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#Exhibit of the Month

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The word pafta is of Turkish origin and is used in almost identical forms in Romanian, Greek, Bulgarian, and Serbian languages and some Aromanian dialects, denoting clothing accessories of a functional and decorative use, which secure or catch one's girdle, sash or belt.
Such buckles are accessories of ceremonial and everyday costumes, they were worn by both prince's courtiers and commoners in the Romanian principalities during the reign of the Phanariots, when the influence of Greek culture increased.

Throughout the Balkan Peninsula, silversmiths' workshops produced buckles very different in size, alloys, technique, style, and decoration. Turkish buckles were usually lace-like, often gilded, with many stones, emphasizing opulence. At the Bulgarians and Aromanians, they are simpler, but have a specific model and symbolism. Greek buckles are mostly silver, elegantly shaped, decorated with corals and small coins. The difference between the West and the East in this regard lies in the ability of the Turks to combine other materials with precious stones. Another feature is the predominance of floral motifs over the representations of animals and birds. The peoples under Ottoman rule assimilated these features and integrated them into their own cultures.

The buckles exhibited testify to the presence of a jewelry workshop in the town of Orhei in Bessarabia in the second half of the 19th century, and the quality of workmanship, the fine processing of the details, the complex composition denote the mastery and skill of the craftsmen.

Similar in style, these three buckles are two-piece, germinating seed-shaped, with strongly pronounced tips. The border is decorated with a garland motif, which circumscribes floral decorative elements. Hook and loop fastening is covered with a decorative button. On the reverse side, both sides are equipped with two plus two vertical straps with which the belt was attached.

The buckles are made of silver, as evidenced by the metal fineness hallmark stamp "84", applied according to the regulations on both parts of the buckle, and the hallmark stamp of the jewelry workshop in Orhei - the symbol of oak in a stylized shield. The quality of the metal and workmanship is also certified by the stamp of the assayer, moreover, one of the buckles was expertized by Dmitry Tiunov and has a "ДТ" (DT) stamp on it. On both parts of the buckle, the year of manufacture 1858 and the stamp of the assayer "ПН" (PN) are stamped. The stamp on the second buckle, the initials "МИ" (MI), indicates only the craftsman who made the product. The third buckle, made in the Orhei workshop, does not have the hallmark stamps required by law on the back side, but retains the same hallmarks stamped on the side of the products: the symbol of oak, the metal fineness hallmark stamp "84", the year of manufacture - 1871, and the initials of the assayer "КС" (KS), identified as Klim Sergeev, who worked from 1868 to 1871.

Between the 1840s and 1870s, wearing buckles became obsolete, and women's fashion completely adopted Western cuts and colors. These accessories came back into fashion around 1870 thanks to Princess Elisabeth, the future Queen of Romania. She introduced at court the fashion for the Romanian national costume, decorated with buckles. Her example was followed by the female elite of that time until the eve of the First World War. And her successor, Queen Maria, with her usual elegance and refinement, continued this fashionable tradition with in the interwar period.

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Conference of the National Museum of History of Moldova History. Archeology. Museology, the 17th edition

20 October 2017

The annual scientific conference of the museum History. Archaeology. Museology, the 27th edition, took place on October 19 and 20, 2017. The conference began with the opening speech of Eugen Sava, general director. Several speeches and two papers were presented at the plenary session. Also, was presented the latest issue of the museum journal Tyragetia 2017, No. 2. The journal appears twice a year, has a language specific to scientific disciplines, but accessible to the public. Each article addresses a particular theme, a certain reality. The event organized by the museum gathered together in Chişinău 60 specialists (scientists, museographers, university professors) in the fields of history, archeology, museology from Moldova, Russia, Ukraine, Romania etc.

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Symposium of Numismatics, 17th edition

6 October 2017

On October 5 and 6, 2017 was held the 17th edition of the Symposium of Numismatics at the National Museum of History of Moldova in collaboration with "Vasile Pârvan" Institute of Archeology of the Romanian Academy in Bucharest and the Numismatic Society of the Republic of Moldova. The event was attended by researchers and collectors from Moldova, Belarus, Romania, Slovakia and Ukraine, who presented 21 scientific papers. During the symposium were discussed issues of general numismatics, as well as subjects related to the valorization of numismatic material discovered on the territory of the Republic of Moldova and the countries of origin of the participants.

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13th World Meeting of Bulgarian media

5 October 2017

 
On October 5, 2017, from 9:00 to 10:30, the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted the opening ceremony of the 13th World Meeting of Bulgarian Media. This year's theme was "Neighborhood Policies".

The Bulgarian World Media Forum held in Chisinau on 4th to 8th October 2017, was organized by the Bulgarian National News Agency, BTA, and the Bulgarian Media Association all over the world, in collaboration with the State Information Agency "Moldpres".

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Concert of „7 Klase” band in the courtyard of the National Museum of History of Moldova on the occasion of the European Heritage Days

25 September 2017

On Monday, September 25, the local band „7 Klase" gave its debut concert in the courtyard of the National Museum of History of Moldova entitled "We Take Flight."

The event wass organized by Hit Music Factory, Sens Music Production and the Senate of the students of the Theoretical Lyceum "Gheorghe Asachi" on the occasion of the European Heritage Days in partnership with the Agency for Inspection and Restoration of Monuments of Moldova, Chisinau Municipality, Mimi Castle and National Museum of History of Moldova.

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Movie night under the stars, 4th edition at the National Museum of History of Moldova

9 September 2017

The traditional event - Movie night under the starts, reaching the 4th edition, was held in the courtyard of the National Museum of History of Moldova from August 24 to September 09, 2017. The lovers of the seventh art had the opportunity to watch from Thursday to Saturday, starting at 21:00, masterpieces of universal cinematography. The outdoor projection was organized by the Association for Charity and Promotion of Civic Culture in cooperation with the National Museum of History of Moldova.

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Commemoration of the victims of political repressions of the communist totalitarian regime

8 August 2017

On August 8, at the National Museum of History of Moldova was held an event for the commemoration of the victims who had suffered the plight of political repressions of the communist totalitarian regime. The event was attended by: Ion Coropceanu, Senior State Councilor of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Moldova; Oleg Babin, Deputy Minister of Home Affairs; Gheorghe Postică, Deputy Minister of Culture; Eugen Sava, General Director of the National Museum of History of Moldova; Ion Varta, General Director of the State Archives Service of the Republic of Moldova; Simion Carp, Rector of the Academy „Ştefan cel Mare" of the MIA; Ghenadie Cosovan, President of NGO „Credință Patriei"; Anatol Caraman, President of the Association of Veterans of the 1992 War „Tiras-Tighina"; representatives of the academia, employees of the National Museum of History of Moldova and the Academy „Ştefan cel Mare".

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Event dedicated to the 25th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Moldova and the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic

12 July 2017

The history of bilateral Moldovan-Czech-Slovak diplomatic relations officially begins twenty five years ago on June 1, 1992. On the occasion of this anniversary, a special event was held in the Blue Hall of the National Museum of History of Moldova, in which the Embassy of the Czech Republic and the Embassy of the Slovak Republic in Chișinău officially issued a special postmark "25 years of diplomatic relations of the Republic of Moldova - Czech Republic", developed by "Poșta Moldovei". The stamp was applied on a special envelope, with two personalized stamps, made on this occasion by the Embassy of Slovakia.

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Independent Moldova
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Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
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#Exhibit of the Month

The word pafta is of Turkish origin and is used in almost identical forms in Romanian, Greek, Bulgarian, and Serbian languages and some Aromanian dialects, denoting clothing accessories of a functional and decorative use, which secure or catch one's girdle, sash or belt...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC