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#Exhibit of the Month

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Radio represents one of the outstanding technological achievements of human thought, which led to the emergence and development of the most powerful and popular means of mass communication. From its beginnings, radio broadcasting had immediate effects on the social, economic, military, but also on the cultural level.

Radio is the work of time, to which many scientists have contributed. Among the most important names we mention: the Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell, who predicted, in 1860, the existence of radio waves; the German physicist Heinrich Rudolph Hertz, who demonstrated that rapid variations in electric current could be projected into space as radio waves; the American inventor of Croatian origin Nicola Tesla, who, in 1891, built the theoretical model of the device that produced electromagnetic cycles.

Those who are primarily credited with this discovery - the Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi and the Russian physicist Alexander Popov - did nothing more than synthesize or weave together floating ideas, so no one has intellectual authorship, which does not exclude their rights conferred by patents and glory.

For more than 120 years, radio has been telling stories, saving lives, delivering news, educating generations, providing a means of recreation, shaping a society's experience of diversity. As a sign of appreciation for this powerful vector of information and culture, UNESCO instituted, in 2012, a special holiday, World Radio Day, which is celebrated worldwide on February 13.

The advent of sound broadcasting propelled the development of radio technology. Gradually, starting in 1920, the need for collective auditions determined the manufacture of the first loudspeakers based on the principle of electromagnetic induction, which had a diaphragm or a diffuser cone. Moved by a metal paddle, they actuated a large mass of air, thus producing loud sounds. Overcoming the evolutionary framework, with all the inherent difficulties, the radio was continuously perfected, with predilection after the invention of radio lamps and transistors, arriving at the construction of increasingly complex devices.

The National Museum of History of Moldova conserves and uses about 120 radio receivers with historical, technical and memorial value, manufactured between 1934 and the beginning of the 21st century in various countries. The radio sets in the museum heritage are of interest for the history of science and technology, some of them standing out as reference pieces for the evolution of means of communication.

From the point of view of the principle of operation, the radios owned by the museum are direct-amplified, reactive and superheterodyne. From a categorical point of view, the museum's radio technical fund is made up of: 36 radio equipment, 17 radio receivers with electronic tubes and 68 transistorized radio receivers. This month, as part of the "Exhibit of the Month" series, we bring to the public's attention two stationary radio receivers with electronic tubes, Telefunken and Philips, of great historical and technical value, they laid the foundations for the constitution of the museum's collection of radio devices.

Telefunken radio receiver, model Koncert Trial, was manufactured at the Radiotechna enterprise in Prague-Prelouc, Czechoslovakia, between 1934 and 1935. It is a superheterodyne device, in a Bakelite case. Technical characteristics: 4 electronic tubes - REN904, REN904, RENS1374S and RGN564; the wave ranges - UL (long waves), UM (medium waves) and US (short waves); dimensions - 290x355x175 mm; power supply - 110/240 V; speaker - permanently dynamic.

Philips radio receiver, model 36U, was manufactured in 1943 at the Philips workshop in Hungary (which operated from 1931 to 1949). It is a superheterodyne device, in a bakelite case. Technical characteristics: 4 electronic tubes - UCH21, UCH21, UBL21 and UY21; wave ranges: UL (long waves) and US (short waves); dimensions: 250x170x130 mm; power supply: 110/150/220 V, weight: 2.5 kg; speaker - permanently dynamic.

Virtual Tour



Events Archive



Charity event at the art exhibition

6 April 2022

On Wednesday, April 6, 2022, at the National Museum of History of Moldova, the Hospices of Hope Moldova and the Embassy of Ukraine in Chisinau organized a charity reception entitled "For Ukraine - Charity Reception", which was attended by officials, ambassadors, businessmen, artists of Ukrainian origin , refugees in the Republic of Moldova. The event benefited from an artistic program offered by Igor Znatakov, the chief conductor of the V. Vasilko Ukrainian Music and Drama Theater in Odessa, together with his family. Olesea Shevchenko, wife of the Ambassador of Ukraine in Chisinau, president of the non-profit organization International Women's Club of Moldova, gave an extraordinary recital of Ukrainian songs.

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Distinguished Gentleman’s Drive

26 September 2021

The Distinguished Gentleman’s Drive was a celebration of classic style. 2021 was the inaugural event, that took place on Sunday, September 26th. It is an on-road motoring event, uniting pre-80’s classic cars, designed to encourage enthusiasts and vintage car owners around the world to dress dapper and drive for men’s health. All funds raised by our Distinguished Gentlefolk support our charity partner, Movember.

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Cycle of actions “Moldova-30”

27 August 2021

On August 27, 2021, the Blue Room of the National Museum of History of Moldova held the official ceremony of the introduction into circulation of postage stamps dedicated to the 30th anniversary of the proclamation of the Independence of the Republic of Moldova and 30 years since the issuance of the first postage stamps of the Republic of Moldova. The event took place within the "Moldova-30" National Program of Actions dedicated to the celebration of the 30th anniversary of the proclamation of the independence of the Republic of Moldova and was carried out in collaboration with SE "Post of Moldova" and the Union of Philatelists of the Republic of Moldova.

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The 2nd “Ball of Talents. Miss and Mister Childhood Contest 2020-2021”

5 June 2021

On June 5, the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted the 2nd "Ball of Talents. Miss and Mister Childhood Contest 2020-2021" dedicated to the International Children's Day.

The event, organized jointly with the Sunshine JSC for children with Down's syndrome, took place in the courtyard of the museum, giving all the participants a lot of smiles and wonderful moments. Together with the kids, several local artists celebrated the childhood holiday: Georgeta Voinovan &Crescendo, Adrian Ursu, Serj Kuzencoff, Aurel Chirtoacă, Corina Țepeș and Costi Burlacu, the SunStroke Project group, the clown Veaceslav Iacovlev and others. Also, the children were presented with many gifts from the partners of the event.

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“Skillful Small Hands” Workshop

30 December 2020

There is no gift more precious than a handmade one. This week, the festive atmosphere was especially vivid in the Museum, and the gifts were wonderful.

Our guide, Alina Parabina, together with children from some schools of the municipality, held several workshops of "Skillful Small Hands". Children made Christmas trees and mushrooms out of cotton wool. The result is impressive!

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Interactive event on the theme “It's your life, take care of it!”

16 December 2020

On December 16, the Department of Public Relations and Museum Education organized an interactive event on the theme "It's your life, take care of it!" with the 5th grade students of the Gh. Asachi Theoretical High School from Chisinau. The action is part of the National Health Promotion Program 2016-2020 and is held at the museum for the fourth year in a row.

This meeting is held for informational and educational purposes, to discuss and prevent the use of tobacco, alcohol and drugs among adolescents.

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Opening of the Exhibition "Official and unofficial symbols of the Republic of Moldova"

3 November 2020

Opening of the Exhibition "Official and unofficial symbols of the Republic of Moldova" took place on November 3, 2020, the day that marks the 30th anniversary of the adoption of the State Coat of Arms of the Republic of Moldova.

The event began with a greeting speech by the Director General of the National Museum of History of Moldova, Eugen Sava, who noted the importance of organizing the exhibition in order to educate patriotism, dignity and appreciation of national values. Mr. Corneliu Popovici, Presidential Adviser, President of the National Heraldry Commission, in his speech praised the efforts to commemorate important events in the Republic of Moldova, including by organizing this exhibition.


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XXXth Annual Scientific Conference with International Participation “History. Archeology. Museology” held online

30 October 2020

The annual scientific conference held by the National Museum of History of Moldova over the years has turned into a prestigious forum that brings together famous historians, archaeologists and museographers from the country and abroad. This year's conference communications featured thematic diversity, new methodological approaches, and interdisciplinary research. A significant part of the communications was based on the results of new archaeological investigations, the study of original archival sources, offering new interpretations of known sources.

The conference brought together over 90 participants from 10 countries: Moldova, Romania, Ukraine, Poland, Germany, France, Tajikistan, Lithuania, Georgia, and the Russian Federation.

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„Movie at the Museum”

26 September 2020

In order to promote our historical and cultural values reflected in cinematographic works, from August 1 to September 26, every Saturday evening, starting at 20:50, an open-air cinema was held in the courtyard of the National Museum of History of Moldova. The viewers were given the opportunity to watch the classic Moldavian films of the Moldova-Film studio. For some, it was an opportunity to remember their beautiful youth, for others to learn that not everything old comes back.

Details>>


Ethno Jazz Festival 2020

26 September 2020

Between September 25 and 26, the courtyard of the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted the 19th Ethno Jazz Festival.

Two evenings in succession, guests such as Vali Boghean, Mark Oselski, Ana Carla Maza Trio, Grégory Privat and others delighted the audience. The songs performed are included in the 9th album of the Trigon, created during the pandemic.

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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

Radio represents one of the outstanding technological achievements of human thought, which led to the emergence and development of the most powerful and popular means of mass communication. From its beginnings, radio broadcasting had immediate effects on the social, economic, military, but also on the cultural level....

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2023 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2023 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2023 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC