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#Exhibit of the Month

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Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM). In particular, in the archaeological exhibition, two bronze cauldrons are displayed, discovered near the village of Nicolscoe in 1988 in burial mounds no. 14 and 15. In addition, in 2020, two bronze cauldrons without any accompanying documents were found in the collection of NMHM; however, they were visually identified as coming from various excavations in the Low Dniester region, such as burial mound no. 45 near Dubăsari and burial mound no. 1 near the Răscăieții Noi village.

The object presented as the exhibit of the month is a little-known find discovered in 1979 in barrow 1 near the village of Răscăieții Noi in the Ștefan Vodă district. In addition to its outstanding size (about 10 m high), this mound is known for discovering a cast bronze finial in the Scythian animal style on its surface in 1953. However, by the beginning of excavations, the locals had damaged part of the mound and a Scythian cast bronze cauldron was found near it. The cauldron was seriously damaged by mechanical impact, as a result of which the rim was deformed, and the walls, with one preserved vertical handle, were bent inwards. Fragments in the upper part of the body and one handle have been lost. The total reconstructed height of the cauldron is 24 cm (excluding the handles), the reconstructed diameter of the hemispherical cauldron is 30 cm, and the weight is 6.5 kg. In 2020, data on the chemical composition of the bronze cauldron alloy were obtained, revealing that it was cast from an alloy of almost 95 per cent copper. Unfortunately, due to the loss of information on the context of the discovery of the cauldron at Răscăieții Noi, it is impossible to link its discovery with one or another Scythian burial of the barrow. Moreover, the grave goods of other Scythian burials of Barrow 1 do not allow them to date below the 4th century BC. However, the cauldron with vertical handles from Răscăieții Noi most likely belongs earlier. This may be indicated by a bronze finial from the first half of the 5th century BC, which was found on this barrow in 1953. In addition, burial 7 from the nearest excavated barrow 2 at Răscăieții Noi, containing a plaque depicting a rolled predator (a copy of which is also on display at the NMHM), belongs to the mid- 5th century BC. Thus, there is a high probability that the cauldron from Barrow 1 at Răscăieții Noi is associated with the late Middle Scythian period or the mid-5th century BC.

Scythian bronze cauldrons in the west area are concentrated in three main regions: Bukovina-Podolia, the Lower Danube, and the Lower Dniester. Some Scythian cauldrons have no reliable archaeological context. Nevertheless, in combination with the same "stray" finds like the Scythian statues, the finds of Scythian cauldrons mark the Scythian presence, most likely not earlier than the late 6th century or even the turn of the 6th-5th centuries BC. The cauldrons first appeared in Bukovina, where they have been known since the middle of the 7th century BC. Bronze cauldrons (with their carriers) entered the steppe region 150-200 years later, and the "military" burials that appeared in the western steppe regions were no earlier than the middle of the 5th century BC. Most burials with cauldrons (and, apparently, the stray finds) are dated back to the second half of the 5th century BC. Then, in the early 4th century BC, their quantity was reduced, and after the first quarter of the 4th century BC, they completely disappeared from the cultural practice of the population of the steppes of the North-Western Black Sea region.

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Events Archive



Concert of „7 Klase” band in the courtyard of the National Museum of History of Moldova on the occasion of the European Heritage Days

25 September 2017

On Monday, September 25, beginning with 18:00 hours, the local band „7 Klase" gave its debut concert entitled "We Take Flight" in the courtyard of the National Museum of History of Moldova.

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Movie night under the stars, 4th edition at the National Museum of History of Moldova

9 September 2017

The traditional event - Movie night under the starts, reaching the 4th edition, was held in the courtyard of the National Museum of History of Moldova from August 24 to September 09, 2017. The lovers of the seventh art had the opportunity to watch from Thursday to Saturday, starting at 21:00, masterpieces of universal cinematography. The outdoor projection was organized by the Association for Charity and Promotion of Civic Culture in cooperation with the National Museum of History of Moldova.

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Conference „Discovering Lipatti”

19 August 2017

The National Museum of History of Moldova hosted a special event in memory of Dinu Lipatti, 100 years from the birth of the Romanian pianist and composer, event organized by the Moldovan National Youth Orchestra.

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Commemoration of the victims of political repressions of the communist totalitarian regime

8 August 2017

On August 8, at the National Museum of History of Moldova was held an event for the commemoration of the victims who had suffered the plight of political repressions of the communist totalitarian regime. The event was attended by: Ion Coropceanu, Senior State Councilor of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Moldova; Oleg Babin, Deputy Minister of Home Affairs; Gheorghe Postică, Deputy Minister of Culture; Eugen Sava, General Director of the National Museum of History of Moldova; Ion Varta, General Director of the State Archives Service of the Republic of Moldova; Simion Carp, Rector of the Academy „Ştefan cel Mare" of the MIA; Ghenadie Cosovan, President of NGO „Credință Patriei"; Anatol Caraman, President of the Association of Veterans of the 1992 War „Tiras-Tighina"; representatives of the academia, employees of the National Museum of History of Moldova and the Academy „Ştefan cel Mare".

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Event honoring the cultural worker Ion Ungureanu

2 August 2017

On August 2, in the Blue Hall of the National Museum of History of Moldova, was held an event to homage actor and director, Ion Ungureanu, deputy in the First Parliament of the Republic of Moldova, minister of culture in 1990-1994

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Event dedicated to the 25th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Moldova and the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic

12 July 2017

The history of bilateral Moldovan-Czech-Slovak diplomatic relations officially begins twenty five years ago on June 1, 1992. On the occasion of this anniversary, a special event was held in the Blue Hall of the National Museum of History of Moldova, in which the Embassy of the Czech Republic and the Embassy of the Slovak Republic in Chișinău officially issued a special postmark

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Presentation of the cartographic album „DESCRIPTIO BESSARABIAE"

20 June 2017

On June 20, 2017, in the Blue Room of the National Museum of History of Moldova was presented the cartographic album "DESCRIPTIO BESSARABIAE". The event was organized by the Romanian Cultural Institute "Mihai Eminescu" in Chișinău, in partnership with the National Museum of History of Moldova

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Historian's Day 2017

18 June 2017

On June 18, 2017, the servants of Goddess Clio from the Republic of Moldova celebrated the seventh edition of the professional day of the historian

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Anniversary Conference „The First Ecclesiastical Magazine in the Bessarabian Space”

8 June 2017

The Institute of History of ASM in collaboration with the National Museum of History of Moldova organized on June 8, 2017, the Anniversary Scientific Conference "The First Ecclesiastical Journal in the Bessarabian Space (150 years since the publication of the journal Kišinevskie Eparhial'nye Vedomosti)"

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CHAMBER CONCERT

3 June 2017

On June 3, 2017, at 14:00 hours, in the Blue Room of the National Museum of History of Moldova was held a chamber concert performed by violinist Lia RUSU, student at the Academy of Music, Theater and Fine Arts from Chișinău, 4th year, class of Assoc.Prof., Master of arts, Ella Vlaicu. The young violinist was accompanied by Vera Stolearciuc and Ghenadie Sinigur on piano

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Independent Moldova
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Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
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#Exhibit of the Month

Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC