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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

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Events Archive



International scientific conference “Memory as cultural patrimony in Lithuania and Moldova. Exchange of experience in studying and preservation of memory of the victims of totalitarian regimes and soviet occupation”

3 December 2016

The scientific event was organized by the National Museum of History of Moldova (on the initiative of Museum of Victims of Deportations and Political Repressions), in cooperation with the Museum of Genocide Victims and Research Center on Genocide and Resistance of Lithuania. Cooperation between researchers and experts from Lithuania and Moldova will help create a bilateral scientific platform for the exchange of experience, research and historical valorisation of the period of Sovietization in Lithuania and Moldova, in particular, investigate the repressive mechanisms that ensured the establishment of the totalitarian communist regime.

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Presentation of the book “History of Bessarabia. Vol. 1: Preludes. From Paleolithic to the end of Antiquity” by Ion Ţurcanu

30 November 2016

The National Museum of History of Moldova and the Editorial-Polygraphic House „Ştiința" have organized a book launch event on November 30, 2016, in the Blue Room of the museum, with presentation of publication signed by Țurcanu Ion - „Istoria Basarabiei. Vol. 1: Preludii. Din paleolitic până la sfârșitul Antichității" (History of Bessarabia. Vol.1: Prelude. From Palaeolithic until the end of Antiquity), Chișinău, 2016, 868 p. + 32 plates.

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Scientific Conference „The Memory of the Victims of Totalitarian-Communist Regime: History, Impact, Responsibility”

25 November 2016

The scientific event was conducted within the State Program „Recovery and historical exploration of memory of the victims of totalitarian communist regime in Moldavian SSR during the years 1940-1941, 1944-1953" and reflected the results of scientific work of the research groups involved in projects from the Moldova State University, National Museum of History of Moldova, the State University „B. P. Hasdeu" from Cahul, the State University „Al. Russo" from Bălți.


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Scientific conference „History. Archaeology. Museology”

21 October 2016

The National Museum of History of Moldova hosted the yearly museum Conference History. Archaeology. Museology on Thursday, October 20 to 21, 2016. This scientific event is at its 26th edition. On this occasion the museum publicly launched the journal Tyragetia, this year issue no. 2.

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XVI SYMPOSIUM OF NUMISMATICS

24 September 2016

XVI SYMPOSIUM OF NUMISMATICS
Between 21 and 24 September, 2016, at the National Museum of History of Moldova was held the 16th edition of the Symposium of Numismatics, organized in collaboration with the Institute of Archaeology „Vasile Pârvan" from Bucharest, the Institute of Cultural Heritage of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova and the Numismatic Society from the Republic of Moldova.

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Roundtable „Research on Thracian-Getae citadels from the territory of the Republic of Moldova: results and perspectives”

20 September 2016

  Roundtable „Research on Thracian-Getae citadels from the territory of the Republic of Moldova: results and perspectives”
On 20 September, a roundtable was organized on the occasion of European Heritage Days at the National Museum of History of Moldova which was focused on the subjects of Thracian-Getae citadels found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova. The meeting was attended by scientists from the National Museum of History of Moldova and the Institute of Cultural Heritage of the ASM and professors from the State University of Moldova and "Ion Creangă" State Pedagogical University.

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Charity auction „CUCUTENI 2016”

1 August 2016

At the closing of exhibition „CUCUTENI 2016", on August 1, 2016, at 18.30, was held a charity auction organized by the Art Studio „Picasso" in collaboration with the Agency of Communication and PR „PRofile".

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Event dedicated to persons with disabilities „I am important! My rights matter”

19 July 2016

Event dedicated to persons with disabilities  „I am important! My rights matter”
Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, in partnership with the World Health Organization and NGO SOMATO, are organizing in the courtyard of the National Museum of History of Moldova an informal dialogue - "I am important! My rights matter" - between groups of people with psychosocial and intellectual disabilities and various national and international actors.

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Movie night under the stars, Third Edition

9 July 2016

Movie night under the stars, Third Edition
The National Museum of History of Moldova hosted the 3rd edition of the Movie night under the stars, in collaboration with the Association on Charity and Promotion of Civic Culture. The event was held in the courtyard on the museum every night of Thursday, Friday and Saturday in the period between June 30 and July 9, starting at 21.00.

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Emotional meeting at the Museum

25 June 2016

Emotional meeting at the Museum
Saturday, June 25, 2016, the graduates of the Department of Technology of the Technical University of Moldova, class of 1971, met at the National Museum of History of Moldova.

The event, organized by Galina Mîrzac for the 17 persons who have graduated from the university 45 years back, took place in a medium full of history and memories of student years - the participant at the event have studied in the museum building, which between 1963 and 1977 hosted student classrooms of the Technical University, Department of Technology.

The program included an interactive tour through the museum exhibition, discussion on the history of museum building, and projection of the documentary film „Past Chișinău in pictures".

The event developed to implement the National program for the integration of aging issues into policies, comes to the support of the retired by stimulating interaction and communication, and their participation into the active cultural life.

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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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