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#Exhibit of the Month

It is said that the icons, by the divine grace they have, choose their own places from where they can manifest their powers of blessing and consolation. It so happened that one icon of the Mother of God has remained on our lands from the end of the 18th century, when the battles of the Russo-Turkish war of 1787-1791 took place here. The circumstances of the appearance of this icon in Bessarabia are confirmed by several historical references, from which it follows that the Russian officer N.A. Albaduev, a participant in the military campaign, brought this icon here with him, and after his death his relatives – the colonel’s wife or his mother – gave this icon to the monastery, where he suddenly died when he came there on Christmas to receive communion. The icon of the Mother of God was initially placed in the old wooden church, where the officer’s grave was located, and then was placed in the new Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin, built and consecrated in 1816.

Soon the icon became very popular, and its fame increased enormously thanks to the healings that occurred thanks to the intercession of the Mother of God; the names of the healed people, their place of residence and sufferings were described in periodicals. Archimandrite Seraphim, hegumen of the monastery in from 1805 to 1827, mentioned the special veneration of the icon of the Mother of God from the Hârbovăţ Monastery by Orthodox people who are always looking for help and intercession from this icon of the Empress of The World. Believers called it a wonder-making icon even before the Holy Synod issued Decree No. 526 of January 26, 1859, signed by Emperor Alexander II, proclaiming the icon of the Our Lady of Hârbovăţ as the Wonder-Making. Recognizing the miraculous properties of this icon, the Holy Synod also organized religious processions with the delivery of the icon to Chişinău on October 1 and its subsequent return to the monastery on April 23.

The icon of the Mother of God of Hârbovăţ is one of the earliest and most popular types of the Theotokos icons, that of Hodegetria. In this iconographic depiction, the Mother of God and the Child are presented in a frontal position, looking at the one who is praying. The Mother of God holds the Child on Her left hand, and with Her right hand points to Him, the Child blesses with His right hand, holding in His left hand a sacred scroll – a symbol of the Gospel. Regarding the images, it should be said that the icons of the Herbovets Mother of God differ from the traditional icons of the Hodegetria type in a special relationship between the characters, their mutual affection is expressed in poses, in the tilt of the heads, in the gentle expression of the Child’s face. We can say that in the iconography of the Mother of God of Hârbovăţ, features of two different types of Theotokos are harmoniously combined: the Mother of God Hodegetria, or Our Lady of the Way, and the Mother of God Eleusa, or the Virgin of Tenderness.

Exact copies of this icon are still kept in the summer church of the Noul Neamţ Monastery in the village of Chiţcani (Căuşeni), in the Intercession of the Blessed Virgin Church in the village of Sîrcova (Rezina), in the All Saints Church in Chişinău (early 20th century), in the Transfiguration Cathedral in Bolgrad, in the Transfiguration Monastery in Tatarbunary, in the Saint Paraskeva Church in the village of Furatovka (Odessa Oblast), in the Saint Archangel Michael Monastery in Odessa, in the Ascension Monastery in Teplodar (Ukraine), in the Holy Trinity Monastery in the village of Mramor, near Topolovgrad (Bulgaria), in the Holy Great Martyr Theodore Tyron Cathedral in Chişinău, in the Saint Prince Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Ungheni, and other churches.

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National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"

Tyragetia, nr. XV

Tyragetia, nr. XV

Chișinău, 2006

I. Archeologie et histoire

• Ilie Borziac, Nicolae Chetraru, Bone Objects with Traces of Activity Characteristic for Mousterian Culture between Prut and Dniester
• Serghei Fidelschi, Trade Development of the Settled Population of the Lower Dniester in the 7th-3rd Century B.C.
• Alexandru Levinschi, Serghei Covalenco, Sergiu Bodean, New Getian Vestiges in the Zone of the Moldavian Codri
• Igor Cetvericov, Natalia Mateevici, Epigraphic Pieces from the Barbarian Settlement by the River of Crasnaia in the Area of Lower Dniester
· Vlad Vornic, Glass Vessels Discovered in the Archaeological Centre of Budești
• Gheorghe Postică, Observations concerning the topography and the structure of the early medieval settlements from Prut-Dniester space
• Vlad D. Ghimpu, Les Roumains dans la région du Dniestr et Danube en VIII-XII siècles
• Ecaterina Abâzova, Svetlana Reabțeva, Some New Examples of Medieval Non-Ferrous Artifacts in the Collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova
• Ion Eremia, International Juridical Status of Moldova to the end of the 14th Century
• Ion Chirtoagă, Foreign Commerce in the East of the Carpathian Mountains in 14th -early 15th Century
• Angela Zubco, Foreign Pressure and Interferences to the Foundation of the Metropolitanate of Moldova
• Andrei Eșanu, Valentina Eșanu, From Weapons to a Compromise in the Home Policy of Stephen the Great: Forming of the First Gospodar's Council (1457)
• Tamara Nesterov, Reliques du canon médiéval de proportion dans l'architecture ecclésiastique en pierre de Bessarabie
• Eduard Baidaus, Victor Damian, The zaporozhian cossacks and the "moldavian" policy of poland (The end of 16th - beginning of the 17th centuries)
• Lilia Zabolotnaia, Image of Woman from Moldova Reflected in Internal Documents and Formers' Descriptions (the l6th-17th Centuries)
• Nicolae Răileanu, Moldavian-Turkish Relations and the Juridical Status of the Romanian Principalities
• Violeta Tipa, Medieval Moldavian Gala Dress: Between Occidental and Oriental Influences
• Andrei Emilciuc, Port Odesa in the tsarist policy of consolidation of Russia's positions in the black sea basin
• Valentin Tomuleț, Maria Maftei, L'institution de la barrière d'Ismail (1812-1818)
• Valentin Tomuleț, Les sources de profit et le niveau de richesse de la bourgeoisie commerciale de bessarabie (les années 1831-1868)
• Marian Petcu, The Origins of News Items in the Romanian Press
• Aliona Gheorghiță, The Numerical Evolution of the Bulgarian Population in Bessarabia During the 19th Century
• Valentin Tomuleț, Tatiana Chicaroș, Considérations générates sur l'évolutoin de I'enseignement secondaire pour les jeunes filles en Bessarabie dans la deuxième partie du XIX siècle - le debut du XX siècle
• Maria Danilov, Romanian Books from the Library of the Harjauca Cloister (19th-early 20th Centuries)
• Keziban Acar, Images of the turkes in russian patriotic culture during the russo-turkish war of 1877-1878
• Elena Ploșnița, About the "Monumental" Policy of the Russian Tsarism and the "Monumental" Heroes in Bessarabia (1812-1918)
• Anatol Povestca, La vérité historique sur la question de Bessarabie
• Lidia Pădureac, Impact of Home Policy on Foreign Policy: The Romanian-Soviet Relations in 1917-1934
• Artur Cavalini, Corneliu Zelea Codreanu and the Italian neo-fascism
• Elena Postică, Certaines considérations sur l'histoire et la signification des monuments de la gloire militaire dans la République de Moldova

II. Personality, politologie et histoire locale


• Dorin Teodorescu, Antim Ivereanul, the Bishop of Ramnic in 1705-1708
• Dinu Poștarencu, The Family of Stroescu from Bessarabia
• Vasile Dobrescu, "Astra", Vasile Stroescu and the Credit Cooperative movement from Transylvania. Projection and Accomplishments
• Maxim Melinti, Bishop Nicodim (Krotkov) - worthy attendant of Besarabia
• Silvia Şaranuța, Albina Osterman (1856-1936)
• Ludmila Năstase, Les trois Maries de la famille Sciusev
• Vasile Malanețchi, Ten Letters Written by Leon Boga to Father Alexandra Bardieru
• Silviu Andrieș-Tabac, Les Armes et les Drapeaux des villages de Bubuieci et Colonița
• Ion Rotaru, Some Considerations Concerned the Origin of the HarbovatVillage Name
• Nicolae Bulat,  "Încercari" - the Magazine of Soroca Pupils of Lyceums (1936-1939)
• Nicolae Demcenco, Nos coeurs en granit
• Essam Abou Salem, A New Way of Adjustment of the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict
• Aurelia Popușoi, The Correlation between Political Institutions and Political
• Constantin Solomon, Parliamentary Election 2005 in Moldova
• Victoria Perciun, Elections and Their Role in the Social Development

III. Religion, museografie et etnographie

• Natalia Chișcă, From Theology to Iconography
· Alina Felea, Testaments as a Source of Study of Attitudes to the Death
• Emanuil Brihuneț, Tombstones of 18th - Early 19th Century in the Lower Dniester Region
• Svetlana Lupașco, La découverte de l'original dans l'iconographie. XVII-XIX siècles
• Victor Filatov, Some Considerations Concerned the Identification of a Chain Mail
• Ludmila Istomina, From the History of Construction of the Archangel Michael Cathedral Church from Cahul
• Irina Goncearova, Medals with the Images of the Popes from the Collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova
• Eugenia Borodac, Tamara Stamatov, Examples of the Caucasian Cold Steel from the Collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova
• Ana Grițco, La collecton de cartes posrales du parrimoine du Musée National d'Histoire de Moldova)
• Liubov Malahov, The Gospel from the Kievo-Pecherskaya Lavra (1890) - a Rare Book from the Collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova
• Silvia Şaranuța, Ornements populaires moldaves du patrimoine du Musée National d'Ethnographie et d'Histoire Naturelle
• Varvara Buzilă, The ritual of wine "honoring"

IV. Comptes - rendus, chronique museale, ommages

• Constantin Stere, Un caz de conștiință, Editura Viața Românească, București, 1921, 86 p., [Dragoș Toma, O carte rară din colecția Muzeului Național de Arlieologie și Istorie]
• Presa din Basarabia. Analize, contexte, valori (2854-2004), Cartdidact, Chișinău, 2005, 144 p. [Constantin Drachenberg, "Un valoros studiu științific"]
• Cartea Memoriei. Catalog al victimelor totalitarismului comunist, vol. I-IV, Ştiința, Chișinău (vol. I,1999,464+XIV p.; vol.II, 2001, 464 p.; vol. III. 2003, 424 p.; vol.IV, 2005, 438 p.) [dr. hab. prof. univ. Anatol Petrencu, "Un important studiu privind trecutul totalitar"]
• Analecta Catholica. Episcopia Romano-Catolică de Chișinău, I, Chișinău, 2005, 300 p. [Aurelia Cornețchi]
• Silvia Grossu, Written Romanian Press in the Past, at Present and in Perspective. The National Symposium of Journalism, 2005
· Ana Grițco, "Le cygne de Bessarabie" est revenue à la maison
· Valeriu Nazar, In the Universe of the Bessarabian Press
• Ecaterina Bondarenco, L'exposition "Le visage visible et invisible de l'objet du patrimoine"
· Aurelia Cornețchi, Exhibition "Destinies in the Light of Arts"
• Natalia Chișcă, Cultural-Scientific Activities of the National Museum of History of Moldova in 2005
· Nicolae Chetraru: at the origines of the Bessarabian Archaeology
• Alexandra Primac: a Hardened Destiny.



 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is said that the icons, by the divine grace they have, choose their own places from where they can manifest their powers of blessing and consolation. It so happened that one icon of the Mother of God has remained on our lands from the end of the 18th century, when the battles of the Russo-Turkish war of 1787-1791 took place here. The circumstances of the appearance of this icon in Bessarabia are confirmed by several historical references, from which it follows that the Russian officer N.A. Albaduev, a participant in the military campaign, brought this icon here with him, and after his death his relatives – the colonel’s wife or his mother – gave this icon to the monastery, where he suddenly died when he came there on Christmas to receive communion. The icon of the Mother of God was initially placed in the old wooden church, where the officer’s grave was located, and then was placed in the new Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin, built and consecrated in 1816..

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