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#Exhibit of the Month

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Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM). In particular, in the archaeological exhibition, two bronze cauldrons are displayed, discovered near the village of Nicolscoe in 1988 in burial mounds no. 14 and 15. In addition, in 2020, two bronze cauldrons without any accompanying documents were found in the collection of NMHM; however, they were visually identified as coming from various excavations in the Low Dniester region, such as burial mound no. 45 near Dubăsari and burial mound no. 1 near the Răscăieții Noi village.

The object presented as the exhibit of the month is a little-known find discovered in 1979 in barrow 1 near the village of Răscăieții Noi in the Ștefan Vodă district. In addition to its outstanding size (about 10 m high), this mound is known for discovering a cast bronze finial in the Scythian animal style on its surface in 1953. However, by the beginning of excavations, the locals had damaged part of the mound and a Scythian cast bronze cauldron was found near it. The cauldron was seriously damaged by mechanical impact, as a result of which the rim was deformed, and the walls, with one preserved vertical handle, were bent inwards. Fragments in the upper part of the body and one handle have been lost. The total reconstructed height of the cauldron is 24 cm (excluding the handles), the reconstructed diameter of the hemispherical cauldron is 30 cm, and the weight is 6.5 kg. In 2020, data on the chemical composition of the bronze cauldron alloy were obtained, revealing that it was cast from an alloy of almost 95 per cent copper. Unfortunately, due to the loss of information on the context of the discovery of the cauldron at Răscăieții Noi, it is impossible to link its discovery with one or another Scythian burial of the barrow. Moreover, the grave goods of other Scythian burials of Barrow 1 do not allow them to date below the 4th century BC. However, the cauldron with vertical handles from Răscăieții Noi most likely belongs earlier. This may be indicated by a bronze finial from the first half of the 5th century BC, which was found on this barrow in 1953. In addition, burial 7 from the nearest excavated barrow 2 at Răscăieții Noi, containing a plaque depicting a rolled predator (a copy of which is also on display at the NMHM), belongs to the mid- 5th century BC. Thus, there is a high probability that the cauldron from Barrow 1 at Răscăieții Noi is associated with the late Middle Scythian period or the mid-5th century BC.

Scythian bronze cauldrons in the west area are concentrated in three main regions: Bukovina-Podolia, the Lower Danube, and the Lower Dniester. Some Scythian cauldrons have no reliable archaeological context. Nevertheless, in combination with the same "stray" finds like the Scythian statues, the finds of Scythian cauldrons mark the Scythian presence, most likely not earlier than the late 6th century or even the turn of the 6th-5th centuries BC. The cauldrons first appeared in Bukovina, where they have been known since the middle of the 7th century BC. Bronze cauldrons (with their carriers) entered the steppe region 150-200 years later, and the "military" burials that appeared in the western steppe regions were no earlier than the middle of the 5th century BC. Most burials with cauldrons (and, apparently, the stray finds) are dated back to the second half of the 5th century BC. Then, in the early 4th century BC, their quantity was reduced, and after the first quarter of the 4th century BC, they completely disappeared from the cultural practice of the population of the steppes of the North-Western Black Sea region.

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Events Archive



Book presentation: One-way Suitecase. 20 real stories from Ukrainian refugees during the first days of Russia’s invasion

21 September 2022

One-way Suites. 20 real stories from Ukrainian refugees during the first days of Russia's invasion is the title of the book, which was presented at the National Museum of History of Moldova on September 21.

The project was implemented by the Jewish organization "Agudat Israel", which accepted and housed more than 25,000 Ukrainian refugees of various nationalities during the first weeks of the war


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Marking the 30 years of friendship between USAID and Moldova at the National Museum of History of Moldova

14 September 2022

On the occasion of the celebration of three decades of activity of USAID in Moldova, the communication campaign "30 years of friendship between USAID and the Republic of Moldova" was launched. The event took place on September 14, at the National Museum of History of Moldova. Within this campaign, the United States Agency for International Development aimed to highlight the results achieved in these 30 years of activity in Moldova and inform about the commitment of the American people to continue supporting the Republic of Moldova

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100 sidecars at NMHM

11 September 2022

On September 11, took place one of the most unique events of the month of September, entitled 100 sidecars.

The event was organized by the National Museum of History of Moldova, Retromobile Moldova and Escobar Motors. Their goal was an ambitious one, to collect 100 motorcycles with sidecars in the NMHM courtyard


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Round table entitled "Archaeology of the Republic of Moldova through the prism of Moldavian-German relations"

6 September 2022

On September 6, in the Azure Hall of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, took place the round table with the generic "Archaeology of the Republic of Moldova through the prism of Moldovan- German relations", organized by the National Museum of History of Moldova in the partnership with the Academy of Sciences of Moldova.

The welcoming speeches were given by acad. Ion Tighineanu , the President Academy of Sciences of Moldova, acad. Anatolie Sidorenko, President of "Humboldt Club Moldova" Association, Ullrich Kinne, Embassy of Germany in Chisinau and dr. hab. professor Michael Meyer, Free University of Berlin


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The “Coronation Centenary Caravan” was on the trail of the royal visits from the Republic of Moldova

3 September 2022

A new stop of the Coronation Centenary Caravan, a project organized by the Artis Association in partnership with the City Hall of the Municipality Iași, took place between September 2-3, 2022, in Chisinau, in the presence of ambassadors Irina-Margareta Nistor (Cinema Ambassador), Adrian Cioroianu (Historian, Ambassador), Nicolae Pepene (Historian, Ambassador), Alexandru Muraru (Historian, Ambassador) and of the special guest - Pedro J. Fuentes Cid (Jurist, Cuban dissident).

Approximately 500 students and teachers from the capital of the Republic of Moldova participated in events that marked the Centenary of the Coronation of King Ferdinand I and Queen Maria, within the project organized under the auspices of the Royal Family of Romania.


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National holidays at the NMHM

28 August 2022

On August 28, the National Museum of History of Moldova held for its visitors a series of beautiful activities dedicated to the national holidays of Independence Day and Our Language.

At the entrance, visitors were given tricolor ribbons and were urged to honor the state symbols and history of the nation. Visiting the exhibition began with the "Independence Exhibit", composed of two photographs, one of which captures the moment of signing the Declaration of Independence of the Republic of Moldova by Alexandru Moșanu, and the second captures the restoration of this act on April 26, 2010 (photo belongs to the Moșanu family)


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Presentation of the book “The process of searching for policemen, soldiers and volunteers who went missing during the Dniester war of 1992" by Simion Carp, PhD, war veteran

28 August 2022

On August 28, 2022, the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted a presentation of the book with an eloquent title: "The process of searching for policemen, soldiers and volunteers who went missing during the Dniester war of 1992" by Simion CARP, PhD, university lecturer, war veteran.

The organizers of the event, the Stephen the Great Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the "Military Traditions" Public Association in partnership with the National Museum of History of Moldova brought together people interested in the topic addressed, as well as several veterans of the War for the Defense of the Independence and Territorial Integrity of the Republic Moldova


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Summer camp at the museum

26 August 2022

Between August 15-26, 2022, the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted the day camp organized by the "Chabad Lubavitch" Jewish community in partnership with the museum.

The program of the camp was a complex one, based on activities dedicated to the knowledge of Jewish history and traditions, such as workshops, excursions, watching films and other interactive games. The camp was attended by 30 Jewish children from Chisinau and Ukraine, coordinated by educators from Israel


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Charity & Yoga – the 4th edition

25 August 2022

On August 25, 2022, at 19:00, in the courtyard of the National Museum of History of Moldova, the 4th edition of Charity & Yoga took place, organized by Hospices of Hope Moldova in partnership with Rise-Studio and Daria Barinova.

The collected funds will be used to purchase medical equipment and strengthen palliative services for about 250 patients, which are part of the Hospices of Hope Moldova National Palliative Care Network of the Republic of Moldova and the "Wings of Hope" Day Center for palliative care in Orhei


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Commemorative actions dedicated to 23 August – the European Day of Remembrance for Victims of all Totalitarian and Authoritarian Regimes

23 August 2022

On 23 August 2022, in context the European Day of Remembrance for Victims of all Totalitarian and Authoritarian Regimes, the photo-documentary exhibition "Requiem for the Romanian Peasant: the Peasants and Communism" of the International Centre for Studies into Communism, part of the Memorial to the Victims of Communism and to the Resistance - Civic Academy Foundation (author: Romulus Rusan) was opened at the Association of Former Deportees and Political Detainees from the Republic of Moldova (Str. Mihail Kogălniceanu 52/A)

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Independent Moldova
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Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
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Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
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Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
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#Exhibit of the Month

Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC