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#Exhibit of the Month

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Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM). In particular, in the archaeological exhibition, two bronze cauldrons are displayed, discovered near the village of Nicolscoe in 1988 in burial mounds no. 14 and 15. In addition, in 2020, two bronze cauldrons without any accompanying documents were found in the collection of NMHM; however, they were visually identified as coming from various excavations in the Low Dniester region, such as burial mound no. 45 near Dubăsari and burial mound no. 1 near the Răscăieții Noi village.

The object presented as the exhibit of the month is a little-known find discovered in 1979 in barrow 1 near the village of Răscăieții Noi in the Ștefan Vodă district. In addition to its outstanding size (about 10 m high), this mound is known for discovering a cast bronze finial in the Scythian animal style on its surface in 1953. However, by the beginning of excavations, the locals had damaged part of the mound and a Scythian cast bronze cauldron was found near it. The cauldron was seriously damaged by mechanical impact, as a result of which the rim was deformed, and the walls, with one preserved vertical handle, were bent inwards. Fragments in the upper part of the body and one handle have been lost. The total reconstructed height of the cauldron is 24 cm (excluding the handles), the reconstructed diameter of the hemispherical cauldron is 30 cm, and the weight is 6.5 kg. In 2020, data on the chemical composition of the bronze cauldron alloy were obtained, revealing that it was cast from an alloy of almost 95 per cent copper. Unfortunately, due to the loss of information on the context of the discovery of the cauldron at Răscăieții Noi, it is impossible to link its discovery with one or another Scythian burial of the barrow. Moreover, the grave goods of other Scythian burials of Barrow 1 do not allow them to date below the 4th century BC. However, the cauldron with vertical handles from Răscăieții Noi most likely belongs earlier. This may be indicated by a bronze finial from the first half of the 5th century BC, which was found on this barrow in 1953. In addition, burial 7 from the nearest excavated barrow 2 at Răscăieții Noi, containing a plaque depicting a rolled predator (a copy of which is also on display at the NMHM), belongs to the mid- 5th century BC. Thus, there is a high probability that the cauldron from Barrow 1 at Răscăieții Noi is associated with the late Middle Scythian period or the mid-5th century BC.

Scythian bronze cauldrons in the west area are concentrated in three main regions: Bukovina-Podolia, the Lower Danube, and the Lower Dniester. Some Scythian cauldrons have no reliable archaeological context. Nevertheless, in combination with the same "stray" finds like the Scythian statues, the finds of Scythian cauldrons mark the Scythian presence, most likely not earlier than the late 6th century or even the turn of the 6th-5th centuries BC. The cauldrons first appeared in Bukovina, where they have been known since the middle of the 7th century BC. Bronze cauldrons (with their carriers) entered the steppe region 150-200 years later, and the "military" burials that appeared in the western steppe regions were no earlier than the middle of the 5th century BC. Most burials with cauldrons (and, apparently, the stray finds) are dated back to the second half of the 5th century BC. Then, in the early 4th century BC, their quantity was reduced, and after the first quarter of the 4th century BC, they completely disappeared from the cultural practice of the population of the steppes of the North-Western Black Sea region.

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Events Archive



Opening of the exhibition "Ukrainian Universe of Maria Prymachenko"

10 May 2023

On May 10, in the courtyard of the National Museum of History of Moldova, took place the opening of the exhibition "Ukrainian Universe of Maria Prymachenko", organized by the Polish Institute in Bucharest.

The universe of Prymachenko's paintings is a fantastic one full of eccentric creatures and plants, a world broken from reality that requires from us a lot of attention and in-depth knowledge of plants, animals and people


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Good Deeds Day

30 April 2023

The National Museum of History of Moldova marked the Good Deeds Day, initiated in the Republic of Moldova by the Volunteer Center RVC, joining the world movement that encourages kindness and generosity towards others.

This event marked the end of April, giving visitors the opportunity to learn and enjoy the activities organized by the Public Relations and Museum Education Section.


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XVII Heraldry Symposium

27 April 2023

On April 27, 2023, the "Paul Gore" Genealogy, Heraldry and Archival Society, the National Heraldry Commission under the President of the Republic of Moldova and the National Museum of History of Moldova organized the XVII Heraldry Symposium.

It was dedicated to the 10th anniversary of the establishment of the Heraldry Cabinet within the Office of the President of the Republic of Moldova


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Opening of the "Borders" exhibition of the multimedia artist Valeria Barbas

27 April 2023

On April 26, 2023, in the hall on the ground floor of the National Museum of History of Moldova, the opening of the multimedia exhibition "Borders" took place, which represents a unique collaboration between the artist Dr. Valeria Barbas and the Museum and the Archives of the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova.

At the opening event of the exhibition, the author of the exhibition Dr. Valeria Barbas, Deputy Director of NMHM Livia Sîrbu, Vice-Rector of ULIM dr. hab. Elena Prus, art critic, Prof. Dr., Eleonora Brigalda and Marcela Nistor, deputy in the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova


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The photo-documentary exhibition “Childhood in the Gulag” on the agenda of the national program “Timișoara – European capital of culture in 2023”

21 April 2023

On April 21, 2023, at the invitation of colleagues from the Memorial of Revolution in Timișoara (Romania), took place the vernissage "Childhood in the Gulag" (curator Ludmila D. Cojocaru), organized within the National Cultural Program "Timișoara - European Capital of Cultures in the year 2023".

The exhibition presents photo-documentary images about the life of Bessarabian children condemned by the totalitarian-communist regime of the Moldavian SSR to deportation, starvation, Russification, indoctrination, forced excision from their own families, during the years 1940-1941 and 1944-1953


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Scientific Conference "Communication, mobility and trade during the Pre-Roman Iron and Early Roman Age in Central and Eastern Europe"

21 April 2023

The Marie Curie-Sklodowska University in Lublin organized, in collaboration with the National Museum of History of Moldova and the Free University of Berlin, an important scientific conference on the theme "Communication, mobility and trade during the Pre-Roman Iron and Early Roman Age in Central and Eastern Europe". The event took place between April 19-21, 2023 and benefited from the financial support of the Alexander von Humboldt foundation

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Round table "Archaeologist Emanuil RIKMAN - 100 years since his birth"

13 April 2023

On April 13, the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted the round table "Archaeologist Emanuil RIKMAN - 100 years since his birth", organized by the Archeology Sector of the museum in partnership with the Faculty of History and Philosophy of the State University of Moldova and National Archaeological Agency.

The event was organized within the project "Museum heritage and historical memory: research, interpretation, presentation" (number 20.80009.0807.43), financed by the State Program (2020-2023)


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The launch of the volume "AERE PERENNIUS. More lasting than Bronze", coordinators: Lilia Dergaciova, Denis Topal, Leonid Mosionjnic, Sergej Razumov, Ghenadie Sîrbu

12 April 2023

On April 12, 2023, in the Blue Hall of the National Museum of History of Moldova, took place the launch of the volume "AERE PERENNIUS. More lasting than Bronze" Essays in honor of Valentin Dergachev on the occasion of his 80th birthday.

"AERE PERENNIUS. More lasting than Bronze" is a collection of materials and synthesis studies in the field of Neo-Eneolithic and Bronze Age archeology by international researchers from the Republic of Moldova, Romania, Ukraine, Bulgaria, the Russian Federation, Poland, Germany, the United States of America, Canada and others


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Inauguration of the exhibition "Heydar Aliyev - Life and activity of a remarkable personality"

6 April 2023

On April 6, 2023, in the premises of the National Museum of History of Moldova, took place the opening ceremony of the exhibition dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the birth of the Leader of the Nation of the Azerbaijani people, Heydar Aliyev, entitled "Life and activity of a remarkable personality".

At the opening of the event, the ambassador of the Republic of Azerbaijan to the Republic of Moldova, Gudsi Osmanov, greeted the guests and thanked the management of the Republic of Moldova for the support given in order to organize the exhibition


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“Make Art not War”, charity event dedicated to peace and the Ukrainian people

31 March 2023

On March 31, 2023, in the premises of the National Museum of History of Moldova, took place "Make Art not War", a charity event organized by the Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Moldova and Hospices of Hope Moldova, in partnership with International Women Club Moldova.

The purpose of the event was to collect funds to support the Ukrainian people and the Chisinau Hope Center of Hospices of Hope Moldova, which will open in May 2023


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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC