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#Exhibit of the Month

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This is a case for needles, unusually large in size. It was used in the Stone Age as a container for storing and preserving small and fragile items. The case was discovered by the famous researcher Ilie Borziac in 1996 during archaeological excavations at a multi-layered Upper Paleolithic site in the village of Cosauți, Soroca district. The artifact was found at a depth of 9.7-9.85 m in a loess-like occupation layer, among the remains of a seasonal deer hunter camp (in the so-called occupation layer 5). The occupation layer was dated by radiocarbon method to 18140 ± 180. The object is 17.6 cm long and 1.5 cm in diameter. It was made of a thin-walled tubular bone, probably of a large bird (eagle, bustard or gull). The ends of the object were cut across. A round hole 5 mm in diameter with carefully polished edges was made at one of the ends.

The entire surface of the product is polished to a shine. It is ornamented with notches. The notches are applied rhythmically around the entire perimeter. They, without a doubt, indicate that the work was made by human hands. The length of the notches is 3-3.5 mm. They are located transversely, grouped in three rows. The number of notches in the rows is 8/8, 16/10, 14/7, with an average distance between notches of 4 mm.

The researchers who addressed the issue of the functionality of this rare archaeological piece, put forward several hypotheses. One of them is that the artifact probably had a multifunctional practical utility. According to one hypothesis, the presence of a hole at one end of the object indicates that it is a flute. This opinion was called into question due to the identification of only one obvious hole on the surface of the artifact. Most likely, the presence of the hole indicates that a thread was passed through it to hang the case with needles in order to protect and secure it. On the other hand, the relatively large size of this object also allows it to be used as a coupling. According to another version, this kind of vestiges could be used by hunters to remove skins from hunted animals, as a tube for pumping air under the skin of small animals in the process of skinning them. This not only greatly facilitated the removal of the skin, but also kept the subcutaneous fat intact.

Specimens of equally large sizes, similar to the one found at the ford on the Dniester, made of tubular bone with cut off epiphyses, were discovered at several Neolithic sites in Yakutia. Here they were used as needle cases. Some of them were found with needles inside, which confirmed their practical functionality.

Virtual Tour


Exhibitions

"Greco-Roman Imports in the Northwestern Black Sea Coast"

30 May - 30 december 2012

  
The exhibition Greco-Roman Imports in the Northwestern Black Sea Coast is based exclusively on the archaeological collections of the museum. It brings together multiple pieces of different categories: vessels, jewelry, tools, utensils, sculptures, etc. The objects are made of different materials: fired clay, non-ferrous and semiprecious metals, glass and glassy paste, semiprecious stones, marble.

The exhibition aims to show all categories of Greek and Roman imports, which were found in the area to the north of the Black Sea, thereby reflecting the exchange and trade, which lasted over a millennium among the tribes that inhabited the Northwestern Pontic territories, especially those of the Prut-Dniester interfluve.

Exchange relations between different communities have always contributed to changes in the societies in contact, resulting in cultural, economic, and spiritual interference.


The population of Northwestern Pontic territories, including the Prut-Dniester space, during the period from the 6th century B.C. to the 4th century A.D. has been substantially influenced by Greek and Roman civilizations in their ascension.

Already in the late 6th century B.C. the Thraco-Getae-Dacians maintained exchange and trade relations with the Greek settlers and merchants. Among the goods brought by them, the most popular were wine and olive oil; for their transportation and storage were used special vessels - amphorae.

Another category of the Greek import, found in both the Getae barbaric world and the Scythian nomadic tribes, are black-glazed luxury vessels, some painted with red figures; among them there are one of the most beautiful items of Athenian craftsmen - red-figure pelike (a jug  for diluted wine) found at Manta and kantharoi - cups with two handles used for drinking wine.

Among the objects ones belonged to the Scythian aristocracy there were widespread jewels of precious metals (gold, silver), glass, and bronze objects, including mirrors and arms. In the Scythian princely tombs of Nicolskoe, Dubasari, Butor there were discovered gold appliqués for clothing, gold earrings.

The archaeological investigations in the Greek towns of the northern and northwestern Black Sea coast led to the discoveries of beautiful marble sculptures, representing the heroes and gods of the Greek pantheon, including the marble head of Hercules.

The Roman conquest of Greek colonies in the early 1st millennium A.D. has contributed to the appearance of new goods of Roman tradition in the native world of the Northwestern Pontic area.  Along with the Thracian population, there were other consumers of the imported goods. Among these there were Sarmatians - a population of Iranian origin (1st century B.C. - 3rd century A.D.), and the carriers of Santana de Mures culture (3rd - 4th centuries) - a culture with many ethnocultural elements, including the local -Dacian and Roman ones.

Among the categories of import during the Roman period there remain wine and olive oil, which also are brought  in amphorae, but already of another shape, which is due to new time and traditions, but keeping the same use.

The Sarmatians, especially wealthier strata, were large consumers of Roman adornments made of gold and silver, semiprecious stones, bronze and glass tableware, such as the bronze bowl from Cazaclia, a bronze pot, and some chance finds.

Among carriers of the Santana de Mures culture here were widespread import vessels made of fired clay, more rarely of glass, as well as multiple adornments of semiprecious stones and glassy paste. The most interesting are gold rings from Mocra.

The influence of Roman culture also penetrated into the northwestern Black Sea region with art and religious objects (marble sculpture).

Close contacts of the population of Prut-Dniester space with representatives of Greek and Roman civilizations have contributed to the development and evolution of local communities, and artifacts presented in the exhibition are an eloquent witness to this relationship.

The exhibition is aimed at both professionals and the general public, everyone who is interested in archeology and ancient history of our region.


 




Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

This is a case for needles, unusually large in size. It was used in the Stone Age as a container for storing and preserving small and fragile items. The case was discovered by the famous researcher Ilie Borziac in 1996 during archaeological excavations at a multi-layered Upper Paleolithic site in the village of Cosauți, Soroca district...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC