EN RO
National Museum of History of Moldova
Read Mode















#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

Click here for a Virtual Tour of the Museum

 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 


Events Archive



Book Presentation

11 December 2012

 
On Tuesday, December 11, at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova it was held the presentation of the book "Press and Censorship in Bessarabia. DOCUMENTS (19th - early 20th centuries)", Pontos Publishing House, Chișnău, 2012, 212 p. (author: Maria Danilov). The book appeared in the series "Unpublished Histories and Documents, Monographs 5".

At the event, as the special guests, along with the coordinator of the series Dr. Sergiu Musteață from the "Ion Creanga" State Pedagogical University, there have participated  Academician Andrei Eșanu, historians Gheorghe Negru, Ion Negrei, Silvia Grossu, Ion Ţurcanu, Ion Buga, Elena Postică, Vlad Mischevca, Alina Felea, Vasile Malanețchi, Igor Cereteu, writer Vladimir Beșleaga, etc.

The event was also attended by a large audience, composed of curators, teachers, students of the State University of Moldova and the "Ion Creanga" State Pedagogical University (Chișinău).

 
Academician Andrei Eșanu in his speech stressed the need for further studies on issues related to the investigation of the "dark" century, that is the Tsarist period in the history of Bessarabia (1812-1918). Then there presented their views historians Ion Ţurcanu și Gheorghe Negru. The last insisted that the museum institution in recent years has achieved considerable results in developing a range of works useful for historical research - collection catalogs, and Dr. Maria Danilov's work also fits perfectly in the area of investigation of the historical and cultural heritage. Dr. Silvia Grossu highlighted that the book „Press and Censorship" will be useful for the students of the subject "History of Bessarabian Press during the Tsarist period".

 
The publication includes an analysis of important sources from the National Archives of the Republic of Moldova, which directly reflects the activity of censorship institutions  concentrated in the funds of the Civil Governor of Bessarabia and the Chief of Gendarmes of Chișinău: correspondence "top secret" between local government officials of different levels: Civil Governor of Bessarabia, Head of the Provincial Gendarmerie, City ​​Attorney of Chisinau, and district police chiefs. And at the final stage - the correspondence with central structures in St. Petersburg (Main Department for Media and Censorship Issues). The research results are important not only to highlight some significant steps in the emergence and consolidation of Bessarabian press and the system of censorship in the Russian Empire, which provided strict control in border areas, as was Bessarabia, but to elucidate the phenomenon of imperial censorship and its impact on Romanian language press in particular. The study is accompanied by annexes / documentary reproductions, bibliography, indexes of titles and names, summaries in Russian and English.

Author of the volume Maria Danilov publicly thanked Mr. Sergiu Musteață, the coordinator of the series "Unpublished Histories and Documents", who helped the publication to see the light.

The ceremony of presentation of a copy of the Stephen the Great’s sword

5 November 2012

On Monday, November 5, 2012, at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, in the room of medieval history, it was held the ceremony of presentation of the Stephen the Great's sword, recently received as a gift from the Prime Minister of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan by the Prime Minister Vlad Filat.

The ceremony of presentation of the sword, exhibited in a glass case in the middle of the room of medieval history, was attended by Prime Minister Vlad Filat.

The copy of Stephen the Great's sword was donated by the Government of the Republic of Moldova to Soroca Museum of History and Ethnography for the Soroca Fortress. Until 2014 it will be exhibited at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, and then will be delivered to the Soroca Fortress.

The event was attended by over 100 people - officials, MPs, diplomats, representatives of the clergy, scholars, researchers, teachers, journalists, and students.

The event was moderated by Dr. Ion Varta, director of the State Archives of the Republic of Moldova. There gave the speeches: Prime Minister Vlad Filat, director of the Museum of History and Ethnography of Soroca Nicolae Bulat, general director of the Theoretical Liceums „Orizont" Turgay Serik, and deputy director of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova Dr. Elena Postică.

This was followed by the ceremony of transmission of the sword copy from Prime Minister Vlad Filat to the director of the Museum of History and Ethnography of Soroca and placing it in the glass case of the NMAHM's room for temporary display.


At the end of the ceremony, a group of priests headed by Metropolitan Vladimir performed the song "When Stephen was dying."

This cultural event was dedicated to the outstanding political and military leader. His glorious deeds will always be a model and example for future generations.

Book Presentation "Romanians, Bessarabia and Transnistria"

1 November 2012

 
On November 1, 2012, at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova it was held the presentation of book "Romanians, Bessarabia and Transnistria" by Ioan and Luiza Popa (Bucharest, 2012).

The publication, now in its second edition, revised and supplemented, contains a rich historical documentary material from Romanian as well as Russian-Soviet, Ukrainian, Moldavian, German, British, American or Finnish sources and archives, through which the authors succeded - on over 459 pages - to bring the readers balanced, strictly scientific data about persons, actions and events that have marked the millennial presence of Romanians over the Dniester, in close connection with other populations and, of course, the compact mass of the Romanian people of the area between the  Prut and Dniester and the right bank of the Prut.

 
The presentation was attended by historians, publicists, museographers, and teachers, among which we can mention Mr. Ion Negrei, Acad. Nicolae Dabija, Acad. Sergiu Chircă, Prof. Ion Buga, Assoc. Vasile Şoimaru, and others, who expressed their views on the content of the book and attempts to translate the work into foreign languages ​​for wider distribution of historical truth about Transnistria.

Annual Scientific Session of the Museum

12 October 2012

From 11 to 12 of October 2012 at the museum there was held the 22nd Scientific Session. The session was opened with the speeches made ​​by famous scientists and men of culture. There was presented No. 1 and 2 of the museum's scientific journal "Tyragetia" for 2012. The journal can be purchased in the museum shop. Academician Valeriu Canter, President of the National Council for Accreditation and Attestation handed Eugen Sava, Ph.D., General Director of the museum a scientific accreditation certificate which certifies that the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova is accredited as an organization of science and innovation with all the rights to perform the activities on research, innovation and technology transfer on the profile of "Museology and the Research of the Historical and Cultural Heritage", with the assessment of it as a well recognized internationally competitive organization (category B).

After the opening there followed the plenary session. The works were carried out in two sections: "Archaeology, Ancient and Medieval History" and "Museology, Modern and Contemporary History". Session was attended by researchers and museum specialists from various scientific institutions, universities and museums. There were presented 70 reports focusing on various issues of museology, history, archeology, protection and research of cultural and historical heritage.



National Symposium „Integration of nobility of Bessarabia in socio-political, economic and cultural life of the Russian Empire"

5 October 2012

 
On October 5, 2012 the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova in collaboration with Vyacheslav Cebotari's Academy of Arts Foundation SVERCHKARTINA from St. Petersburg organized the 2nd National Symposium (with international participation) „Integration of nobility of Bessarabia in socio-political, economic and cultural life of the Russian Empire" dedicated to the memory of Alexandru Matei Cotruta (1827-1905).

The idea of ​​organizing such a symposium belongs to the artist Vyacheslav Cebotari (born 1959 in the village of Mincenii de Jos, Rezina District - the motherland of Alexandru Cotruta), author of a series works of monumental sculpture highly appreciated in the Russian Federation (St. Petersburg). He is also the author of a portrait and commemorative medal in honor of the 180th anniversary of the birth of a nobleman Alexandru Cotruta.

In the discussions there took part university professors, researchers, museum specialists, men of culture concerned with history, sociology, museology, etc. The event was attended by Prof. Dr. Vyacheslav Afanasev, born in the village of Mincenii de Jos, Rezina District, who, speaking about his countryman Alexandru Matei Cotruta, highlighted the efforts of the researches from National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, who in recent investigations found the place of the church and the Cotruta family tomb destroyed by the Soviet authorities in 1960s.

The reports, mostly unpublished, include the results of studies in archives, museums, and libraries on two areas of research:

· Bessarabian nobility in the context of sociopolitical and cultural life of the Russian Empire (1812-1918)
· Alexandru Cotruta - outstanding sociopolitical and cultural figure of Bessarabia (the 2nd half of 19th - early 20th centuries).

Papers presented at the Symposium will be published in the collection of articles dedicated to the memory of Alexandru Cotruta.

THE 13TH NUMISMATIC SYMPOSIUM

7 September 2012

Between 5 to 9 September 2012 at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova it was held the 13th Numismatic Symposium organized in collaboration with the "Vasile Pârvan" Institute of Archaeology of the Romanian Academy from Bucharest and the Numismatic Society of the Republic of Moldova. It was attended by numismatists and collectors from the Republic of Moldova, Romania, and Ukraine. There were presented over 30 scientific papers on the general issues of numismatics, as well as related to the study of numismatic material discovered in the Republic of Moldova and in the countries of origin of participants.


More information about the Symposium can be found in the press release of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova. The full list of participants, program, and abstracts of communications presented at the Symposium can be found here.

The main sponsor of the Symposium was the Commercial Bank Victoriabank S.A.

Scientific Symposium "Works of Architect Valentin Voitsekhovsky"

10 August 2012

The Scientific Symposium "Works of Architect Valentin Voitsekhovsky" held on August 10, 2012 at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, along with the opening of the exhibition with the same name, was organized to commemorate 35 years from the death of architect V. Voitsekhovsky, who has greatly contributed to the reconstruction of postwar Chisinau and the urban construction in the country.

The symposium was attended by about 30 people from different state institutions: Academy of Sciences of Moldova, "Urban Proiect", City Museum, National Library of RM, National Archives of RM, etc.

The symposium was conducted by Ms. Ludmila Nastase, Head of the A. V. Shchusev's House Museum, and Ms. Tamara Nesterov, architect, Doctor of Arts. The program included the following reports:

            „In memoriam" (Grigory Bosenko)
            „Works of Architect Valentin Voitsekhovsky" (Tamara Nesterov)
            „Some aspects of the work of architect V. Voitsekhovsky" (Veaceslav Regep)
            „Architect V. Voitsekhovsky and his students" (Mariana Şlapac)
            „Remembering V. Voitsekhovsky" (Aurel Marinciuc)
            „Pieces of biography of my father" (Nina Grosul-Voitsekhovsky)

Materials presented in the reports aroused great interest, in particular because of the fact that in the architecture of the Soviet period there are still many „white spots" about the work of architects who have contributed to Chisinau postwar reconstruction. As to the works of architect V. Voitsekhovsky, there are still many unidentified projects related to the construction of many churches in Bessarabia and buildings in a number of cities in Romania - Bucharest, Pitesti, Brasov.

Materials of the symposium will be published in a separate booklet.

Festive meeting dedicated to the professional holiday "Historian’s Day"

18 June 2012

On June 18, 2012, at the National Museum of History and Archaeology of Moldova (Blue Room) there was held a festive meeting dedicated to the professional holiday "Historian's Day" established by Government Decision no. 427 of June 10, 2011 as a token of appreciation of the contribution of historians' community to the promotion of democratic values and historical truth. The meeting was organized by the Institute of History, State, and Law of the ASM, the Association of Historians of the Republic of Moldova, the National Museum of History and Archaeology of Moldova, the Faculty of History and Philosophy of Moldova State University, the Faculty of History and Ethno-pedagogy of "Ion Creanga" State Pedagogical University, the Faculty of History and International Relations of Free International University of Moldova, and the Youth and Sports General Directorate of the Chisinau Municipality.

The event was attended by representatives of the Government, Chisinau Municipality, distinguished historians and people of culture of the Republic of Moldova, teachers and students. More details on the meeting program can be found here.


Book Presentation "In Search of Light. 20 Years since the War on the Dniester"

29 May 2012

  
On May 29, 2012, at the Blue Room of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova there was presented a book by Stefan Jurja "In Search of Light. 20 Years since the War on the Dniester" (Chisinau, 2012). This is a book of memoirs about the War of Transnistria (1991-1992), which includes two parts: "Riddled with Dozens of Shrapnel at Dealul lui Trajan" and "Memory and Gratitude".

Stefan Jurja was born on May 18, 1954, at the village of Doina in the Lapusna County (Republic of Moldova). He is a member of the Union of Participants in the War of Transnistria (1991-1992), decorated with the Order of Stefan the Great, the medals of Golden Eagle and Cross of Memory; he is a retired captain, lawyer, and father of three children. He is the author of many articles about the fate of this nation in the press of the Republic of Moldova.



The presentation was attended by historians, publicists, former combatants in the War of Transnistria, students of the Police Academy, etc. The author' effort has been praised in the speeches of Dr. Ion Negrei, former Minister of Internal Affairs Victor Catana, Mr. Iurie Colesnic, MP Mihai Godea, and others.

European Night of Museums

19 May 2012

  
National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova for the seventh time has participated in the Night of Museums, a successful event initiated by the Ministry of Culture and Communication of France and carried out in Europe already for the eighth time. The museum was opened to the public from 18:00 to 02:00, access was free. The event was attended by 8516 people.  

Details>>

<< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 >>

 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
Come to Museum! Discover the History!
  
Visit museum
Visit museum
Summer schedule: daily
10am – 6pm.

Winter schedule: daily
10am – 5pm.
Closed on Fridays.
Entrance fees:  adults - 10 MDL, pensioners, adults with moderate disabilities / disability of the 3rd degree, students - 5 MDL, school students - 2 MDL. Free access: enlisted men (...)

WiFi Free Wi-Fi Zone in the museum: In the courtyard of the National History Museum of Moldova there is Wi-Fi Internet access for visitors.








Ask us a question now!






#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

Read More >>

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2020 National Museum of History of Moldova
31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu