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#Exhibit of the Month

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The word pafta is of Turkish origin and is used in almost identical forms in Romanian, Greek, Bulgarian, and Serbian languages and some Aromanian dialects, denoting clothing accessories of a functional and decorative use, which secure or catch one's girdle, sash or belt.
Such buckles are accessories of ceremonial and everyday costumes, they were worn by both prince's courtiers and commoners in the Romanian principalities during the reign of the Phanariots, when the influence of Greek culture increased.

Throughout the Balkan Peninsula, silversmiths' workshops produced buckles very different in size, alloys, technique, style, and decoration. Turkish buckles were usually lace-like, often gilded, with many stones, emphasizing opulence. At the Bulgarians and Aromanians, they are simpler, but have a specific model and symbolism. Greek buckles are mostly silver, elegantly shaped, decorated with corals and small coins. The difference between the West and the East in this regard lies in the ability of the Turks to combine other materials with precious stones. Another feature is the predominance of floral motifs over the representations of animals and birds. The peoples under Ottoman rule assimilated these features and integrated them into their own cultures.

The buckles exhibited testify to the presence of a jewelry workshop in the town of Orhei in Bessarabia in the second half of the 19th century, and the quality of workmanship, the fine processing of the details, the complex composition denote the mastery and skill of the craftsmen.

Similar in style, these three buckles are two-piece, germinating seed-shaped, with strongly pronounced tips. The border is decorated with a garland motif, which circumscribes floral decorative elements. Hook and loop fastening is covered with a decorative button. On the reverse side, both sides are equipped with two plus two vertical straps with which the belt was attached.

The buckles are made of silver, as evidenced by the metal fineness hallmark stamp "84", applied according to the regulations on both parts of the buckle, and the hallmark stamp of the jewelry workshop in Orhei - the symbol of oak in a stylized shield. The quality of the metal and workmanship is also certified by the stamp of the assayer, moreover, one of the buckles was expertized by Dmitry Tiunov and has a "ДТ" (DT) stamp on it. On both parts of the buckle, the year of manufacture 1858 and the stamp of the assayer "ПН" (PN) are stamped. The stamp on the second buckle, the initials "МИ" (MI), indicates only the craftsman who made the product. The third buckle, made in the Orhei workshop, does not have the hallmark stamps required by law on the back side, but retains the same hallmarks stamped on the side of the products: the symbol of oak, the metal fineness hallmark stamp "84", the year of manufacture - 1871, and the initials of the assayer "КС" (KS), identified as Klim Sergeev, who worked from 1868 to 1871.

Between the 1840s and 1870s, wearing buckles became obsolete, and women's fashion completely adopted Western cuts and colors. These accessories came back into fashion around 1870 thanks to Princess Elisabeth, the future Queen of Romania. She introduced at court the fashion for the Romanian national costume, decorated with buckles. Her example was followed by the female elite of that time until the eve of the First World War. And her successor, Queen Maria, with her usual elegance and refinement, continued this fashionable tradition with in the interwar period.

Virtual Tour


Exhibitions

“The Tricolor – Symbol of Dignity”

April - May 2022

The photo-documentary exhibition "The Tricolor - Symbol of Dignity" is dedicated to the Day of the State Flag, the main symbol of the sovereignty and independence of the Republic of Moldova.

The participants of the Great National Assembly on August 27, 1989 demanded official recognition of the tricolor by a special resolution "On National Symbols", which, in addition to repeating the resolution of the Popular Front of Moldova, contained two articles:
Article 1. Consider the tricolor (blue, yellow, red) with the historical coat of arms of Moldavia on a yellow background as the national flag of the MSSR.
Article 2. Consider it necessary to develop a new coat of arms and a new anthem of the republic in accordance with the historical tradition and the everlasting aspirations of the Moldavian people.

On October 19, 1989, the Commission of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR was established to study the state-national symbols of the MSSR. The commission carried out a historical study and duly substantiated the legitimacy of the tricolor in the new Moldavian state. The report of the commission was presented by Alexandru Moșanu at the historic meeting of the Supreme Soviet of the MSSR on April 27, 1990. At this meeting, the Law on Amendments to Article 168 of the Constitution of the Moldavian SSR was adopted. The new edition of the article said: The national flag of the Moldavian SSR - Tricolor - is a rectangular canvas, consisting of three stripes of equal size, arranged vertically in the following sequence of colors from the flagpole: blue (azure), yellow, red. The State Emblem of the Moldavian SSR is printed in the center on the yellow stripe. From this date until November 3, 1990, when the new State Emblem was adopted, the state flag was used without the coat of arms.

On April 23, 2010, the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova voted to declare April 27, the day of the adoption of the Tricolor in the Republic of Moldova in 1990, as the State Flag Day.

On September 17, 2010, a new Law on the State Flag of the Republic of Moldova was adopted, which clarifies the color nuances and detailed proportions of the flag, the way it is raised and handled, and other issues related to it.

The recognition and approval of the national tricolor of the Romanian nation in our country was desired and promoted by large masses of people, led by figures in the field of culture, science and politics, who realized the inevitability of a return to the Tricolor.

The exhibition "The Tricolor - Symbol of Dignity" brings together over 70 museum pieces, especially photographs reflecting epochal events in the recent history of the Republic of Moldova. These are the Great National Assemblies of August 31, 1989 and August 27, 1991, the Flower Bridges, the first celebration of the National Language Day on August 31, 1990, which culminated in the reopening after restoration of the monument of Stephen the Great, the spiritual epicenter of the national renaissance.

The photographs captured the moments of the hoisting of the State Flag on the building of the Moldavian Parliament, on the top of Mount Everest and at the Barcelona Olympics in honor of the victory won by the Olympic champion Tudor Casapu.

Among the most significant exhibits presented at the exhibition are handmade tricolors worn by the participants of the first Grate National Assembly on August 31, 1989, the first postcards and postage stamps with the Coat of Arms and the State Flag of the Republic of Moldova, stamps issued on the occasion of the proclamation of the sovereignty and independence of the Republic of Moldova, the accession of our country to the UN and the OSCE, the signing of the Association Agreement between the Republic of Moldova and the European Union.

A special compartment of the exhibition refers to the functioning of the Law on the State Flag of the Republic of Moldova, to the ways of hoisting the flag. The compartment includes images from various political, military or public events, high-level meetings, images of public institutions, over which, according to the law, in certain cases, the State Flag of the Republic of Moldova flies permanently or temporarily.

The national flag of the Republic of Moldova - Tricolor - symbolizes Romanian origins, belonging to European culture, commitment to the ideals of freedom and democracy. 


 




Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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Summer schedule: daily
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Winter schedule: daily
10am – 5pm.
Closed on Fridays.
Entrance fees:  adults - 10 MDL, pensioners, adults with moderate disabilities / disability of the 3rd degree, students - 5 MDL, school students - 2 MDL. Free access: enlisted men (...)

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#Exhibit of the Month

The word pafta is of Turkish origin and is used in almost identical forms in Romanian, Greek, Bulgarian, and Serbian languages and some Aromanian dialects, denoting clothing accessories of a functional and decorative use, which secure or catch one's girdle, sash or belt...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC