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#Exhibit of the Month

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Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM). In particular, in the archaeological exhibition, two bronze cauldrons are displayed, discovered near the village of Nicolscoe in 1988 in burial mounds no. 14 and 15. In addition, in 2020, two bronze cauldrons without any accompanying documents were found in the collection of NMHM; however, they were visually identified as coming from various excavations in the Low Dniester region, such as burial mound no. 45 near Dubăsari and burial mound no. 1 near the Răscăieții Noi village.

The object presented as the exhibit of the month is a little-known find discovered in 1979 in barrow 1 near the village of Răscăieții Noi in the Ștefan Vodă district. In addition to its outstanding size (about 10 m high), this mound is known for discovering a cast bronze finial in the Scythian animal style on its surface in 1953. However, by the beginning of excavations, the locals had damaged part of the mound and a Scythian cast bronze cauldron was found near it. The cauldron was seriously damaged by mechanical impact, as a result of which the rim was deformed, and the walls, with one preserved vertical handle, were bent inwards. Fragments in the upper part of the body and one handle have been lost. The total reconstructed height of the cauldron is 24 cm (excluding the handles), the reconstructed diameter of the hemispherical cauldron is 30 cm, and the weight is 6.5 kg. In 2020, data on the chemical composition of the bronze cauldron alloy were obtained, revealing that it was cast from an alloy of almost 95 per cent copper. Unfortunately, due to the loss of information on the context of the discovery of the cauldron at Răscăieții Noi, it is impossible to link its discovery with one or another Scythian burial of the barrow. Moreover, the grave goods of other Scythian burials of Barrow 1 do not allow them to date below the 4th century BC. However, the cauldron with vertical handles from Răscăieții Noi most likely belongs earlier. This may be indicated by a bronze finial from the first half of the 5th century BC, which was found on this barrow in 1953. In addition, burial 7 from the nearest excavated barrow 2 at Răscăieții Noi, containing a plaque depicting a rolled predator (a copy of which is also on display at the NMHM), belongs to the mid- 5th century BC. Thus, there is a high probability that the cauldron from Barrow 1 at Răscăieții Noi is associated with the late Middle Scythian period or the mid-5th century BC.

Scythian bronze cauldrons in the west area are concentrated in three main regions: Bukovina-Podolia, the Lower Danube, and the Lower Dniester. Some Scythian cauldrons have no reliable archaeological context. Nevertheless, in combination with the same "stray" finds like the Scythian statues, the finds of Scythian cauldrons mark the Scythian presence, most likely not earlier than the late 6th century or even the turn of the 6th-5th centuries BC. The cauldrons first appeared in Bukovina, where they have been known since the middle of the 7th century BC. Bronze cauldrons (with their carriers) entered the steppe region 150-200 years later, and the "military" burials that appeared in the western steppe regions were no earlier than the middle of the 5th century BC. Most burials with cauldrons (and, apparently, the stray finds) are dated back to the second half of the 5th century BC. Then, in the early 4th century BC, their quantity was reduced, and after the first quarter of the 4th century BC, they completely disappeared from the cultural practice of the population of the steppes of the North-Western Black Sea region.

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Events Archive



Festive gathering of the collective of the National History Museum of Moldova

27 December 2022

On December 27, one of the last days of 2022, the entire team of the National Museum of History of Moldova gathered in the Blue Hall for a festive event.

The General Director of NMHM, dr. hab. Eugen Sava, told about the main challenges and achievements that our Museum had during the last year, which was not an easy one. Also, the contribution of all the people of the NMHM collective was highlighted, thanks to which, remarkable successes were recorded in the promotion of national history and culture, the organization of cultural events, the development of science through the creation of publications under the auspices of NMHM and the fact that our Museum enjoys a constant interest from the visiting public


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"Christmas is more beautiful with sunshine!"

18 December 2022

On December 18, the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted a beautiful event dedicated to the winter holidays. Organized in collaboration with A.O. "Sunshine" and Ivan Goncearuc, the celebration "Christmas is more beautiful with sunshine!" brought together children with Down syndrome and normotipical children who, together with their parents, took part in a special program, supported by the ethno-folk ensemble "Crenguța de Iederă", Georgeta Voinovan & Crescendo, the children's groups "Boom Kids" and "Speranța", Bubble Party Show etc.

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Launch of the Museums of the Future program

7 December 2022

On December 7, 2022, in the premises of Artcor, was launched the Museums of the Future program. The program is carried out by the Ministry of Culture in partnership with the Technologies of the Future Project, financed by USAID Moldova, the Swedish Embassy in Chisinau and the Association of Creative Companies COR (Artcor). The initiative is part of the Creative Moldova National Program.

Digital artists will create mixed teams with the museums of the Republic of Moldova to launch innovative content exhibition projects through digital and new-media art methods, such as immersive experiences, projection mapping, virtual/augmented reality, holograms/real-time streaming , sensors (motion, sound, touch trackers).


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International Charity Bazaar, 24th edition

4 December 2022

On December 4, the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted the 24th edition of the International Charity Bazaar, organized by the International Women's Club of Moldova in partnership with accredited embassies in Chisinau and international organizations.

During the event, embassies, international organizations, local NGOs and development agencies, handicraft and art vendors came together to share cultures, customs, culinary delights and other items from the countries concerned, which visitors could buy


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The students' scientific-practical conference with the title: "Sfatul Țării voted for the Union!"

29 November 2022

On November 29, in the Union Hall of the National Museum of History of Moldova, took place the students' scientific-practical conference entitled: "Sfatul Țării voted for the Union!".

The students and the coordinating teachers from IPLT "Mircea Eliade" and LCI "Prometeu-Prim" from the municipality of Chisinau presented several thematic communications.


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Valuable donation of Romanian stamps

25 November 2022

On the eve of the National Day of Romania, the National Museum of History of Moldova had a historical moment with a special sentimental significance. The Romanian collector Ilie Picioruș donated to the museum a valuable and impressive collection of Romanian stamps, unstamped, from the 1965-1999 period. Noble gesture worthy of all admiration and gratitude. The donation includes 2,887 stamps with a very diverse theme: historical events and personalities, historical monuments, culture, education, sports, fauna, flora, etc. The collection is accompanied by a set of specialized works that will facilitate the work of identifying, describing and inventorying the new pieces entered into the museum's heritage

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Music of Moldova: reDiscover

19 November 2022

On November 19, 2022, the Blue Hall of the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted the second day of the "Music of Moldova: reDiscover" event, organized by the Moldovan National Youth Orchestra.

According to the organizers, Moldovan music represents an important component in their activity because they love and are proud of our country, and in addition to the activities carried out over the years, together with dozens of young instrumentalists, an important component was the promotion of Moldovan composers


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Book launch: "History of Bessarabia, Vol. II: At the dawn of Romanian civilization. From the middle of the 1st millennium until the formation of the centralized medieval state among the romanians", author: Ion Turcanu

16 November 2022

On November 16, in the Conference Hall of the National Musuem of History of Moldova took place the launch of the monography "The History of Bessarabia, Vol. II: At the dawn of Romanian civilization. From the middle of the 1st millennium to the formation of the centralized medieval state among the Romanians", signed by Ion Țurcanu, appeared this year at Publishing House Știința.

The work represents an academic synthesis based on the latest historiographic achievements and historical sources (written, archaeological, linguistic, anthropological, etc.), regarding the process of the formation of the Romanian civilization and the medieval state in the historical province of Bessarabia.


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Book launch: "Orheiul Vechi. Localities and monastic settlements (15th-19th centuries)", author: dr. arch. Sergius Ciocanu

15 November 2022

On November 15, 2022, in the Conference Hall took place the launch of the monography "Orheiul Vechi. Localities and monastic settlements (15th-19th centuries)" by Dr. arch. Sergius Ciocanu, appeared at the Cartdidact Publishing House.

The work "Orheiul Vechi. Localities and monastic settlements (15th-19th centuries)" proposes, in five chapters, a novel approach to the entire spectrum of problems accumulated over time in the area known today under the generic name of Orheiul Vechi


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National Exhibition " Science for Peace and Development: Creativity, Experience, Perspectives"

10 November 2022

On November 10, in the International Day of Science for Peace and Development, the Academy of Sciences of Moldova turned into an authentic exhibition center, where performance, innovation, creativity and originality reigned supreme. The researchers, guided by the message of this remarkable event, brilliantly showcased their results in their areas of competence obtained in the years 2020-2022, in the framework of several research projects

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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC