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#Exhibit of the Month

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Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM). In particular, in the archaeological exhibition, two bronze cauldrons are displayed, discovered near the village of Nicolscoe in 1988 in burial mounds no. 14 and 15. In addition, in 2020, two bronze cauldrons without any accompanying documents were found in the collection of NMHM; however, they were visually identified as coming from various excavations in the Low Dniester region, such as burial mound no. 45 near Dubăsari and burial mound no. 1 near the Răscăieții Noi village.

The object presented as the exhibit of the month is a little-known find discovered in 1979 in barrow 1 near the village of Răscăieții Noi in the Ștefan Vodă district. In addition to its outstanding size (about 10 m high), this mound is known for discovering a cast bronze finial in the Scythian animal style on its surface in 1953. However, by the beginning of excavations, the locals had damaged part of the mound and a Scythian cast bronze cauldron was found near it. The cauldron was seriously damaged by mechanical impact, as a result of which the rim was deformed, and the walls, with one preserved vertical handle, were bent inwards. Fragments in the upper part of the body and one handle have been lost. The total reconstructed height of the cauldron is 24 cm (excluding the handles), the reconstructed diameter of the hemispherical cauldron is 30 cm, and the weight is 6.5 kg. In 2020, data on the chemical composition of the bronze cauldron alloy were obtained, revealing that it was cast from an alloy of almost 95 per cent copper. Unfortunately, due to the loss of information on the context of the discovery of the cauldron at Răscăieții Noi, it is impossible to link its discovery with one or another Scythian burial of the barrow. Moreover, the grave goods of other Scythian burials of Barrow 1 do not allow them to date below the 4th century BC. However, the cauldron with vertical handles from Răscăieții Noi most likely belongs earlier. This may be indicated by a bronze finial from the first half of the 5th century BC, which was found on this barrow in 1953. In addition, burial 7 from the nearest excavated barrow 2 at Răscăieții Noi, containing a plaque depicting a rolled predator (a copy of which is also on display at the NMHM), belongs to the mid- 5th century BC. Thus, there is a high probability that the cauldron from Barrow 1 at Răscăieții Noi is associated with the late Middle Scythian period or the mid-5th century BC.

Scythian bronze cauldrons in the west area are concentrated in three main regions: Bukovina-Podolia, the Lower Danube, and the Lower Dniester. Some Scythian cauldrons have no reliable archaeological context. Nevertheless, in combination with the same "stray" finds like the Scythian statues, the finds of Scythian cauldrons mark the Scythian presence, most likely not earlier than the late 6th century or even the turn of the 6th-5th centuries BC. The cauldrons first appeared in Bukovina, where they have been known since the middle of the 7th century BC. Bronze cauldrons (with their carriers) entered the steppe region 150-200 years later, and the "military" burials that appeared in the western steppe regions were no earlier than the middle of the 5th century BC. Most burials with cauldrons (and, apparently, the stray finds) are dated back to the second half of the 5th century BC. Then, in the early 4th century BC, their quantity was reduced, and after the first quarter of the 4th century BC, they completely disappeared from the cultural practice of the population of the steppes of the North-Western Black Sea region.

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Events Archive



National Choral Music Competition "Hora Primaverii", 8th edition

26 May 2023

On May 26, 2023, in the premises of the National Museum of History of Moldova, took place the 8th edition of the "Hora Primăverii" National Choral Music Competition, in which more than 15 choirs from all over the Republic of Moldova participated.

We would like to congratulate all the conductors and choral groups for their high quality and professional performance in this edition. It was an exceptional music competition and we are pleased to present the scores obtained according to the criteria set by the organizers


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"Smiles and flowers on piano notes" piano recital dedicated to International Family Day

21 May 2023

On May 21, 2023, the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted a piano recital dedicated to the International Day of the Family, entitled "Smiles and flowers on piano notes", performed by the students of the "Ion Creangă" Theoretical High School from the municipality of Chisinau, the class of teacher Luminița Braicov.

The event emphasized the role of the museum institution in mediating two perennial values of Romanian spirituality - Family and Music


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Family Day at the National Museum of History of Moldova

21 May 2023

On May 21, the National Museum of History of Moldova organized a series of activities dedicated to Family Day.

Those present had the opportunity to explore the museum's exhibitions and get actively involved in the following activities:

"Discovering Family and Families" Quest: Participants were encouraged to embark on a suspenseful quest to identify valuable pieces in the museum exhibit

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International Museum Day 2023

18 May 2023

On May 18, the National Museum of History of Moldova marked the International Museum Day, which this year had the theme "Museums, Sustainability and Well-being"

On this day, visitors had the opportunity of various activities and events, such as: Free visit to the permanent and temporary exhibitions of the museum, photography at the thematic panels with cutouts "The history of the ancestors in faces and emotions", the educational workshop "What hides the earth" , the restoration laboratory "From earth to exhibition: the path of a vessel", the educational workshop "What hides the earth" and the photography studio "History through the photographer's lens"


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Inauguration of the exhibition "Fashion and lifestyle in the 20th century" from the clothing collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova

18 May 2023

On May 18, on the occasion of the International Day of Museums, at the National Museum of History of Moldova took place the opening of a real thematic exhibition, entitled "Fashion and lifestyle in the 20th century" from the clothing collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova . This impressive exhibition highlights 20th century clothing, carefully collected and preserved by our museographers.

We proudly present over 200 pieces of clothing, footwear and accessories of historical, artistic and memorial value


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The exhibition "Queen Maria, irresistible ambassador of Romanian history and folk art" has arrived in Străseni!

17 May 2023

On the occasion of the International Day of Museums, on May 17, in Străseni, the exhibition "Queen Maria, irresistible ambassador of Romanian history and folk art" was inaugurated.

During the inauguration event, which took place in the premises of the Art School of Străseni Municipality, Livia Sîrbu, deputy director of the National Museum of History of Moldova, Valentina Casian, mayor of Străseni and Efimia Luca, director of the Strășeni Museum of History and Ethnography, greeted the present public and emphasized the contribution of the organization of such exhibitions to the preservation and valorization of the historical and national heritage


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National Session of Reports - Archaeological research in the Republic of Moldova, Campaign 2022

16 May 2023

On May 16, 2023, within the National Museum of History of Moldova, the National Session of Reports - Archaeological Research in the Republic of Moldova, Campaign 2022, was held under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture and the National Archaeological Commission.

This scientific meeting was organized in partnership by the National Archaeological Agency and the National History Museum of Moldova, on the occasion of the European Night of Museums and the International Day of Museums, which were celebrated this year on May 13 and 18, respectively


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European Night of Museums 2023

13 May 2023

The National Museum of History of Moldova had the pleasure of hosting one of the most important events in the world museum community - the European Night of Museums, under the banner "At the night of museums, fashion comes to life!". The event, in its 19th edition, was organized on Saturday, May 13, 2023, between 17:00 and 24:00


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Polish poster workshop at the National Museum of History of Moldova

12 May 2023

The National Museum of History of Moldova was the host of a special cultural event between May 10-12, 2023. During this period, in collaboration with the Polish Institute in Bucharest, took place a Polish poster workshop.

The workshop gave the participants the opportunity to familiarize themselves with the unmistakable style of Polish posters. The event was led by two experts in the field, Agata Kulczyk and Marcin Markowski from Magdalena Abakanowicz University of the Arts Poznań


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Expanding cooperation with institutions from the Republic of Lithuania

10 May 2023

In the context of developing the cooperation with institutions from the Republic of Lithuania, on May 10, 2023, at the Museum of Occupations and Freedom Fights in Vilnius, Lithuania took place the opening ceremony of the PHOTO-DOCUMENTARY EXHIBITION "CHILDHOOD IN THE GULAG". The exhibition presents photo-documentary images about the life of Bessarabian children condemned by the totalitarian-communist regime of the Moldavian SSR to deportation, starvation, Russification, indoctrination, forced removal from their own families, during the years 1940-1941 and 1944-1953

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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC