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The great ruler Stephen the Great, outstanding army commander and diplomat, was also concerned during his life with the economic prosperity of the country, supporting the development of crafts, trade and fairs. During his reign, groși and half groși minted in the dinar system were issued, a monetary system introduced in Moldova during the last reign of Petru Aron (1455-1457).

The coins were minted from silver of superior title, those that reflect stability in the economic life of the country at that time. Their masterful execution at the Suceava mint is among the beautiful artistic achievements during the reign of Stephen the Great.

During his reign, two types of issues were minted, for the two denominations: groși and half groși.

Type I issues have a split shield on the obverse; in the first quarter appears a rose surmounted by a cross and three fascias, in the second quarter. For the epigraph issues (groși), the image is accompanied by the circular legend with the name of the issuer: + STEFANVS VOIEVODA. On the other side appears the bour's head with a star between the horns accompanied by the heraldic furniture - the rose and the contoured crescent, placed to the right and left of the bour's head; circular legend: MOLDAVIE COIN.

On type II coins in the shield on the obverse appears a patriarchal cross (double) and the legend STEFANVSVOIEVOD or abbreviated STEFANVSVOIE. On the reverse, as in type I, the bour's head with heraldic attributes is preserved: rose right/crescent left and crescent right/rose left. A star or rose appears between the ox's horns. The legend accompanying the face with the bour head is MONETAMOLDAVI or abbreviated MONETAMOLDA.

The dating of Stephen the Great's coins is still under discussion. According to one opinion, type I issues were minted between 1457-1476, and type II between 1480/1481-1505 (Octavian Iliescu), and another 1465/1467-1475/1476 for type I and 1476/1479-1497 for type II (Ernest Oberländer-Târnoveanu).

The coins in this showcase were discovered during the archaeological excavations at Orheiul Vechi (Trebujeni, Orhei district) in the 6th and 7th decades of the 20th century:

1. Type I money issues, groși, silver
2. Type II money issues, groși, silver
3. Type II coin issue, half groși, silver

Virtual Tour


Exhibitions

“THE MEMORY OF DEPORTATIONS”

Exhibition dedicated to the commemoration of the 75th anniversary of the Stalinist deportations of July 5-6, 1949

July 3 – August 3, 2024

The National Museum of History of Moldova is organizing the opening of the exhibition "The Memory of Deportations" on Wednesday, July 3, 2024, at 13:15, in the upper floor hallway, dedicated to commemorating the 75th anniversary of the second wave of mass deportations in the Moldavian SSR.

The exhibition reveals aspects of the history and memory of the victims of Operation "South" from the night of July 5-6, 1949, bringing to the visitors' attention documentary materials, testimonies, personal belongings, artworks, and thematic video materials. The exhibited relics elucidate the context in which the organization of the second wave of deportations took place, the transportation and relocation of Bessarabians to special settlements in the eastern regions of the USSR, as well as recent practices of honoring the memory of the victims of the totalitarian-communist regime in the Moldavian SSR.

The imposed residency regime, harsh cold, limited bread rations, exhausting labor, and schooling of children in Russian were dictated by the state-party ideology concerning the liquidation of "enemies of the people" and political myths about educating the "Soviet Man" or the "happy childhood in the USSR." The memory and oral narratives of the survivors among the Bessarabians deported on the night of July 5-6, 1949, along with the relics presented in the exhibition documenting their history, highlight the suffering caused by separation from their own homes and confiscation of property earned through hard work, alienation from their native places and forced Russification, the sudden death of those who couldn't survive the horrors of the Soviet occupation, and the decades-long imposed silence by the totalitarian-communist regime in the Moldavian SSR.

The individuals deported as a result of Operation "South" had to adapt to extreme conditions, developing new roles and social networks: through interaction with the locals and local authorities; through integration, as much as possible, into the foreign cultural environment; through learning Russian, which was declared the official language of communication in the USSR; through performing political loyalty and practicing self-censorship, which facilitated reintegration into society and substituting the status of "enemy of the people" with that of "Soviet citizen."

Today, more than three decades after the signing of the Declaration of Independence (1991), the complex and systematic valorization of the memory of the victims of the totalitarian past in the Republic of Moldova remains a desideratum of decommunization and democratization. The local memory communities in the villages and cities of the Republic of Moldova offer examples and models worthy of being followed in the direction of knowing history and memory. The symbolic dimension of commemorative actions aims to constitute one of the main forms of (re)cognition and intelligent assumption of the traumatic past for the memory of the victims of the communist regime.

The exhibition presents an appeal to history and memory as an act of symbolic justice brought to all the victims of Operation "South" from July 5-6, 1949, in the Moldavian SSR, thus contributing to the building of a European culture of memory in the society of the Republic of Moldova.

The exhibition "The Memory of Deportations" will be open for visits from July 3 to August 3, 2024, in the upper floor hallway of the National Museum of History of Moldova (Chișinău, 121A, 31 August 1989 St.).


 




Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

The great ruler Stephen the Great, outstanding army commander and diplomat, was also concerned during his life with the economic prosperity of the country, supporting the development of crafts, trade and fairs. During his reign, groși and half groși minted in the dinar system were issued, a monetary system introduced in Moldova during the last reign of Petru Aron (1455-1457)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC