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#Exhibit of the Month

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Amphoras are massive vessels originating from the ancient Greek world, executed on the potter's wheel, in which Greek merchants, in the process of their trade with other territories and peoples, transported, in particular, Greek wine, olive oil, salted olives, paints, nuts, etc. The shape of the Greek commercial amphora, in the opinion of some researchers, vaguely recalls the female figure, having, probably, at the beginning, a sacred character. Among the main features of the amphorae are well-thought-out metric proportions. The full amphora, placed in a horizontal position, rested on the body and on the elongated foot in such a way that the upper part of the vessel and the high neck were permanently raised obliquely, so that the liquid would not spill. The sharp shape of the foot required special fixation, either on special supports, or the lower part of the body was buried in the ground or sand. The deep inner cavity of the leg did not allow the liquid in the vessel to become cloudy during the transport process, the sediments remaining stored inside the leg.

Among the dozens of city-states in ancient Greece, which practiced trade with the local populations of the Black Sea region (Euxine Bridge), there is also the city of Mende (Μένδη), located on the Kassandra arm (Κασσάνδρας) of the Halkidiki peninsula (Halkidiki - Χαλκιδική). It is considered that the foundation of the city of Mende took place in the century VIII BC. The main article of trade of this Greek polis was wine, considered of superior quality and even indicated by Hippocrates as a medicine in the treatment of certain diseases. Starting with the century 6th century BC, the city of Mende experienced economic growth, especially in the Circumpontian region, and in the V-IV BC Mendiot wine appears more and more frequently in the local markets of this region.

Even some barbarian tribes, according to the Greek tradition, often used wine amphorae in the funeral process, when they were placed, as an offering, in the graves, together with other objects, which were either brought as an offering to the gods, or were intended to serve the deceased in the afterlife.

Such a funerary complex was discovered by archaeologist Nicolae Chetraru in 1987 - the Scythian tumulus no. 45 from Dubăsari. The deceased was cremated, and three amphorae and a large bronze cauldron were placed in the grave. Among the amphorae (all belonging to Greek wine centers) was one from Mende, along with two others from Chios. Since the wines of Mende and Chios were considered expensive wines, as was the bronze cauldron, their presence in this mound was an indication of a privileged financial and social position of the person cremated here.

The Mende amphora from tomb 1 of mound 45 at Dubăsari is, at the moment, the only complete vessel from this center on the territory of the Republic. Moldova, although fragments of Mendiot amphorae have also been discovered in other archaeological sites in the country.

The vessel is made of a yellowish-brown paste with chewed sand and many particles of mica. The amphora has the following basic dimensions: height - 740 mm, depth - 610 mm, maximum diameter - 390 mm.

Virtual Tour



Events Archive



TRADITIONAL CONCERT FOR THE NATIONAL DAY OF ROMANIA

30 November 2017

On Thursday, 30 November 2017, at 18:00, the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted in the Blue Room a concert dedicated to the National Day of Romania, organized by the Organ Hall of Chişinău.

The concert for the Day of Romania was attended by the National Chamber Orchestra, first conductor Cristian Florea, soloists: the young instrumentalists Ștefan-Gabriel Luță (violin), Cezar Bordian and Adriana Babin (panpipe).

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Conference of the National Museum of History of Moldova History. Archeology. Museology, the 17th edition

20 October 2017

The annual scientific conference of the museum History. Archaeology. Museology, the 27th edition, took place on October 19 and 20, 2017. The conference began with the opening speech of Eugen Sava, general director. Several speeches and two papers were presented at the plenary session. Also, was presented the latest issue of the museum journal Tyragetia 2017, No. 2. The journal appears twice a year, has a language specific to scientific disciplines, but accessible to the public. Each article addresses a particular theme, a certain reality. The event organized by the museum gathered together in Chişinău 60 specialists (scientists, museographers, university professors) in the fields of history, archeology, museology from Moldova, Russia, Ukraine, Romania etc.

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Symposium of Numismatics, 17th edition

6 October 2017

On October 5 and 6, 2017 was held the 17th edition of the Symposium of Numismatics at the National Museum of History of Moldova in collaboration with "Vasile Pârvan" Institute of Archeology of the Romanian Academy in Bucharest and the Numismatic Society of the Republic of Moldova. The event was attended by researchers and collectors from Moldova, Belarus, Romania, Slovakia and Ukraine, who presented 21 scientific papers. During the symposium were discussed issues of general numismatics, as well as subjects related to the valorization of numismatic material discovered on the territory of the Republic of Moldova and the countries of origin of the participants.

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13th World Meeting of Bulgarian media

5 October 2017

 
On October 5, 2017, from 9:00 to 10:30, the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted the opening ceremony of the 13th World Meeting of Bulgarian Media. This year's theme was "Neighborhood Policies".

The Bulgarian World Media Forum held in Chisinau on 4th to 8th October 2017, was organized by the Bulgarian National News Agency, BTA, and the Bulgarian Media Association all over the world, in collaboration with the State Information Agency "Moldpres".

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Concert of „7 Klase” band in the courtyard of the National Museum of History of Moldova on the occasion of the European Heritage Days

25 September 2017

On Monday, September 25, the local band „7 Klase" gave its debut concert in the courtyard of the National Museum of History of Moldova entitled "We Take Flight."

The event wass organized by Hit Music Factory, Sens Music Production and the Senate of the students of the Theoretical Lyceum "Gheorghe Asachi" on the occasion of the European Heritage Days in partnership with the Agency for Inspection and Restoration of Monuments of Moldova, Chisinau Municipality, Mimi Castle and National Museum of History of Moldova.

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Movie night under the stars, 4th edition at the National Museum of History of Moldova

9 September 2017

The traditional event - Movie night under the starts, reaching the 4th edition, was held in the courtyard of the National Museum of History of Moldova from August 24 to September 09, 2017. The lovers of the seventh art had the opportunity to watch from Thursday to Saturday, starting at 21:00, masterpieces of universal cinematography. The outdoor projection was organized by the Association for Charity and Promotion of Civic Culture in cooperation with the National Museum of History of Moldova.

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Commemoration of the victims of political repressions of the communist totalitarian regime

8 August 2017

On August 8, at the National Museum of History of Moldova was held an event for the commemoration of the victims who had suffered the plight of political repressions of the communist totalitarian regime. The event was attended by: Ion Coropceanu, Senior State Councilor of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Moldova; Oleg Babin, Deputy Minister of Home Affairs; Gheorghe Postică, Deputy Minister of Culture; Eugen Sava, General Director of the National Museum of History of Moldova; Ion Varta, General Director of the State Archives Service of the Republic of Moldova; Simion Carp, Rector of the Academy „Ştefan cel Mare" of the MIA; Ghenadie Cosovan, President of NGO „Credință Patriei"; Anatol Caraman, President of the Association of Veterans of the 1992 War „Tiras-Tighina"; representatives of the academia, employees of the National Museum of History of Moldova and the Academy „Ştefan cel Mare".

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Event dedicated to the 25th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Moldova and the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic

12 July 2017

The history of bilateral Moldovan-Czech-Slovak diplomatic relations officially begins twenty five years ago on June 1, 1992. On the occasion of this anniversary, a special event was held in the Blue Hall of the National Museum of History of Moldova, in which the Embassy of the Czech Republic and the Embassy of the Slovak Republic in Chișinău officially issued a special postmark "25 years of diplomatic relations of the Republic of Moldova - Czech Republic", developed by "Poșta Moldovei". The stamp was applied on a special envelope, with two personalized stamps, made on this occasion by the Embassy of Slovakia.

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Independent Moldova
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Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
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Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
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Era of the
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#Exhibit of the Month

Amphoras are massive vessels originating from the ancient Greek world, executed on the potter's wheel, in which Greek merchants, in the process of their trade with other territories and peoples, transported, in particular, Greek wine, olive oil, salted olives, paints, nuts, etc. The shape of the Greek commercial amphora, in the opinion of some researchers, vaguely recalls the female figure, having, probably, at the beginning, a sacred character. Among the main features of the amphorae are well-thought-out metric proportions...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC