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#Exhibit of the Month

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Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM). In particular, in the archaeological exhibition, two bronze cauldrons are displayed, discovered near the village of Nicolscoe in 1988 in burial mounds no. 14 and 15. In addition, in 2020, two bronze cauldrons without any accompanying documents were found in the collection of NMHM; however, they were visually identified as coming from various excavations in the Low Dniester region, such as burial mound no. 45 near Dubăsari and burial mound no. 1 near the Răscăieții Noi village.

The object presented as the exhibit of the month is a little-known find discovered in 1979 in barrow 1 near the village of Răscăieții Noi in the Ștefan Vodă district. In addition to its outstanding size (about 10 m high), this mound is known for discovering a cast bronze finial in the Scythian animal style on its surface in 1953. However, by the beginning of excavations, the locals had damaged part of the mound and a Scythian cast bronze cauldron was found near it. The cauldron was seriously damaged by mechanical impact, as a result of which the rim was deformed, and the walls, with one preserved vertical handle, were bent inwards. Fragments in the upper part of the body and one handle have been lost. The total reconstructed height of the cauldron is 24 cm (excluding the handles), the reconstructed diameter of the hemispherical cauldron is 30 cm, and the weight is 6.5 kg. In 2020, data on the chemical composition of the bronze cauldron alloy were obtained, revealing that it was cast from an alloy of almost 95 per cent copper. Unfortunately, due to the loss of information on the context of the discovery of the cauldron at Răscăieții Noi, it is impossible to link its discovery with one or another Scythian burial of the barrow. Moreover, the grave goods of other Scythian burials of Barrow 1 do not allow them to date below the 4th century BC. However, the cauldron with vertical handles from Răscăieții Noi most likely belongs earlier. This may be indicated by a bronze finial from the first half of the 5th century BC, which was found on this barrow in 1953. In addition, burial 7 from the nearest excavated barrow 2 at Răscăieții Noi, containing a plaque depicting a rolled predator (a copy of which is also on display at the NMHM), belongs to the mid- 5th century BC. Thus, there is a high probability that the cauldron from Barrow 1 at Răscăieții Noi is associated with the late Middle Scythian period or the mid-5th century BC.

Scythian bronze cauldrons in the west area are concentrated in three main regions: Bukovina-Podolia, the Lower Danube, and the Lower Dniester. Some Scythian cauldrons have no reliable archaeological context. Nevertheless, in combination with the same "stray" finds like the Scythian statues, the finds of Scythian cauldrons mark the Scythian presence, most likely not earlier than the late 6th century or even the turn of the 6th-5th centuries BC. The cauldrons first appeared in Bukovina, where they have been known since the middle of the 7th century BC. Bronze cauldrons (with their carriers) entered the steppe region 150-200 years later, and the "military" burials that appeared in the western steppe regions were no earlier than the middle of the 5th century BC. Most burials with cauldrons (and, apparently, the stray finds) are dated back to the second half of the 5th century BC. Then, in the early 4th century BC, their quantity was reduced, and after the first quarter of the 4th century BC, they completely disappeared from the cultural practice of the population of the steppes of the North-Western Black Sea region.

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Events Archive



The exhibition "Queen Maria, irresistible ambassador of Romanian history and popular art" has arrived at the Regional Museum of History and Ethnography "Anatol Candu" from Văsieni village!

9 August 2023

On August 9, at the Regional Museum of History and Ethnography "Anatol Candu" in the village of Văsieni, the exhibition "Queen Maria, irresistible ambassador of Romanian history and folk art" was inaugurated.

The event was moderated by Diana Candu, director of the Regional Museum of History and Ethnography "Anatol Candu", and with speeches participated Livia Sîrbu, deputy director of the National Museum of History of Moldova, Sergiu Candu, the mayor of Văsieni village and Ion Garbuz, senior specialist in the Ialoveni Culture Section


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Inauguration of the exhibition "Invisible tragedy. The Holocaust of Roma women "on the Bug" (1942-1944): deportation, humiliation, starvation, contamination, extermination"

2 August 2023

The drama of Roma women in the Holocaust in 1942-1944 is presented in unique exhibition for Moldova, between 2 and 23 August, at the National History Museum of Moldova. The exhibition, a premier for the Republic of Moldova, presents photo-documentary testimonies of the drama of deported Roma women, exterminated during the Second World War in the concentration camps located on the territory between the Dniester and the Bug rivers. At the same time, the exhibition pays tribute to all the victims of Roma ethnicity, stressing the dangers posed by war and the need to combat all forms of discrimination and hate

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National Anthem Day of Romania in the Republic of Moldova

28 July 2023

The YUFest association organized for the first time, in Chisinau, the event "National Anthem Day of Romania in the Republic of Moldova". The event took place on Friday, July 28, 2023, in the premises of the National Museum of History of Moldova and gathered guests from both countries to celebrate the common Romanian identity.

The event started with a press conference in the Great Union Hall, where notable speakers were present, including Andrei Fermeșanu, manager and soloist of the Romanian National Opera in Iasi, Prof. Univ. Dr. Adrian Cioroianu, General Manager of the National Library of Romania, Livia Sîrbu, Deputy Director of the National Museum of History of Moldova and Lia Anton, president of the YUFest Association, organizer of the event


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"A coffee outdoors" with Ariana Trofim

22 July 2023

On July 22nd, in the courtyard of the National Museum of History of Moldova, took place "A coffee outdoors" with Ariana Trofim, an event where participants had the opportunity to discover the secrets and subtleties of protocol and etiquette.

For 2 hours, the participants enjoyed a relaxing and interactive atmosphere, having the opportunity to ask questions, share experiences and learn new things about the world of protocol and etiquette


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Book launch: "Prisoners of War: Chronicle of the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905" by Simion Carp

18 July 2023

On July 18, in the Blue Hall of the National Museum of History of Moldova, took place the book launch of Mr. Simion Carp, PhD of law and university professor, entitled "Prisoners of war: the chronicle of the Russian-Japanese from 1904-1905".

During the event, that atended notorious researchers and guests, after a brief presentation of the work by the author, the Ambassador of Japan in the Republic of Moldova, H.E. Yamada Yoichiro, who appreciated the work and impressed the audience with his message during which he reviewed the events of the beginning of the 20th century


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Opening of the photo exhibition "Chisinau people of the 20th century"

17 July 2023

On July 17, in the yard of the National Museum of History of Moldova, the opening of the photographic exhibition "Chisinau people of the 20th century", a social and educational volunteering project, implemented by Volunteer Center RVC, took place.

During the event, Livia Sîrbu, deputy director of NMHM, Adele Bescetnicova, project coordinator, Ion Ștefăniță, project curator and Nichita Caterniuc, RVC volunteer participated with speeches


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Opening of the "I Love Sushi" exhibition

13 July 2023

On July 13, at the National Museum of History of Moldova, took place the opening of the "I Love Sushi" exhibition, organized in partnership with the Embassy of Japan in the Republic of Moldova and the Japan Foundation.

The Ambassador of Japan to the Republic of Moldova, Yamada Yoichiro, emphasized the close connection between food and a country's culture, expressing its attitude towards life through ingredients, the method of preparation and associated culinary traditions


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Inauguration of the "Bessarabians in the Gulag" exhibition in GNAS

6 July 2023

On July 6, the "Bessarabians in the Gulag" exhibition was inaugurated in the Great National Assembly Square, where the shocking testimonies of the victims of the Stalinist deportations from Bessarabia are exhibited. Two train cars, identical to those used for deportations, were brought into GNAS, giving the public the opportunity to get up close to this tragic part of our history

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The exhibition "Queen Maria, irresistible ambassador of Romanian history and folk art" has arrived at the local Museum of History and Ethnography in the village of Trușeni!

4 July 2023

On July 4, the exhibition "Queen Maria, irresistible ambassador of Romanian history and folk art" was inaugurated at the local Museum of History and Ethnography in the village of Trușeni.

This exhibition represents a cultural endeavor that aims to promote the beauty and richness of Romanian traditions and folk art, starting from the pride and passion with which Queen Maria promoted these authentic cultural values both through her political activity and through her cultural work


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Oriental Music Night

30 June 2023

On June 30th, we had the pleasure of hosting a very special event in our backyard: Oriental Music Night. This unique concert brought to the fore the mystery and beauty of Eastern cultures, offering the audience a unique musical approach.

The contrasts, sensuality and charm of these cultures came to life through the Moldovan National Youth Orchestra, which created a musical show that did not fit into the usual patterns


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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
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#Exhibit of the Month

Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC