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National Museum of History of Moldova
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Exhibitions

„Bauhaus imaginista”

7-26 August 2019

 
The National Museum of History of Moldova together with the German Cultural Center AKZENTE invites you on August 7, 2019, at 6 pm, at the opening of the Bauhaus Imaginista exhibition.

Bauhaus Imaginista is an international project made on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Bauhaus School in Germany, which has become one of the most important trends of modern architecture and an international style.

In its approach, the exhibition includes research conducted by curators, texts and images arranged on four thematic and conceptual chapters: Corresponding With, Learning from, Moving Away and Still Undead. For this purpose, artist Luca Frei developed a structure - partly sculpture, partly exhibition architecture - as a space where visitors can interact with the objects of the exhibition. A central role in the installation is occupied by the computer terminal, from which visitors can browse the online magazine of the Bauhaus Imaginista and can print the materials as image or text.

A separate film program presents works by contemporary artists and researchers Kader Attia, Otolith Group, Wendelien van Oldenborgh and Zvi Efrat on topics related to the Bauhaus movement.

The anniversary exhibition Bauhaus Imaginista "100 years of Bauhaus" is a collaboration between the Bauhaus Kooperation Berlin Dessau Weimar, the Goethe-Institut and the Haus der Kulturen der Welt. The project is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Kulturstiftung des Bundes. The curators of the project are Marion von Osten and Grant Watson, who also collaborate with an international team of scientists.

The exhibition will be open to public between August 7 and 26, 2019.




 




Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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