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National Museum of History of Moldova



(Permanent Exhibition “History and Civilization”)

The section reflects the aspects of the development of human communities from the Stone Age to the Early Middle Ages. The main thematic components imply diverse aspects of development of the societies, which inhabited the area between Prut and Dniester since the oldest times, and reflect indissoluble relations between people and the environment and evolutionary development of various forms of economy based on cattle-breeding, cultivation of cereals, and practicing of crafts.   

Exposed archaeological artefacts (from blades, scrapers, axes, spearheads made of flint, stone, or bone to household pottery, anthropomorphic and zoomorphic vessels, metal arms, objects of worship as well as diverse objects found in hoards) give the visitors a possibility to acquaint themselves with proto-urban civilizations of Cucuteni-Tripolye and Santana de Mures-Chernyakhov, which are extremely significant due to the forms of cultural expression and contribution to historical evolutionary processes in South-Eastern Europe.

Archaeological collections used in the exhibition reveal the emergence, development, and culture of different populations, from the 1st millennium B.C., including the Greek-Roman time; spreading of Christianity in the eastern Carpathian region; complex processes of formation and consolidation of Romanic societies in the period of the great migration of peoples.   


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age


The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
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