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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

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Events Archive



Easter Concert

18 April 2010

On occasion of the Holy Easter the Blue Room of the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted a concert of Ivan Cvasniuc (baritone), and Lilia Solomei (soprano), the singers from the Opera and Ballet Theatre of the Republic of Moldova. The repertoire brought together classical religious pieces and fragments of famous operas. The concert was held in the framework of the Easter Festival organized by the International Association of Friendship and Cooperation “Moldova and Russia” in April 3 – 25, 2010.

Presentation of the Scientific Journal of NMAHM

31 March 2010

On March 30, 2010 there was a presentation of the museum’s journal “Tyragetia” for 2010: No.1 “Archaeology. Ancient History” and No.2 “History. Museology”. The event was attended by museologists, researchers, university teachers. Both issues of the journal were presented by a Doctor of Sciences, Associate Professor Aurel Zanoci. During the presentation there made their speeches Gheorghe Postica, Deputy Minister of Culture, Silviu Tabac, deputy director of the Institute of Cultural Heritage of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Ion Gumenai, Prodean of the Department of History and Philosophy of the State University of Moldova, and others, who appreciated the scientific content and printing aspect of the publication.

Scientific Conference "Science in Bessarabia (19th - early 20th centuries)”

30 March 2010

On March 30 the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova has carried out the scientific conference "Science in Bessarabia (19th - early 20th centuries)” organized by the Modern History Department.

The conference is part of series of events dedicated to the Year of Science - 2010, proclaimed by the Commonwealth of Independent States. The conference was attended by scientists from the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, the National Museum of Ethnography and Natural History, the Institute of History, State and Law of the ASM, and other institutions with scientific profile. Conference Program can be viewed here.


Martisor Celebration for children

7 March 2010

The National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova has offered the public a concert of the Choral Music School “Lia-Ciocirlia” under the direction of Tatiana Bejenaru. The concert was organized by the Republican Centre for Children and Youth in the framework of the Music Festival “Martisor 2010”.  The repertoire included choral pieces for children by classical and contemporary composers.

Activities on Museum Pedagogy

1 March 2010

March – June, 2010

Educational programs “Archaeological Object – an Enigma”, “A Film at the Museum”, and “Origami” are designed to awaken the imagination, skills, and creativity of each child.  Young participants in the workshops discover the secrets of prehistoric life and archaeological artefacts, learn features of the national history, civilization, and culture, and rejoice in their successes in the Japanese art of origami.


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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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