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National Museum of History of Moldova
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

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Events Archive



The event „Discover Children’s dream planet with Spiridon Vangheli”

1 June 2015

The event „Discover Children’s dream planet with Spiridon Vangheli”
For the celebration of the International Children's Day on June 1st, the National Museum of History of Moldova organized in collaboration with Culture Department of Chișinău municipality an event with the generic „Discover Children's dream planet with Spiridon Vangheli". The event was attended by children with parents, grandparents and educators from Chișinău and different rural areas of the republic.

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„History lesson” at the National Museum of History of Moldova

27 May 2015

„History lesson” at the National Museum of History of Moldova
On May 27th, starting with 16.00 hours, at the National Museum of History of Moldova was held a „History lesson”, an even organized in collaboration with the Academy „Ștefan cel Mare” of MIA on the occasion of the International Children’s Day.

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European film screenings at the National Museum of History of Moldova, in the framework of the Days of Europe 2015

24 May 2015

On May 22nd to 24th, 2015, the Delegation of the European Union in the Republic of Moldova organized at the National Museum of History of Moldova screenings of European film and video promos about EU assistance. The event was held in the framework of the Days of Europe 2015.

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The European Night of Museums 2015

16 May 2015

Noaptea Europeană a Muzeelor 2015
This year the European Museum Night was held on May 16th, between 18.00-02.00 hours, under the generic One night at the museum - a time of real fairy tales.

The program of manifestations dedicated to this long awaited museum event, which reached the Eleventh Edition, included special arrangements in the permanent exhibition, concerts of instrumental music, theater performances, documentary film screenings, medieval-style battles and parades etc.

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International Museum Day 2015

16 May 2015

  International Museum Day 2015
This year the series of events dedicated to International Museum Day took place on May 16, between 11.00-17.00 hours, under the theme „Museums for a sustainable society.

Visitors were offered an extensive program of interactive and entertaining activities within masterclasses, workshops, contests and exhibitions.

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The anniversary of the Victory Day Against Fascism, 70 years from the end of World War II

4 May 2015

On the occasion of the 70th anniversary from the end of World War II at the National Museum of History of Moldova were held two activities, on the 30th April and 4th May, with the generic „World War II. A tragic lesson of 20th century". Pupils from the Theoretical Lyceum „Minerva" and the Republican Music Boarding-School „Serghei Rahmaninov" participated at the event which was held in the Diorama Hall of the museum. Different subjects were approached, such as the horrors of the war, the historic significance of the day of 9th May and the participation of grandfathers in the battlefield and their contribution to peace in Europe. The aim of these actions is knowledge of history, homage of war veterans and promotion of solidarity between generations.

The anniversary of the Victory Day Against Fascism, 70 years from the end of World War II The anniversary of the Victory Day Against Fascism, 70 years from the end of World War II The anniversary of the Victory Day Against Fascism, 70 years from the end of World War II

Round table „Evolution of money - from coins to virtual cards and contactless”

9 April 2015

Round table „Evolution of money - from coins to virtual cards and contactless”
At the National Museum of History of Moldova was held a round table with the topic „Evolution of money - from coins to virtual cards and contactless" which was organized by the European Fund for the South-Eastern Europe through the Development Facility (EFSE DF) in partnership with the National Bank of Moldova and the host institution.

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Concert by Baltic Guitar Quartet from Lithuania

10 March 2015

The Baltic Guitar Quartet from Vilnius gave an extraordinary concert in the Blue Room of the museum celebrating the 25th anniversary from the restoration of Lithuanian Independence, an even organized by the Embassy of the Republic of Lithuania in the Republic of Moldova.

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Festive meeting dedicated to the International Women's Day at the National Museum of History of Moldova

4 March 2015

Festive meeting dedicated to the International Women's Day at the National Museum of History of Moldova
On the occasion of 8th March, the National Museum of History of Moldova held a cultural event titled "I kiss your hand, woman", which brought together female employees and collaborators of our institution. After the general director, dr.hab. Eugen Sava's congratulation words, all present ladies enjoyed a performance given by artistic groups of the Esthetic Education Center "Lăstărel" as a tribute of honor and appreciation.

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Dragobete Day at National Museum of History of Moldova

23 February 2015

Dragobete Day at National Museum of History of Moldova
On the eve of traditional Romanian holiday Dragobete, the National Museum of History of Moldova organized in partnership with Esthetic Education Center „Lăstărel" and Theoretical Lyceum „Mircea Eliade" an event to honor ancestral cultural values, traditions and customs.

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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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