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National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Events

14 February 2013

On 14 February 2013 the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova has organized the Scientific Conference "Bessarabian School". The event is part of a series of commemorative activities celebrating the 200th anniversary of the opening of the Theological Seminary in Chisinau (31 January 1813), the first institution of theological studies in the area between the Prut and Dniester. The event has a much broader concept, involving the religious and secular education system in Bessarabia during Tsarist period in the whole. The conference aimed at updating the cultural program of the Bessarabian School expressed by Alexandru Hâjdău as the trustee of schools of the Hotin County in his famous speech "In memory of the old glory of Moldova" (on 25 July 1837), in which he more than anyone else was able to present a high conscious position of Bessarabian Romanians to learn from temporary owners of their land, not adopting their spirit, because temporary political boundaries during the tsarist period (1812-1918) could never become the spiritual barriers between Bessarabian Romanians and the rest Romanian world.

The event was conducted with the participation of historians, museum curators, teachers from the Academy of Orthodox Theology of Moldova. There were presented reports and communications on a wide range of issues related to the history of Bessarabian school in the 19th century "under Russians": Foundation of the Chișinău Theological Seminary (Dr. Eugen Onicov); Periods of activity of the Theological Seminary, 1813-1913 (Dr. Veaceslav Ciorba); The Three Saints Theological Seminary (Victor Ceresău); Personalities who have worked in the Chișinău Theological Seminary (Onică Roman, Valentin Ceban, Tudor Gavriliță); Grigore Constantinescu, teacher of Romanian in the Chișinău Theological Seminary (Dr. Dinu Poștarencu), From the history of the library of Chișinău Theological Seminary (1813-1913) (Dr. Maria Danilov); Monastic education schools in Bessarabia of the late 19th - early 20th century (Dr. Silvia Scutaru); On the secular education in Bessarabia in the end of 1850s (Alexandru Argint); Education in Bessarabia between 1856 -1878 (Maria Tetiuhina); Development of the school system in the Bulgarian colony of Taraclia, the Akkerman County (1839-1918) (Ivan Duminică, The Saints Cyril and Methodius University of Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria), etc.

Participants in the Scientific Conference Bessarabian School (to the 200th anniversary of the founding of the Chisinau Theological Seminary) were invited by Dr. Eugen Sava, General Director of NMAHM, to submit their reports for publication in the journal Tyragetia, vol. XXII, 2013.
National Museum of History of Moldova, 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova

7 February 2013


On February 7, 2013 at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova there was a presentation of the book „Bucharest Peace Treaty of 1812. The 200th anniversary of the annexation of Bessarabia to the Russian Empire. Papers of the International Conference, Chisinau, 26 to 28 April 2012, Reports of Studies", Series IDN, C3, Chisinau, Pontos Publishing House, edition of 200 copies, coordinator of the edition Sergiu Musteață. This large format book has 352 pages and contains the works by researchers from Moldova, Romania, Ukraine, Greece, and Russia.

It was published in 2012 in connection with the events dedicated to the 200th anniversary of the annexation of Bessarabia to the Russian Empire to shed light on the historical truth regarding the consequences of 1812, i.e. the impact of expansionary policy of the Russian Empire on the Romanian principalities in general and Bessarabia in particular.

Since the year 1812 is located in the center of all the issues of controversial history of Bessarabia, namely the political history of this Romanian province (without which other historical data on Bessarabia find completely different meanings), the spokespersons Dr. Vlad Mischevca (Institute of History, State and Law), Dr. Sergiu Musteață ("Ion Creangă" State Pedagogical University), Dr. Maria Danilov (National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova), and Dr. Valentin Arapu (State University of Moldova) emphasized the importance of scientific contributions related to the 1812.

The book is intended for all those who are interested in this difficult problem of national history, such as the separation of the area between the Prut and Dniester from the Principality of Moldavia. Moreover, the volume is a comprehensive review of a number of events and facts that occurred in this area for two centuries (1812-2012) and gives the reader an adequate answer to the question: what was the path of Bessarabia and its fate in connection with this event of 1812?
National Museum of History of Moldova, 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova

1 February 2013


International Conference „When Sweden was ruled from Moldova" was held in the Blue Room of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova from 1 to 2 February 2013. It was dedicated to the 300th anniversary of the Kalabalik at Varnița and Swedish King Charles XII's stay in Bender and Varnița during the time from 1709 to 1713.

At the conference there made presentations scientists from academic institutions, universities, and museums from the Republic of Moldova, Sweden, Ukraine, and Turkey. Reports were focused on issues of history of the 17th - 18th centuries and Sweden's political relations with Russia and the Ottoman Empire, the role of Charles XII in these relations, the Kalabalik at Varnița and the Swedish king's long stay at Bender and Varnița in 1709 - 1713, the necessity of museological development of this segment of Moldavian-Swedish joint history, and so on.

The conference was moderated by two researchers - Dr. Erik Norberg, secretary of the Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities, and Prof. Ion Eremia, the State University of Moldova.


The presented reports aroused interest and discussion. We note in particular the reports Carlopolis, the Swedish town on the banks of the Dniester by Dr. Åsa Karlsson, Chief Editor of the Swedish Biographical Dictionary; Economic ties between Sweden and the Ottoman Empire 1709 - 1714 by Prof. Lars Magnusson, Uppsala University, Sweden; The oriental expeditions by Dr. Karin Ådahl, Turkey; King Charles XII at Bender and Varna - history and memory by Dr. hab. Elena Ploșnița, Republic of Moldova.

The conference proceedings will be published in a separate volume, which will be released in Stockholm to November 30, 2013, the anniversary of Charles XII's death.
National Museum of History of Moldova, 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova

1 February 2013

 
On February 1, 2013 in the Blue Room of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova there was a presentation of the project „When Sweden was ruled from Moldova". It is an international project born in the Swedish scientific community and aimed to preserve historical memory, promote cultural historical heritage that reflects a common segment of the Moldavian-Swedish-Turkish history related to the name of Swedish King Charles XII, and to deepen the collaboration between Swedish, Turkish, and Moldavian researchers. The project has several components - scientific conference in Chisinau, Istanbul, and Stockholm; a thematic exhibition in Chișinău; visiting historical places in Bender (Tighina) and Varnița related to the name of Swedish King Charles XII.

The project is supported by several Swedish institutions, including: Foundations of the Swedish Armory, King Gustav VI Adolf's Fund for Swedish Culture, Riksbankens Rubileumsfond, the Royal Swedish Patriotic Society, Åke Wiberg Foundation, and the Swedish Institute.

Main organizers of the event in Chișinău are the Embassy of Sweden in Chișinău, the Royal Armory, Stockholm, the Embassy of Moldova in Sweden, and the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova

In the event's organizing committee there are Dr. Per Sandin, Curator of the Royal Armory, Stockholm, Greger Widgren, Ex Ambassador of Sweden to Moldova, Peder Törnvall, Former Director of the Swedish Agency for Public Management, Christian Kamill, Chief of Protocol, Stockholm City Hall, Bjorn Kavalkov-Halvarsson, Deputy Head of the Embassy Mission of Sweden in Moldova, Emil Druc, Ambassador of the Republic of Moldova to Sweden, and others.


The event was attended by scientists from the country and abroad, representatives of diplomatic missions, members of the Government and Parliament of the country, local authorities, and representatives of the media. The event was opened by Eugen Sava, General Director of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, and the floor was given to the three ambassadors - Ingrid Tersman, Ambassador of Sweden to the Republic of Moldova, Mehmet Salim Kartal, Ambassador of Turkey to the Republic of Moldova, and Sergey Pirozhkov, Ambassador of Ukraine to the Republic of Moldova. During the presentation the event was appreciated by representatives of the Government of Republic of Moldova, researchers, and museologists from the country and abroad.
National Museum of History of Moldova, 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova

11 December 2012

 
On Tuesday, December 11, at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova it was held the presentation of the book "Press and Censorship in Bessarabia. DOCUMENTS (19th - early 20th centuries)", Pontos Publishing House, Chișnău, 2012, 212 p. (author: Maria Danilov). The book appeared in the series "Unpublished Histories and Documents, Monographs 5".

At the event, as the special guests, along with the coordinator of the series Dr. Sergiu Musteață from the "Ion Creanga" State Pedagogical University, there have participated  Academician Andrei Eșanu, historians Gheorghe Negru, Ion Negrei, Silvia Grossu, Ion Ţurcanu, Ion Buga, Elena Postică, Vlad Mischevca, Alina Felea, Vasile Malanețchi, Igor Cereteu, writer Vladimir Beșleaga, etc.

The event was also attended by a large audience, composed of curators, teachers, students of the State University of Moldova and the "Ion Creanga" State Pedagogical University (Chișinău).

 
Academician Andrei Eșanu in his speech stressed the need for further studies on issues related to the investigation of the "dark" century, that is the Tsarist period in the history of Bessarabia (1812-1918). Then there presented their views historians Ion Ţurcanu și Gheorghe Negru. The last insisted that the museum institution in recent years has achieved considerable results in developing a range of works useful for historical research - collection catalogs, and Dr. Maria Danilov's work also fits perfectly in the area of investigation of the historical and cultural heritage. Dr. Silvia Grossu highlighted that the book „Press and Censorship" will be useful for the students of the subject "History of Bessarabian Press during the Tsarist period".

 
The publication includes an analysis of important sources from the National Archives of the Republic of Moldova, which directly reflects the activity of censorship institutions  concentrated in the funds of the Civil Governor of Bessarabia and the Chief of Gendarmes of Chișinău: correspondence "top secret" between local government officials of different levels: Civil Governor of Bessarabia, Head of the Provincial Gendarmerie, City ​​Attorney of Chisinau, and district police chiefs. And at the final stage - the correspondence with central structures in St. Petersburg (Main Department for Media and Censorship Issues). The research results are important not only to highlight some significant steps in the emergence and consolidation of Bessarabian press and the system of censorship in the Russian Empire, which provided strict control in border areas, as was Bessarabia, but to elucidate the phenomenon of imperial censorship and its impact on Romanian language press in particular. The study is accompanied by annexes / documentary reproductions, bibliography, indexes of titles and names, summaries in Russian and English.

Author of the volume Maria Danilov publicly thanked Mr. Sergiu Musteață, the coordinator of the series "Unpublished Histories and Documents", who helped the publication to see the light.
National Museum of History of Moldova, 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova

5 November 2012

On Monday, November 5, 2012, at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, in the room of medieval history, it was held the ceremony of presentation of the Stephen the Great's sword, recently received as a gift from the Prime Minister of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan by the Prime Minister Vlad Filat.

The ceremony of presentation of the sword, exhibited in a glass case in the middle of the room of medieval history, was attended by Prime Minister Vlad Filat.

The copy of Stephen the Great's sword was donated by the Government of the Republic of Moldova to Soroca Museum of History and Ethnography for the Soroca Fortress. Until 2014 it will be exhibited at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, and then will be delivered to the Soroca Fortress.

The event was attended by over 100 people - officials, MPs, diplomats, representatives of the clergy, scholars, researchers, teachers, journalists, and students.

The event was moderated by Dr. Ion Varta, director of the State Archives of the Republic of Moldova. There gave the speeches: Prime Minister Vlad Filat, director of the Museum of History and Ethnography of Soroca Nicolae Bulat, general director of the Theoretical Liceums „Orizont" Turgay Serik, and deputy director of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova Dr. Elena Postică.

This was followed by the ceremony of transmission of the sword copy from Prime Minister Vlad Filat to the director of the Museum of History and Ethnography of Soroca and placing it in the glass case of the NMAHM's room for temporary display.


At the end of the ceremony, a group of priests headed by Metropolitan Vladimir performed the song "When Stephen was dying."

This cultural event was dedicated to the outstanding political and military leader. His glorious deeds will always be a model and example for future generations.
National Museum of History of Moldova, 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova

1 November 2012

 
On November 1, 2012, at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova it was held the presentation of book "Romanians, Bessarabia and Transnistria" by Ioan and Luiza Popa (Bucharest, 2012).

The publication, now in its second edition, revised and supplemented, contains a rich historical documentary material from Romanian as well as Russian-Soviet, Ukrainian, Moldavian, German, British, American or Finnish sources and archives, through which the authors succeded - on over 459 pages - to bring the readers balanced, strictly scientific data about persons, actions and events that have marked the millennial presence of Romanians over the Dniester, in close connection with other populations and, of course, the compact mass of the Romanian people of the area between the  Prut and Dniester and the right bank of the Prut.

 
The presentation was attended by historians, publicists, museographers, and teachers, among which we can mention Mr. Ion Negrei, Acad. Nicolae Dabija, Acad. Sergiu Chircă, Prof. Ion Buga, Assoc. Vasile Şoimaru, and others, who expressed their views on the content of the book and attempts to translate the work into foreign languages ​​for wider distribution of historical truth about Transnistria.
National Museum of History of Moldova, 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova

12 October 2012

From 11 to 12 of October 2012 at the museum there was held the 22nd Scientific Session. The session was opened with the speeches made ​​by famous scientists and men of culture. There was presented No. 1 and 2 of the museum's scientific journal "Tyragetia" for 2012. The journal can be purchased in the museum shop. Academician Valeriu Canter, President of the National Council for Accreditation and Attestation handed Eugen Sava, Ph.D., General Director of the museum a scientific accreditation certificate which certifies that the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova is accredited as an organization of science and innovation with all the rights to perform the activities on research, innovation and technology transfer on the profile of "Museology and the Research of the Historical and Cultural Heritage", with the assessment of it as a well recognized internationally competitive organization (category B).

After the opening there followed the plenary session. The works were carried out in two sections: "Archaeology, Ancient and Medieval History" and "Museology, Modern and Contemporary History". Session was attended by researchers and museum specialists from various scientific institutions, universities and museums. There were presented 70 reports focusing on various issues of museology, history, archeology, protection and research of cultural and historical heritage.


National Museum of History of Moldova, 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova

5 October 2012

 
On October 5, 2012 the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova in collaboration with Vyacheslav Cebotari's Academy of Arts Foundation SVERCHKARTINA from St. Petersburg organized the 2nd National Symposium (with international participation) „Integration of nobility of Bessarabia in socio-political, economic and cultural life of the Russian Empire" dedicated to the memory of Alexandru Matei Cotruta (1827-1905).

The idea of ​​organizing such a symposium belongs to the artist Vyacheslav Cebotari (born 1959 in the village of Mincenii de Jos, Rezina District - the motherland of Alexandru Cotruta), author of a series works of monumental sculpture highly appreciated in the Russian Federation (St. Petersburg). He is also the author of a portrait and commemorative medal in honor of the 180th anniversary of the birth of a nobleman Alexandru Cotruta.

In the discussions there took part university professors, researchers, museum specialists, men of culture concerned with history, sociology, museology, etc. The event was attended by Prof. Dr. Vyacheslav Afanasev, born in the village of Mincenii de Jos, Rezina District, who, speaking about his countryman Alexandru Matei Cotruta, highlighted the efforts of the researches from National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, who in recent investigations found the place of the church and the Cotruta family tomb destroyed by the Soviet authorities in 1960s.

The reports, mostly unpublished, include the results of studies in archives, museums, and libraries on two areas of research:

· Bessarabian nobility in the context of sociopolitical and cultural life of the Russian Empire (1812-1918)
· Alexandru Cotruta - outstanding sociopolitical and cultural figure of Bessarabia (the 2nd half of 19th - early 20th centuries).

Papers presented at the Symposium will be published in the collection of articles dedicated to the memory of Alexandru Cotruta.
National Museum of History of Moldova, 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova

7 September 2012

Between 5 to 9 September 2012 at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova it was held the 13th Numismatic Symposium organized in collaboration with the "Vasile Pârvan" Institute of Archaeology of the Romanian Academy from Bucharest and the Numismatic Society of the Republic of Moldova. It was attended by numismatists and collectors from the Republic of Moldova, Romania, and Ukraine. There were presented over 30 scientific papers on the general issues of numismatics, as well as related to the study of numismatic material discovered in the Republic of Moldova and in the countries of origin of participants.


More information about the Symposium can be found in the press release of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova. The full list of participants, program, and abstracts of communications presented at the Symposium can be found here.

The main sponsor of the Symposium was the Commercial Bank Victoriabank S.A.
National Museum of History of Moldova, 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova

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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

 



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