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National Museum of History of Moldova
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

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Events Archive



Book Release: Sava Eugen, „Settlements from Late Bronze Age in the space between Prut and Dniester Rivers” Chișinău, „Bons Offices”, 2014, 492 p.

24 September 2015

Book Release: Sava Eugen, „Settlements from Late Bronze Age in the space between Prut and Dniester Rivers” Chișinău, „Bons Offices”, 2014, 492 p.
On September 24th, 2015 at the National Museum of History of Moldova was released the book "Așezări din perioada târzie a epocii bronzului în spațiul pruto-nistrean (Noua-Sabatinovka)" (Settlements from Late Bronze Age in the space between Prut and Dniester Rivers), signed by dr. hab. Eugen Sava, general director of the museum, with the contribution of researchers Mariana Sîrbu and Eugen Mistreanu.

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Movie night under the stars
August 13th – September 17th 2015

17 September 2015

 Movie night under the stars
For the lovers of quality movies, the National Museum of History of Moldova organized the "Movie night under the stars" in the period from August 13th to September 17th. The event, at its second edition, was organized in partnership with the Association for Charity and Promotion of Civic Culture. The organizers aimed with this event to promote a popular concept abroad - outdoor movies available to a large public.

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LUM/useum video-mapping show

9 September 2015

In the evening of September 9th, on the facade of the National Museum of History of Moldova was presented the first demonstration of video-mapping in the Republic of Moldova on the occasion of the award of the European Union Prize for Cultural Heritage - Europa Nostra 2015 - to the Agency for Inspection and Restoration of Monuments.

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Award of the European Prize for Cultural Heritage to the Republic of Moldova

9 September 2015

Award of the European Prize for Cultural Heritage to the Republic of Moldova
On September 9th, at the National Museum of History of Moldova took place the Local Ceremony for the award of the European Union Prize for Cultural Heritage - Europa Nostra Award 2015. The event was organized by the Agency for Inspection and Restoration of Monuments, in collaboration with the Delegation of the European Union in Moldova.

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Ion Ungureanu celebrated at the National Museum of History of Moldova

8 September 2015

Ion Ungureanu celebrated at the National Museum of History of Moldova
The National Museum of History of Moldova hosted an exceptional cultural event dedicated to celebrating the 80th anniversary from the birth of the illustrious scholar Ion Ungureanu. The event "Ion Ungureanu, a destiny light by the Evening Star" was organized by the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Moldova, the National Museum of History of Moldova and the Theatre Union of Moldova.

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Workshop „In the world of fairytales”

1 August 2015

 Workshop „In the world of fairytales”
On August 1st, beginning with 15.00 hours, ARTerapia Team, a project aimed at decorating children hospitals from Moldova, organized in the courtyard of the National Museum of History of Moldova an unusual, dynamic and creative event where children had the opportunity to know the world of fairytales through painting.

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Creative recycling workshops

25 June 2015

Creative recycling workshops
For 30 children from the Chisinau Preschool Center "Lyuboznayka" there were organized two creative and educational workshops to develop an attitude of appreciation and respect for nature.

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Cultural event “Chisinau is my city”

21 June 2015

 Cultural event “Chisinau is my city”
On June 21, the Department of Public Relations and Museum Education organized for elderly people a cultural event dedicated to the history and architecture of Chisinau. It was attended by people who are fond of history and architecture of their native city, as well as by architects who contributed to the urban development of Chisinau.

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Historian’s professional day 2015

18 June 2015

Historian’s professional day 2015
On 18th May, in hall no. 2 on the ground floor of the National Museum of History of Moldova was celebrated the „The professional historian's day" with the participation of researchers and professors of history from the capital and district centers.

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Launch of the book „History, truth and myths”

16 June 2015

Book launch „History, truth and myths”
On June 16th, The National Museum of History of Moldova hosted the book launch „History, truth and myths", Editura Enciclopedică, București, 2014, 400 p., signed by academician univ. prof. dr. Ioan-Aurel Pop, rector of University „Babeș-Bolyai" from Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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