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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

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National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Exhibitions

“Fighting and suffering: Polish citizens during World War II”

Poland remembers the tragedy of the war

November 2-30, 2019

 
Eighty years after the outbreak of World War II, Poland, its first victim, recalls the most dramatic armed conflict in world history. The exhibition which will be open in the hall of the National Museum of History of Moldova in Chișinău until the end of November speaks about this historical event.

The exhibition "Fighting and suffering. The Polish citizens during World War II" presents the fate of Poland during the war, which, on September 1, 1939, was attacked by Germany, and on September 17, by the Soviet Union.

Despite the numerical superiority of the occupiers, the Poles have had, throughout the entire world war, a strong armed resistance, both on the territory of their country and on other fronts and battlefields around the world.

The exhibition has on display 16 panels which present the most important moments from those days. Great attention is paid to the destinies of the civilian population. This rich material is represented by archive photographs obtained from the archives of different countries, including from the Romanian collections.

The story of the war drama, which was prepared by one of the most modern museums in the world - the World War II Museum in Gdansk, as well as by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Polish Republic, will be presented in over 60 countries of the world.

The Polish Institute in Bucharest has prepared the Romanian version, enriching it with topics related to the Polish-Romanian relations during World War II, but also with photos obtained from the National Archives of Romania, which illustrates the lives of 60-100 thousand Polish refugees in Romania.

The exhibition has already been presented in the Romanian Senate in Bucharest, at the Museum of Bucovina in Suceava, as well the Museum of the Palace of Culture in Iași, at the initiative of the Polish Institute in Bucharest.

The Ambassador of the Polish Republic to Moldova, Bartlomiej Zdaniuk and the Deputy Director of the Polish Institute in Bucharest, Wojciech Mrozovsky, at the presentation of the exhibition on 15 November 2019, stressed the importance of intercultural relations between the Republic of Moldova and the Polish Republic as well as the need for such events for the contemporary society.

The drama of the Polish people during the second world conflagration, victim of the aggressive and expansionist politics of two totalitarian regimes - Nazi and Bolshevik - remains a broad and very actual topic.

 

The National Museum of History of Moldova, Chișinău, the hall on the ground floor, November 2-30, 2019. Free admission.



 




Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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