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#Exhibit of the Month

It is said that the icons, by the divine grace they have, choose their own places from where they can manifest their powers of blessing and consolation. It so happened that one icon of the Mother of God has remained on our lands from the end of the 18th century, when the battles of the Russo-Turkish war of 1787-1791 took place here. The circumstances of the appearance of this icon in Bessarabia are confirmed by several historical references, from which it follows that the Russian officer N.A. Albaduev, a participant in the military campaign, brought this icon here with him, and after his death his relatives – the colonel’s wife or his mother – gave this icon to the monastery, where he suddenly died when he came there on Christmas to receive communion. The icon of the Mother of God was initially placed in the old wooden church, where the officer’s grave was located, and then was placed in the new Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin, built and consecrated in 1816.

Soon the icon became very popular, and its fame increased enormously thanks to the healings that occurred thanks to the intercession of the Mother of God; the names of the healed people, their place of residence and sufferings were described in periodicals. Archimandrite Seraphim, hegumen of the monastery in from 1805 to 1827, mentioned the special veneration of the icon of the Mother of God from the Hârbovăţ Monastery by Orthodox people who are always looking for help and intercession from this icon of the Empress of The World. Believers called it a wonder-making icon even before the Holy Synod issued Decree No. 526 of January 26, 1859, signed by Emperor Alexander II, proclaiming the icon of the Our Lady of Hârbovăţ as the Wonder-Making. Recognizing the miraculous properties of this icon, the Holy Synod also organized religious processions with the delivery of the icon to Chişinău on October 1 and its subsequent return to the monastery on April 23.

The icon of the Mother of God of Hârbovăţ is one of the earliest and most popular types of the Theotokos icons, that of Hodegetria. In this iconographic depiction, the Mother of God and the Child are presented in a frontal position, looking at the one who is praying. The Mother of God holds the Child on Her left hand, and with Her right hand points to Him, the Child blesses with His right hand, holding in His left hand a sacred scroll – a symbol of the Gospel. Regarding the images, it should be said that the icons of the Herbovets Mother of God differ from the traditional icons of the Hodegetria type in a special relationship between the characters, their mutual affection is expressed in poses, in the tilt of the heads, in the gentle expression of the Child’s face. We can say that in the iconography of the Mother of God of Hârbovăţ, features of two different types of Theotokos are harmoniously combined: the Mother of God Hodegetria, or Our Lady of the Way, and the Mother of God Eleusa, or the Virgin of Tenderness.

Exact copies of this icon are still kept in the summer church of the Noul Neamţ Monastery in the village of Chiţcani (Căuşeni), in the Intercession of the Blessed Virgin Church in the village of Sîrcova (Rezina), in the All Saints Church in Chişinău (early 20th century), in the Transfiguration Cathedral in Bolgrad, in the Transfiguration Monastery in Tatarbunary, in the Saint Paraskeva Church in the village of Furatovka (Odessa Oblast), in the Saint Archangel Michael Monastery in Odessa, in the Ascension Monastery in Teplodar (Ukraine), in the Holy Trinity Monastery in the village of Mramor, near Topolovgrad (Bulgaria), in the Holy Great Martyr Theodore Tyron Cathedral in Chişinău, in the Saint Prince Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Ungheni, and other churches.

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Events Archive



Dragobete at the National Museum of History of Moldova

24 February 2016

Wednesday, February 24th, at the National Museum of History of Moldova was held a special event dedicated to the Dragobete, Romanian folk mythology character symbolizing youth and love.

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Book issue „Dreptul la proprietate și la moștenire al femeilor din Moldova și țările vecine (secolele XIV-XVII). Studii și documente” by Lilia Zabolotnaia

23 February 2016

Book issue „Dreptul la proprietate și la moștenire al femeilor din Moldova și țările vecine (secolele XIV-XVII). Studii și documente” by Lilia Zabolotnaia
On February 23rd, 2016, at the National Museum of History of Moldova (Blue Hall) was issued the volume: Lilia Zabolotnaia „Dreptul la proprietate și la moștenire al femeilor din Moldova și țările vecine (secolele XIV-XVII). Studii și documente". (Property and inheritance rights of women in Moldovan and neighboring countries (fourteenth to seventeenth centuries). Studies and documents). Seria Istoria la feminin, Editura: Lexon-Prim, Chișinău, 2015, -351 p.

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Poetry recital and contest „Ştefan cel Mare and the battle of Vaslui in the work of classical and contemporary Romanian authors”

10 January 2016

Poetry recital and contest „Ştefan cel Mare and the battle of Vaslui” in the work of classical and contemporary Romanian authors”
On January 10th were marked 541 years of the glorious victory of ruler Ştefan cel Mare in the Battle of Vaslui. On this occasion, the National Museum of History of Moldova held a poetry recital dedicated to Ştefan cel Mare's manhood and heroism. The recital and contest were organized by the Academy "Ştefan cel Mare", Association "Military traditions" and the host institution.

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Musical literary show „We are here to carol!”

23 December 2015

Musical literary show „We are here to carol!”
The National Museum of History of Moldova (coordinator: Larisa Bardier) in collaboration with the Social service „Personal Assistance" (coordinator: Tatiana Plucci) and the Center for Aesthetic Education „Lăstărel" (coordinators: Alexandr Cocean, Viorica Florea and Elena Prutean) have organized a musical literary show for children from disadvantaged families living in the municipality of Chișinău of with the title „We are here to carol!".

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Launch of the volume “Poles in Moldova. History and present”

14 December 2015

Launch of the volume “Poles in Moldova. History and present”
The book POLONEZII ÎN MOLDOVA. ISTORIE ŞI CONTEMPORANIETATE. CULEGERE DE STUDII ŞI DOCUMENTE " (Poles in Moldova. History and Contemporaneity. Collection of studies and documents) (Chișinău - Poznań - Warszawa, 2015, 368 p.) was released on Monday, December 14th, 2015 at the National Museum of History of Moldova.

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The Ball of Christmas Trees

11 December 2015

Ball of Christmas Trees
The 5th edition of the Exhibition of Christmas Trees ended with the traditional Ball of Christmas Trees, charitable event signed by KLumea which took place in the evening of December 11th at the National Museum of History of Moldova.

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Concert of Carols at the National Museum of History of Moldova

6 December 2015

Concert of Carols at the National Museum of History of Moldova
The artistic groups of the Aesthetic Education Centre „Lăstărel" performed a concert of carols "Open the door, Christian" on Sunday, December 6th, on the ground floor hall of the museum, within the Exhibition of Christmas Trees.

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Celebrations commemorating the centenary of World War One

30 November 2015

Celebrations commemorating the centenary of World War One
National Museum of History of Moldova and the French Embassy in Moldova organized a series of events designed to bring in the focus the premises, evolution and consequences of a military conflict that has radically changed the destiny of Europe.

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XV SYMPOSIUM OF NUMISMATICS

30 October 2015

XV Symposium of  Numismatics
The National Museum of History of Moldova, in collaboration with the Institute of Archaeology „Vasile Pârvan" of the Romanian Academy in Bucharest and the Numismatic Society from the Republic of Moldova organized from October 29th to 30th, 2015 the XV SYMPOSIUM OF NUMISMATICS, the works of which were held  at the National Museum of History of Moldova.

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25th Annual Scientific Session

9 October 2015

 25th Annual Scientific Session
Following the yearly tradition, the National Museum of History of Moldova organized on October 8th and 9th, 2015 the 25th edition of the Yearly Session of Scientific Papers. The Session from October 8th-9th, 2015, as the ones from previous years, had three components: plenary session, issue of the museum journal Tyragetia and discussion in panels.

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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is said that the icons, by the divine grace they have, choose their own places from where they can manifest their powers of blessing and consolation. It so happened that one icon of the Mother of God has remained on our lands from the end of the 18th century, when the battles of the Russo-Turkish war of 1787-1791 took place here. The circumstances of the appearance of this icon in Bessarabia are confirmed by several historical references, from which it follows that the Russian officer N.A. Albaduev, a participant in the military campaign, brought this icon here with him, and after his death his relatives – the colonel’s wife or his mother – gave this icon to the monastery, where he suddenly died when he came there on Christmas to receive communion. The icon of the Mother of God was initially placed in the old wooden church, where the officer’s grave was located, and then was placed in the new Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin, built and consecrated in 1816..

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