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#Exhibit of the Month

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The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC).

The vessel, with an obviously asymmetrical configuration, is hand-moulded from quality clay paste, having a smooth brown surface with gray spots. The body of the vessel is provided with a pronounced protrusion and a truncated neck with a wider opening towards the mouth. The vessel has a stem and is ornamented with three pairs of symmetrically placed relief appliqués. The height of the bowl is 15.5 cm, the diameter of the mouth is 11.4 cm, the diameter of the body is 15 cm and the diameter of the base is 7.5 cm. Such vessels in the archaeological literature are known as "askos" vessels, the respective term being of ancient Greek origin, denoting one of the primitive containers of the period - the bellows made of animal skin.

In prehistoric times, among some peoples, the bellows was transposed into ceramics, in these cases the basic features of the archaic leather vessel were preserved, acquiring a prominent convex shape with a stem and a flat bottom. From the original appearance of the bellows, the asymmetric mouth corresponding to the animal's neck has been preserved, and sometimes three or four legs, corresponding to the appendages of the flayed skin from the animal's legs. These vessels have lost their original zoomorphic character, entering as a new form in the inventory of Neo-Eneolithic ceramics. The first vessels of this type are attested in Greece, in the early Neolithic (ca. 5000-4500 BC) having the shape of cups or cups. In the Neo-Eneolithic Carpatho-Balkan cultures, the type of Aegean askos of short or tall form, with or without legs and with a handle, is found. Less often, they are provided with two mouths (one for filling and one for emptying) or they are off-center and provided with strangely shaped mouths. In the space between the Carpathians and the Dnieper, only tall forms of simple askos, without zoomorphic elements, are known. Askos-type vessels are present in various prehistoric cultures, especially in Southeast Europe and Anatolia.

Being often discovered in association with cult inventory, askos vessels could be an important indicator of use in religious ritual practices. Along with the zoomorphic, anthropomorphic and rhyton-type vessels (roughly conical container from which, in some ceremonies, liquids were drunk or poured), the askos were included in the category of vessels intended for worship, being related to libations (ritual act that consisted of tasting and then pouring a cup of wine, milk, etc. as homage to the deity).

Virtual Tour


Exhibitions

"30 years of the Moldovan leu"

Organizers: National Museum of History of Moldova, National Bank of Moldova

25 – 30 November 2023

November 29, 2023 marks 30 years since the introduction of the national currency of the Republic of Moldova. After the declaration of Sovereignty and Independence, the process of establishing the new state began with a series of important measures related to the creation or reorganization of state institutions, the adoption of the new legislation necessary for the functioning of an independent state, the management and reform of the economy. Among the urgent problems of that period was the introduction of the national currency. Already on July 25, 1990, the decision was received to introduce, starting in 1991, the common national currency with the Soviet money. At the beginning of 1991, the National Bank and the Government in order to protect the consumer market in the S.S.R. Moldova, decided to introduce coupons that would circulate simultaneously with the ex-Soviet ruble. These, called "Consumer's Card", were 247x199 mm sheets of paper, initially black and white (in March) and color (starting in April).

On June 11, 1991, the Law "On the National Bank of Moldova" was approved, in article 10 of which it was mentioned that the monetary signs will be issued in the form of banknotes (banknotes) and coins, without specifying the name of the currency yet national. On January 23, 1992, the Parliament adopted the Decision "Regarding monetary-merchandise circulation". In this document, for the first time, the name of the future national currency was nominated: the (Moldovan) leu.

On June 2, 1992, Decision no. 371 of the Government regarding the introduction of coupons with multiple valorization of the National Bank of Moldova as a means of payment. On that occasion, starting from June 10, 1992, the coupon with the nominal value of 200 was launched, which was to circulate in parallel with the rubles. A month later, the coupon with a nominal value of 50, equivalent to 50 rubles, was introduced.

November 29, 2023 marks 30 years since the introduction of the national currency of the Republic of Moldova into circulation. The exhibition organized by the National History Museum of Moldova in collaboration with the National Bank of Moldova aims to commemorate this event and familiarize the general public with the history of the introduction of the Moldovan leu.

The period passed by the young state Republic of Moldova from the declaration of Sovereignty and Independence until the introduction of the lion was arduous and difficult. The country is facing strong inflation, with a large deficit in the field of food and non-food production. To be part of the problems, the country needed its own monetary system. Until the presidential decree no. 200 "Regarding the introduction of the national currency in the Republic of Moldova" from November 24, 1993, the Republic of Moldova experienced several stages and types of temporary monetary units.

In order to create for the general public a broad picture of the history of the introduction of the leu, the exhibition will present a series of materials preceding the monetary reform, materials that reflect the process of designing and making provisional money, numismatic pieces in circulation, as well as coins commemoratives issued by the National Bank of Moldova. The public has the opportunity to see in the exhibition the black-and-white coupons, as well as the color ones, called "Consumer's Card", put into circulation at the beginning of 1991 by the National Bank and the Government in order to protect the consumer market of SSR Moldova. These are followed by the multiple redemption coupons introduced on June 2, 1992, equivalent to the Soviet ruble 1:1, which had values of 200, 50, 1000 and 5000 (rubles). On September 20, 1993, the 5 lei coupon equivalent to 5000 coupons (rubles) was introduced as a means of payment. The 5 lei banknote, then called a coupon, actually represents one of the first three lei specimens developed by master Gheorghe Vrabie. All these banknotes can be seen in the exhibition windows. These are followed by specimens of the banknotes in circulation today, the metallic coins, including those taken out of circulation, as well as the jubilee and commemorative coins.

The first jubilee coin issued by the National Bank of Moldova was devoted to the fifth anniversary of the proclamation of the independence of the Republic of Moldova, with a nominal value of 100 lei.

In 2000, the first series of such coins was inaugurated: the Moldovan Monasteries. The specimens from this series with the nominal value of 50 lei, made of silver, included the images of 20 monasteries from the Republic of Moldova. The graphic sketches were executed by plastic artists Vitalie Pogolşa and Simion Zamşa. Later, other commemorative and jubilee monetary series were introduced: Historical events; Alley of the classics in the Public Garden "Stefan the Great and Saint" in Chisinau; Sports; Personalities; Holy places; Monuments of Moldova; Holidays, culture, traditions of Moldova; Red Book of the Republic of Moldova, Famous Women, Science and Innovation, Childhood Stories, etc.


 




Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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Winter schedule: daily
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Entrance fees:  adults - 10 MDL, pensioners, adults with moderate disabilities / disability of the 3rd degree, students - 5 MDL, school students - 2 MDL. Free access: enlisted men (...)

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#Exhibit of the Month

The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC