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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

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Events Archive

Symposium of Heraldry (11th Edition)

April 27, 2017

On April 27th, 2017, on the Day of the State Flag of the Republic of Moldova, in the conference room on the ground floor of the National Museum of History of Moldova was held the 11th edition of the Symposium of Heraldry. The scientific event was organized by „Paul Gore" Society of Genealogy, Heraldry and Archives in collaboration with the National Heraldic Commission by the President of the Republic of Moldova and the National Museum of History of Moldova.

The symposium focused on topics such as:
- historical evolution of heraldry, vexillology, political hymnology, sigillography, phaleristics and national uniformology;
- theoretical and practical aspects of the study of heraldry, vexillology, political hymnology, sigillography, phaleristics and uniformology;
- issues of numismatic, genealogical, epigraphic, ethnographic, and semiotic symbolism, with topics close to the scientific purpose of the symposium.

Five scientific papers were presented at the symposium: dr. Silviu Tabac (Apparatus of the President of the Republic of Moldova) - „About the flag of Ștefan cel Mare worn on September 12th, 1485 at Colomeea during the ceremony of veneration of the vassal of the King of Poland Cazimir IV Jagiełło (I)"; member correspondent Mariana Șlapac (Institute of Cultural Heritage of the ASM) - „Apotropaic signs with magical valences in the cities of the Principality of Moldavia"; Adelaida Chiroșca (National Museum of History of Moldova) - „A seal from the 19th century from the Assumption of the Virgin Monastery from Hârbovăț"; Nicolae Schițco (Apparatus of the President of the Republic of Moldova) - „Establishing the national state distinction system of the Republic of Moldova in 1992"; dr. Diana Nicoglo (Institute of Cultural Heritage of the ASM) - „The heraldic emblem of the Gagauz and Bulgarian settlements in the Republic of Moldova".

The event brought together representatives of academic and university circles, members of the Heraldic Cabinet within the Office of the President of the Republic of Moldova, researchers and museographers from national museums.


 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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