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#Exhibit of the Month

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Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM). In particular, in the archaeological exhibition, two bronze cauldrons are displayed, discovered near the village of Nicolscoe in 1988 in burial mounds no. 14 and 15. In addition, in 2020, two bronze cauldrons without any accompanying documents were found in the collection of NMHM; however, they were visually identified as coming from various excavations in the Low Dniester region, such as burial mound no. 45 near Dubăsari and burial mound no. 1 near the Răscăieții Noi village.

The object presented as the exhibit of the month is a little-known find discovered in 1979 in barrow 1 near the village of Răscăieții Noi in the Ștefan Vodă district. In addition to its outstanding size (about 10 m high), this mound is known for discovering a cast bronze finial in the Scythian animal style on its surface in 1953. However, by the beginning of excavations, the locals had damaged part of the mound and a Scythian cast bronze cauldron was found near it. The cauldron was seriously damaged by mechanical impact, as a result of which the rim was deformed, and the walls, with one preserved vertical handle, were bent inwards. Fragments in the upper part of the body and one handle have been lost. The total reconstructed height of the cauldron is 24 cm (excluding the handles), the reconstructed diameter of the hemispherical cauldron is 30 cm, and the weight is 6.5 kg. In 2020, data on the chemical composition of the bronze cauldron alloy were obtained, revealing that it was cast from an alloy of almost 95 per cent copper. Unfortunately, due to the loss of information on the context of the discovery of the cauldron at Răscăieții Noi, it is impossible to link its discovery with one or another Scythian burial of the barrow. Moreover, the grave goods of other Scythian burials of Barrow 1 do not allow them to date below the 4th century BC. However, the cauldron with vertical handles from Răscăieții Noi most likely belongs earlier. This may be indicated by a bronze finial from the first half of the 5th century BC, which was found on this barrow in 1953. In addition, burial 7 from the nearest excavated barrow 2 at Răscăieții Noi, containing a plaque depicting a rolled predator (a copy of which is also on display at the NMHM), belongs to the mid- 5th century BC. Thus, there is a high probability that the cauldron from Barrow 1 at Răscăieții Noi is associated with the late Middle Scythian period or the mid-5th century BC.

Scythian bronze cauldrons in the west area are concentrated in three main regions: Bukovina-Podolia, the Lower Danube, and the Lower Dniester. Some Scythian cauldrons have no reliable archaeological context. Nevertheless, in combination with the same "stray" finds like the Scythian statues, the finds of Scythian cauldrons mark the Scythian presence, most likely not earlier than the late 6th century or even the turn of the 6th-5th centuries BC. The cauldrons first appeared in Bukovina, where they have been known since the middle of the 7th century BC. Bronze cauldrons (with their carriers) entered the steppe region 150-200 years later, and the "military" burials that appeared in the western steppe regions were no earlier than the middle of the 5th century BC. Most burials with cauldrons (and, apparently, the stray finds) are dated back to the second half of the 5th century BC. Then, in the early 4th century BC, their quantity was reduced, and after the first quarter of the 4th century BC, they completely disappeared from the cultural practice of the population of the steppes of the North-Western Black Sea region.

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Events Archive



Launch of the work "Monetary circulation in Bessarabia (1812–1944)" and donation of valuable awards by the Academy of Sciences of Moldova to the National Museum of History of Moldova

30 March 2023

On March 30, 2023, the Academy of Sciences of Moldova organized the presentation event of the book "Monetary circulation in Bessarabia (1812-1944)" written by teacher Marian Bolum from the "Manolache Costache Epureanu" Secondary School in Bârlad, Romania. The volume was presented by Dr. Viorel M. Butnariu, from the Institute of History "A. D. Xenopol" from Iasi, Romania, in the Lecture Hall of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova

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Marking the 105th anniversary of the Union of Bessarabia with Romania

27 March 2023

On the occasion of the celebration of the 105th anniversary of the Union of Bessarabia with Romania, the National Museum of History of Moldova organized a series of activities aimed at honoring the historical event of the unification of the two Romanian provinces into a single state.

In this context, NMHM museographers organized thematic lessons for students, presenting them with the history of the Union of Bessarabia with Romania and its importance for our national history and culture


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Opening of the photo exhibition on the occasion of the 30th anniversary of diplomatic relations between the Slovak Republic and the Republic of Moldova and the 30th anniversary of the establishment of the Slovak Republic (1993-2023)

21 March 2023

On March 21, 2023, in the upstairs hall of the National Museum of History of Moldova were launched the photo exhibition dedicated to the 30th anniversary of diplomatic relations between the Slovak Republic and the Republic of Moldova and the 30th anniversary of establishment of the Slovak Republic (1993-2023).

In his speech, Pavol Ivan, the Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador of Slovakia in Chisinau, stated that the exhibition consists of 23 panels, and the first part of it presents the bilateral relations between the two countries, which have already lasted three decades and are marked by friendship, cooperation and mutual success


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The winners of the "Museums of the Future" program were chosen

21 March 2023

On March 21, 2023, in the premises of Artcor, took place the event in which the winners of the "Museums of the Future" program were chosen.

The "Museums of the Future" program aims to increase the visibility of cultural institutions by integrating innovations and augmenting museum halls with new ideas and visions. Technologies are a catalyst for traditional fields such as tourism, culture, history, but also a tool for presenting identity and the past


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The national colloquium "The 21st century museum: between traditionalism and modernity"

10 March 2023

On March 10, 2023, at the National Museum of History of Moldova, took place the colloquium "The 21st century museum between traditionalism and modernity", a generous, vast, complex theme. Directors of national museum institutions, museographers and researchers from the Republic of Moldova and Romania were present during the colloquium. Also, have honored the colloquium with their presence: Dr. Ioan Opriș from Bucharest, Dr. Virgil Nițulescu, director of the Romanian National Museum from Bucharest, Dr. Aurica Ichim, director of the "Regina Maria" Iași Municipal Museum. The participants of the event were greeted by local and foreign scientific personalities

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Opening of the exhibition "Metamorphoses of energy" by Mari Iurskaya

7 March 2023

On March 7, 2023, in the ground floor hall of the National Museum of History of Moldova, took place the opening of the painting exhibition " Metamorphoses of energy " by Mari Iurskaya - a talented artist whose paintings inspire and prompts reflection.

The event was moderated by Svetlana Shishkina, who told about the works signed by Mari Iurskaia and invited the audience present to admire and contemplate them


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Opening of the exhibition "Bessarabian Bulgarians and the Liberation of Bulgaria"

4 March 2023

On March 4, 2023, in the hall of the House of Culture of the city of Taraclia, was opened the photo-documentary exhibition "Bessarabian Bulgarians and the Liberation of Bulgaria", dedicated to the 145 years since the liberation of Bulgaria from the domination of the Ottoman Empire.

During the exhibition launch event, the vice-president of the Taraclia district, Mr. Alexandru Borimecicov, emphasized the importance of the exhibition and it must to be sent to all educational institutions in the Taraclia district to popularize knowledge about the Bessarabian Bulgarians, who participated in the Liberation of the Motherland their history


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The launch of the joint plan for 2023 to support refugees from the Republic of Moldova

3 March 2023

In response to the refugee crisis caused by the war in Ukraine, on March 3, 2023, in the Blue Hall of the National Museum of History of Moldova, a broad coalition of humanitarian partners launched the national chapter of the Inter-agency Regional Refugee Response Plan (PRR) for 2023. This plan, carried out under the auspices of the Refugee Coordination Forum (RCF), co-chaired by the Government and UNHCR together with the UN family and humanitarian partners, calls for continued financial support to help refugees and host communities in this country

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"Welcome, spring!"

2 March 2023

On March 2, 2023, in the hall on the ground floor, the National Museum of History of Moldova in collaboration with the Adam Mickiewicz Library, the Community Center for Children and Youth "Andries" and the School of Arts "Alexei Stârcea" organized an event dedicated to children, entitled "Welcome, spring!", to celebrate together the coming of spring and the tradition of martișor

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Launch of the "PAIN IN REFUGEES" exhibition

24 February 2023

On February 24, in the premises of the National Museum of History of Moldova, the exhibition "PAIN IN REFUGEES" was launched.

The exhibition was organized by the team of the Society for the Study and Combat of Pain from the Republic of Moldova, and aimed to sensitize the population and outline the fact that pain affects every aspect of human life


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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC