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National Museum of History of Moldova
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#Exhibit of the Month

Pottery, especially fired clay vessels, is the most common archaeological material found at the sites of the Thracian-Getae-Dacian civilization.

Specific to the Getae ceramics is the hand-shaping of vessels, without a potter's wheel, unknown, by the way, to our most distant ancestors in the 6th-3rd centuries BC.

Getae potters used a porous clay body made of clay mixed with various ingredients like crushed shards and shells, crushed limestone, coarse sand, and so on to make their wares. When fired in special kiln, wares acquired different colors and shades: from black to gray or yellowish-red. The richest collection of Getae vessels on the territory of the Republic of Moldova comes from the Getae fortress of Butuceni, where for the first time in 1946 the Russian archaeologist G. Smirnov discovered the remains of the fortress with the remains of stone walls and earthen ramparts, which he called a Scythian fortress (sic!). The subsequent excavations for 20 years, with more or less lasting interruptions, revealed traces of intense habitation that lasted more than three centuries at a promontory near the village of Butuceni (The Old Orhei Cultural and Natural Reserve), of the largest Getae fortress on the territory of the Republic of Moldova.

Among the vessels discovered by archaeologists, there are some gigantic (analogues of these samples of Getae ceramic ware are currently not known). They are considered vessels for storing supplies, especially grain (it is known that the Getae, the sedentary people of these lands, were engaged in agriculture, cattle breeding and various crafts). Among the cereals grown by the Geto-Dacians, there were wheat, millet, barley, oats, and rye; such products, necessary for the local cuisine, had to be stored for a longer period under special conditions. For these purposes, large vessels (chiups) were used, placed in special places, usually in the cellars.

The chiup vessel from Butuceni is one of the oldest Getae ceramics in the present territory of the Republic of Moldova, discovered during the excavations of G. Smirnov in 1947. The vessel has an ovoid body with a long neck expanding towards the top and a large lip bent outward; it is equipped with four knobs located on the line of the maximum diameter of the body. The chiup is decorated with relief ornaments, different in shape and size, located in different parts of its body: "commas" (schematic rhytons (?)) and wavy lines in the shape of a horseshoe or omega. The color of the vessel varies from dark gray to yellowish; the surface is carefully polished.

Dimensions of the vessel: H - 680 mm; D max - 430 mm; D of the lip - 340x360 mm; H of the neck - 170 mm; D of the bottom - 170 mm.


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Events Archive



Event honoring the cultural worker Ion Ungureanu

2 August 2017

On August 2, in the Blue Hall of the National Museum of History of Moldova, was held an event to homage actor and director, Ion Ungureanu, deputy in the First Parliament of the Republic of Moldova, minister of culture in 1990-1994, People's Artist, Laureate of the National Award. The event was organized by the Department of Culture of Chișinău City Hall, in collaboration with the National Museum of History of Moldova, on the day when the renowned cultural worker would have turned 82 years old.

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Event dedicated to the 25th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Moldova and the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic

12 July 2017

The history of bilateral Moldovan-Czech-Slovak diplomatic relations officially begins twenty five years ago on June 1, 1992. On the occasion of this anniversary, a special event was held in the Blue Hall of the National Museum of History of Moldova, in which the Embassy of the Czech Republic and the Embassy of the Slovak Republic in Chișinău officially issued a special postmark "25 years of diplomatic relations of the Republic of Moldova - Czech Republic", developed by "Poșta Moldovei". The stamp was applied on a special envelope, with two personalized stamps, made on this occasion by the Embassy of Slovakia.

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Presentation of the cartographic album „DESCRIPTIO BESSARABIAE"

20 June 2017

On June 20, 2017, in the Blue Room of the National Museum of History of Moldova was presented the cartographic album "DESCRIPTIO BESSARABIAE". The event was organized by the Romanian Cultural Institute "Mihai Eminescu" in Chișinău, in partnership with the National Museum of History of Moldova.

The album presentation event was attended by Mr. Valeriu Matei, the director of RCI "Mihai Eminescu" and dr. hab. Eugen Sava, the director of the National Museum of History of Moldova. Among the special guests was dr.hab. Gheorghe Postică, Deputy Minister of Culture; academician Demir Dragnev and the authors of the album: univ.prof. Adrian Năstase, coordinator of the volume; dr. Mihai Gribincea, Ambassador of the Republic of Moldova to Romania and researcher Ovidiu Dumitru.

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Historian's Day 2017

18 June 2017

On June 18, 2017, the servants of Goddess Clio from the Republic of Moldova celebrated the seventh edition of the professional day of the historian. On this beautiful occasion, the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted a Festive Meeting, organized with the effort and support of the Association of Historians of the Republic of Moldova, the Institute of History of the ASM, the History and Philosophy Department of USM, the State Pedagogical University "Ion Creangă", the History and International Relations Department of ULIM, the Center for Culture and Military History, and the National Museum of History of Moldova.

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Anniversary Conference „The First Ecclesiastical Magazine in the Bessarabian Space”

8 June 2017

The National Museum of History of Moldova in collaboration with the Institute of History of ASM organized on June 8, 2017, the Anniversary Scientific Conference "The First Ecclesiastical Journal in the Bessarabian Space (150 years since the publication of the journal Kišinevskie Eparhial'nye Vedomosti)". In the opening speech, dr. hab. Elena Ploșnita, scientific secretary of the National Museum of History of Moldova, stressed the importance of celebrating 150th years of the church press in Bessarabia. The foundation of the church press in the eparchy of Chișinău and Hotin in 1867 is a cultural and spiritual event that marked the religious life of the entire diocese.

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CHAMBER CONCERT

3 June 2017

On June 3, 2017, at 14:00 hours, in the Blue Room of the National Museum of History of Moldova was held a chamber concert performed by violinist Lia RUSU, student at the Academy of Music, Theater and Fine Arts from Chișinău, 4th year, class of Assoc.Prof., Master of arts, Ella Vlaicu. The young violinist was accompanied by VeraStolearciuc and Ghenadie Sinigur on piano.

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CHRONOGRAPH IN THE MUSEUM

28 May 2017

The National Museum of History of Moldova is the traditional partner of the CRONOGRAF Festival, the only international documentary film festival in Moldova. This big event, organized by OWH Studio, brings yearly to the Republic of Moldova quality documentary films from around the world.

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National Session of Reports „Archaeological Researches in the Republic of Moldova, Campaign of 2016"

24 May 2017

On May 24, at the National Museum of History of Moldova, was held the National Session of Reports "Archaeological Researches in the Republic of Moldova, Campaign of 2016". At the Session were presented the results of the archaeological investigations carried out during the year 2016. The meeting was organized under the aegis of the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Moldova, the National Archaeological Commission and the National Archaeological Agency.

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Series of events in the framework of project “Historical Site Camp of King Charles VII of Sweden at Varnița - valorization and promotion”

23 May 2017

On 22 and 23 May, 2017, the National Museum of History of Moldova, in cooperation with the Embassy of Sweden in Moldova, NGO „Women. Hope. Future" (Varnița), ArmesMuseum from Sweden (Stockholm), and the Embassy of the Republic of Moldova in Sweden organized a series of events within the project „Historical site Camp of King Charles XII of Sweden at Varnița - valorization and promotion".

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THE NIGHT OF MUSEUMS 2017 at the National Museum of History of Moldova

20 May 2017

This year's European Night of Museums program was held on May 20, from 12.00 to 24.00, being organized under the slogan: "Common hobbies: museum collections gather enthusiasts". Besides the visiting of the museum's permanent and temporary exhibitions, the audience was invited at a series of interactive events, both in the exhibition halls and in the courtyard of the museum.

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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

Pottery, especially fired clay vessels, is the most common archaeological material found at the sites of the Thracian-Getae-Dacian civilization. Specific to the Getae ceramics is the hand-shaping of vessels, without a potter's wheel, unknown, by the way, to our most distant ancestors in the 6th-3rd centuries BC.Getae potters used a porous clay body made of clay mixed with various ingredients like crushed shards and shells, crushed limestone, coarse sand, and so on to make their wares. When fired in special kiln, wares acquired different colors and shades: from black to gray or yellowish-red. The richest collection of Getae vessels on the territory of the Republic of Moldova comes from the Getae fortress of Butuceni, where for the first time in 1946 the Russian archaeologist G. Smirnov discovered the remains of the fortress with the remains of stone walls and earthen ramparts, which he called a Scythian fortress (sic!)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2021 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2021 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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