EN RO















#Exhibit of the Month

>>>

This is a case for needles, unusually large in size. It was used in the Stone Age as a container for storing and preserving small and fragile items. The case was discovered by the famous researcher Ilie Borziac in 1996 during archaeological excavations at a multi-layered Upper Paleolithic site in the village of Cosauți, Soroca district. The artifact was found at a depth of 9.7-9.85 m in a loess-like occupation layer, among the remains of a seasonal deer hunter camp (in the so-called occupation layer 5). The occupation layer was dated by radiocarbon method to 18140 ± 180. The object is 17.6 cm long and 1.5 cm in diameter. It was made of a thin-walled tubular bone, probably of a large bird (eagle, bustard or gull). The ends of the object were cut across. A round hole 5 mm in diameter with carefully polished edges was made at one of the ends.

The entire surface of the product is polished to a shine. It is ornamented with notches. The notches are applied rhythmically around the entire perimeter. They, without a doubt, indicate that the work was made by human hands. The length of the notches is 3-3.5 mm. They are located transversely, grouped in three rows. The number of notches in the rows is 8/8, 16/10, 14/7, with an average distance between notches of 4 mm.

The researchers who addressed the issue of the functionality of this rare archaeological piece, put forward several hypotheses. One of them is that the artifact probably had a multifunctional practical utility. According to one hypothesis, the presence of a hole at one end of the object indicates that it is a flute. This opinion was called into question due to the identification of only one obvious hole on the surface of the artifact. Most likely, the presence of the hole indicates that a thread was passed through it to hang the case with needles in order to protect and secure it. On the other hand, the relatively large size of this object also allows it to be used as a coupling. According to another version, this kind of vestiges could be used by hunters to remove skins from hunted animals, as a tube for pumping air under the skin of small animals in the process of skinning them. This not only greatly facilitated the removal of the skin, but also kept the subcutaneous fat intact.

Specimens of equally large sizes, similar to the one found at the ford on the Dniester, made of tubular bone with cut off epiphyses, were discovered at several Neolithic sites in Yakutia. Here they were used as needle cases. Some of them were found with needles inside, which confirmed their practical functionality.

Virtual Tour


Exhibitions

„CUCUTENI 2016”

July 25th - August 1st, 2016

Exhibition „Cucuteni 2016" was organized by Art Studio „Picasso" in partnership with the National Museum of History of Moldova.


The exhibition brings together 73 ceramic artworks and 24 paintings which reproduce Cucuteni-Trypillian culture, one of the oldest civilizations in Europe, made by artists from Europe, Asia and Africa, participants at the Cucuteni International Art Camp 2016.

On display are a diversity of vessels with Cucuteni elements and female ceramic figurines made in different shapes and sizes. The ceramic vessels and female figurines are the main elements of Cucuteni culture.

The artworks were created within the three weeks of the Cucuteni International Art Camp 2016, the second edition of which was held in Ivancea between June 26 and July 16, 2016. The edition from 2016 was attended by 25 artists from 10 countries: Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Egypt, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Moldova, Romania, Russia and Ukraine.
The exhibition was opened to the public on the upper lobby of the museum. It ended on August 1 with a charity auction.


*Cucuteni-Trypillian culture is a unique phenomenon in human history. This is one of the oldest civilizations in Europe which formed several centuries before the emergence of human settlements in Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt. The culture was spread on the present-day territory of Republic of Moldova, Romania and Ukraine, our republic being the center of its cultural area.

The Eneolithic culture developed in the forest steppe area between the Carpathian Mountains and Dnieper River in the period of the 5th-4th millennia BC, it adapted to local conditions giving rise to closely related cultural phenomena which formed together a vast archaeological complex spread on an area of over 350.000 km2 and called by specialists, under conventional laws of archaeology, Cucuteni-Trypillia-Ariușd, after the names of villages in Moldova, Ukraine and Romania where discoveries of this type were made for the first time at the end of the nineteenth century.

The ceramics is the exceptional legacy of this culture. Shaped and painted by hand with vivid polychrome spiral and meander motifs, the Cucuteni ceramics is an argument that stands for the high level of development of this civilization of sedentary farmers.

The archaeologists have found in every Trypillian home between 30 and 200 ceramic objects: ceramic vessels (for keeping supplies, cups, bowls, ritual vessels) and anthropomorphic and zoomorphic artworks. The quality of the ceramic is unequalled: fine, smooth, painted with great skill in red, white, black and brown. The decorative rhythm is perfect, loaded with symbols and ornaments and represent real works of art with an age of 6-7 thousand years old.


 




Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
Come to Museum! Discover the History!
  
Visit museum
Visit museum
Summer schedule: daily
10am – 6pm.

Winter schedule: daily
10am – 5pm.
Closed on Fridays.
Entrance fees:  adults - 10 MDL, pensioners, adults with moderate disabilities / disability of the 3rd degree, students - 5 MDL, school students - 2 MDL. Free access: enlisted men (...)

WiFi Free Wi-Fi Zone in the museum: In the courtyard of the National History Museum of Moldova there is Wi-Fi Internet access for visitors.






#Exhibit of the Month

This is a case for needles, unusually large in size. It was used in the Stone Age as a container for storing and preserving small and fragile items. The case was discovered by the famous researcher Ilie Borziac in 1996 during archaeological excavations at a multi-layered Upper Paleolithic site in the village of Cosauți, Soroca district...

Read More >>


































The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC