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#Exhibit of the Month

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Amphoras are massive vessels originating from the ancient Greek world, executed on the potter's wheel, in which Greek merchants, in the process of their trade with other territories and peoples, transported, in particular, Greek wine, olive oil, salted olives, paints, nuts, etc. The shape of the Greek commercial amphora, in the opinion of some researchers, vaguely recalls the female figure, having, probably, at the beginning, a sacred character. Among the main features of the amphorae are well-thought-out metric proportions. The full amphora, placed in a horizontal position, rested on the body and on the elongated foot in such a way that the upper part of the vessel and the high neck were permanently raised obliquely, so that the liquid would not spill. The sharp shape of the foot required special fixation, either on special supports, or the lower part of the body was buried in the ground or sand. The deep inner cavity of the leg did not allow the liquid in the vessel to become cloudy during the transport process, the sediments remaining stored inside the leg.

Among the dozens of city-states in ancient Greece, which practiced trade with the local populations of the Black Sea region (Euxine Bridge), there is also the city of Mende (Μένδη), located on the Kassandra arm (Κασσάνδρας) of the Halkidiki peninsula (Halkidiki - Χαλκιδική). It is considered that the foundation of the city of Mende took place in the century VIII BC. The main article of trade of this Greek polis was wine, considered of superior quality and even indicated by Hippocrates as a medicine in the treatment of certain diseases. Starting with the century 6th century BC, the city of Mende experienced economic growth, especially in the Circumpontian region, and in the V-IV BC Mendiot wine appears more and more frequently in the local markets of this region.

Even some barbarian tribes, according to the Greek tradition, often used wine amphorae in the funeral process, when they were placed, as an offering, in the graves, together with other objects, which were either brought as an offering to the gods, or were intended to serve the deceased in the afterlife.

Such a funerary complex was discovered by archaeologist Nicolae Chetraru in 1987 - the Scythian tumulus no. 45 from Dubăsari. The deceased was cremated, and three amphorae and a large bronze cauldron were placed in the grave. Among the amphorae (all belonging to Greek wine centers) was one from Mende, along with two others from Chios. Since the wines of Mende and Chios were considered expensive wines, as was the bronze cauldron, their presence in this mound was an indication of a privileged financial and social position of the person cremated here.

The Mende amphora from tomb 1 of mound 45 at Dubăsari is, at the moment, the only complete vessel from this center on the territory of the Republic. Moldova, although fragments of Mendiot amphorae have also been discovered in other archaeological sites in the country.

The vessel is made of a yellowish-brown paste with chewed sand and many particles of mica. The amphora has the following basic dimensions: height - 740 mm, depth - 610 mm, maximum diameter - 390 mm.

Virtual Tour


Exhibitions

World Press Photo 2022

9 – 30 November 2022

Chisinau will host for the sixth consecutive time the World Press Photo International Exhibition, 2022 edition - a competition that recognizes quality photojournalism and rewards images and stories from around the world. The event is organized by the Center for Independent Journalism (CJI) with the support of the Office of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Chisinau.

The exhibition includes the best photos taken in the world during 2021 and will be launched on November 9, at the National Museum of History of Moldova. The winners of the World Press Photo 2022 contest present stories that span a wide spectrum of issues - from the undeniable effects of the climate crisis or the civil rights movements and the right to access education, to the preservation of indigenous practices and identity.

Most of the winning stories of the World Press Photo 2022 contest are submitted by photographers who are close to these stories. 19 of the 24 awarded projects belong to photographers originating from the countries or communities where their winning stories were photographed. This year, out of 64,823 works sent to the competition by 4,066 photographers from 130 countries around the world, 24 regional winners and 4 global winners from 23 countries were selected: Argentina, Australia, Bangladesh, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Ecuador, Egypt, France, Germany, Greece, India, Indonesia, Japan, Madagascar, Mexico, Nigeria, Netherlands, Norway, Palestine, Russia, Sudan and Thailand.

The four overall winners are:

● Photo of the Year Award: "Kamloops Residential School" by Amber Bracken, Canada, for The New York Times;
● Photojournalism of the Year Award: Saving Forests with Fire by Matthew Abbott, Australia, for National Geographic/ Panos Pictures;
● Award for long-term projects: Amazonian Dystopia by Lalo de Almeida, Brazil, for Folha de São Paulo/ Panos Pictures;
● Prize for multimedia project: Blood is a Seed by Isadora Romero, Ecuador.

For the first time, the "Photo of the Year" doesn't surprise people. The image, by Amber Bracken, commemorates the children who died at the Kamloops Indian Residential School in British Columbia, an institution created to forcibly assimilate Indigenous children and where 215 unmarked graves were discovered. Residential schools began operating in the 19th century as part of a policy of assimilating indigenous people into Western and predominantly Christian culture. A Truth and Reconciliation Commission concluded that at least 4,100 students died in these schools. Kamloops became the largest educational institution in this system.

The general public is invited to discover the stories behind the winning photos at the National Museum of History of Moldova between November 10-30, 2022.

Useful information about the event:

● Exhibition launch: November 9, 3:00 p.m., National Museum of History of Moldova, based on invitations;
● Daily opening hours for the general public: 10:00 - 17:00. Friday - closed;
● Tickets can be purchased inside the museum;
● Ticket price: 10 lei/adults; 5 lei/students.

The annual World Press Photo international exhibition travels around the world. It is set up in almost 100 spaces from about 45 countries and is visited by over 4 million people every edition. The first edition of World Press Photo took place in 1955, when a group of Dutch photographers organized a competition to exhibit their work in front of an international audience. Over the years, it has become one of the most prestigious photography and visual journalism competitions in the world.

In Chisinau, the exhibition was organized for the first time in 2017.

The World Press Photo exhibition is organized in Chisinau by the Center for Independent Journalism (CJI) with the support of the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Chisinau.


 




Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
9 – 30 November 2022
 
October 12 – November 30, 2022
 
May 18, 2022 – December 31, 2022
 
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#Exhibit of the Month

Amphoras are massive vessels originating from the ancient Greek world, executed on the potter's wheel, in which Greek merchants, in the process of their trade with other territories and peoples, transported, in particular, Greek wine, olive oil, salted olives, paints, nuts, etc. The shape of the Greek commercial amphora, in the opinion of some researchers, vaguely recalls the female figure, having, probably, at the beginning, a sacred character. Among the main features of the amphorae are well-thought-out metric proportions...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC