The exhibition Greco-Roman Imports in the Northwestern Black Sea Coast
is based exclusively on the archaeological collections of the museum. It brings together multiple pieces of different categories: vessels, jewelry, tools, utensils, sculptures, etc. The objects are made of different materials: fired clay, non-ferrous and semiprecious metals, glass and glassy paste, semiprecious stones, marble.
The exhibition aims to show all categories of Greek and Roman imports, which were found in the area to the north of the Black Sea, thereby reflecting the exchange and trade, which lasted over a millennium among the tribes that inhabited the Northwestern Pontic territories, especially those of the Prut-Dniester interfluve.
Exchange relations between different communities have always contributed to changes in the societies in contact, resulting in cultural, economic, and spiritual interference.
The population of Northwestern Pontic territories, including the Prut-Dniester space, during the period from the 6th
century B.C. to the 4th
century A.D. has been substantially influenced by Greek and Roman civilizations in their ascension.
Already in the late 6th
century B.C. the Thraco-Getae-Dacians maintained exchange and trade relations with the Greek settlers and merchants. Among the goods brought by them, the most popular were wine and olive oil; for their transportation and storage were used special vessels - amphorae
Another category of the Greek import, found in both the Getae barbaric world and the Scythian nomadic tribes, are black-glazed luxury vessels, some painted with red figures; among them there are one of the most beautiful items of Athenian craftsmen - red-figure pelike
(a jug for diluted wine) found at Manta and kantharoi
- cups with two handles used for drinking wine.
Among the objects ones belonged to the Scythian aristocracy there were widespread jewels of precious metals (gold, silver), glass, and bronze objects, including mirrors and arms. In the Scythian princely tombs of Nicolskoe, Dubasari, Butor there were discovered gold appliqués for clothing, gold earrings
The archaeological investigations in the Greek towns of the northern and northwestern Black Sea coast led to the discoveries of beautiful marble sculptures, representing the heroes and gods of the Greek pantheon, including the marble head of Hercules
The Roman conquest of Greek colonies in the early 1st
millennium A.D. has contributed to the appearance of new goods of Roman tradition in the native world of the Northwestern Pontic area. Along with the Thracian population, there were other consumers of the imported goods. Among these there were Sarmatians - a population of Iranian origin (1st
century B.C. - 3rd
century A.D.), and the carriers of Santana de Mures culture (3rd
centuries) - a culture with many ethnocultural elements, including the local -Dacian and Roman ones.
Among the categories of import during the Roman period there remain wine and olive oil, which also are brought in amphorae
, but already of another shape, which is due to new time and traditions, but keeping the same use.
The Sarmatians, especially wealthier strata, were large consumers of Roman adornments made of gold and silver, semiprecious stones, bronze and glass tableware, such as the bronze bowl from Cazaclia, a bronze pot, and some chance finds.
Among carriers of the Santana de Mures culture here were widespread import vessels made of fired clay, more rarely of glass, as well as multiple adornments of semiprecious stones and glassy paste. The most interesting are gold rings from Mocra
The influence of Roman culture also penetrated into the northwestern Black Sea region with art and religious objects (marble sculpture
Close contacts of the population of Prut-Dniester space with representatives of Greek and Roman civilizations have contributed to the development and evolution of local communities, and artifacts presented in the exhibition are an eloquent witness to this relationship.
The exhibition is aimed at both professionals and the general public, everyone who is interested in archeology and ancient history of our region.