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#Exhibit of the Month

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Radio represents one of the outstanding technological achievements of human thought, which led to the emergence and development of the most powerful and popular means of mass communication. From its beginnings, radio broadcasting had immediate effects on the social, economic, military, but also on the cultural level.

Radio is the work of time, to which many scientists have contributed. Among the most important names we mention: the Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell, who predicted, in 1860, the existence of radio waves; the German physicist Heinrich Rudolph Hertz, who demonstrated that rapid variations in electric current could be projected into space as radio waves; the American inventor of Croatian origin Nicola Tesla, who, in 1891, built the theoretical model of the device that produced electromagnetic cycles.

Those who are primarily credited with this discovery - the Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi and the Russian physicist Alexander Popov - did nothing more than synthesize or weave together floating ideas, so no one has intellectual authorship, which does not exclude their rights conferred by patents and glory.

For more than 120 years, radio has been telling stories, saving lives, delivering news, educating generations, providing a means of recreation, shaping a society's experience of diversity. As a sign of appreciation for this powerful vector of information and culture, UNESCO instituted, in 2012, a special holiday, World Radio Day, which is celebrated worldwide on February 13.

The advent of sound broadcasting propelled the development of radio technology. Gradually, starting in 1920, the need for collective auditions determined the manufacture of the first loudspeakers based on the principle of electromagnetic induction, which had a diaphragm or a diffuser cone. Moved by a metal paddle, they actuated a large mass of air, thus producing loud sounds. Overcoming the evolutionary framework, with all the inherent difficulties, the radio was continuously perfected, with predilection after the invention of radio lamps and transistors, arriving at the construction of increasingly complex devices.

The National Museum of History of Moldova conserves and uses about 120 radio receivers with historical, technical and memorial value, manufactured between 1934 and the beginning of the 21st century in various countries. The radio sets in the museum heritage are of interest for the history of science and technology, some of them standing out as reference pieces for the evolution of means of communication.

From the point of view of the principle of operation, the radios owned by the museum are direct-amplified, reactive and superheterodyne. From a categorical point of view, the museum's radio technical fund is made up of: 36 radio equipment, 17 radio receivers with electronic tubes and 68 transistorized radio receivers. This month, as part of the "Exhibit of the Month" series, we bring to the public's attention two stationary radio receivers with electronic tubes, Telefunken and Philips, of great historical and technical value, they laid the foundations for the constitution of the museum's collection of radio devices.

Telefunken radio receiver, model Koncert Trial, was manufactured at the Radiotechna enterprise in Prague-Prelouc, Czechoslovakia, between 1934 and 1935. It is a superheterodyne device, in a Bakelite case. Technical characteristics: 4 electronic tubes - REN904, REN904, RENS1374S and RGN564; the wave ranges - UL (long waves), UM (medium waves) and US (short waves); dimensions - 290x355x175 mm; power supply - 110/240 V; speaker - permanently dynamic.

Philips radio receiver, model 36U, was manufactured in 1943 at the Philips workshop in Hungary (which operated from 1931 to 1949). It is a superheterodyne device, in a bakelite case. Technical characteristics: 4 electronic tubes - UCH21, UCH21, UBL21 and UY21; wave ranges: UL (long waves) and US (short waves); dimensions: 250x170x130 mm; power supply: 110/150/220 V, weight: 2.5 kg; speaker - permanently dynamic.

Virtual Tour



Events Archive



The International Conference "Hybrid War: Mechanisms and Consequences"

21 February 2020

Several historians, political analysts, international experts, writers and journalists met on February 21, 2020, at the National Museum of History of Moldova to discuss a very actual topic: hybrid warfare and its consequences in politics, mass media, history, identity, etc. but also to seek solutions to combat this phenomenon and fake news.

The purpose of this conference was to examine the essence of hybrid warfare, the strategies that are developed and the tactics that are applied, especially in the former Soviet space.

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Activities dedicated to winter holidays

28 December 2019

On December 26 and 28, the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted two events dedicated to the beautiful winter holidays.

The musical-literary show „Christmas Caravan”, organized in collaboration with the members of the City Station of Young Tourists from Chișinău (coordinator: Tamara Pânzari), flooded the museum with carols, songs, plays and a lot of good vibes. Several New Year themed works, created by the participants themselves, brought a surplus of color to this event.

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Interactive activity with the theme "Be aware, not addicted!"

11 December 2019

On December 11, the Section Public Relations, Museum Education in collaboration with the students of the 7th grade of the "Socrates" High School of Modern Languages in Chișinău, held an interactive activity with the theme "Be aware, not addicted!". The action was organized in the framework of the National Health Promotion Program for 2016-2020.

The objective of this meeting was to inform, educate, communicate and prevent the consumption of tobacco, alcohol and drugs among adolescents.

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Event dedicated to the great Azerbaijani poet Imadeddin Nasimi

4 December 2019

On December 4, the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted a unique event "Nasimi - 650 years from birth", which was dedicated to the great Azerbaijani poet Imadeddin Nasimi.

The event was moderated by Arcadie Suceveanu, the president of the Writers' Union of Moldova. The event had as guests of honor H. E. Gudsi Osmanov, Ambassador of the Republic of Azerbaijan to Moldova, and Vugar Novruzov, President of the Azeri Congress of the Republic of Moldova.

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Conference „30 years since the fall of the Berlin Wall”

7 November 2019

November 09, 2019 marks the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall. Built over night in August 1961, with the aim of separating East Berlin / East Germany from West Berlin / West Germany, the Berlin Wall is one of the most famous symbols of the Cold War and the Iron Curtain. The fall of the Berlin Wall was also a first step towards the reunification of Germany.

To mark this significant historical moment in Chișinău for Germans in particular, but also for Europeans in general, the German Cultural Center AKZENTE in collaboration with the National Museum of History of Moldova, organized an event with the participation of historians from Germany and the Republic of Moldova.

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18th Symposium on Numismatics

25 October 2019

On October 24 and 25, 2019 National Museum of History of Moldova hosted the 18th edition of the Symposium of Numismatics organized in collaboration with the Institute of Archeology "Vasile Pârvan" of the Romanian Academy in Bucharest and the Numismatic Society of the Republic of Moldova.

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Academic conference HISTORY. ARCHAEOLOGY. MUSEOLOGY, 29th edition

18 October 2019

History is tradition and the National Museum of History of Moldova respects his own traditions. Already at the 29th edition, the yearly Academic Conference of the Museum has gathered again at the table of discussions archaeologists, historians, researchers, museographers, but also all those interested in history on both sides of the Prut River and beyond. The program of the event can be found here.

The academic event was held on October 17 and 18 at the museum and all proceedings will shortly be published in our journal.


Details>>

Meeting (in) visible heroines and movie screening

26 September 2019

The stories of the 34 women who had the courage to change the world continues!

On the evening of September 26, the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted a meeting organized by the Polish Institute in Bucharest, dedicated to women. At the event, along with Angela Stafii was discussed the situation of women, challenges, dilemmas, histories and valuable lessons.

Details>>

Interactive visit for children with hearing disabilities

25 September 2019

Each year, the museum dedicates the last week of September to supporting the social inclusion of young people with hearing disabilities. On September 25, 30 children from the Professional School no. 11 for children with hearing disabilities, from Chișinău, spent together unforgettable moments at the museum.

Even if deafness is a disability that is not visible, young people who have such deficiencies are exposed daily to the risk of not being accepted by society. Most of them had attended special institutions, starting with kindergarten, where they were assisted by professionals of the gestural language.

Details>>

Interactive visit for children with hearing disabilities

25 September 2019

Each year, the museum dedicates the last week of September to supporting the social inclusion of young people with hearing disabilities. On September 25, 30 children from the Professional School no. 11 for children with hearing disabilities, from Chișinău, spent together unforgettable moments at the museum.

Even if deafness is a disability that is not visible, young people who have such deficiencies are exposed daily to the risk of not being accepted by society. Most of them had attended special institutions, starting with kindergarten, where they were assisted by professionals of the gestural language.

Details>>

The conference "Căpriana Monastery - 590 years from the first written mention"

12 September 2019

On September 12, the Institute of History, the National Museum of History of Moldova and the Cartdidact Publishing House organized the Academic Conference "Căpriana Monastery - 590 years from the first written mention".

During the conference was presented the monograph signed by several authors: Căpriana Monastery with the Condrița Chapel (15th century - beginning of the 21st century).

The event gathered a whole room of historians, researchers, clergy and university students, who came to learn more about the history of one of the oldest monasteries in the Republic of Moldova.

Details>>

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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
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#Exhibit of the Month

Radio represents one of the outstanding technological achievements of human thought, which led to the emergence and development of the most powerful and popular means of mass communication. From its beginnings, radio broadcasting had immediate effects on the social, economic, military, but also on the cultural level....

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2023 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2023 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2023 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC