of the heritage is achieved through museumification. Museumification leads to the promotion of monuments, their successful use for educational purposes, complex study, interdisciplinary approach and amplification of the process of knowledge and awareness of the need to protect them. The subject of this book is the preservation and optimal development of cultural heritage through museumification, in order to sustain the development of society, the spiritual development of people. The approach to this topic starts from the belief that such research is necessary and can be useful. Museumification is seen as a tool for the protection and development of immovable cultural heritage. This paper presents an important page in the history of national culture, concerning museums and museumification, heritage and heritageization. The topic touched upon here, we believe, relates to museology, heritage science, the areas that are complex, but important for national culture. Museumification is a complex process involving the transformation of cultural and natural heritage into museum objects with the aim of maximizing their preservation, revealing their historical, cultural, scientific, artistic value, and for their promotion. Museumification is considered as an optimal way to protect and relay the socio-cultural experience through the use of memorial houses, archaeological sites, religious monuments, literary and memorial complexes. The process of museumification in the Republic of Moldova is presented in the paper in historical dynamics, in various forms in which it manifested itself - as a museum activity, as a way of preserving and using historical monuments, and as an important factor in the development of the museum system and museography in general. The work includes three chapters with a complex documentary and bibliographic basis.

CONTENTS

Preface (by Liliana Condraticova)

A book about museum and museumification (by Ioan Opriș)

Argument

I. MUSEUM INSTITUTION. PROFESSIONALIZATION OF THE MUSEOGRAPHIC FIELD

I.1. About a museum
I.2. National and international organizations as important tools in forming the professional community
I.3. Professional training of museographers
I.4. Specialized press in the professional communication system
I.5. Professionalization standards: Code of ethics
I.6. Accreditation of museums as a new stage in the professionalization of the museographic field

II. MUSEUMS AND HISTORIC MONUMENTS IN THE INSTITUTIONAL AND LEGISLATIVE SYSTEM

II.1. Institutional structures dedicated to museums
II.2. Museum institution. Legislative aspects
II.3. The contemporary museum between tradition and modernity
II.4. Heritage and heritageization
II.5. Historical monuments in the institutional system
II.6. Legislation regarding historical monuments

III. MUSEUMIFICATION OF IMMOVABLE HERITAGE

III.1. The grammar of the museumification of cultural heritage
III.2. Muzeumification of memorial houses
III.3. Museum and church: problems of museumification
III.4. Archeology and the museumification process
III.5. Museumification of medieval fortresses
III.6. Museumification of historical sites

CONCLUSION

Bibliography

List of abbreviations

Abstract

Резюме

Annexes

Index of proper names

Index of museums

Index of historical monuments

 



 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

Deer antlers, as well as bones, teeth and shells of mollusks, belong to the category of hard materials of animal origin, which for a long time served as raw materials for prehistoric and protohistoric communities to make tools, weapons, containers, handles, as well as objects of prestige (sceptres) or adornments (necklaces, pendants, clothing accessories), certainly bearing a symbolic load...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC