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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

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Events Archive



Presentation of the “Tyragetia” Journal, Nos. 1 and 2, 2011

20 October 2011

Thursday, October 20, 2011, during the scientific session of the museum there was presented the "Tyragetia" Journal, Nos. 1 and 2, 2011. Regarded as a whole, the magazine is a real contribution to knowledge of important aspects of history, archeology, museology, cultural heritage protection. Articles from the both numbers are signed by renowned, competent researchers and museologists from the country and abroad. The readers have the opportunity to get acquainted with the studies of foreign authors: Jan Bouzek, Jerzy Haltas, Tatiana Samoilova, Bernard Moiner, Bogdan Bucur, Yury Pyatnitsky and others.

All articles are accompanied by summaries in English, Russian or Romanian.

In the studies published in these two numbers there are the results of archaeological investigations, current issues of history, and trends in the development of historical phenomena. Several articles inform about some aspects of cultural and economic life of the modern time, interpret results of archival investigations, highlight the need for development of museums, and establish important theoretical aspects of museology.

Symposium ”NANO-2011”

8 October 2011

On 6-9 October in Chisinau there took place the fourth edition of the Symposium "NANO-2011" organized by the „D. Ghițu" Institute of Electronic Engineering and Nanotechnologies of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, University of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Union of Technical Scientific Societies of Moldova, National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova and Moldova Humboldt Club.

Symposium objectives: bringing together experts from the institutions and organizations from various countries, which actively work towards the exchange of experience, promotion of new ideas and forms of cooperation, search of opportunities to attract young researchers in scientific cooperation with Germany and other foreign countries.

The event was attended by renowned scientists and university professors from 19 countries of the world (Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Japan, UK, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russia, Moldova, USA, Turkey, Ukraine and Hungary). During the four days of the symposium work there took place poster sections and round tables, which opened ample opportunities for initiating new collaborations in various fields of research.

On October 8, 2011, at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova two poster sessions of the symposium were conducted: Section 5 - "Cooperation in Education" and Section 6 - "Cooperation in the Field of Social, Legal, Economic and Philosophical Sciences" , led by Prof. Miklós Kengyel and Dr. hab. Eugen Sava. In the two sections the following communication were presented:

Miklós Kengyel. Die Rolle der Andrássy Deutschsprachige Universität (Budapest) in der Donauregion;

Prof. Dr. Speranta Stanescu. Deutsch in Rumanischen Schulen heute;

Pavel Donec, Kulturelle Matrix und Bildungssystem;

Margirita Balmaceda. A Marie Curie Professorial-level IIF Grant-perfect
next step in Humboldt alumni development;

Dumitru Todoroi. Conscience Society. Stage development;

Olga Kyselova, Experience Of Permanent Partnership Of Intercollegiate Medical Engineering College With Research Institutions;

Svetlana Sidorenko. Cooperation between the State Medical and Pharmaceutical University "N. Testemitanu" Moldova and DAAD;

Tatiana Nikitina. Modern trends in the institutional investing in Russia and Germany;

Ana Pascaru. Nanotechnoscence in the knowledge society;

Ion Guceac. Constitutional support of the scientific creativity;

Gheorghe Avornic. Juridical expertise - trends, novel aspects and perspectives;

Tatiana Ilarionova.  Scientific community - virtual unions aimed to collaboration;

Sergey Volchenkov. Russian business-mentality: evolution from the state of 90-th to the modern one.

The 12th Numismatic Symposium

15 September 2011

From 15 to 16 September 2011 at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova there were conducted proceedings of the 12th Numismatic Symposium organized by the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, the "Vasile Pârvan" Institute of Archaeology of the Romanian Academy (Bucharest) and the Numismatic Society of the Republic of Moldova.

The event was attended by researchers from Romania, Ukraine, Poland, Russia and the Republic of Moldova, who have presented scientific papers on numismatics and other auxiliary sciences of history, providing new data on: numismatic discoveries, results in dating and typology of some money issues, catalogs, etc.

The symposium program can be found here.


Scientific Conference "Liturgical Standard of Stephen the Great"

25 August 2011

The conference highlighted scientific concept of the exhibition "Liturgical Standard of Stephen the Great" (held in Chisinau on August 27 to September 10), addressing the main historical, artistic and conservation issues on the flag. There were presented the following communications:

1) Dr. Ernest Oberländer-Târnoveanu (National Museum of History of Romania, Bucharest). Troubled History of "Discovery" of the Liturgical Standard of Stephen the Great in the Zograf Monastery (Mount Athos);

2) Dr. hab. Paul Parasca (Free International University of Moldova, Chisinau). Saint George - Patron of the Army of the Medieval Moldavian State;

3) Dr. Petre Guran ("Mihai Eminescu" Romanian Cultural Institute  in Chisinau). From Standard to Icon: Introduction to the Prayer of Stephen the Great;

4) Acad. Andrei Eșanu, Valentina Eșanu (Institute of History, State and Law of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Chisinau). Sword of Stephen the Great - a Symbol of Royal Power;

5) Cornel Ilie Constantin (National Museum of History of Romania, Bucharest). 1917-1919: Recovery and Repatriation of the Liturgical Standard of Stephen the Great from Mount Athos;

6) Dr. Silviu Tabac (Institute of Cultural Heritage of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Chisinau). The Problem of Interpretation in Romanian Historiography of the Flag Given by Stephen the Great to the Zograf Monastery;

7) Dr. Oana Ilie, Alexandra Mărășoiu (National Museum of History of Romania, Bucharest). The 43rd Year of Stephen the Great's Reign - the Year of Completion  of Work on the Liturgical Standard of Zograf Monastery (12 April 1499 - 11 April 1500).




Organizers: Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Moldova, Ministry of Culture and National Heritage of Romania, National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, National Museum of History of Romania and the "Mihai Eminescu" Romanian Cultural Institute.

International Museum Day

18 May 2011

International Museum Day was celebrated this year by the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova through the series of events, which took place between 10:00 and 18:00. This time the theme of the Day was «Museums and Memory» (as decided by ICOM).

The celebration began with museum specialists greeting, rewarding them with diplomas, presentation of a guide "Museums of the Republic of Moldova" published by the National Committee of ICOM Moldova, and the donation to the museum of unique archaeological objects found by a private person in the surroundings of Orhei.



This was followed by the opening of exhibition A Mapping of Old Estates.

In the permanent exhibition there were highlighted exhibits with legends, Museum Film Library „Clio" showed documentary and historical films, and in the ground and first floors there were workshops for children „Archaeological Object - an Enigma" and „Origami".

The celebration continued in the museum courtyard with the Military Brass Band concert, military exercises demonstrated by soldiers of the Guard Battalion and the Battalion of Special Purpose, and the music and dance show with the participation of the Choral Music Studio "Lia-ciocarlia", Sports and Modern Dance Club "Dacia Dans", Art Studio „Kwantis". In the courtyard there also had place an exhibition and sale of decorative handiwork pottery in the Cucuteni-Tripolye style. 

 

Partners: Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Moldova, Republican Center for Children and Youth ARTICO, Club of Sports and Modern Dance Dacia Dans, Art Studio „Kwantis"

Media Partners: Kiss FM, Publica TV, Noroc TV, Panonimedia, allmoldovaallfun

Scientific Conference „Land Ownership in Bessarabia: traditions, organization and regulation”

17 May 2011

On the occasion of the 195th anniversary from the time of creation of the Bessarabian Topographic Commission headed by Colonel S.I. Kornilovich (1816), on May 17, 2011 the Sector of Modern History of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova has organized a scientific conference "Land Ownership in Bessarabia: History, Organization, and Regulation".

The conference focused on issues related to surveying, cadastre, and land relations (institutions, legislation, persons, estates, and landowners) in the area between the Prut and Dniester in the period from the 17th century to the first half of the 20th century. Among the participants there were young researchers from the State University of Moldova, Institute of History, State, and Law of the ASM, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Sofia (Bulgaria), National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova.

   

The program and abstracts of communications in Romanian can be found here.

The 6th European Night of Museums

14 May 2011


The National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova for the sixth time took part in the European cultural program «Night of Museums». It was open to the public for free on the night of 14 to 15 May from 18:00 to 02:00.

The theme of the event was Memory of Objects - Memory of Town.

Details>>

Charity Event „Stop a moment”

27 April 2011

National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova hosted a charity event organized by Viorica Nagacevschi Foundation for the old people from the Chisinau Shelter and children from the Abandoned Children's Home from Straseni. The event began with the opening of an exhibition "Stop a moment," which displayed 100 photographs with portraits of old people and children, and a few nuns from the Hirova Monastery, all made by photographer Iurie Raileanu.

The charity event has brought joy to those whom it was dedicated to. They were presented with photographs and gifts from sponsors.

Performers Adrian Ursu, Aura, Lawrence Smith and Nicole Gavriliță enchanted the audience with a concert of light music.

The event was attended by officials, businessmen, people of culture, and those depicted in the photographs.

Museum Education Seminar

30 March 2011

The National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova held on March 30, 2011, at 10:00, the Museum Education Seminar "Types and Methods of Museum Pedagogy".

The seminar was attended by professionals in the field of public relations from the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, National Art Museum of Moldova, National Museum of Ethnography and Natural History, A.S. Pushkin's House-Museum as well as school teachers and university lecturers from Chisinau.

The seminar included nine reports on educational work: Sergiu Branza "Museum educational program of NMAHM", Anna Poluchenkova "Activities on museum pedagogy at A.S. Pushkin's House-Museum", Galina Marzac "Workshop "Archaeological object - an enigma", Tatiana Tihmanovschi „Methods of work with the public at NMENH", Elena Gumene „Dyed eggs workshop", Tatiana Zaremba „Means of historical education: slideshows", Svetlana Pociumban „Children's creative workshop at NAMM", Polina Gridnev „Educational role of a museum", Ina Teleuca „Museum - the space of coexistence and communication between us and others".


In the discussions on these materials there was generalized the experience of the national museums in education of the public, broached the weaknesses of the programs on museum pedagogy, set common goals in integration of museums into school programs through correlation of the course of history with museum exhibition themes, and outlined the general steps in the promotion of museum collections in the public media.

The first seminar on museum education has offered the participants an opportunity to expand the horizons of their professional activities through the fruitful exchange of information and experience. It is agreed that the seminar becomes a traditional, annual event.

Scientific conference "93 years after the unification of Bessarabia with Romania"

26 March 2011

National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova hosted on 26 March 2011 in the Blue Room, the scientific conference "93 years after the unification of Bessarabia with Romania" The conference was attended by renowned historians from Republic of Moldova and Romania. In the framework of this scientific manifestation there was presented the Collection of documents : Gheorghe Cojocaru, Operation "South" Chisinau. Операция "Юг» Кишинев, Chisinau, 2010, 484 p.

The conference program can be found here.


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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

Read More >>

 



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