EN RO
National Museum of History of Moldova
Read Mode















#Exhibit of the Month

The hoard was found in 1957 during the agricultural works near the village. At first, the hoard was in the collection of the National Museum of Ethnography and Natural History and later was transferred to the National Museum of History (Accession: FB: 12 576 - 12650; N: 12 658 - 12 732). It consists of 75 silver coins from the thaler category issued by the Kingdom of Poland, the United Provinces and the Holy Roman Empire in 1612-1648.

THE KINGDOM OF POLAND
Sigismund II Vasa (1586-1632)
Crown, thaler: 1628 (1).
Gdańsk, orts: 1612 (1), 1613 (1*), 1614 (1), 1615 (7), 1616 (8), 1617 (16), 1618 (4), 1619 (2), 161 (1), 1620 (2), 1621 (8).

THE UNITED PROVINCES OF THE NETHERLANDS
Lion thalers (leeuwendaalder)
Gelderland: 1641 (1), 1647 (2), 1649 (1).
West Frisia: 1648 (1).
Utrecht: 1643 (1), 1646 (1), 1647 (2), 1648 (1).

THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE
Kampen: halve leeuwendaalder 1646 (1), 1647 (1); leeuwendaalder 1647 (3), 1649 (1).
Zwolle: leeuwendaalder 1633 (1), 1637 (3), 1644 (1), 1646 (2), 1648 (1).

This hoard by its composition confirms the presence of silver coins from the thaler category in the Principality of Moldavia monetary circulation.

Thalers were first minted in 1486 in Sankt-Joachimsthal, today the Czech Republic, "thaler" being an abbreviation of "Joachimsthaler", meaning coin issued in Sankt-Joachimsthal. In the 16th and 17th centuries, thalers were issued in very large quantities, especially by state entities that were part of the Holy Roman Empire and the Habsburg Empire. Thus, thalers can be considered a quintessentially popular coin; there are thalers of several types, such as Austrian thalers, Polish thalers, Russian thalers, Turkish thalers, Venetian thalers, also called scuzi, "reichsthalers", also called imperials, löwenthalers or lion thalers, and Spanish thalers, also called piastre. In the Romanian principalities, thalers spread widely towards the end of the 16th century, and in the following centuries their circulation became very abundant, the thaler being in circulation until the second half of the 19th century. This money was a huge success, so it is also called: daalder / daler in the Netherlands, talar in Poland, dahlar in Scandinavia, tallaro / tallero in Italy, talari in Ethiopia, dollar in America. A special category is the Dutch thaler, leeuwendaalder, löwenthaler, which means "lion thaler", also called "lion" due to the coat of arms on the reverse, which is a shield with a crown, with a lion inside; it is a silver coin minted in Netherlands, where in 1575 it was decided to mint a new coin based on the scuzi. In the Romanian principalities the lion thaler appears in the last quarter of the 16th century. These lion thaler gave the name to the currency of Romania, the Republic of Moldova (leu), and Bulgaria (leva).

Orts are also silver coins from the thaler category, equal to 1/4 thaler. A quarter thaler was originally called "ortstaler", a name that was later reduced to the form "ort" (in Old German "ort" means "a quarter"). The coin circulated in Europe in the Middle Ages, including the Romanian principalities, being met in the 18th century as Polish, Turkish and German orts. The term "ort" is preserved in the Romanian expression "to give an ort to a priest" (which means "to die"), which dates back to the ancient pagan custom of placing a coin on the little finger of the deceased's right hand so that he could pay for the passage to the afterlife; With the same coin, the priest was paid for the funeral service: the family of the deceased "gave an ort to the priest" to observe church traditions.

 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Events Archive

Series of events in the framework of project “Historical Site Camp of King Charles VII of Sweden at Varnița - valorization and promotion”

May 22-23, 2017

On 22 and 23 May, 2017, the National Museum of History of Moldova, in cooperation with the Embassy of Sweden in Moldova, NGO „Women. Hope. Future" (Varnița), ArmesMuseum from Sweden (Stockholm), and the Embassy of the Republic of Moldova in Sweden organized a series of events within the project „Historical site Camp of King Charles XII of Sweden at Varnița - valorization and promotion". The project is funded by the European Union in the framework of the CHOICE / Cultural Heritage: Opportunity for Improving Civic Engagement program. In the Republic of Moldova the program is carried out by the National Association ICOM Moldova in partnership with the Association of Local Democracy Agencies ALDA (France).

The official opening of the events took place on Monday, May 22, in the Blue Room of the museum, in the presence of representatives of diplomatic missions, scholars and scientists, central and local government representatives. The event was attended by scientists, museographers, and university professors from Sweden, Ukraine, Turkey and Moldova.  

Klas Kronberg from the ArmesMuseum in Stockholm presented two volumes of studies and articles: "Karl XII" published in 2015 and "When Sweden was Ruled from the Ottoman Empire" published in 2016. Both volumes were edited by the Stockholm ArmesMuseum. The books sum up the results of the scientific research conducted within the project "When Sweden was governed from the Ottoman Empire", a project that involved Sweden, Moldova, Turkey, and Greece. Dr. Per Sandin was the project manager. All articles deserve attention, they are well developed, structured, signed by specialists from Ukraine, Turkey, Sweden and the Republic of Moldova. Publishers of the volumes are Asa Karlsson, Klas Kronberg and Per Sandin.  

The volume "Historical Site Camp of King Charles VII at Varnița. Recovery of memory" was presented by dr.hab. Elena Ploșnita. The book was published in 2017 in the Tyragetia Library series, a series promoted by the National Museum of History of Moldova. The volume was peer-reviewed by dr. Valentina Ursu and dr. hab. professor Valentin Tomuleț. E. Ploșnita noted that during the 18th,19th and 20th centuries, the national historiography and international historiography, especially the European one, produced valuable approaches to the phenomenon of Charles XII, the King of Sweden, but there are gaps in covering fully the historical site from Varnița both in chronological and spatial terms. This volume comes to fill this gap. The publication stemmed from the necessity of knowing and promoting a segment of common Moldovan-Turkish-Swedish history with implications in the history of Poland and Ukraine and as a tribute to all those who through their enthusiasm contributed to the preservation of the memory of King Charles XII of Sweden in Varnița, Moldova. Many scholars, museographers, university professors from Moldova and from abroad contributed to the publication - Victor Ţvircun, coordinating academician, ASM, dr.hab. Ion Eremia, professor, USM, dr. Dinu Poștarenco, researcher at the Institute of History of the ASM, Dr. Alexandru Levinschi, ASM, dr. Ion Tentiuc and dr. hab. Eugen Sava from the NMHM, numismatist dr. Ana Boldureanu, architect Ion Budeci, researchers from Sweden - Anders Wesslen and Oscar Sjostrom, the Ukrainians Igor Sapojnikov and Vladimir Levciuk and others. The authoritative name of the authors is a guarantee for the quality of the book. It is an intellectual achievement worth remembering through documentary value, graphic design and, of course, the significance of the scientific approach.  

During the events was opened the exhibition "Camp of King Charles VII of Sweden from Varnița. Photo-documentary testimonies". The exhibition reflects chronologically, through photography and document, the process of scientific and public valorization of the historical site "Camp of King Charles VII of Sweden in Varnița".  

In the Blue Room of the Museum took place the international conference "Historic Site Camp of the King Charles XII of Sweden in Varnița. Recovering memory". At the conference were presented 11 papers, the authors of which focused on subjects related to the life and activity of Charles XII during 1709-1713, the camp of the king in Varnița, the relations of Swedes with the Ottoman Empire and Russia at the beginning of the 18th century.  

On May 23, 2017, the participants of the conference visited the historic site Camp of King Charles VII of Sweden in Varnita. Dr.hab. Eugen Sava presented the results of the project at Varnița, mentioning that within the project was conducted archaeological research, historical and documentary research, were conserved the remains of the foundations of the Chancellery of the Swedish king from Varnița and was rebuilt the monument from the site dedicated to King Charles XII of Sweden. A meeting with the local public authorities was held at the town hall in Varnița in which were discussed issues of collaboration between various institutions in Sweden and the Republic of Moldova in order to continue the valorization on the historical site located in the village.

Elena Ploșnița


 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
National Museum of History of Moldova
  
Come to Museum! Discover the History!
  
Visit museum
Visit museum
Summer schedule: daily
10am – 6pm.

Winter schedule: daily
10am – 5pm.
Closed on Fridays.
Entrance fees:  adults - 10 MDL, pensioners, adults with moderate disabilities / disability of the 3rd degree, students - 5 MDL, school students - 2 MDL. Free access: enlisted men (...)

WiFi Free Wi-Fi Zone in the museum: In the courtyard of the National History Museum of Moldova there is Wi-Fi Internet access for visitors.






#Exhibit of the Month

The hoard was found in 1957 during the agricultural works near the village. At first, the hoard was in the collection of the National Museum of Ethnography and Natural History and later was transferred to the National Museum of History (Accession: FB: 12 576 - 12650; N: 12 658 - 12 732). It consists of 75 silver coins from the thaler category issued by the Kingdom of Poland, the United Provinces and the Holy Roman Empire in 1612-1648...

Read More >>

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2021 National Museum of History of Moldova
31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu