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#Exhibit of the Month

Kyathos (Ancient Greek: κύαθος - ladle, cup) is an ancient Greek vessel (ladle), used to pour wine from various larger vessels (kraters, hydriai, pelicai, and so on) into drinking cups. During the existence of these vessels, they were made of different materials: from silver and bronze to burnt clay, the latter ones being often painted with red and black figures, and sometimes covered only with black slip.

In the myths about Hercules, a young cupbearer named Kyathos is mentioned, who during a feast, scooping up wine from a vessel with a ceramic ladle to pour it into Hercules' bowl, accidentally broke the high handle of the vessel (which often happens) and spilled wine on the legendary hero. Hercules, not calculating his strength, gave the inattentive young man a flick on the forehead. Although it was a simple flick, it was fatal to the young cupbearer. In memory of this sad event in the homeland of Kyathos, in Aetolia, a grove was planted, called the Grove of the Cupbearer, where a sculpture was placed depicting Kyathos serving the cup to Hercules. Also, in memory of the cupbearer, the ladle vessels were named after him.

Kyathoi made of silver or bronze, most often with a very small bowl diameter (4 to 6 cm), were used to extract wine from amphorae (their necks ranged from 8 to 10-12 cm in diameter). The metal ladles were usually equipped with a long thin looping handles ending in a stylized swan's head.

These vessels were common in various cultures of the Greek period of the 6th-4th centuries BC.

The bronze Kyathos kept at the National Museum of History of Moldova, like most metal objects of this type, has a loop-shaped handle ending in a swan's head and the following characteristics: weight - 116.40 g; maximum length - 31.5 cm; handle width 0.9 -2 cm; diameter of the bowl at the opening - 4.4x5 cm; bowl bottom diameter - 4 cm; bowl height - 2.7 cm.


 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Exhibitions

“Fryderyk Chopin: Life and Works”

February 24 – March 30, 2021

Fryderyk Chopin, born March 1, 1810 (or February 22, 1810), is considered one of the greatest pianists and composers of the Romantic era. A characteristic element of Chopin's works is the deep expressiveness and inspiration from the stylistic patterns of Polish folk music. His talent was revealed when he was only a few years old - the mentions of the brilliant child quickly delighted the Warsaw aristocracy.

On November 5, 1830, Chopin left Poland forever. After a long wandering, he finally went to Paris. On the way, Chopin kept a diary, in which he revealed his state of mind during his stay in Stuttgart, where he was seized with despair over the defeat of the November Uprising. It is believed that it was then that the first sketches for the "Revolutionary Étude" were created. The works of this period are full of drama, which gradually began to dominate the composer's work.

Despite living abroad, Chopin always remained in Poland with his heart and soul. He began to live the life of Polish emigrants, maintaining close relations with leading Polish intellectuals (Adam Mickiewicz, Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz, Ciprian Kamil Norwid).

On the verge of death, Chopin requested that, after he died, his heart be removed and sent to Warsaw. A vase with the composer's heart preserved in alcohol was smuggled to Poland in January 1850 by his older sister, Ludwika Jędrzejewiczowa. In Warsaw, she kept it in her apartment for a while, and later entrusted it to the missionary priests of the Church of the Holy Cross, which was, in fact, the parish church of the Chopin family. The commemorative plaque bears the inscription: To Fryderyk Chopin from compatriots. Above there is a quote from the Gospel of Matthew: Where your wealth is, there will your heart be.

The exhibition dedicated to the Polish composer is created by the Polish Institute in Bucharest and can be seen on the fence of the National Museum of History of Moldova between February 24 and March 30, 2021.




 




Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

Kyathos (Ancient Greek: κύαθος - ladle, cup) is an ancient Greek vessel (ladle), used to pour wine from various larger vessels (kraters, hydriai, pelicai, and so on) into drinking cups. During the existence of these vessels, they were made of different materials: from silver and bronze to burnt clay, the latter ones being often painted with red and black figures, and sometimes covered only with black slip. In the myths about Hercules, a young cupbearer named Kyathos is mentioned, who during a feast, scooping up wine from a vessel with a ceramic ladle to pour it into Hercules' bowl, accidentally broke the high handle of the vessel (which often happens) and spilled wine on the legendary hero. Hercules, not calculating his strength, gave the inattentive young man a flick on the forehead...

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