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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

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Events Archive



THE NIGHT OF MUSEUMS 2017 at the National Museum of History of Moldova

20 May 2017

This year's European Night of Museums program was held on May 20, from 12.00 to 24.00, being organized under the slogan: "Common hobbies: museum collections gather enthusiasts". Besides the visiting of the museum's permanent and temporary exhibitions, the audience was invited at a series of interactive events, both in the exhibition halls and in the courtyard of the museum.

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Children activities organized on the occasion of the International Museum Day

18 May 2017

The National Museum of History of Moldova celebrated the International Museum Day with its visitors at two events organized for the young audience: the lesson-contest "Know Your History" and a debate "Soviet Moldova: Myths and Gulag". Both activities were interactive, combining history fragments with educational elements for children.

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Celebrating the International Museum Day

18 May 2017

In 1977, the International Council of Museums (ICOM) established the International Museum Day, which is celebrated on May 18, in order to recognize the role of these cultural institutions in the development of society. This day aims to help promote the idea that museums are an important means of cultural exchange, mutual enrichment of cultures and development of mutual understanding, cooperation and peace among peoples.

Every year on May 18, history, science and art are celebrated around the world through special programs.

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Activity dedicated to the International Family Day

14 May 2017

On May 14th, Public Relations and Museum Education Section organized a workshop on "My Family Tree" dedicated to the International Family Day. The purpose of the activity was to encourage a better relationship between children and parents, to stimulate the knowledge of the family's past and the historical value of objects kept by generations - old documents, photographs, letters, papers, etc.

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Symposium of Heraldry (11th Edition)

27 April 2017

On April 27, 2017, in the museum conference room was held the 11th Symposium of Heraldry organized by the Society of Genealogy, Heraldry and Archives "Paul Gore" in cooperation with the National Commission of Heraldry beside the President of the Republic of Moldova and the National Museum of History of Moldova.

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Commemorating 25 years from the beginning of military actions aimed to protect the integrity and independence of the Republic of Moldova

28 February 2017

The National Museum of History of Moldova organized, on February 28th, in cooperation with the Association of Humanitarian Law (Law of armed conflicts) a conference to commemorate the 25th anniversary from the beginning of military actions aimed to protect the integrity and independence of Moldova.

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Music and dance performance „On Dragobete”

23 February 2017

Every year, the National Museum of History of Moldova celebrates the Dragobete, god of youth in the local pantheon, patron of love and good mood. Promoting this holiday aims to cultivate perennial moral and spiritual values of love and friendship, respect for Romanian traditions among young people.

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Book launch „The Ghetto of Chișinău, 1941-1942” by Paul A. Shapiro

9 February 2017

On February 9, starting at 15.00, the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted a book launch event of the Romanian edition of "The ghetto of Chisinau. 1941-1942" by Paul A. Shapiro, director of International Affairs and director emeritus of the Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies "Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel" at the US Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, D.C. Details>>


Interactive lesson „Education through tolerance and respect”

26 January 2017

On January 26, at the National Museum of History of Moldova was held the interactive lesson "Education through tolerance and respect" for school teachers and university professors from Moldova, Germany, Poland, Romania and Ukraine

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Roundtable “Holocaust, hunger and deportations - crimes of the twentieth century”

25 January 2017

On 25 January 2017, the National Museum of History of Moldova in cooperation with "Ion Creanga" Lyceum organized a roundtable on "Holocaust, hunger and deportations - crimes of the twentieth century".

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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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