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#Exhibit of the Month

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Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM). In particular, in the archaeological exhibition, two bronze cauldrons are displayed, discovered near the village of Nicolscoe in 1988 in burial mounds no. 14 and 15. In addition, in 2020, two bronze cauldrons without any accompanying documents were found in the collection of NMHM; however, they were visually identified as coming from various excavations in the Low Dniester region, such as burial mound no. 45 near Dubăsari and burial mound no. 1 near the Răscăieții Noi village.

The object presented as the exhibit of the month is a little-known find discovered in 1979 in barrow 1 near the village of Răscăieții Noi in the Ștefan Vodă district. In addition to its outstanding size (about 10 m high), this mound is known for discovering a cast bronze finial in the Scythian animal style on its surface in 1953. However, by the beginning of excavations, the locals had damaged part of the mound and a Scythian cast bronze cauldron was found near it. The cauldron was seriously damaged by mechanical impact, as a result of which the rim was deformed, and the walls, with one preserved vertical handle, were bent inwards. Fragments in the upper part of the body and one handle have been lost. The total reconstructed height of the cauldron is 24 cm (excluding the handles), the reconstructed diameter of the hemispherical cauldron is 30 cm, and the weight is 6.5 kg. In 2020, data on the chemical composition of the bronze cauldron alloy were obtained, revealing that it was cast from an alloy of almost 95 per cent copper. Unfortunately, due to the loss of information on the context of the discovery of the cauldron at Răscăieții Noi, it is impossible to link its discovery with one or another Scythian burial of the barrow. Moreover, the grave goods of other Scythian burials of Barrow 1 do not allow them to date below the 4th century BC. However, the cauldron with vertical handles from Răscăieții Noi most likely belongs earlier. This may be indicated by a bronze finial from the first half of the 5th century BC, which was found on this barrow in 1953. In addition, burial 7 from the nearest excavated barrow 2 at Răscăieții Noi, containing a plaque depicting a rolled predator (a copy of which is also on display at the NMHM), belongs to the mid- 5th century BC. Thus, there is a high probability that the cauldron from Barrow 1 at Răscăieții Noi is associated with the late Middle Scythian period or the mid-5th century BC.

Scythian bronze cauldrons in the west area are concentrated in three main regions: Bukovina-Podolia, the Lower Danube, and the Lower Dniester. Some Scythian cauldrons have no reliable archaeological context. Nevertheless, in combination with the same "stray" finds like the Scythian statues, the finds of Scythian cauldrons mark the Scythian presence, most likely not earlier than the late 6th century or even the turn of the 6th-5th centuries BC. The cauldrons first appeared in Bukovina, where they have been known since the middle of the 7th century BC. Bronze cauldrons (with their carriers) entered the steppe region 150-200 years later, and the "military" burials that appeared in the western steppe regions were no earlier than the middle of the 5th century BC. Most burials with cauldrons (and, apparently, the stray finds) are dated back to the second half of the 5th century BC. Then, in the early 4th century BC, their quantity was reduced, and after the first quarter of the 4th century BC, they completely disappeared from the cultural practice of the population of the steppes of the North-Western Black Sea region.

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Events Archive



Opening of the exhibition "Centenary of the Constitution of Unified Romania (1923 - 2023)"

6 December 2023

On December 6, at the National Museum of History of Moldova, the opening of the exhibition "Centenary of the Constitution of Unified Romania (1923 - 2023)" took place. This exhibition of documents and photographs is a celebration of the first fundamental law that regulated the organization of the state, as well as the fundamental rights and freedoms of citizens on both banks of the Prut.

The event was organized by the Constitutional Court of Romania and the National Museum of History of Moldova, in partnership with the Presidential Administration of Romania - Cotroceni National Museum, the National Bank of Romania and the Bucharest Metropolitan Library


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Opening of the exhibition "Ovi D. Pop: My Romania"

1 December 2023

Between December 1-15, the National Museum of History of Moldova has the honor of hosting an exceptional exhibition of the Romanian photographer Ovi D. Pop, entitled "Ovi D. Pop: My Romania".

Born in Oradea on April 9, 1973, Ovi D. Pop is a photographer with over 20 years of experience, tackling various genres of photographic art, including portraiture, nude, aerial photography and monuments. With an impressive portfolio, he is the director of the "Duran's" Publishing House in Oradea, where he published 7 illustrated monographs of Bihor county, as well as other notable works


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Opening of the "Daniel Rădulescu in Chisinau" exhibition

29 November 2023

On November 29, a remarkable exhibition supported by the artist Daniel Rădulescu was opened at the National Museum of History of Moldova. The event was organized as part of the celebration of Romania's National Day and represented a unique opportunity for the public in Chisinau to discover the fascinating universe of his sculptures made entirely of steel.

At the opening moderated by the General Director of NMHM, dr. hab Eugen Sava, Romanian Ambassador to the Republic of Moldova Cristian-Leon Turcanu and Adrian Dupu, Secretary of State, Department for Relations with the Republic of Moldova, participated with speeches


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The 2023 World Press Photo Exhibition Opening

15 November 2023

For seven years, the public has had the opportunity to learn the stories behind some of the most powerful photographs that mark humanity. The exhibition opened on November 15 at the National Museum of History of Moldova, where the winning photographs of the most prestigious photo competition in the world were presented. The seventh international exhibition “World Press Photo” is organized by the World Press Photo Foundation from the Netherlands in partnership with the Center for Independent Journalism and the Piko Creative Agency, with the support of the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Chisinau


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Art that makes paper come alive

11 November 2023

Every year on November 11, World Origami Day is celebrated all over the world. On this occasion, the Department of Public Relations and Museum Education of the National Museum of History of Moldova organized two origami workshops for children, their parents and grandparents. For many of them, this was a unique opportunity to learn about the history of this technique, specific to Japanese culture, to create small artistic jewels using only paper

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The Commemoration of the Memorial Day for the Victims of Communism in Washington DC, USA

7 November 2023

On November 7, 2023, the Museum of Victims of Deportations and Political Repressions, NMHM, with the support of the Embassy of the Republic of Moldova in the USA participated in the "Victims of Communism International & Food Fair", organized by the Victims of Communism Museum in Washington DC, in the context of The Memorial Day of the Victims of Communism.

The event brought together the efforts of more than 20 diplomatic missions accredited to Washington DC from states with a history marked by the atrocities of communist regimes


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Opening of the exhibition "The Age of Stephen the Great Reflected Through the Museum Heritage on Both Banks of the Prut"

7 November 2023

On November 7, in the hall on the first floor of the National History Museum of Moldova, the opening of the exhibition "The Age of Stephen the Great Reflected Through the Museum Heritage on Both Banks of the Prut" took place.

During the event, participated with speeches Dr. hab Eugen Sava, General Director of the National Museum of History of Moldova, Prof. Dr. Ramona Maria Mocanu, project manager, "Ştefan cel Mare" Vaslui County Museum, Igor Țărălungă, project manager, Soroca District Council and Alina Albu, project manager, Council Vaslui County Afterwards, Dr. Laurențiu Chiriac, Vaslui "Ştefan cel Mare" County Museum, presented the history and concept of the exhibition to the present audience


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Autumn school “Dialogue between young people from both banks of the Dniester for the edification of the European culture of memory and the promotion of democratic values. The implementation of good practices between Lithuania and Moldova”

3 November 2023

The Museum of Victims of Deportations and Political Repressions of the National Museum of History of Moldova, in partnership with the Institute of History of the Moldova State University, the "Alecu Russo" State University of Bălți and the Institute Center of Excellence Pro Memoria, with the support of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania, during 1-3 November 2023, organized the Autumn School "Dialogue between young people from both banks of the Dniester for the edification of the European culture of memory and the promotion of democratic values. The implementation of good practices between Lithuania and Moldova"

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International Scientific Conference: History – Archaeology – Museology, XXXIIIrd edition

27 October 2023

On October 26-27, 2023, the XXIIIrd edition of International Scientific Conference on History, Archaeology, and Museology, was held at the National Museum of History of Moldova, in a mixed format (with physical and online presence).

The conference brought together over 120 specialists from the fields of archaeology, history, museology, linguistics, political science, and ethnology from 10 countries: Moldova, Romania, Ukraine, Poland, Canada, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Germany, Armenia, and Kazakhstan


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International Festival-Competition of choral music „A Ruginit Frunza din Vii”, XVI edition

22 October 2023

Between October 19-22, the most anticipated event of the year in the world of choral music took place: the „A Ruginit Frunza din Vii" International Festival-Competition of choral music.

On October 20, the location of this museum was the Blue Hall of the National Museum of History of Moldova. 34 choral ensembles from Moldova, Spain, Macedonia, Philippines, Spain, Argentina, South Africa, Ukraine and Romania participated in the Festival-Competition


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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
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#Exhibit of the Month

Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC