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#Exhibit of the Month

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The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC).

The vessel, with an obviously asymmetrical configuration, is hand-moulded from quality clay paste, having a smooth brown surface with gray spots. The body of the vessel is provided with a pronounced protrusion and a truncated neck with a wider opening towards the mouth. The vessel has a stem and is ornamented with three pairs of symmetrically placed relief appliqués. The height of the bowl is 15.5 cm, the diameter of the mouth is 11.4 cm, the diameter of the body is 15 cm and the diameter of the base is 7.5 cm. Such vessels in the archaeological literature are known as "askos" vessels, the respective term being of ancient Greek origin, denoting one of the primitive containers of the period - the bellows made of animal skin.

In prehistoric times, among some peoples, the bellows was transposed into ceramics, in these cases the basic features of the archaic leather vessel were preserved, acquiring a prominent convex shape with a stem and a flat bottom. From the original appearance of the bellows, the asymmetric mouth corresponding to the animal's neck has been preserved, and sometimes three or four legs, corresponding to the appendages of the flayed skin from the animal's legs. These vessels have lost their original zoomorphic character, entering as a new form in the inventory of Neo-Eneolithic ceramics. The first vessels of this type are attested in Greece, in the early Neolithic (ca. 5000-4500 BC) having the shape of cups or cups. In the Neo-Eneolithic Carpatho-Balkan cultures, the type of Aegean askos of short or tall form, with or without legs and with a handle, is found. Less often, they are provided with two mouths (one for filling and one for emptying) or they are off-center and provided with strangely shaped mouths. In the space between the Carpathians and the Dnieper, only tall forms of simple askos, without zoomorphic elements, are known. Askos-type vessels are present in various prehistoric cultures, especially in Southeast Europe and Anatolia.

Being often discovered in association with cult inventory, askos vessels could be an important indicator of use in religious ritual practices. Along with the zoomorphic, anthropomorphic and rhyton-type vessels (roughly conical container from which, in some ceremonies, liquids were drunk or poured), the askos were included in the category of vessels intended for worship, being related to libations (ritual act that consisted of tasting and then pouring a cup of wine, milk, etc. as homage to the deity).

Virtual Tour


Exhibitions

World Press Photo

November 15 – December 6, 2023

Traditionally, in November, the Republic of Moldova will host the World Press Photo International Exhibition. The 2023 edition of this prestigious competition, which recognizes quality photojournalism, will be organized in Chisinau for the seventh consecutive time, but also, for the first time, in Comrat. The two exhibitions are organized by the Center for Independent Journalism (CJI) and the Piko Creative Agency, with the support of the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Chisinau.

The exhibition, which includes the best photographs taken in the world during 2022, will be launched in Chisinau on November 15, in the premises of the National History Museum of Moldova, and in Comrat on November 22 in the premises of the State University of Comrat.

The World Press Photo 2023 competition was held in six regions around the world - Africa, Asia, Europe, North and Central America, South America and Southeast Asia, and Oceania. The jury finally selected 24 regional winners, of which four global winners were named:

World Press Photo of the Year - "Airstrike on Mariupol Maternity Hospital" by Evgeniy Maloletka for Associated Press;
World Press Photo Story of the Year - "The Price of Peace in Afghanistan" by Mads Nissen for Politiken/Panos Pictures.
World Press Photo Long Term Project - "Battered Waters" by Anush Babajanyan for VII Photo/National Geographic Society.
Open Format World Press Photo - "The Doors Don't Know Me" by Mohamed Mahdy.

The 24 winners and six honorable mentions, whose photographs reflect frontline histories of war, culture, identity, migration, were selected by an independent jury from a total of 60,448 photographs submitted by 3,752 photographers from 127 countries. The winning images of World Press Photo 2023 draw attention to the biggest issues facing humanity today - documenting the war in Ukraine and the impact of the war on civilians, the historic protests in Iran, the realities of Taliban-controlled Afghanistan, the many aspects of the climate crisis in countries such as Morocco, Australia, Peru, Kazakhstan. At the same time, the contest emphasizes the importance of press photography throughout the world.

The regional winners of the World Press Photo Contest 2023 are 24 photographers from 23 countries: Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Belgium, China, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, France, Germany, Greece, Iran, Italy, Mexico, Morocco, Myanmar, Peru , South Africa, Spain, Philippines, Ukraine, United States and Venezuela.

The launch of the exhibition will take place on November 15, at 15:00, at the National Museum of History of Moldova, based on invitations. The general public is invited to discover the stories behind the winning photos between November 16 and December 6, 2023, in Room no. 1 of the National Museum of History of Moldova, 31 August 1989 street, 121A.


 




Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC