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#Exhibit of the Month

Deer antlers, as well as bones, teeth and shells of mollusks, belong to the category of hard materials of animal origin, which for a long time served as raw materials for prehistoric and protohistoric communities to make tools, weapons, containers, handles, as well as objects of prestige (sceptres) or adornments (necklaces, pendants, clothing accessories), certainly bearing a symbolic load.

The National Museum of History of Moldova has a valuable collection of products made of deer antler, the chronological framework of which covers a very wide period of time, from the Paleolithic era to the late Middle Ages. Based on this, and also taking into account the significance of the beginning of May (May 1 – International Labor Day), we present to our visitors a revolutionary type of tool, very useful, which is directly related to the development of agriculture and prehistoric societies. Antler pickaxes are the tools that contributed to what we call the Neolithic revolution, when there was a transition from hunter-gatherer hominids to sedentary people, agriculturists and cattle breeders, depending on the specifics of the region. Cucuteni agricultural human communities have a long tradition of exploiting Cervus elaphus (deer) resources, especially antlers.

The object comes from the Brânzeni III – Țiganca settlement (Edineț district), a site discovered in 1968 by the archaeologist Nicolae Chetraru, attributed to stage CII of the Tripolye culture. An unaffected part of the site was completely explored in 1970-1972 by Vsevolod Markevich; during the research 37 surface dwellings with platforms were found, revealing a new cultural aspect within the Cucuteni culture – Brânzeni, a cultural and chronological phenomenon that marks the beginning of the final stage of the Eneolithic era, the end of the 4th millennium BC.

The pickaxe hammer, dual-functional product made of the basal part of the main axis of the antler, cleaned and polished, without traces of the basal part, without rosettes and other secondary horn beams. The surface with traces of cuts is polished, in some places with strong luster. The object has a round transverse hole, slightly oblique, with a cylindrical section, located in the middle, and has a pronounced bluntness, chips and a longitudinal crack from antiquity. The active parts – the head and slightly oblique tip, completely kept – are relatively well preserved, with traces of wear and cracks in places due to intensive use.

These traces give us a history of this object, which was originally, most likely, an axe hammer, intended to split, cut, and strike, but with the wear of its blade turned into a pickaxe hammer, used both for percussion activities and for loosening the earth. The object was used as a working tool, but most likely also as a weapon.

Dimensions: L.: 113 mm; W.: 56 mm; thickness: 44 mm: Hole diameter: 20x22 mm.

Virtual Tour


Exhibitions

“The Tricolor – Symbol of Dignity”

April - May 2022

The photo-documentary exhibition "The Tricolor - Symbol of Dignity" is dedicated to the Day of the State Flag, the main symbol of the sovereignty and independence of the Republic of Moldova.

The participants of the Great National Assembly on August 27, 1989 demanded official recognition of the tricolor by a special resolution "On National Symbols", which, in addition to repeating the resolution of the Popular Front of Moldova, contained two articles:
Article 1. Consider the tricolor (blue, yellow, red) with the historical coat of arms of Moldavia on a yellow background as the national flag of the MSSR.
Article 2. Consider it necessary to develop a new coat of arms and a new anthem of the republic in accordance with the historical tradition and the everlasting aspirations of the Moldavian people.

On October 19, 1989, the Commission of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR was established to study the state-national symbols of the MSSR. The commission carried out a historical study and duly substantiated the legitimacy of the tricolor in the new Moldavian state. The report of the commission was presented by Alexandru Moșanu at the historic meeting of the Supreme Soviet of the MSSR on April 27, 1990. At this meeting, the Law on Amendments to Article 168 of the Constitution of the Moldavian SSR was adopted. The new edition of the article said: The national flag of the Moldavian SSR - Tricolor - is a rectangular canvas, consisting of three stripes of equal size, arranged vertically in the following sequence of colors from the flagpole: blue (azure), yellow, red. The State Emblem of the Moldavian SSR is printed in the center on the yellow stripe. From this date until November 3, 1990, when the new State Emblem was adopted, the state flag was used without the coat of arms.

On April 23, 2010, the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova voted to declare April 27, the day of the adoption of the Tricolor in the Republic of Moldova in 1990, as the State Flag Day.

On September 17, 2010, a new Law on the State Flag of the Republic of Moldova was adopted, which clarifies the color nuances and detailed proportions of the flag, the way it is raised and handled, and other issues related to it.

The recognition and approval of the national tricolor of the Romanian nation in our country was desired and promoted by large masses of people, led by figures in the field of culture, science and politics, who realized the inevitability of a return to the Tricolor.

The exhibition "The Tricolor - Symbol of Dignity" brings together over 70 museum pieces, especially photographs reflecting epochal events in the recent history of the Republic of Moldova. These are the Great National Assemblies of August 31, 1989 and August 27, 1991, the Flower Bridges, the first celebration of the National Language Day on August 31, 1990, which culminated in the reopening after restoration of the monument of Stephen the Great, the spiritual epicenter of the national renaissance.

The photographs captured the moments of the hoisting of the State Flag on the building of the Moldavian Parliament, on the top of Mount Everest and at the Barcelona Olympics in honor of the victory won by the Olympic champion Tudor Casapu.

Among the most significant exhibits presented at the exhibition are handmade tricolors worn by the participants of the first Grate National Assembly on August 31, 1989, the first postcards and postage stamps with the Coat of Arms and the State Flag of the Republic of Moldova, stamps issued on the occasion of the proclamation of the sovereignty and independence of the Republic of Moldova, the accession of our country to the UN and the OSCE, the signing of the Association Agreement between the Republic of Moldova and the European Union.

A special compartment of the exhibition refers to the functioning of the Law on the State Flag of the Republic of Moldova, to the ways of hoisting the flag. The compartment includes images from various political, military or public events, high-level meetings, images of public institutions, over which, according to the law, in certain cases, the State Flag of the Republic of Moldova flies permanently or temporarily.

The national flag of the Republic of Moldova - Tricolor - symbolizes Romanian origins, belonging to European culture, commitment to the ideals of freedom and democracy. 


 




Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
May 18, 2022 – December 31, 2022
 
Over 2500 pieces made of precious metals with historic, artistic and symbolic value
  
Come to Museum! Discover the History!
  
Visit museum
Visit museum
Summer schedule: daily
10am – 6pm.

Winter schedule: daily
10am – 5pm.
Closed on Fridays.
Entrance fees:  adults - 10 MDL, pensioners, adults with moderate disabilities / disability of the 3rd degree, students - 5 MDL, school students - 2 MDL. Free access: enlisted men (...)

WiFi Free Wi-Fi Zone in the museum: In the courtyard of the National History Museum of Moldova there is Wi-Fi Internet access for visitors.






#Exhibit of the Month

Deer antlers, as well as bones, teeth and shells of mollusks, belong to the category of hard materials of animal origin, which for a long time served as raw materials for prehistoric and protohistoric communities to make tools, weapons, containers, handles, as well as objects of prestige (sceptres) or adornments (necklaces, pendants, clothing accessories), certainly bearing a symbolic load...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC