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#Exhibit of the Month

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This is a case for needles, unusually large in size. It was used in the Stone Age as a container for storing and preserving small and fragile items. The case was discovered by the famous researcher Ilie Borziac in 1996 during archaeological excavations at a multi-layered Upper Paleolithic site in the village of Cosauți, Soroca district. The artifact was found at a depth of 9.7-9.85 m in a loess-like occupation layer, among the remains of a seasonal deer hunter camp (in the so-called occupation layer 5). The occupation layer was dated by radiocarbon method to 18140 ± 180. The object is 17.6 cm long and 1.5 cm in diameter. It was made of a thin-walled tubular bone, probably of a large bird (eagle, bustard or gull). The ends of the object were cut across. A round hole 5 mm in diameter with carefully polished edges was made at one of the ends.

The entire surface of the product is polished to a shine. It is ornamented with notches. The notches are applied rhythmically around the entire perimeter. They, without a doubt, indicate that the work was made by human hands. The length of the notches is 3-3.5 mm. They are located transversely, grouped in three rows. The number of notches in the rows is 8/8, 16/10, 14/7, with an average distance between notches of 4 mm.

The researchers who addressed the issue of the functionality of this rare archaeological piece, put forward several hypotheses. One of them is that the artifact probably had a multifunctional practical utility. According to one hypothesis, the presence of a hole at one end of the object indicates that it is a flute. This opinion was called into question due to the identification of only one obvious hole on the surface of the artifact. Most likely, the presence of the hole indicates that a thread was passed through it to hang the case with needles in order to protect and secure it. On the other hand, the relatively large size of this object also allows it to be used as a coupling. According to another version, this kind of vestiges could be used by hunters to remove skins from hunted animals, as a tube for pumping air under the skin of small animals in the process of skinning them. This not only greatly facilitated the removal of the skin, but also kept the subcutaneous fat intact.

Specimens of equally large sizes, similar to the one found at the ford on the Dniester, made of tubular bone with cut off epiphyses, were discovered at several Neolithic sites in Yakutia. Here they were used as needle cases. Some of them were found with needles inside, which confirmed their practical functionality.

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Exhibitions

“REMEMBERING CHILDHOOD, TESTIMONIES OF BESSARABIAN DEPORTEES”

Arbor Association for Culture and Arts, Bucharest

August 31 – September 25, 2022

On August 31, 2022, the Arbor Association for Culture and Arts and the Museum of Victims of Deportations and Political Repressions, a branch of the National Museum of History of Moldova, organized the opening of the exhibition "Remembering childhood, testimonies of Bessarabian deportees", which restores the spirit of tragic destinies, the testimonies of deportees and victims of the totalitarian regime from the left bank of the Prut in the Soviet period. The event was attended by the Ambassador of the Republic of Moldova in Romania Victor Chirilă, representatives of the academic and scientific communities from Romania and the Republic of Moldova. The opening enjoyed a wide interest from artists, representatives of the young generation and, particularly, from the descendants of Bessarabian families deported or repressed during the totalitarian-communist regime.

The collection of testimonies brings together materials and research carried out by the National Museum of History of Moldova in partnership with the Pro Memoria Institute Center of Excellence at the State University of Moldova, the Institute of History, the "Alecu Russo" State University in Balti and the "B.P. Hasdeu" State University in Cahul from 1991 to 2021. Investigations indirectly concerned the mechanisms of memory. We see how they work with people who in their childhood have gone through repressions and deportations, what dilemmas arise when it comes to representing the totalitarian past, how silence and collective amnesia have persisted. The research introduces new materials collected from family archives into scientific circulation, providing a broader context for the policy of forced Sovietization, as well as anti-Soviet resistance in Bessarabia.


During the exhibition, the curators Ludmila D. Cojocaru, director of the Museum of Victims of Deportations and Political Repressions, a branch of the National Museum of History of Moldova, and Victoria Nagy Vajda, president of the Arbor Association, proposed to trace the dramatic journey of some young people and children deported to the other end of the Soviet Union, whom the Soviet authorities considered "enemies of the people" and dangerous elements for society". The collection of testimonies takes the form of an installation made up of photographs nested in old jewellery boxes. The life stories of the repressed can be heard performed by Chisinau actors Elena Frunze-Hatman and Ghenadie Gâlcă, to the music of Ștefan Panea. The personal belongings of the deportees were brought from the National Museum of History of Moldova, from the Open-Air Museum Complex Memorial to the Victims of Political Repressions from the village of Mereni and from private collections; for a better understanding of the distance travelled by the deportees in freight cars, the artist Ramona Iacob created a map of the "Gulag of the Bessarabians". The exhibition will show the animated film "The Nameless Cat" about the Bessarabians deported to Siberia, made by the famous Chisinau artist Ghenadie Popescu.

In the context of the aggression of the Russian Federation against Ukraine and the news of the deportation of the Ukrainian population from the front line to Russia, we state that the practices of the past have not gone away, and the mistakes and terror of the last century still threaten us. Thus, the exhibition "Remembering childhood, testimonies of Bessarabian deportees" carries not only a page of the past, but also an alarm about the present, if humanity does not make every effort to restore peace and good neighbourliness in the region.

The project was carried out by the Arbor Association for Culture and Arts in partnership with the National Museum of History of Moldova, the Pro Memoria Institute Center of Excellence at the State University of Moldova and the Embassy of the Republic of Moldova in Romania.


Arbor.art.room

11 Transilvaniei Street, sector 1, Bucharest, Romania

"Remembering childhood, testimonies of Bessarabian deportees"
Curators: Ludmila D. Cojocaru and Victoria Nagy Vajda
Opening: 31.08.2022, from 16:00 to 21:00
Visiting period: 01.09.2022 - 25.09.2022
12:00 - 18:00 │ Monday, Tuesday closed



 




Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

This is a case for needles, unusually large in size. It was used in the Stone Age as a container for storing and preserving small and fragile items. The case was discovered by the famous researcher Ilie Borziac in 1996 during archaeological excavations at a multi-layered Upper Paleolithic site in the village of Cosauți, Soroca district...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC