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National Museum of History of Moldova


"Memory of War"

(May 6 – June 28, 2010)

The Second World War is one of the most tragic pages in the history of mankind. It brought to death millions of people and caused incalculable material losses. Moldova also took many hardships of the war. Thousands of the Moldavians have been killed by enemy bullets on the fronts of the war; thousands of villages, houses, industrial buildings, farms have been erased to the ground during the bombing and military operations.

The best gesture of gratitude of the contemporaries to the generation that passed through the crucible of war, and especially to those who have fallen in battles, would be to keep the memory, to transmit from generation to generation their names and deeds.

The exhibition “Memory of War” is dedicated to the 65th anniversary of the Victory over fascism and is to commemorate all the victims of the war irrespective of which side of the barricades they were. In it some museum items are exhibited for the first time: photographs, books, posters, military uniforms, weapons, soldiers’ personal belongings, front letters, war trophies, awards, etc. – the historical relics aimed to reconstruct the tragic events of the Second World War, crimes of fascism, the brotherhood in arms and the joy of victory.

Most of the exhibits are from the collections of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova and are divided into several conventional sections: The Beginning of War, The “New Order” instituted by the fascists in Europe, The Creation of Antifascist Coalition, The Liberation of the Peoples of Europe from the Fascist Occupation, The Fall of Fascism, and The Nuremberg Trials.

A special section of the exhibition includes photographs, documents and personal belongings of our citizens who participated in the biggest military operations during the war and were decorated with high military honors for heroism on the battlefields (D. Calaras, I. Coval, N. Lebedenko, I. Soltas, F. Zharchinsky, V. Ermuratsky, G. Odobescu, and others).

The exhibition is complemented by a collection of posters of the time and works of art on the military subjects created by the prominent painters (I. Toidze, M. Grecu, A. David, A.Vasiliev, V. Obuh, and others), as well as books on the history of the Second World War.



Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age


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