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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

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Events Archive



Festive meeting dedicated to the „Historian's Day”

18 June 2013

Since 2011, on June 18 in Moldova is celebrated the Historian's Day. Establishing of this professional holiday is an act of recognition by the state of historians community's contribution to complex process of rehabilitation of scientific truth, is a mark of appreciation for their efforts in spiritual rebirth of our people, the civic consciousness and national identity of which was deeply affected by the old regime. Moreover, this act of formalizing of the guild of historians is a gesture of encouragement to those who do not spare strength to return to national values ​​and support for those who really promotes democratic ​​and the general-human values.

On this beautiful occasion, on 18 June 2013 at the National Museum of History of Moldova there was held a festive meeting. The event was attended by historians of the Institute of History of the Academy of Sciences, State University of Moldova, State Pedagogical University "Ion Creanga", Free International University of Moldova, members of the Association of Historians of Moldova, teachers and professors, curators, archivists, and other people of faith. Messages of congratulations were accompanied by music and lots of goodwill.
Festive meeting dedicated to the Historian's Day
Festive meeting dedicated to the Historian's DayFestive meeting dedicated to the Historian's Day
Festive meeting dedicated to the Historian's Day
Festive meeting dedicated to the Historian's Day

Workshop “Marketing in the Museums of Chisinau”

24 May 2013

On 20 - 24 May 2013 three national museums of Chisinau took part in a workshop by Dr. Björn Stenvers (Netherlands), a museum marketing specialist, organized by the National Museum of History of Moldova.

Workshop “Marketing in the Museums of Chisinau”
Workshop “Marketing in the Museums of Chisinau”Workshop “Marketing in the Museums of Chisinau”
Workshop “Marketing in the Museums of Chisinau”

The workshop was designed so as to provide ideas and solutions to help museum managers and curators in two important areas - management of museums and efforts to create a common marketing strategy for the three national museums.    

DAY AND NIGHT OF MUSEUMS at the National Museum of History of Moldova

18 May 2013

POSTER DAY OF MUSEUMS at the National Museum of History of Moldova
On 18 May there are celebrated International Museum Day and Night of Museums, two of the most important events in the life of worldwide community of museums.

The National Museum of History of Moldova organized a marathon of events dedicated to the Day and Night of Museums, which lasted 15 hours.

The International Museum Day celebrations were held from 11:00 to 18:00, and the program dedicated to The European Night of Museums started at 18:00 and ended at 02:00.

Details>>



The book presentation dedicated to the National Flag Day of the Republic of Moldova

24 April 2013


On Wednesday, April 24, 2013, at the National Museum of History of Moldova there took place an event in honor of the Tricolor, in the framework of which there was presented the book "Tradiții Militare (Trecut, prezent și viitor)" ("Military Traditions (Past, Present and Future)" by Simion Carp, Ghenadie Chirița, Terentie Carp, and Ecaterina Gîrbu. The book was recently published by the "Bons Offices" Publishing House in the series "Biblioteca „Tyragetia" (XXII).

The event organized by the Academy "Ştefan cel Mare" of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in collaboration with the National Museum of History of Moldova was attended by MPs, scientists, teachers, people of culture, representatives of the enforcement bodies, students of the Police Academy.

The event included a flash mob dedicated to those who have defended the flag during the armed conflict on the Dniester in 1992, screening of videos on patriotic theme, and the presentation of book "Military Tradition (Past, Present and Future)".





Book presentation

4 April 2013

 
On April 4, 2013, at the National Museum of History there was a presentation of the book Dissenting Democrats. Nation and Democracy in the Republic of Moldova (author Dr. Andreas Johansson). The event, organized by the ARC Publishing House, where the Romanian version of the volume appeared, was attended by several personalities of the historical science of the Republic of Moldova, who expressed their opinion on the contents of the work and the author's concepts, on this very delicate issue for our national history, among whom Dr. Sergiu Musteață (UPS "I.Creanga"), Dr. Igor Cașu (Moldova State University), Dr. Ion Negru (Institute of History, State and Law of the ASM), but also the sociologist and political scientist Arcadie Barbăroșie (Institute of Public Policy).

The English version of the book can be found following this link.

Lecture „Marketing in Dutch Museums”

1 March 2013


On March 1, 2013 in the Meeting Room of the museum Dr. Björn Stenvers (Netherlands), a museum marketing specialist, has presented the lecture "Marketing in Dutch Museums". Dr. B. Stenvers has described the path traversed by Dutch museums in the implementation of marketing in museum policies, highlighted issues and results, noting in particular the need for collaboration between museums for survival in the current economic downturn. He has stressed that any museum's work must be based on some of the marketing tools, such as material and technical basis of the institution, museum exhibition as a cultural product, museum shop, the result of certain investigations as scientific product, etc.

The event was attended by specialists of national museums.

Scientific Conference „BESSARABIAN SCHOOL”

14 February 2013

On 14 February 2013 the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova has organized the Scientific Conference "Bessarabian School". The event is part of a series of commemorative activities celebrating the 200th anniversary of the opening of the Theological Seminary in Chisinau (31 January 1813), the first institution of theological studies in the area between the Prut and Dniester. The event has a much broader concept, involving the religious and secular education system in Bessarabia during Tsarist period in the whole. The conference aimed at updating the cultural program of the Bessarabian School expressed by Alexandru Hâjdău as the trustee of schools of the Hotin County in his famous speech "In memory of the old glory of Moldova" (on 25 July 1837), in which he more than anyone else was able to present a high conscious position of Bessarabian Romanians to learn from temporary owners of their land, not adopting their spirit, because temporary political boundaries during the tsarist period (1812-1918) could never become the spiritual barriers between Bessarabian Romanians and the rest Romanian world.

The event was conducted with the participation of historians, museum curators, teachers from the Academy of Orthodox Theology of Moldova. There were presented reports and communications on a wide range of issues related to the history of Bessarabian school in the 19th century "under Russians": Foundation of the Chișinău Theological Seminary (Dr. Eugen Onicov); Periods of activity of the Theological Seminary, 1813-1913 (Dr. Veaceslav Ciorba); The Three Saints Theological Seminary (Victor Ceresău); Personalities who have worked in the Chișinău Theological Seminary (Onică Roman, Valentin Ceban, Tudor Gavriliță); Grigore Constantinescu, teacher of Romanian in the Chișinău Theological Seminary (Dr. Dinu Poștarencu), From the history of the library of Chișinău Theological Seminary (1813-1913) (Dr. Maria Danilov); Monastic education schools in Bessarabia of the late 19th - early 20th century (Dr. Silvia Scutaru); On the secular education in Bessarabia in the end of 1850s (Alexandru Argint); Education in Bessarabia between 1856 -1878 (Maria Tetiuhina); Development of the school system in the Bulgarian colony of Taraclia, the Akkerman County (1839-1918) (Ivan Duminică, The Saints Cyril and Methodius University of Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria), etc.

Participants in the Scientific Conference Bessarabian School (to the 200th anniversary of the founding of the Chisinau Theological Seminary) were invited by Dr. Eugen Sava, General Director of NMAHM, to submit their reports for publication in the journal Tyragetia, vol. XXII, 2013.

Book presentation

7 February 2013


On February 7, 2013 at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova there was a presentation of the book „Bucharest Peace Treaty of 1812. The 200th anniversary of the annexation of Bessarabia to the Russian Empire. Papers of the International Conference, Chisinau, 26 to 28 April 2012, Reports of Studies", Series IDN, C3, Chisinau, Pontos Publishing House, edition of 200 copies, coordinator of the edition Sergiu Musteață. This large format book has 352 pages and contains the works by researchers from Moldova, Romania, Ukraine, Greece, and Russia.

It was published in 2012 in connection with the events dedicated to the 200th anniversary of the annexation of Bessarabia to the Russian Empire to shed light on the historical truth regarding the consequences of 1812, i.e. the impact of expansionary policy of the Russian Empire on the Romanian principalities in general and Bessarabia in particular.

Since the year 1812 is located in the center of all the issues of controversial history of Bessarabia, namely the political history of this Romanian province (without which other historical data on Bessarabia find completely different meanings), the spokespersons Dr. Vlad Mischevca (Institute of History, State and Law), Dr. Sergiu Musteață ("Ion Creangă" State Pedagogical University), Dr. Maria Danilov (National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova), and Dr. Valentin Arapu (State University of Moldova) emphasized the importance of scientific contributions related to the 1812.

The book is intended for all those who are interested in this difficult problem of national history, such as the separation of the area between the Prut and Dniester from the Principality of Moldavia. Moreover, the volume is a comprehensive review of a number of events and facts that occurred in this area for two centuries (1812-2012) and gives the reader an adequate answer to the question: what was the path of Bessarabia and its fate in connection with this event of 1812?

International Conference „When Sweden was ruled from Moldova"

1 February 2013


International Conference „When Sweden was ruled from Moldova" was held in the Blue Room of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova from 1 to 2 February 2013. It was dedicated to the 300th anniversary of the Kalabalik at Varnița and Swedish King Charles XII's stay in Bender and Varnița during the time from 1709 to 1713.

At the conference there made presentations scientists from academic institutions, universities, and museums from the Republic of Moldova, Sweden, Ukraine, and Turkey. Reports were focused on issues of history of the 17th - 18th centuries and Sweden's political relations with Russia and the Ottoman Empire, the role of Charles XII in these relations, the Kalabalik at Varnița and the Swedish king's long stay at Bender and Varnița in 1709 - 1713, the necessity of museological development of this segment of Moldavian-Swedish joint history, and so on.

The conference was moderated by two researchers - Dr. Erik Norberg, secretary of the Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities, and Prof. Ion Eremia, the State University of Moldova.


The presented reports aroused interest and discussion. We note in particular the reports Carlopolis, the Swedish town on the banks of the Dniester by Dr. Åsa Karlsson, Chief Editor of the Swedish Biographical Dictionary; Economic ties between Sweden and the Ottoman Empire 1709 - 1714 by Prof. Lars Magnusson, Uppsala University, Sweden; The oriental expeditions by Dr. Karin Ådahl, Turkey; King Charles XII at Bender and Varna - history and memory by Dr. hab. Elena Ploșnița, Republic of Moldova.

The conference proceedings will be published in a separate volume, which will be released in Stockholm to November 30, 2013, the anniversary of Charles XII's death.

Presentation of the international project „When Sweden was ruled from Moldova”

1 February 2013

 
On February 1, 2013 in the Blue Room of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova there was a presentation of the project „When Sweden was ruled from Moldova". It is an international project born in the Swedish scientific community and aimed to preserve historical memory, promote cultural historical heritage that reflects a common segment of the Moldavian-Swedish-Turkish history related to the name of Swedish King Charles XII, and to deepen the collaboration between Swedish, Turkish, and Moldavian researchers. The project has several components - scientific conference in Chisinau, Istanbul, and Stockholm; a thematic exhibition in Chișinău; visiting historical places in Bender (Tighina) and Varnița related to the name of Swedish King Charles XII.

The project is supported by several Swedish institutions, including: Foundations of the Swedish Armory, King Gustav VI Adolf's Fund for Swedish Culture, Riksbankens Rubileumsfond, the Royal Swedish Patriotic Society, Åke Wiberg Foundation, and the Swedish Institute.

Main organizers of the event in Chișinău are the Embassy of Sweden in Chișinău, the Royal Armory, Stockholm, the Embassy of Moldova in Sweden, and the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova

In the event's organizing committee there are Dr. Per Sandin, Curator of the Royal Armory, Stockholm, Greger Widgren, Ex Ambassador of Sweden to Moldova, Peder Törnvall, Former Director of the Swedish Agency for Public Management, Christian Kamill, Chief of Protocol, Stockholm City Hall, Bjorn Kavalkov-Halvarsson, Deputy Head of the Embassy Mission of Sweden in Moldova, Emil Druc, Ambassador of the Republic of Moldova to Sweden, and others.


The event was attended by scientists from the country and abroad, representatives of diplomatic missions, members of the Government and Parliament of the country, local authorities, and representatives of the media. The event was opened by Eugen Sava, General Director of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, and the floor was given to the three ambassadors - Ingrid Tersman, Ambassador of Sweden to the Republic of Moldova, Mehmet Salim Kartal, Ambassador of Turkey to the Republic of Moldova, and Sergey Pirozhkov, Ambassador of Ukraine to the Republic of Moldova. During the presentation the event was appreciated by representatives of the Government of Republic of Moldova, researchers, and museologists from the country and abroad.

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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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